Loading...
3-EXH 1 Attach A to Resolution 24-24 UFCP FINAL 06-10-24 w-Appendices-R PP 21-0008 ATTACHMENT A TO RESOLUTION 24-24 URBAN & COMMU s' vP FORESTRY PLAN o UPDATE 1111 -.%.....'ikl...'lliAt:'Ill'-'''''',-, o • „.,,..„.4" N•w" 1 ...._ . . .F, .., ...: .. ,.\„„,,„„,,,,\,..„..........„........._____ . . ..... . ..,..., ...,.. .. •,.,., .:..... • ,.... ., . . ..„... ...,.. +,,,:. ,4.. ,.. . • 0 R \--\ , .....,,, is •• • P .. ' �.. .+ ��, y,. •• ram -— ti-;��, .:: w.• .. 4 - , ,j �• 5 7 _ - ` - - •- .,.. '• + 4^ ., ,asp • .'Y • _ c.. - `BEAN - r it,r4t-'' III _..: _ • .• _ .... . ---...-.lg.-.1144471- :, ' "'` 5 ' , of �. a a .r-r� o- • ' ��rm : w . - ir- � iwA• f PREPARED BY: DUDEI( -. te vxm. TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 6 3. URBAN FOREST MANAGEMENT 50 VISION 8 Tree Management Practices 51 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 10 Management Responsibilities 58 Key Findings 13 Funding 59 1. INTRODUCTION 18 Staff and Contractors 62 Land Acknowledgement 19 4. URBAN FOREST CODES, PLANS, AND POLICIES 66 Historical and Environmental Context 19 Municipal Code 67 Plan Development 21 City and Community Plans 74 Analysis of Current Plans, Policies, and 5. STRATEGIC PLAN 82 Ordinances 21 Department Interviews 21 Vision Statement 83 Techncical Advisory Commitee 21 Guiding Principles and Actions 84 Community Engagement 24 6. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 100 Why the City of Lake Oswego Needs 7. MONITORING PLAN 114 an Updated Urban and Community REFERENCES 116 Forestry Plan 25 APPENDIX A: COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT MEMO 2. URBAN FOREST SUSTAINABILITY 30 APPENDIX B: PEST RISK ASSESSMENT Benefits of Urban Trees 31 APPENDIX C: MUNICIPAL CODE REVIEW Tree Inventory 34 APPENDIX D: MONITORING PLAN Sustainability Indicators 34 Inventory Background 38 Recommended Inventory Approach 38 Opportunities for Private Tree Inventory 41 Pest Management and Invasive Species Preparedness 42 LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 3 TABLES Area Summary 64 1-1 List of Interviews 22 4-1 Tree Permits in Lake Oswego Code Chapter 55: Tree Code 68 1-2 Technical Advisory Committee 23 1 3 Urban Forest Threats 26 4-2 Quantity of Approved Permits and Trees Permitted for Removal by Permit Type 2-1 Tree Inventory Sustainability Indicators 36 between 2020-2023 70 2-2 Recommended Types of Inventories and Frequency 4-3 Summary and Gaps Identified in the by Tree Location 40 Reviewed City Documents 71 2-3 Cost Estimates for the City of 5-1 Guiding Principles of the Urban and Community Lake Oswego's Inventory 40 Forestry Plan Update 84 2-4 Important Invasive Pest and Pathogens that EXHIBITS Threaten the City of Lake Oswego's Trees 43 2-1 How Trees Help Mitigate the Urban Heat 2-5 Results of the City of Lake Oswego's Pest Island Effect 32 Risk Assessment 46 2-2 Benefits of Urban Trees 33 2-6 Important Invasive Plant Species that Threaten 2-3 City of Lake Oswego Tree Canopy Cover 39 the City of Lake Oswego's Trees 48 4-1 Total Quantity of Trees Permitted for Removal 3-1 2021-2023 Biennium Budget Related to Tree by Permit Type between 2020-2023 69 Management and City of Lake Oswego Funding Sources 58 3-2 Estimated Work Activities and Biennium Budget Allocated Towards In-House Tree Maintenance Tasks 60 3-3 Estimated Work Activities and Biennium Budget Allocated Towards Contracted Tree Maintenance Tasks 61 3-4 City of Lake Oswego Tree-Related In-House Staff Positions 63 3-5 City of Lake Oswego's Tree Management 4 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE • _ r t C �` o: 4.t., • y,' • - f •,�!'.4. r, _. .a,,l, li a. l.air.pA45.v. r. � i. . i- a,mow. 1Pa..'0 ;;t. w... ..,,'/;,,. II 1 •- t ` r. • S �� ~ ii _ de t x :. f." a r, ii f r ' _.-tea. ` • 4• 1 " ! i - .?• d• 1Y .1'� ,/ •. : -+_ .. .isif .,�n l J - 1 '" ' ` 1 - /:,, 1'` 1. t.r y n `ter ° t. - . ..'• ;.41:, -". . 0 0--;.: c 'k ii./\ . Alt..'. --4„ 44 w.,P. :_Ai AN. 1S ' \-‘ - - 0 • . if. • 1 ,.. . •• ., __Atoll:. ..^... F • ... . r /,. se. LL r 411:1111A i t r 1 - .t .0.-1,--- ..., - -. i iriffe "111c: - -.)f . a 61> -I --,:k __,'‘.' i' . ,..,, e4r, . .„,...„ , , 3. lo 4.0 ,ii i ...r•II- I .4,- 'I' •••- • ill tr 44i,..4- j • / T s ti _ 1 '. f �` •:fir r Fy. 7 •',--.-,--* ciP . . .. - . ,,,,,..2.__Tr.'::;•...:11011..----.1, • .7i • Si _ -- T ...i r. �IIy `.. / .'fit} k I�F ' 'brit .,, 11111 . • .."",, • ... ftirpo..„ 5*.kt.... A . ,r.• 1-) . ;"- ..• Ilk I, • idik._. v. t _..., *.1.144eclitliti 1014 f' r1t7:- • . -' 1/4, 4 44. 4 - f • 'ist :tip:I.-. 1r iiiallprilliv .. -...-, - , _ .,. 0,4 A -"' ' I 'r4.•1 I 1 1 1'• • 'i ' 1 -.' '- _+ ".I.• Syr I ', ,. ..;�' , ', Y A4 r'~ °tee 3' ni Soh 7 - I' 6 s•+ i s J a_ R v !fir L• -►7 -'. + A y !. sc .. -�' - - 1 .N =C' s Y 5 • i S lt�Y gyp. 4. f / _ _ 'X -vik .r4 }l. k jr . . [ 7 . x- n.i-1.- . • y 'mow.. s • • a " ^fir �', .-- r i_r� r r+ p '� r ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS CITY OF LAKE OSWEGO STAFF TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE MEMBERS Jessica Numanoglu, Community Development Director Jeff Munro, Parks & Recreation Deputy Director Jessica Numanoglu, Planning Daphne Cissell, Associate Planner Daphne Cissell, Planning Sonja Johnson, Associate Engineer Bill Youngblood, Code Enforcement Erik Olson, Long Range Planning Manager Amanda Watson, Sustainability Kristine Ashton, Public Works Quin Brunner, City Manager's Office Amanda Watson, Sustainability Program Manager Jeff Munro, Parks & Recreation Bill Youngblood, Senior Code Enforcement Specialist Sonja Johnson, Engineering Kristine Ashton, Public Works CITY OF LAKE OSWEGO COUNCIL MEMBERS Greg Barnum, Fire Morgan Nolen, City Consulting Arborist Joe Buck, Mayor Jack Halsey, Oswego Lake Watershed Council Ali Afghan Scott Altenhoff, Oregon Department of Forestry Trudy Corrigan Brittany Oxford, Oregon Department of Forestry Massene Mboup Aaron Rapf MORGAN HOLEN & ASSOCIATES Rachel Verdick Morgan Nolen, Consulting Arborist John Wendland PREPARED BY Dudek— Urban Forestry Division (eT O OREGO� LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 7 VISION A Lake Oswego's urban forest is a sustainable ecosystem that harmoniously balances nature and urban life, is resilient to and combats the effects of climate change, and is managed as an essential environmental, economic, and cultural asset that contributes to the health and happiness of all members of our community. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A The City of Lake Oswego's Urban and Community residents that identify with the benefits and services of the urban Forestry Plan (UCFP) is a planning and policy tool forest and who strive to be active stewards. intended to provide a framework for ensuring that the forest is appropriately cared for according to industry The City adopted its first UCFP in 2007. Since that time, plans, best management practices and community goals. The policies, and codes relating to urban forest management have been plan identifies guiding principles and recommended updated or adopted by the City, including the 2016 adoption of the actions to protect, restore, and improve forests in parks and on Healthy Ecosystems Chapter of the Comprehensive Plan; 2020 public lands, to educate and encourage property owners to be Sustainability and Climate Action Plan; 2022 Natural Areas Habitat stewards of the urban forest on private land, and to better manage Management Plan; and 2022 State of the Urban Forest Report. In the intersection of public and private interests for trees located in addition, there are issues, such as climate change, and emerging public rights-of-way. threats, like invasive pests (emerald ash borer and Mediterranean oak borer) and wildfire risks that were not addressed in the 2007 Anyone who has walked through a shower of cherry blossoms at UCFP. The purpose of this updated UCFP is to bring together Millennium Plaza Park, admired a centenarian Oregon White Oak policies, plans, and best management practices related to urban in Iron Mountain Park, or heard an out-of-town guest marvel at the forest management to support natural resource stewardship on height of Douglas-fir trees in Lake Grove, knows something about both public and private property with an integrated and cooperative the value of trees in our city. They define the sense of place for much approach. of Lake Oswego and play an important role in the environmental, economic, social and health benefits provided to residents and While managing trees is a main focus of the UCFP, the urban visitors. They beautify our streets and parks, provide shade, help forest is comprised of much more than trees. The urban forest to conserve energy and manage stormwater, improve air quality, also includes understory vegetation and ground cover plants, soil, increase property values, provide food and shelter for wildlife, riparian corridors, wetlands, wildlife habitat and more. Healthy soil improve mental health, and enhance quality of life. is vital to tree health and growth and a connected and robust tree canopy is critical for shading riparian corridors to moderate stream The high value of our urban forest is reflected in the fact that the temperature and support fish habitat. A diverse stratum of dominant City of Lake Oswego has a 53.4% city-wide tree canopy cover, the mature trees, shade-tolerant understory trees, smaller shrubs, highest of any city of comparable size in the region. Approximately ground cover plants, and even snags (standing dead trees) are vital 20% of the city-wide tree canopy is located on city-owned and to supporting a variety of local wildlife including mammals, birds, managed properties and public rights-of-way. The remaining 80% insects, amphibians and more. These are just a few examples of the of Lake Oswego's tree canopy is located on private properties ways managing trees helps support the health and resilience of the and non-city owned or managed public properties, highlighting entire urban forest ecosystem. the importance of continuing to foster a community of engaged LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 11 The UCFP outlines a Strategic Plan aimed at increasing operational State of the Urban Forest Report provides an in-depth analysis of efficiencies and encouraging streamlined coordination between the city-wide tree canopy cover, but much is unknown about tree departments, decisionmakers, and community members for a species diversity and health of our urban forest. A more detailed sustainable urban and community forestry program. The Strategic tree inventory will better inform management decisions for long- Plan is based on the following Guiding Principles: term health and sustainability. With data collected through a combination of individual tree inventory in developed rights-of-way, • The urban forest is cared for through sufficient financial parks and City-owned and managed properties, sample inventory investment and adequate staffing resources. in undeveloped rights-of-way and City-owned and managed natural • Trees are managed according to best management practices to areas, and partnerships with other organizations, such as the improve the health, longevity, safety, and functional capacity. Oswego Lake Watershed Council, universities and Metro,to analyze private property tree data,the City can further understand the • The quality of life in the City is enhanced by the benefits and overall health and resilience of the community's entire urban forest services provided by the urban forest. and adapt management strategies accordingly. In the meantime, • The urban forest can withstand and recover from impacts of many of the recommended actions in the UCFP can still be taken, climate change and continues to provide essential ecosystem such as prioritizing planting large stature trees where possible, benefits. updating the native tree species mitigation list to include non-native but climate-adapted species, implementing scouting programs for • The urban forest is integrated with the urban needs of the city invasive insect pests, and much more. to include housing, infrastructure, businesses, schools, and transportation. While many of the actions in the Strategic Plan are the responsibility Implementation of the actions in the UCFP will take time and is of specific City departments, other actions will require the dependent on available resources. The Strategic Plan assigns a involvement of residents and community partners to achieve the timeframe for implementation of each action; however,the UCFP objectives; everyone in the City has a role to play in making the is intended to be a living document that is continually reviewed Strategic Plan successful. Additionally, allocation of sufficient and updated to meet the emerging priorities of the community. funding and resources to implement priority actions in the Strategic The UCFP also includes a monitoring plan for measuring progress Plan will need to be considered during the City's biennial budget towards a more sustainable urban forest and making adaptive process. management decisions. Primary threats to the health and sustainability to the urban forest include climate change, severe weather events, development, wildfire, invasive plants, invasive insects, and diseases. The 2022 12 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE KEY FINDINGS 4=71001..„.,\ 1 . The City needs an updated public tree inventory to make informed urban forest management decisions. A complete tree inventory provides the building block of management decisions. The City's most recent inventory was collected in 2007 as a 5% sample inventory of street trees, estimating 41,000 trees in the City's rights-of-way(ROWs). However, the City does not have a current understanding of tree species diversity, age distribution, health condition, and infrastructure conflicts of its City-owned and managed trees. With an updated and complete inventory of these trees, the City will be better able to prioritize and budget for tree maintenance and management. 2. The City's tree management responsibilities must be clarified. The 2007 UCFP included a goal to clarify management responsibilities between departments on how the City manages trees in the ROWs. However, the discrepancy among departments as to who is responsible for management persists. This goal can be achieved through coordination among departments to facilitate conversations about the pros and cons of different styles of management responsibilities. The outcome of this coordination will dictate several resulting actions, including the trees to be included in the inventory and the funding assigned to the Urban and Community Forestry Program. LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 13 - 3. Portions of the City's Tree Code lack clear and objective standards. Oregon Revised Statute 197.307(4) requires the City to adopt and apply clear and objective standards, conditions, and procedures regulating the development of housing,to ensure that the City does not use discretionary or subjective criteria to deny housing projects or discourage housing through unreasonable cost or delay. When the City makes required updates to the Tree Code, significant outreach and engagement will be needed to ensure that community members understand the ways this statute may impact trees in the City and how they can participate in the development of clear and objective standards that balance the goals and objectives of a healthy and resilient urban forest. n 4. The City has a dense canopy and should prioritize canopy management and maintenance rather than continued and perpetual expansion. Increasing canopy cover, or replacing lost canopy cover, uses more time and resources when compared to maintaining and proper management existing canopy. With 53.4% city-wide canopy cover, managing the urban forest to maintain dense canopy cover is a top priority, while efforts to further increase tree canopy should be focused on portions of public rights-of-way that lack tree canopy and in riparian areas where shade is most critical. Enforcing tree protection guidelines, ensuring mitigation trees are planted when trees are removed, and considering mature stature of tree species to be planted all help preserve and manage existing canopy cover. Managing a high percentage of canopy cover puts the City in a proactive situation to adapt to the future needs of the community and urban forest. 14 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE cn (9 Z_ a z I 5. Climate Change Effects on Lake Oswego's Urban Forest. } w • Longer, warmer, drier summers and shorter, wetter winters, and more frequent severe weather events such as heat I domes and ice storms are becoming more common in the Western Cascade Region. Planting the right tree species in the right place and a diverse mix of species, including both native and climate adapted species, while conducting routine maintenance to maintain strong and healthy trees are all strategies to manage for a more resilient urban forest. 6. Invasive Pest and Plant Management. O / Due to a warmer climate, native tree species have less resources to function normally, resulting in stress. Stressed trees must conserve their resources, which typically leads to stunted growth, and creates a negative feedback loop since stunted growth reduces the ability of trees to receive resources. This feedback loop, or death spiral, weakens the tree and its protective processes, opening itself as an easier target for invasive pests to nest and expand from. When a small group of trees becomes contaminated with a quick spreading pest, they can infest a large number of trees and cause a die off. When trees die off, invasive plants can capitalize on the new growing space and sunlight that has opened due to gaps in the canopy. Preventing invasive pest and plants from spreading is the best course of action. This is done through early warning detection, pest management plans, and preplanned actions based on scenarios to limit the spread once an area has been contaminated. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 15 I) 7. Most of the city-wide tree canopy cover is located on private property and non-city owned or managed public property. I Just"8% of the city-wide tree canopy cover is located on city-owned and managed properties, most of which is managed for improved ecological health and resiliency by the Parks Department, guided by the City's Natural Areas Habitat Management Plan. Another 12% of the city-wide tree canopy cover is located in public rights of way(streets), which further highlights the need to clarify responsibility for management of street trees (see Key Finding 2, above). The vast majority of city-wide tree canopy cover, "80%, is located on private properties and non-city owned or managed public properties. While much of this plan is directed at managing the urban forest on city-owned or managed properties, there are many actions included in this plan aimed at encouraging the care and maintenance of the urban forest on private properties. Engaging the community to be active stewards of the urban forest is critical. A community that identifies with the benefits and services the urban forest provides will be more engaged. Prioritizing public education and outreach, offering resources, and providing support are essential to fostering active stewardship of natural resources beyond city owned and managed lands. 1 ai+ ,... oWete- , \„ • . ,• , ' ,: /.. ,-_-;....,:,S; .-,.. ,, ...,1- , -, w'''�°+ �J JA I !d.-.1 t,\YJ ! ..-Ht // I-. r • t T,, f L, _ -..:.. T' -. 1, •.;-*_^, '" ':?k' ;`. 'j 'A.. ,•�r .lay - - .. •x` ..e �' ..--.r. it .. -- _� '�y�. A..-r .F-4;' �. i,' •,h=- .-�.G - 7- �- �--i3xl-:� - _ • Ar .fix ",F.� _ r'.�. 6 i > s'.. ' _ 4 .- Via:' 7 r. I4.• '4 .r -ai ..' 's �`y, air •"fie}'¢ _ - - . ..fin-x�: ,YL!4,t .-1',�i_".,?.9f: -: _ .T. - _ a .,.-3 +a, 16 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE cn (9 Z_ El Oli8. Threats to the short- and long-term health and sustainability of Lake Oswego's urban Z Q forest are not well-understood by the public and more transparency in tree removal w permit data is needed. The 2022 State of the Urban Forest Report identifies insects and disease as the number one threat to urban forest sustainability. Other identified threats include increased air temperature and aridity, severe storm events, invasive plants, wildfire and development. Community member responses from outreach events, focus groups, and the survey repeatedly mentioned that they do not think the Tree Code is effective at preserving trees,that the biggest threat to the urban forest in the City is development, and that developers are treated differently and almost always granted a permit for tree removal. These opinions illuminate the need for the City to increase transparency in the ways it grants tree removal permits, including tracking all removal permits that are submitted, approved, withdrawn, or denied, and reporting these statistics annually. Based on Planning Department permit application records for the 4-year period between 2020-2023, 16% of all trees permitted for removal were development related, including 762 trees (6%) permitted for removal through Type II tree removal permits for the purposes of development and 1,229 trees (10%) permitted for removal through Verification applications for previously approved land use decisions such as a partition or subdivision. Additional tree removal permit data is provided in Section 4.1. Future code updates can better address trees and development, but regulations are just one tool to help manage the urban forest. 9. The Lake Oswego community is active, engaged, and strongly values the City's natural resources. The results from all outreach activities showed that the city's urban forest is an important part of the community's identity. They believe trees contribute to community character and should be managed and maintained for the future. During the implementation phase of the UCFP, it will be critical to continue to engage with the community to inform them of the Strategic Plan, involve them in the overall strategic goals and actions and solicit feedback to ensure that diverse perspectives are heard and valued. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 17 1 INTRODUCTION LAND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT the Kalapuya Treaty of 1855. Today, descendants live on, carrying on traditions and cultures, and honoring their ancestors. Lake Oswego is built on land that was originally inhabited by The City of Lake Oswego shares an ongoing responsibility to Indigenous people since time immemorial. There are many safeguard this land along with honoring the indigenous peoples of Indigenous communities that have a historical, cultural, and spiritual this land. connection to what is now Lake Oswego, including the Kalapuya, Siletz, Multnomah, Atfalati and Clackamas peoples; however, we will never be able to name every tribe that lived upon this land because HISTORICAL AN D these communities frequently traveled for trade and other reasons. The City of Lake Oswego recognizes traditional territories and ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT honors Indigenous people as rightful stewards of the land. The Willamette Valley and surrounding areas -from the mountain The Town of Oswego was founded in 1847 and until the late 1920s range to the ocean —were honored by Indigenous groups for its developed around three main industries: a sawmill, the iron works, diversity, beauty, and abundance. Oswego Lake and Creek were and a cement plant(Kuo 2020; City of Lake Oswego 2023a). Many important fishing, hunting, and berry picking grounds and the lake areas of Lake Oswego were logged to support these industries and was used as a transportation route. for settlement, including areas around the lake and what is today, George Rogers Park, Iron Mountain, Downtown, Old Town and Many of the original stewards of this land died from disease, brought Foothills. on by early European settlers and French fur trappers. Those who survived were forced to move to the Grande Ronde Reservation after '• •• • 't_ ti fh . • LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 19 The Town of Oswego was originally only accessible by river boats and narrow dirt roads, which limited the amount of residential development. That changed in 1886 when a railroad between "What is the Urban Forest? What Portland and Oswego was built, spurring residential development is a Community Forest? Why are around the perimeter of Oswego Lake that accelerated through the 1940s and 1950s to other areas of the city. Oswego's reputation as they both needed?" a place to "Live Where You Play" added to its appeal as a family- oriented suburb, and the residential population continued to grow after World War II. With the annexation of part of Lake Grove in 1960, Oswego's name was changed to Lake Oswego (City of Lake • An urban forest consists of the trees, Oswego, 2023). The City's urban forest gradually rebounded from understory, and ecosystems reliant on logging by early industries and the subsequent boom in residential development. Beginning in the 1970s, the City of Lake Oswego (City) traditional forest systems in an urbanized areas took an active role managing its trees, tree preservation programs, managed through research, policy, practice, and other natural resources. In 1971, the City adopted its first Tree and community engagement. Code, which has helped protect the City's urban forest for the past • A community forest is where local people play a several decades. significant role in cooperatively managing trees, Today, the City's urban forest is a highly valued asset that has understory, and its ecosystem. become a vital part of the community's identity. Currently, 645 acres • is dedicated to City parks and open spaces, providing residents Both terms are sometimes used opportunity to engage with the natural environment (City of Lake interchangeably, but urban forest covers the Oswego, 2022a). Citywide tree canopy cover increased from quantitative, scientific methods of managing 48.6%to 53.4%from 2014-2019, the highest tree canopy cover in natural land, the community forest speaks to the Portland region among cities of comparable size (City of Lake the engagement of people who work, live, Oswego, 2022a). The City has also taken progressive measures and play within the urban forest environment. to manage its natural environment and create a baseline to inform Having no community forest leaves the urban forest management practices. The City's first urban and community forest in a state of just another managed asset forestry plan (UCFP) was adopted in 2007 and the first State of the that a city must maintain and will most likely be Urban Forest (SURF) Report was completed in 2009. The SURF funded as such. Report was recently updated in 2022 and formed the basis for the data included in this 2024 UCFP Update. 20 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z 0 PLANDEVELOPMENT PROCESS baseline to compare current actions against best management U practices (BMPs) and goals, and to identify areas for improvement D a to ensure the City meets the standards of sustainable urban forest The update to the City's 2007 UCFP was initiated in response to the 0 management. Information from this review was collected, analyzed, Et 2023 City Council goal to `combat climate change and strengthen i— the community's resilience to climate impacts." The City Planning and incorporated into the UCFP. z Department is the main entity responsible for overseeing UCFP development and implementation. The Planning Department provided key insights into City practices, coordinated with internal DEPARTMENT INTERVIEWS and external interested parties, and participated in community engagement events. The plan was also developed in collaboration In May 2023, Dudek conducted interviews with various City staff with the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) and community input to understand the effectiveness of the Urban and Community through community engagement activities. The plan development Forestry Program. Seven individuals were invited to attend group process is detailed below. interviews, which were conducted via Zoom. The staff positions that participated in the interviews are listed in Table 1-1. The interviews explored the role each staff member had in influencing City tree ANALYSIS OF CURRENT PLANS, POLICIES, AND management, clarified internal City procedures, informed areas ORDINANCES where the City could improve management of the urban forest, and identified progress on goals and actions since the 2007 UCFP. The City's Urban and Community Forestry Program comprises interconnected efforts led by the City's Planning, Public Works, and Parks & Recreation Departments. An extensive review of the TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE City's urban forest policies, funding mechanisms,tree management practices, ordinances, and procedures was conducted to fully The City's TAC was formed to bring together City staff, nonprofit understand how trees are managed and planned for in the City. leaders, and technical experts to help advise on the UCFP's Long-range planning documents related to the urban forest were development. A list of the TAC members is included in Table 1-2. identified by the City Project Team and TAC and were reviewed Six TAC meetings were held between May 2023 and April 2024, as part of the UCFP, including the Comprehensive Plan: Healthy facilitated by the consultant team. Each TAC member brought a Ecosystems, Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Implementation unique perspective to the group, providing context for City policy, Plan; 2020 Sustainability and Climate Action Plan (SCAP); 2022 regulatory perspectives, challenges relating to trees throughout the Natural Areas Habitat Management Plan (NAHMP);the 2007 UCFP; City, and community urban forestry priorities. 2022 SURF Report; and several others. Understanding the existing conditions that were researched for the 2022 SURF provided a A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 21 Table 1-1. List of Interviews City Department Position Beautification Specialists Public Works Stormwater Quality Coordinator Parks & Recreation Manager Interim Director Community Development Associate Planner Consulting Arborist The interviews highlighted reoccurring themes of the Urban and F -1Prii, fi µ r p• Community Forestry Program and areas of greatest needs and -' ,-----. •j. ,.tip Rom.. concerns. The following is a sample of the questions discussed `c( '°� during these interviews: ;'r ' , "� 1 T.`' ,�. • How do you envision the Lake Oswego urban forest over the s �: • � ;�.+ next 30 years? � f _ . . # . . - . • -44 41i4 • Do you have suggestions/thoughts for improving your . ,-kUW ,-,.,...'Pr' :'.._.- ,_. '7 ^. ;...,,, ..„%. department's role regarding tree management? V. ' ' ;- • Are existing policies considered appropriate for efficient tree '' ". �`,j•$a management? `.' i- ,, • , � `= • Are there specific locations that need to be prioritized for tree F— si' r planting? .. �_ f.-- 41 k.`tr•t, xry- _ l'' #,. 0 • What are the biggest challenges facing the urban forest? — s 11P11111111111.r___>w--------- 22 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Z _O Table 1-2.Technical Advisory Committee I U D Technical Advisory Committee Members a O a: I— Member Title/Organization Z Jessica Numanoglu Community Development Director, City of Lake Oswego Daphne Cissell Associate Planner,City of Lake Oswego Bill Youngblood Senior Code Enforcement Specialist, City of Lake Oswego Amanda Watson Sustainability Program Manager, City of Lake Oswego Quin Brunner Management Analyst, City of Lake Oswego Jeff Munro Deputy Director of Parks& Recreation, City of Lake Oswego Sonja Johnson Stormwater Quality Coordinator,City of Lake Oswego Kristine Ashton City Beautification Specialist, City of Lake Oswego Greg Barnum Battalion Chief, City of Lake Oswego Morgan Holen City Consulting Arborist, Morgan Holen &Associates Jack Halsey Executive Director, Oswego Lake Watershed Council Scott Altenhoff Urban and Community Forestry Program Manager,Oregon Department of Forestry Brittany Oxford Urban and Community Forestry Program Specialist, Oregon Department of Forestry A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 23 COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT * ,'� I � - . Meaningful community engagement is essential to developing a �;,� ,„ rI _ ► � UCFP that reflects the goals, needs, and priorities of the City's entire ��[.�� community. During the UCFP development process, the City and the consultant team conducted community engagement activities to s.. ` .«.4 better understand the views community members hold about trees \ ��} -Y in the City and how these perceptions affect the City's urban forest. _` ?r •i A series of in-person and virtual outreach events helped identify ' y core values for the urban forest in the City. The engagement strategy ;. ; . .. ._ .5 included the following activities: • Public survey that was circulated online and in-person (582 \ J � , _- r- responses) -"- -- _ • Tabling booth at the Luscher Farm's Pollinator Celebration event - � -+.-- with educational materials, interactive boards, and other urban - k , forestry resources k, . +\ • Tabling booth at the Lake Oswego Farmers Market with similar educational materials, interactive boards, and resources • • Online outreach through the City's social media channels and networks (website, E-newsletter, social media, and Next Door) • Eight focus group meetings consisting of community members, „ , - - __ commission members, nonprofits, and other interested parties to ' . \, '' = k understand local priorities and concerns about the urban forest - ;{ a ' ti. _ Information from all community engagement activities was collected, 4-. ---'"`#- `'° analyzed, and incorporated into the UCFP. A full discussion of all community engagement activities and results is described in Appendix A: Community Engagement Memo. _ _ . 77 f 24 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Z o WHY THE CITY OF LAKE OSWEGO NEEDS urban forest will face without continued investment, which are AN UPDATED URBAN AND COMMUNITY expected to become more costly to manage in the future. Additional U FORESTRY PLAN information about the threat of wildfire is provided in the City of Lake O Oswego Addendum to the Clackamas County Multi-Jurisdictional Et Lake Oswego's 2007 UCFP provided the City with its first roadmap Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan; action items pertaining to wildfire Z_ designating how to manage and steward its urban forest into risk reduction contained in that Plan have been incorporated into the future. Today,the need to have an equitable, connected tree this UCFP. canopy that is resilient against changing environmental conditions is increasingly important. Trees provide numerous benefits that help 0 >:-1, V ... . ; . _.9 1 f mitigate the environmental risks experienced in urban areas, such •. "� r , as air pollution and the urban heat island effect. A resilient urban 'i 'ram � 111r.,4,.. • . forest that is well-managed and maintained can provide solutions `\ •�.. ; .-.A ,•, , r with multiple benefits to alleviate environmental issues, resulting in a ,,'.. ;;qt,► i pli ,,'•-'�`;, a higher quality of life for all community members. With a population s ..� 4 t �, , �." • people city-widecanopyA i 'k! r1e; :; T of more than 40,000 eo le and a 53.4% cover116.7• 1: , �, . • Ef. �''rt ,irf'f (City of Lake Oswego 2022a), investments to manage and monitor ; ': '' G. ` °z "'�`' 'llkl • the urban forest are critical. Because this document covers the t'a. '�' _ ,' -' entire urban forest, it is necessary to discuss all trees within theri , l �, i ' �+ �' forest be they public or private. While the natural environment does , 4-.+ • ;,A 4, I 4' not recognize human imposed boundaries, this document does , ' ii.�„' l '� ''" not introduce new regulations on private property trees, but does '41,-z. . At .i*,-; include actions to provide public education and encourage care and 4. 4.,�.� i •� kr maintenance of the urban forest on private property. , • ` 9� ,r Si. ! ► 147 Some common ideas and concerns that were expressed throughout lit' ti p g �4 ..- _ ,� �,,_,� ';�, ��+ 1.,',i,;.,.. .;,47,-: Tthe development of the UFCP were the need for a complete ~- 4 _ , i, _ City-managed tree inventory, draftingpolicyon the urban forest - j t - +• •'�,.._ , t'%0 ' � � ' �, ~ '', .z. ecosystem rather than individual tree protection, invasive plant " i.-" •, `.` '�-•. _ '' `j "', }v it any . a .i _.a, species management, wildfire preparation and mitigation, and ., .,,„..E. _ , = „ .,._(4 ... ..... 1 ; invasive pests and pathogen prevention and management. Some { existing and projected threats highlighted in the City's 2022 SURF could be addressed by diversifying the urban forest and its resources. Table 1-3 covers the threats and consequences the A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 25 Table 1-3. Urban Forest Threats Threats Description Effects on the Urban Forest if Left Unaddressed Tree species have evolved within certain climate zones with Increasing temperatures Certain tree species may decline and die, leading specific temperature ranges and rainfall patterns. If the climate and extended periods of to loss of tree canopy, lower species diversity, and shifts outside the tree's natural tolerance to heat and drought,the drought less urban forest resilience to threats. tree's health may decline. Tree removal from development projects can negatively impact Less room for trees makes designing space for Increased development neighborhood character. Construction activities can also limit root trees more challenging.With less room to grow, for housing and the built growth, compact soil, and create a harsh environment that makes it smaller trees may be necessary,which may result environment difficult for a tree to survive. in decreased canopy cover. Limb and whole tree failure during extreme weather events may increase risk to pedestrians When an extreme weather event happens,wind, rain, ice, or and result in property damage, power service snow can increase the likelihood of branch or whole tree failure. Severe Weather Events disruptions, and commerce disruptions if limbs Mature trees are especially at risk when they have not been well or trees block roadways or building entrances; maintained or have over-extended branches. severe storms may also result in decreased canopy cover. Unmanaged fuel loads and low-lying branches, invasive species infestations, and tree canopy Increased temperatures, longer periods of drought,drier natural over dwellings all create risk for fire that starts Wildfire* areas, and a lack of management and maintenance leads to an on the ground to spread to the greater biomass increased fire risk. fuel source in the canopy.Without preventative management,the risk increases. 26 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Z 0 1— Threats Description Effects on the Urban Forest if Left Unaddressed D 0 O Et Invasive plants can dramatically change the H Native plants evolve in competition with other plants around them. Z natural ecosystem of a given area and prevent — When plants from outside of their natural range are introduced, Invasive plants natural regeneration and forest succession. invasive species can outcompete endemic plants for sunlight, English ivy,for example,can overgrow native moisture, nutrients, and space. trees and kill them. Insects and diseases can cause increased mortality rates,which leave standing dead trees. Insects and diseases,once established,can quickly spread to Dead and dried out trees are a greater risk to neighboring trees or kill entire stands and species of trees.Trees the City due to their increased chances of failure Insects and diseases that are already stressed from other threats have a decreased and combustible biomass. Pests and pathogen ability to defend against and survive an infestation. infestations can result in decreased canopy cover, change the composition of the urban forest, and reduce tree species diversity. *The threats highlighted in this section focus specifically on threats to the health and sustainability of the urban forest in Lake Oswego.The Lake Oswego Addendum to the Clackamas County Multi-Jurisdictional Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan identifies wildfire, earthquakes, and winter storms as top tier hazards that pose the greatest risk to the entire County, its infrastructure, private property,and ecological systems. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 27 Concerned about Wildfire? Check out how you can get involved in your community. The Lake Oswego Fire Department offers home assessments for homes in the Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI). LO Fire Department Assessments focus on the home ignition zone on your property and provide recommendations on ways to eliminate the Wildland Urban Interface fire's potential relationship with the house. Sign up for a WUI Home Assessment at: https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/formslf/ (WUI) Home Assessment WUTARequest The Firewise USA® program provides a collaborative framework to help neighbors get organized,find direction, and take action to to reduce wildfire risks at the local level. Forming a Firewise community is voluntary and led by residents, Firewise with support and resources from community partners including the Lake Oswego Fire Department and Oswego Lake Watershed Council. Learn more at: https://www.oswegowatershed.org/explore-the-watershed/land-resilience/ The MPHOA Land Resilience Management Plan identifies objectives and actions to mitigate wildfire risks,address deferred maintenance issues, and enhance forest health through selective vegetation management for wildfire risk reduction across 120-acres of private natural area greenspace in Mountain Park. In 2022,Oswego Lake Watershed Council secured a Forestland Grant from the Oregon Department of Forestry(ODF), bringing in over$300,000 in funding to support implementation of the Plan. To date, invasive species have been removed from 100-acres of forest understory and ivy and clematis vines have been Mountain Park Fuels cut from trees to reduce ladder fuels and improve tree health. Small debris was chipped, bucked, and scattered,while Reduction and Land large logs and snags were retained for wildlife habitat. Over 500 native trees have been planted,along with 4,000 Resilience Project bare-root and live stake native trees,shrubs and ground covers. Riparian zones, notably along Springbrook Creek in Tanglewood Park, received special attention during replanting efforts.Additional funding has been secured from the City of Lake Oswego's Habitat Enhancement Program and the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board's Small Grant Program. Project partners include Mountain Park Homeowners Association, Clackamas Soil and Water Conservation District, ODF,the Lake Oswego Fire Department, Portland Community College Sylvania, and numerous volunteers.Through collaborative partnerships and well-executed planning,this project is a tremendous example of managing to improve the health and resilience of urban forests on private properties. 28 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE 7111191111111111111111191111111111 ,4 -Z.4,7-, --- - 4 • :xT L-, E• pit s - _ . =lam_ �_` +� - - 2 URBAN FOREST SUSTAINABILITY BENEFITS OF URBAN TREES Urban areas have been converted from their natural state to As trees mature and grow larger, the ecosystem services they accommodate needs of humans, infrastructure, and housing. provide significantly increase. Furthermore, a tree's growth Natural processes and ecological relationships are threatened by is reliant on taking in carbon to add to its biomass. A young the development of streets, homes, and commercial and industrial population of trees within an urban forest will sequester more areas. Forests near urban areas are fragmented due to urban carbon at a greater rate when compared to mature trees that are development. Paved, impermeable surfaces limit the areas that not growing as tall or wide as when they were younger. Once stormwater can infiltrate into the soil, altering the area's hydrology mature, a tree goes from sequestering carbon to becoming a and increasing the chances for flooding events, vegetation storage unit for the past decades of growth. Similarly, carbon is damage, and water pollution. also stored underground, within the urban forest's soil, to a greater degree than in the trees themselves. An estimated total of 530,100 The City's urban forest, as described in the vision statement of the megagrams of carbon is stored within the City's urban forest, with City's 2007 UCFP (City of Lake Oswego 2007), "is a thriving and 327,809 and 202,291 megagrams of carbon being stored below sustainable mix of tree species and age classes that contribute and above ground, respectively(City of Lake Oswego 2022a). to a healthy ecosystem. The forest is valued and cared for by the community as an essential environmental, economic, and cultural Since 1900, Oregon has warmed by 2.5°F, and projections indicate asset." The value of the City's urban forest is greater than the that the climate will continue to trend warmer (Chang et al. 2023). sum of its parts; urban trees help decrease fragmentation and As global temperatures continue to rise, trees play an integral role habitat loss by providing an ecosystem for insects, birds, and in the global response to climate change. Exhibit 2-1 shows how other wildlife. Tree canopies along creeks contribute to water trees serve as effective agents in cooling urban environments temperature regulation, sustaining habitable conditions for aquatic and fostering sustainable, livable communities. The shade they life. The urban forest can also provide significant benefits for its provide can reduce surface temperatures by 20°to 45°F and human inhabitants, too, by increasing property values, providing air temperatures by 10°F (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recreational opportunities, improving physical and mental well- 2008). being, and shade to cool the urban environment. Furthermore, trees improve air quality by absorbing particulates and harmful gases, and intercept and absorb stormwater, slowing runoff and Since 1900, Oregon has warmed by2.5°F, reducing water pollution. The City's urban forest helps prevent and projections indicate that the climate will approximately 155 million gallons of stormwater runoff annually continue to trend warmer(Chang et al. 2023). (City of Lake Oswego 2022a). This critical ecosystem service is0 As global temperatures continue to rise, trees valued at$1.38 million. play an integral role in the global response to climate change. LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 31 Exhibit 2-1. How Trees Help Mitigate the Urban Heat Island Effect HOW TREES HELP NEGATE THE URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECT Moreover, the urban forest has been consistently associated with positive impacts on mental well- NO TREES DR GREENERY being, crime reduction, and cardiovascular health ElSolar energy is © Heat is absorbed and © Heat is slowly emitted increased temperatures (Donovan et al. 2022; Tsai et al. 2018; Wolf et al. emitted by the retained by dark, throughout the day and 4 discourage pedestrian traffic, 2020). Multiple studies emphasize the mental and sun. urban surfaces, evening,increasing negatively impacting the local temperatures. economy physical health benefits of urban forest exposure (Taylor et al. 2015; Kardan et al. 2015). Trees contribute to an increased sense of community No trees to absorb and raise property values, as much as $12,624 auto emissions in Portland, while decreasing a property's time • -. on market by 1.7 days (Donovan 2010)*. Business revenue has also been shown to increase when `'w --- a quality urban forest canopy covers business 1 r --...4 "i.„„ districts; shoppers are willing to pay 12% more in large cities and 9% more in small cities (Sander et 7.w al. 2010; Wolf et al. 2020). Trees serve as essential tools for mitigating some of the greatest threats that urban environments face. Exhibit 2-2 further WITH TREES AND GREENERY describes various benefits that urban communities RESolar energy emitted by Shaded surfaces Auto emissions Cleaner air,cooler weather creates a receive from having a robust urban forest. the sun is partially © absorb and retain ©are partially 4 pedestrian-friendly environment absorbed by trees. less heat. absorbed by trees. positively impacting local businesses. • .. ... .. *Price adjusted from$8,870 in 2010 to$12,624 in 2024 to account inflation,by the Consumer Price Index Inflation Calculator(US Bureau of Labor Statistics 2024) w+—'N.— y y rr� ~ .. 4IMC ...... � 1 �— Trees serve as essential tools ' � „1 for igatin the n 411k- *ow greatestmit threatsgsome thatof urba . 40 •.744- lei environments face. 32 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Exhibit 2-2. Benefits of Trees H J_ m Q BENEFITS OF TREES IN AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT Z 1- tn HEALTH ENVIRONMENTAL/INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES D tn I— CLEANER AIRCii) SAVING ENERGY Trees absorb pollutants and filter O z Shade trees can lower air-conditioning particulates out of the air by trapping costs 56%annually, burning fewer them on their leaves and bark. fossil fuels. ce m ce CONNECTINGGI BEAUTY WITH NEIGHBORS .� Trees add character to city Trees can encourage civic \0 streets and residential areas pride while tree plantings as they radiate with colors, provide opportunities for = flowers, textures, and shapes. community involvement. RAINWATER0 '� FRESH FOOD CAPTURE ` `'' Trees provide food Trees capture F in the form of fruits, rainfall, recharging / nuts, leaves, bark, groundwater 1 �" —0 and roots. supplies and , '`'' .41ilo ai "', .0;. .. , help prevent �'`i,._- '_ . k stormwater from , ' [ carrying '' ' WILDLIFE HABITAT pollutants to Trees support the the ocean. ,4%• lives of many SHADE wildlife and insect Trees cool cities by up to species and provide 74C : 10°F and shaded areas HEALTHIER COMMUNITIES them with food, can be 20-40°F cooler a Trees improve mental health and shelter, and than peak libe public health by decreasing respiratory nesting sites. temperatures. illnesses and encouraging outdoor recreation. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 33 A TREEINVENTORY resilient urban forest: no more than 10% of any one genus and 5% of any one species should be represented in an inventory(Ball et al. 2007). SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS CLIMATE RESILIENCE Climate change is leading the Pacific Northwest region toward longer, The sustainability of urban forests can be measured using several dryer summers and shorter, wetter winters (Andrus 2021). These key indicators that include species diversity, climate resiliency, age conditions affect the traditional species within the region, such as distribution,tree condition, relative performance index (RPI), ecological western red cedar which have higher mortality rates than most other impact, tree vigor, canopy health, and importance value. Table 2-1 species. These longer, more intense periods of drought and more describes the thresholds and descriptions of these sustainability variable periods of precipitation, along with increased flooding, will metrics for the urban forest. These indicators can be measured make finding additional irrigation water a challenge and allocating accurately through a tree inventory that identifies a tree's species, funding for irrigation improvements for street trees a priority(McBride height, diameter at standard height(DSH), canopy health, condition, and Lacan 2018). The City can prepare for these expected changes and other attributes. An inventory can be used to guide management by selecting and planting species that are drought tolerant, resilient decisions and to create work plans and policy recommendations. to high heat events, and adapted to conditions of predicted future climate conditions. There are many considerations when looking at SPECIES DIVERSITY the climate appropriateness of urban tree species, including drought and shade tolerance, susceptibility to sun scald, and how well the tree The genus and species diversity of a tree inventory is an indicator species can manage increased heat. of overall resilience to threats. Because biological diversity is often regarded as the basis for ecological stability(Tilman and Downing 1994), urban forests with uniform tree species are more susceptible AGE DISTRIBUTION to catastrophic loss when invasive pests and pathogens enter a The most common and least invasive method to approximate the landscape or when significant weather events occur. Historical best age class of a living tree is to measure the trunk diameter at 4.5 practices for species diversity standards in public tree inventories of feet above the ground (Diameter at Standard Height; DSH) and infer directly managed street trees include a representation of no more general age based on trunk size. General age recommendations than 10% of any one species, 20% of any one genus, or 30% of any suggest an urban forest have a distribution of immature trees (40%) one family(Santamour 1990; Miller and Miller 1991; Richards 1993). to replace failing or aging ones, young (30%) and middle-aged (20%) With anticipated increased threats from invasive pests and pathogens, trees to provide the bulk of economic and environmental benefits, and using a more stringent metric is recommended for planning a more relatively fewer mature trees (10%)that have most of their life behind 34 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- J them but that provided significant environmental benefits for many higher risk of failure, Lake Oswego's natural areas need to manage m years (Morgenroth et al. 2020; Richards 1983). Since trees vary in a healthy population of snags. Z maximum stature and growth patterns, using DSH to determine age can only be considered an estimate. This age range ensures that a TREE VIGOR & CANOPY HEALTH v) city will not see a massive age cohort die at once, leaving greater v) than 10% of the canopy missing for years to come. Tree vigor indicates overall health and resilience in terms of a tree's w capacity to grow and resist stress. Live crown ratio (LCR), the ratio of ce TREE CONDITION AND RELATIVE PERFORMANCE INDEX live crown length to total tree height, or the percentage of a tree's U- total height that has foliage, is the most useful indicator of tree Z Q Tree condition ratings can show how individual trees are performing vigor. A tree with high vigor is a robust individual with a full, healthy m ct but do not aggregate performance by species. The RPI is used canopy, that has greater potential to resist stress, pest and disease D to better understand how individual species are performing and pressures, and reach its capable mature size to maximize benefits. identify species that may need further analysis to determine Conversely, a tree with low vigor has a declining canopy(i.e., crown appropriate management actions to improve health and inform dieback,thin or chlorotic foliage) and is more susceptible to stress, management decisions about which species may be less suitable pests and disease pressures, with less chance of long-term survival for future planting. Species RPI is calculated by taking the or ever maximizing benefits. percentage of trees in a single species that are assessed in good or better condition and dividing it by the percentage of all trees in the IMPORTANCE VALUE inventory that are assessed as being in a good or better condition. Tree species with an RPI of 1.0 or higher are performing as well or The importance value of trees is another way to measure a species' better than the tree inventory average, and tree species with an RPI total value to the City's urban forest and is calculated in i-Tree Eco less than 1.0 are performing below the tree inventory average. by combining the percentage of the species in the inventory and its corresponding percentage of leaf area. These two percentages are ECOLOGICAL IMPACT added together to determine the importance value of the species, which is a method used to stratify the City's various trees to set Certain tree species enable greater wildlife habitat, understory management goals. development, or other attributes that encourage an increase of desired wildlife. Incidence of tree species with greater ecological impact, such as regionally native species, can result in a greater abundance of various wildlife. Dead tree that are still standing, called snags, have their ecological uses as well. Snags provide nesting habitat and resources for various species. While snags are not desired within the Rights of Way or high traffic areas due to a LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 35 Table 2-1.Tree Inventory Sustainability Indicators Sustainability Recommended Metric Description Metrics The genus and species diversity of a directly managed street tree No more than 5%of one species inventory is an indicator of overall resilience to threats. Urban forests Species No more than 10%of one genus with uniform tree species are more susceptible to catastrophic loss Diversity No more than 20%of one family when invasive pests and pathogens enter a landscape or when significant weather events occur(Ball et al. 2007). A combination of shade,drought, and heat tolerance determines how well suited a species will be in predicted future climates. Some species can perform better in conditions that will be common Climate in the future. Trees that require a dense forest with shade, lower Resiliency Generally, in the Northern Hemisphere,the next temperatures,and more water will have a harder time establishing southern region species is considered acceptable and staying alive (Insight 2022)for integration into the current region's planting palette. 40%- Immature trees (1"—6" DSH) A diverse age range allows a city's urban forest to be resilient to 30%-Young trees(7"—16" DSH) events that can be catastrophic to one age range. (Morgenroth et al. Age Distribution 20%- Middle aged (17"—24" DSH) 2020). Diverse age class distribution also helps to maintain canopy 10%- Mature trees (25" DSH and greater) cover over time as trees naturally die. Tree Condition Used to better understand how individual species are performing and Relative and identify species that may need further analysis to determine Top six species have an RPI >1.0 Performance appropriate management actions to maintain vigor to improve health Index(RPI) and inform future planting palettes. 36 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- - J_ m Sustainability Recommended Metric Description Z Metrics Q I— u) Predominately native species with V) Certain tree species enable greater wildlife habitat, understory v7 a diverse strata of overstory, understory and ground (— development, or other attributes that encourage an increase of w cover,free of invasive vegetation and including snags o= desired wildlife. Incidence of tree species with greater ecological Ecological (standing dead trees)where there is low risk to people 0 impact, such as regionally native species, can result in a greater Impact or property and downed woody debris that is in Z abundance of various wildlife. Layered canopy, understory Q contact with the forest floor and scattered rather than in m vegetation and ground cover, snags and downed woody debris all Ct piles. D provide important wildlife habitat. Species resilience, growing space and individual tree maintenance influence tree vigor and canopy health.Trees with low to moderate vigor and poor to fair canopy health are more susceptible to 80-100%Canopy: High Vigor and Good Health stress and pest and disease pressures and have a higher risk of Tree Vigor and 50-80%Canopy: Moderate Vigor and Fair Health mortality.Tree species have average growth rates for their historical Canopy Health <50%Canopy: Low Vigor and Poor Health locations. Factors such as the space to grow,sunlight or shade,soil compaction, health of the soil, and others will dictate how well a tree will grow.Tree vigor below its growth rate indicates a potential tree health issue. The importance value combines the percentage of the species in the Importance No established threshold, but the importance value population of city-owned trees with its corresponding percentage of Value helps indicate the resiliency of a city's canopy. leaf area to determine how important a given species is to an urban forest. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 37 INVENTORY BACKGROUND method for forested areas with dense numbers of trees and varying land topography; however, cities may prefer to use the sampling Between 2007 and 2008, the City completed a 5% sample inventory, method for street trees as well because the costs associated with described in the 2009 SURF Report(City of Lake Oswego 2009). this type of inventory are lower than a complete inventory. An estimated 40,327 trees comprised the street tree population. The sample inventory included more than 100 species, but over 55% Other options include using aerial imagery and geographic information system (GIS) processing to determine what is or is not of the sampled trees comprised 10 species, leaving the remaining a tree based on color bands that are trained to detect and isolate species poorly represented in the inventory analysis. similar bands. This is a top-down method of conducting tree Without an updated inventory, understanding current urban forest inventories and is generally faster and cheaper but less accurate. conditions and proactively managing the urban forest for predicted Top-down inventories are a good tool to identify general trends forest issues is difficult. The inventory can be used to guide within a landscape and answer questions that lead to further urban forest management, maintenance plans, develop a deeper investigation and produce better management prescriptions. understanding of green infrastructure disparity, and develop policies based on quantitative findings. RECOMMENDED INVENTORY APPROACH There are two standard methods for tree inventories, including a complete inventory and randomized sampling. A complete inventory The City's 2020 SCAP Natural Resources Goal 1 recommends involves data collection and assessment of all individual trees in a implementing a public tree inventory to monitor and inform given area or population of interest. The second option is a fixed- ongoing adaptive management. This goal was targeted to be radius stratified random plot sample where tree assessment and completed within a 4-year time frame. An inventory can guide data collection is limited to trees located within 37.2-foot radius the City's management practices to offsetting future loss of tree (0.1-acre) plots scattered across a defined area. The resulting data canopy. An inventory can help determine if one or more species provides a subset that is then extrapolated to fit the remaining are overrepresented, how current or predicted pests or pathogens land area within the same habitat type. The quantity of plots could impact the tree population, potential canopy loss due to poorly needed is variable, but generally, one-tenth-acre (1/10th) sized plots climate-adapted tree species,tree risk hazard and mitigation efforts representing 10% of all trees in a given area will provide sufficient to prevent tree failure and property damage, and age baseline for information for a statistically valid and cost-efficient inventory. Fewer the City's trees to prepare for new plantings and removals. plots may be needed in small areas, but a greater number of plots decreases error in the sample. The actual number of plots will be Exhibit 2-3 shows the city-wide tree canopy cover on city owned and determined using GIS once each area and homogenous habitat managed properties (N8%), within public ROWs (N12%), and on private type is identified, and based on budget constraints and an identified and non-city owned or managed public properties (N80%). Based acceptable level of error. Random sampling is often the preferred on the 5% sample inventory estimates (City of Lake Oswego 2009) 38 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- Exhibit 2-3. City of Lake Oswego Tree Canopy Cover CO <:( Z - . 4I k (/) ' --T\L'*'•41%,V. .8--- I _ .„... --. . , .',1440-, -IZ _ . IV 11', • 1---.__ . .- H :.1 .[ _ .7...4..i.npi ;;1,,,....,_. .,• , ___, , - , ..1"EIF•4. a - •,,, -., T. .. ..., • . E----2"--ja------L. - . . _ .,,.._... ., Ct -1'..',!'„irrtki,„Rf- -464...5721.• - ' ' ' '. '4: ' 1-1-.."V-.-.'L 01.'' _ ..41 -. ,,„L;, •...!.•'. ....,,,'• J ; LL 4 ,' x i•' !'":e alt VA P` 10). -.:=;Ntar. .,• ' .4' -• -'''ft,'_&k.- '=”Itd. 4° Ilk 1''' `;'4.' , AP , - .... . - • _ •--. . fel,_ - f;,_ .a6.) ,.... -gr = . lido -. liltcov, -, Pie, CO • 1- . _ 4:I,Vr";',4, i ,,!ir 17..,,,,,.7--• ','.'P. . --*-c' 44.. - 'Wt. i ' a - . f ..1-... - 'i Rik;PO.,,:: - "1 ,m,..... .4u17. I . , li-IMAirt-.„.:,..• ;..,._ 1 .7.,,i,- ,.9- Rii, - .:_*-114..-?Jou ',. 9itt. ..-. , ,,,iie Pli ''' v %.4111k .54111:410 i }' N.V. .h.,4-• .--- - f'-*- Ct 1 ' _Ai .-- .. : (*c.r.- k! , 5.,-,fit I. ,! .....p- -.4 - , i_ 1_ 7z. 6.1.4.-thil,44%,,'-''..•Il..._:4,..4- , D 1 ,ilA . i.,,'- :-c,A2-7Y, Egillt:1, '- iiilifl , , ' r_4011111),-7...," --• -- .,ri-:0- linivf 91,, ,: w_gi .:1 ',..' .A4;01:0 ..41. '0_,_Aki . imIt.Z, -.- - 1, t i' it. -V. ;1...‘ -,-", le' 4,' •' ,4,...11^ 251' ...' „ , . •-• 1 .gt, -4.M•17:..c+.0.!/I-'-.6, f , ._ sal.. . •,-• ,i'ft ,er.7 - .I,1.1.. 01_1.%3 tifV, -,- — I .‘. 7--*-,c4--4V`--.0,7=-10 cx.r:--:.- d'.- _ - ' h7,14Z. 4' ' .7 et•4.'•il,:_..ftfT,T., 4 0 d Yie Alp.10.am,,,'-g 11.4"./it .6.itT - .:Z-V-J .-'-'4;•.:. L'-.1:7.' 12'1:'r.ti---'. ' --'-- ,-,. ' 4' 743tiFIR-.0.4'"W-- .•-4. " A'tiAiiiiii--,:- "Parips.4, •-• '''`' ' 0 4/4,:, --.F.-'5•7.-;.-2 .1-,M...".1101N-,2, 4-f?' 5. NW "if* — ,,,e,Ar....ro, fp--eekon-r....—Ar.Art—. ,_-:;1--- - _:-;. j: .-r-:- •'• -,..i,-,-,, :,_!.a., - ,... ., --_-*„. ,--, , • , _„,„........ -• ,__,...„..._ ,..„.. , ., • r-.„,,. ,s-7...07-_,7,,t,-.' - ...iii- ,,,k!?:_t4.,• , ra ,_ .,1- 'Ago , 1 , As, IM... ilk..., ,..,,,_ "....y1,,,,,vp. It-ipkt. ,, d wrii _., allik , ..—.11410 .. _._-, .4,• ,riv,LisF4, .itaw,, v ..r• to-Ali_tI,,,-, LL--,z, ...---- • '- P --,.] 1 r . i.,----L-...,,,i-pl‘apP 41•1.• v. ,,IN .,..0...40..,.....,, c ...iio ., ,L,L...,.,...„ 0.1,.k 15 . • - . ' -. - . . - PE:61:L''' ' ''' '''''..:111-41-f- %:''''44'Ar7::67w::'r''-'%"7HI!::'fir'w'h''(.5_::-.'4.:1:4:55.-11-ar -'4''''''.,:471:.":',..:1.-:'e-,.::.--':':::: qg. I I.-, 41 41 Ili:- Atl. oie--te-- . -e -;—r---- - , - .0.;. Fkatie,r_-4,,.E_ ;cow 1'gw 4— 11 ' : " 13 ' '-'• _,:- It.'--12: :- _ ! '- . • -4F,1--irie 1 ; Aiwit ' Y - - qivinr--"r-rrItr;0.., 1...._ ..,. - ..w,,,,..„ .. .... -,•f..4::_ \ ;,3_".g, • 4 -b. _ . ' - . if od i --,,,,,-. :-...L , •r,k_rf: ,_ .. 760164 • 4...**1014v4 LF.1/4 . ,4 '-. ils-. -..'" 1gr Fe '4r i.":./-r.k".'t•,4f.w gVit..-,..1'i..PA_..,g-,_..4 .ii,NI•4?./.4.',-..-tAi.a 4:t --1-/ - - .° . . i, . [ ____ - - _ p .. .. =City Owned and Managec PrDpert es(8%) 111111 Public Rigits-cf-Way 12`,,.). ' =9. Private aid Non City 0...fled or Managed Public.Properties IC ,; =Lak,..020..a.go I:11y 12. urcary N I Urban Se-Ace Boundaly '-' .mar i Source: City of Lake Oswego GIS Data. LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 39 Table 2-2. Recommended Types of Inventories and Frequency by Tree Location Tree Location Type of Inventory Update frequency Developed City rights-of-way Complete inventory Every 5 years Developed parks Complete inventory Every 5 years (Parks with sidewalks, play structures, etc.) City properties (City hall, Luscher Farm, etc.) Complete inventory Every 5 years Undeveloped City rights-of-way 10% randomized sample Every 15 years (Forest patches on sides of roadways) City owned natural areas 10% randomized sample Every 15 years Table 2-3. Cost Estimates for the City of Lake Oswego's Inventory Inventory Option Size of Inventory Estimated Cost Estimated Total Sample inventory of undeveloped rights-of-way and City owned natural areas trees (10% sample 100 plots $100 per plot $10,000 size, approximately 1,000 acres)* Complete inventory 50,000 trees $5 per tree $250,000 Total $260,000 Notes: *1,000 acres of urban canopy, at 10%inventory=100 plots. Each plot is estimated to take 0.5 hours of sampling= 50 hours labor. Labor rate: $200/hour=$10,000. 40 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- and accommodating new tree planting and canopy growth over the • .*j`' t f„ - . ,10 last 15 years, an estimated 50,000 trees are recommended to be ' �' _„ • ' , Q inventoried along the City's developed ROWs, developed parks, and ,t ,- ti> _. t.� ,, �� cx-`; Z City properties. I .,�` 1- x} , • , 1 • (n The recommended types of inventories are presented in Table 2-2. .S ' � �,�'* ,�. • ', 0,/`Y' Cl) Using two methods allows for a more accurate inventory for trees ' �` ,, ,, w that have higher interaction with the public while loweringcosts for - ' • ►' �'" . ?. !11j. '' '•'''' ii..( f f-74 ct larger forested areas. To prepare for the inventories,the City should .•, 4.• `' �'t`•,,. u_ update its GIS layer that delineates categories of Developed ROW, :its' ,; �> 1. • , • 1 �� ` - . . is?` Z • m Developed Parks, Undeveloped ROW, and Natural Areas to clarify f�!. i -� .. ',. •• M •the inventory collection procedures. Table 2-3 provides estimated i _ `r'' • . "' costs associated with the inventory. #. OPPORTUNITIES FOR PRIVATE TREE INVENTORY ,.Ar ...' , • ,1- Trees on city owned property and in public ROWs comprise 20% of '*. 41- " •-i ; ': ', •,fir the city-wide tree canopy cover, while the other 80% of tree canopy �• '• s -, •??i is on private property and non-city owned or managed property. ��� s • Other organizations, universities, and Oregon Metro have made %< .. . { �` : .•. y ilr+,'� efforts in both Lake Oswego and the region to inventory trees s ' •"".. }' :• ;' ".•7 ,• on private property. Oswego Lake Watershed Council launched 'r - a LOTree, a community science program that trains volunteers to _i� etr .� '' - ` _.n ft.:. t : ,e �t collect tree attribute information on private property. These efforts '. .1) ' •'.- 0 . 14 i elk have generated data on hundreds of trees in the area. Oregon Metro s� 1. �, • ': 1111r • +0.e , and Oswego Lake Watershed Council have collaborated to identifylif' ' ° '� s ,�.2. . 1 the locations of Oregon white oaks (Quercus garryana), through both ', '�" tlig 1 •., on-the-ground efforts and aerial imagery modeling. During the City's - '� inventory efforts, mechanisms to analyze private property inventory ..j;.� �`�.,� i Ai?' - .- data alongside City-managed tree inventory data could be explored tor„, _Is ! . t to further understand the overall health, resilience, and management 410r. - - s needs of the community's entire urban forest. ,�, n -' olf. ;,r•. . ,._ _ . E . • LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I Al PEST MANAGEMENT AND the City's urban forest and includes associated management recommendations and resources for further information. Any INVASIVE SPECIES PREPAREDNESS suspected identifications of these species should be reported to the Oregon Invasive species hotline. The Oregon Department of The City's pest, disease, and invasive species risk varies based on Forestry and Oregon Department of Agriculture have prepared an several different factors. Environmental stressors such as drought, Emerald Ash Borer Readiness and Response Plan for Oregon (ODF extreme heat, or heavy rains can create conditions that provide an and ODA 2021)to be used as a guide for response to this species. ideal opportunity for pests and pathogens to infest susceptible trees. Certain tree genera or species are known to be at increased risk to To better understand the urban forest's pest risk, a pest risk particular pests and pathogens; this is a good reason to increase assessment was completed, generated from the Washington species diversity, but also to understand what percentage of these Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Urban Forest Pest trees species comprise the City's urban forest through inventory and Readiness Playbook, summarized in Table 2-5. For a complete analysis. assessment, refer to Appendix B: Pest Risk Assessment. The benchmarks in the table are based on "a hypothetical assessment of a community engaged in a mid-range planning effort who has INVASIVE PESTS demonstrated institutional buy-in to pest readiness" (Washington DNR 2019). The benchmarks are not intended to be a grade for a A forest is greater than just its trees, as with any major change within community's compliance with state or federal regulations, but a the forest, whether reduced canopy, species diversity, or having measurement of progress on improving pest risk. The City exceeds enough space for individual trees to thrive, forest understory is benchmarks for Capacity to Support a Response, Ability to Expediate impacted by changes that pests can have on a forest. A fractured Informed Decision Making, and Community Support to Expand forest that comes from invasive pests create vulnerabilities that allow Impact. The City falls below the benchmark for Understanding Risk, invasive plants to gain a foothold and begin expanding. which further underscores the need for an updated inventory. Currently, the City does not implement a formal preventative pest and pathogen treatment program and manages infestations on a case-by-case basis. The City's Parks & Recreation staff conducts routine management in several parks to address known invasive plant species issues and has worked with local watershed councils to - remove invasive plants through the Habitat Enhancement Program. The City has also begun preventative emerald ash borer(EAB; Agrilus planipennis)treatments on selected ash trees in Foothills aas cr jFS , .• l • tf. Park. Table 2-4 presents a list of important pests that threaten ' sa+ , err 42 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- - Table 2-4. Important Invasive Pest and Pathogens that Threaten the City of Lake Oswego's Trees m Q Common Scientific Important Signs and Symptoms Management Actions Resources Z Name Name Host 1- Species u7 U) I— V) Lu • Review the Oregon ce • Crown dieback Emerald Ash Borer 2 https://extension. u_ • D-shaped holes made by Action Plan for detailed Z oregonstate.edu/ Q Emerald ash Agrilus emerging adult beetles management actions m Ash collection/emerald-ash- Ct borer planipennis • Bark splits • Report any individuals D borer-resources • Epicormic shoots to the Oregon Invasive Species Hotline • Dieback of entire branch https://www.oregon.gov/ or portion of canopy • Report any individuals odf/Documents/ • Pale-colored boring dust Mediterranean Xyleborus to the Oregon Invasive forestbenefits/fact-sheet- Oak along trunk or base oak borer monographus Species Hotline prior to mediterranean-oak-borer. • Black-stained branching wood disposal pdf galleries in sapwood A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 43 Common Scientific Important Signs and Symptoms Management Actions Resources Name Name Host Species • No chemical control • On bark, cankers form Oak, larch, measures available and often "bleed"on the https://catalog.extension. big leaf • Infected plants should trunks and branches; oregonstate.edu/ maple, be removed and Sudden oak Phytophthora droplets of dark reddish- sites/catalog/files/ Oregon disposed death ramorum brown liquid project/pdf/ec1607. myrtle, • Report any individuals • Cankers will girdle trunk or pdf Pacific to the Oregon Invasive branch, causing death madrone Species Hotline Over 200 • Defoliation of trees, often https://www.oregon. plant species repeated from year to year • Kill adults and squish or gov/oda/shared/ including • 1-inch brown and fuzzy scrape any egg masses Documents/ Lymantria Spongy moth oak, elm, egg masses on tree trunks • Report any individuals Publications/IPPM/ dispar birch, apple, • Caterpillars that dangle to the Oregon Invasive SpongyMothFactSheet. pine, and on silks and have red and Species Hotline pdf maple blue dots when large Over 300 plant • Pheromone lure species, • Skeletonized leaves • Bag-a-bug traps(away including • Defoliation from plants) https://www. Japanese Popillia trees, • Green and brown adult • Report any individuals japanesebeetlepdx.info/ beetle japonica ornamental scarabs to the Oregon Invasive faq.html shrubs, Species Hotline vegetables, and grasses 44 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE 1— Common Scientific Important Signs and Symptoms Management Actions Resources Q Name Name Host Z Species Q v7 D • Spores of this pathogen N I— are harmful to humans, w • Numerous small dead and personal protective ce 0 twigs on one side of the equipment(gloves, u_ Maples, trunk goggles, and face mask) Z https://pnwhandbooks. Q Pacific • Epicormic shoots should be worn when Ct Sooty bark Cryptostroma org/plantdisease/host- dogwood, • Bark blisters or dark removing trees D disease corticale disease/maple-acer-spp- and horse patches • Remove and burn sooty-bark-disease chestnut • Bark cracks or peeling infected plant material park • Report any suspected cases to the Oregon Invasive Species Hotline A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 45 Table 2-5. Results of the City of Lake Oswego's Pest Risk Assessment* Topic Risk of Falling Below Benchmark Benchmark Lake Oswego's Score Understanding Risk Not knowing/understanding the natural resource(s) that need protection and the risk to those resources Tree resources, pests of concern, 12 8 increases vulnerability to tree loss and pest risk analysis, pest pathways, pest introductions. prevention Capacity to Support a Response Disorganized planning processes drain local resources Emergency preparedness, response and decrease your ability to effectively respond to 8 10 experience, knowing who to call, pests and protect natural resources. supporting organizations, sufficient funding,tree management Ability to Expedite Informed Decision- Making Misinformed or slow-paced decision-making diminishes your ability to effectively respond to pests and protect 7 10 Urban forestry staff, local authority, natural resources. permitting process, leadership Community Support to Expand Impact Poor communication, adversarial relationships with community members, and/or inexperienced team Diverse team, messaging, public 4 6 members make it increasingly difficult to detect and awareness, early detection respond to pest threats. *Note: The Pest Assessment was completed by the consultant team, with review by the City's Planning Department, Consulting Arborist, and the UCFP's Technical Advisory Committee. 46 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- J INVASIVE PLANTS r-•- -•�',. - - m . , z Invasive plants tend to dominate plant communities, crowding out 1 = ' • • a other native plants. They generally have low value to wildlife, and • ""�_ N some are considered harmful to humans. Table 3-6 lists notable _ N�. '!" � invasive plant species that threaten the City's trees, as specified t �rw t• ,f i • • r•'�4e W by Clackamas Soil and Water Conservation District's WeedWise i ' ce O program. It is important to note that this table does not include the 12 • �t C 1 , species of trees on the City's invasive tree list(City of Lake Oswego111 {. ,; Z 2023b), which require a no-cost invasive tree species removal t ce 1 permit through the Planning Department before removal. The Parks I ll ` ,s - & Recreation Department and many volunteers and community `i _i groups spend thousands of hours manually removing ivy and other `: .t invasive plants in the City's urban forest. These efforts are detailed t NO on pages 14-16 of the 2022 State of the Urban Forest Report. The ' most prevalent species are English ivy(Hedera helix) and Himalayan ,ii • 4 blackberry(Rubus armeniacus). The City has established several at."A _ 7 working groups to combat their spread and has made measurable a :. progress toward this goal. With so much focus on the worst •/ I- ' offenders, other invasives also need to be addressed. The most .•• - prevalent that can be handled by working groups are scotch broom Vf�-; _i, , (Cytisus scoparius) and garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata), both of which will grow faster than native plants and prevent smaller native k •� —^. plants from getting enough resources. Additional species of concern0 y c are included in Clackamas Soil and Water Conservation District's • -�;. • Woody Weeds of Clackamas County Guide (Lesh 2019) and the /11141- Oregon Department of Agriculture's regional invasive species lists, .91_ it .... which are updated periodically and reviewed by City staff each year. rr t t LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 47 Table 2-6. Important Invasive Plant Species that Threaten the City of Lake Oswego's Trees Common Scientific Forest-Related Impacts Management Actions Resources Name Name • Manual removal with hands, saws, loppers,and clippers is • Weighs down large trees making the most effective means of them more susceptible to failure control. • Smothers forest floor vegetation. • English ivy is resistant to https://weedwise. • Rapid and intense vegetative growth chemical control methods. English ivy Hedera helix conservationdistrict.org/ • Can serve as a reservoir for • An acre of ivy-infested forest english-ivy pathogens takes approximately 300 hours • Increases erosion of labor for initial clearing. • Prioritize critical sites for removal. • Manual removal with loppers • Highly invasive plant that displaces and saws is the most effective native vegetation means of control. https://weedwise. • Spent canes may serve as fuels for • Brush mowing of large Himalayan Rubus conservationdistrict.org/ wildfire infestations must be repeated blackberry armeniacus himalayan-blackberry • Dense,thorny thickets make sites frequently. inaccessible to people and animals • Herbicides may be necessary to control a dense infestation. • Hand pull,taking care to fully remove the taproot. https://weedwise. • Severely reduces biodiversity in • Target second year plants to conservationdistrict.org/ Alliaria forests Garlic mustard prevent seed production. management/ petiolata • Outcompetes native plants for light • Bag removed material and garlic-mustard dispose(do not compost). 48 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE 1— Common Scientific Forest-Related Impacts Management Actions Resources Z Name Name 1- u) • Hand pull seedlings and D U) shrubs in Jan—May. I— • Grows rapidly and forms dense u7 • Cut more established shrubs https://weedwise. uj stands ce back during Jul—Aug before conservationdistrict.org/ 0 Cytisus • Prevents reforestation by out- u_ Scotch broom seed pods mature. management/ scoparius competing conifer seedlings Z • Mowing can be effective but scotch-broom Q • Increases risk and intensity of fires m must be repeated biweekly for j adequate control. • Hand pull ground plants, taking care to completely • Perennial, climbing vine that can remove roots. grow 10 feet per year and up to 90 https://weedwise. • Cut vines growing on trees— feet in height conservationdistrict. Old man's the plant needs its ground Clematis • Densely blankets the ground, org/clvi6#::text beard/ roots to survive and will die vitalba shading out understory plants =Description%3A end%20 clematis above the cut. • Can cause tree failure if left of%20 20the%20 • Bag all rooted plant material unmanaged Willamette%20Valley and dispose as yard waste, do not compost at home. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 49 3 URBAN FOREST MANAGEMENT TREEMANAGEMENT PRACTICES occurs without tree removal, requiring street trees is an opportunity to increase trees planted with minimal added burden The following section reviews the management practices of the to City staff. City's Urban and Community Forestry Program. Current levels of Planting trees with the largest mature stature suitable for the tree management practices were measured against industry and available planting space is preferred. Selecting large-stature International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) BMPs and American trees may reduce the quantity of trees planted; however, large- National Standards Institute standards. Gaps in management stature trees provide more canopy cover and associated benefits practices were identified, and recommendations to improve urban at maturity than small-stature trees and should be prioritized for forest sustainability and resilience through tree care activities planting when space allows. City staff understand the increase in follow. Current management of trees located in public ROWs is benefits provided when planting large-stature trees and have the in response to requests or storm-related events and is therefore authority to condition large-stature tree species when there is a considered reactive management, but proactive tree planting and suitable site for a large-stature tree. restoration has been a focus in parks and natural areas. Tree canopy from private property trees contributes to -80% of canopy cover in the City. Tree selection, tree planting, and the Tree Planting "right tree, right place" concept support managing tree canopy for Tree planting was a major focus in the City's parks and natural the City. "Right tree, right place" should be considered for each areas between 2017 and 2021, evidenced by the net 25,821 trees viable planting site, with a goal to encourage planting large-stature planted. The 2020 SCAP stated goals related to urban forestry in trees on private property. the "Protecting Natural Resources" category but does not provide The NAHMP (City of Lake Oswego 2022b) outlines goals to a goal for tree planting. manage existing wildlife corridors or utilize native trees to create When tree removal permits are approved, mitigation trees are wildlife corridors. Selecting trees to create wildlife corridors and required for Type II permits, verification permits, and some framing tree planting in this area as a habitat restoration initiative invasive tree permits. If no trees are removed for development, further supports the goals of the NAHMP and increases native tree there is generally no tree planting requirement, unless the benefits to the region. Selecting the right tree for the right place development site is located in the R-6 zone, is part of a land in this context is imperative, but when analyzing species diversity division, or located in a design district. Providing guidelines of for the City's entire urban forest, diversity goals should align with what trees may be appropriate for the site and assigning the BMPs to foster a resilient urban forest. applicant of the removal permit the responsibility for planting and Current practice: The City plants new trees each year in maintaining mitigation trees for a specified period will ensure lost public ROWs and in park lands. When tree removal permits canopy cover from tree removal is mitigated. If new development LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 51 are approved, mitigation tree(s) are required for Type II permits, 15%to 55%, with an average of 31% (Nowak et al. 1996). In forested verification permits, and some invasive tree permits. The cities, park and vacant lands had the highest percent tree cover. City prioritizes maintaining existing wildlife corridors and has Cities in historically forested regions should strive to have a canopy guidelines for native tree selection to promote habitat restoration of at least 40%-60% (Leahy 2017). through the NAHMP. The 2022 SURF report identified that the City's current canopy Recommended practice: Update the 2020 SCAP Protecting cover is 53.4%, which increased from 48.6% in 2009. This canopy Natural Resources category to mirror the goals in this UCFP cover percentage may not be capturing current tree planting efforts to specify tree planting goals. Utilize the concept of"right in park lands, as the 10-foot LiDAR data was not able to detect these tree, right place"to strategically implement habitat restoration new plantings. As such, canopy cover percentage may continue to goals outlined in the NAHMP, such as enhancement of wildlife grow over time. corridors between parks. Private property is often involved when increasing shade in riparian areas. To encourage tree planting The City's commitment to comply with its temperature requirements in these areas, provide community education and outreach from Oregon Department of Environmental Quality is to perform a about the importance of streamside shade and wildlife corridors. canopy cover analysis every five years to track progress towards Consider species diversity for the greater urban forest when canopy cover goals. Canopy cover for the City is the highest in the planting trees outside of natural areas. Require street trees as region among comparable cities (City of Lake Oswego 2022a), and a part of development to increase canopy with little additional tree protection, tree planting efforts, and requiring mitigation trees burden for City staff. Provide guidelines for private property for tree removal are all actions that help manage canopy cover over owners and developers including BMPs for species selection, time. tree planting, and "right tree, right place" to prioritize large- Although overall canopy cover increased in all neighborhoods from stature trees to support maintaining canopy cover percentage. 2014 to 2019, and 50% of census block groups in the City have All departments involved in tree planting should follow ISA achieved Street Tree Equity based on their 40% urban tree canopy BMPs for tree planting, and City staff should ensure contractors benchmark, the other 50% of census block groups have not met and in-house staff follow these planting standards to support the 40% benchmark goal (City of Lake Oswego 2022a). Focusing establishment in the landscape. tree planting efforts in the areas that have not met the goal can contribute to equitable distribution of canopy cover throughout the Using Canopy Cover as Goal Metric City; however,the majority of the block groups with the lowest tree equity score are located along the west side of the city and have Canopy cover refers to the layer of leaves, branches, and stems that significant portions that are unincorporated. The 2021 Effective provide tree coverage of the ground when viewed from above. Two Shade Report(City of Lake Oswego 2021) identifies additional areas important factors that impact the amount of potential canopy cover for the City to plant trees along riparian corridors. are the natural environment and land use. Cities that developed in naturally forested areas range in canopy cover percentage from 52 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I— Z The City's on-going tree planting and tree protection efforts will While utilizing canopy cover as snapshot of overall success, other w 2 be captured in the canopy cover analysis. The canopy cover data- metrics that are not as easy to summarize are relevant, and should w gathering LiDAR flight is generally scheduled to occur every five be measured and analyzed, including the health of the individual Z years, with the next flight expected in 2024 or 2025, and analysis tree, wildlife diversity, desired forest understory, and water quality Q to follow. Utilizing canopy cover percentage as the progress and and soil health. These additional metrics all have the capacity to be H success measuring metric ensures shade increase goals and measured during the inventory collection happening on a periodic v7 w equitable canopy cover goals are met and allows for further goal basis. Every layer of data added has the potential to highlight zones ce O setting. Utilizing canopy cover percentage also shows growth of within the urban forest as hot spots, high risk zones, or an area in u- canopies over time on both private and public land, giving a fuller need of more management resources. Q picture of the City's overall tree canopy. ce Should the City choose to increase and maintain canopy cover to D Current practice: The City has a canopy cover percentage of 55% over time, the City would be a leader in canopy cover through 53.4%, which has increased since 2009. Canopy cover studies forested regions. Private property continues to be an opportunity to are performed every five years or so based on the availability of increase canopy cover and educating residents about the benefits regional high-resolution aerial imagery and LiDAR data and are of large-stature trees, benefits of shade trees in riparian areas, and used to assess City-wide canopy cover. 50% of census block the Habitat Enhancement Program, as well as providing guidelines groups in the City have achieved Street Tree Equity based on for "right tree, right place," would support long-term management of the 40% urban tree canopy benchmark, and the 2021 Effective the high percentage of private property canopy cover. Shade Report identified how more trees along riparian corridors will help the City achieve freshwater biodiversity goals. Establishment Care Recommended practice: Continue to use canopy cover as a Establishment tree care includes staking, mulching, watering, and success-measuring metric of urban forest goals. To increase young tree structural pruning. Establishing a newly planted tree equitable canopy cover,target areas with lower canopy cover in the landscape is the first step in ensuring the tree survives. To that were identified in the 2022 SURF. Target increasing tree minimize transplant shock and support healthy growth of the root canopy in areas identified by the 2021 Effective Shade Report structure and therefore tree stability, within the first two years and provide education on the values of trees planted in these of planting, supplemental watering and proper installation and areas to private landowners. When the next canopy cover removal of stakes may be necessary. Young tree structural pruning assessment is completed, evaluate canopy cover to determine (the removal of defects to optimize branching structure) reduces the if an increase is necessary, or if management of the future likelihood of failure from improper branch attachments and unstable percentage is an adequate goal. Consider assessing additional branching structure as the tree matures. Young tree pruning also canopy cover metrics, such as overall health and fragmentation, allows a tree to compartmentalize wounds faster than a mature and use the Oregon Department of Forestry's statewide tree, decreasing the time frame the tree is vulnerable to pests and assessment tool as it becomes available. disease through the pruning wound. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 53 Current practice: The responsibility for establishment care falls inventoried, a cyclical pruning cycle can be established for trees to on the entity who planted the tree. When trees are planted by be pruned every five to seven years, reflecting the industry BMPs City staff, the City is responsible for all tree care for the first one for a safe urban forest. Since the City does not maintain most street to three years of the tree's life, depending on the department and trees, a pruning cycle for street trees is not applicable. The City does project. After this establishment period, tree care responsibilities not have an established pruning cycle for City-maintained trees in for trees planted in the ROWs generally fall to the adjacent parks and other City facilities. A complete tree inventory allows for property owner. This transfer of responsibility is not widely proactive management by establishing which trees are the City's understood among residents or City staff. Consequently, the City responsibility to manage them, informing areas of improvement in inconsistently maintains some trees post-establishment but not tree care, and ensuring that benefits lost with tree removals are others. replaced for the City and its community. The City hosts annual workshops on tree protection and removal regulations. Ensuring The City actively promotes education materials for young all materials used in these workshops adhere to ISA BMPs and tree care, including information about tree selection, proper monitoring or checking contractor work for quality control will help planting, staking, watering, and pruning. The Parks & Recreation the City maintain safe trees with proper pruning cuts, allowing for Department has considered developing a young tree structural compartmentalization of wounds. pruning program, but it is not currently implemented. Current practice:After the establishment period, trees in the Recommended practice: Any City planted tree receives ROWs are to be maintained by the abutting property owner. establishment care for the first three years after planting. After Topping permits are granted only to utility companies, when this period, the maintenance responsibility shifts to the property necessary,to avoid contact between vegetation and utility lines. owner. At that time, adjacent property owners need adequate notification that City-planted trees will become their responsibility Recommended practice: Use the tree inventory proposed to maintain. Continue to promote educational materials to property in Section 2 to identify all trees that the City is responsible owners about young tree care,tree selection, proper planting, for maintaining. Establish a five to seven year pruning cycle staking, watering, pruning, and mulching. for all City-managed trees in ROWs, in the high-use areas of developed parks, and City facilities. Adjust urban forestry Tree Pruning funding to accommodate for pruning cycle. Host an workshops for contractors with ISA BMPs for tree pruning and monitor for Section 2: Urban Forest Sustainability describes the recommended quality. The City should develop a clear definition for situations tree inventory approach for the City. A tree inventory allows the City where the City will assist a community member with tree to identify publicly owned and maintained trees to allow for efficient maintenance. The City should circulate resources to community management of trees, plan for tree planting and tree care, and allows members to encourage proper tree care, such as guidance on the City to provide further analysis of tree assets. When trees are proper tree pruning, pruning frequency, and a list of local tree 54 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE >- care companies. It is recommended that the City limits topping Tree Removal and Mitigation by utility companies as much as possible. In some cases, it may m Lake Oswego Code Chapter 55 regulates tree removals through Q be beneficial to encourage removal of trees that do not belong Z under utility lines and to plant mitigation trees utilizing the various tree permits outlined in Section 5.1: Municipal Code. Only H concept of"right tree, right place" by planting trees that remain Type II and Verification tree removal permits require tree-for-tree cn small at maturity under power lines. mitigation, or an in-lieu fee if staff determines there is insufficient cn space to replant on site. The City tracks the number of tree removals iii for all permit types, as well as the number of mitigation trees planted ce Tree Risk Assessment for Type II and Verification tree removal permits. Inspections for 0 proper mitigation from Type II removals are performed at random Z A tree risk assessment program enables a City to practice Q for single-family landowners but are conducted for all permits m proactive management by assessing trees that may have an ct elevated level of risk and potentially provide risk abatement efforts associated with development. Tree removal guidelines are found D prior to an emergency. A tree risk assessment program allows in multiple locations and can cause confusion for residents as managing departments to identify trees and areas with potential they seek information on removals. On city owned and managed for elevated risk and prioritize tree removal or treatment based on property,the ratio of planted trees to removed trees by the City from risk assessment. High risk trees should be replaced as they are 2017 to 2021 was about 18 to 1, with 27,356 trees planted and 1,535 removed. An inventory that includes a Level 1 Tree Risk Assessment trees removed during that period (City of Lake Oswego 2022a). In will provide information on areas that may be at higher risk and can 2022,the City planted 1,147 trees and removed 256 trees (4:1) and in be targeted for increased risk reduction methods. The ISA qualifies 2023, the City planted 10,553 trees and removed 119 trees (88:1). professionals as Tree Risk Assessment Qualified arborists. Using From 2020 through 2023, an annual average of 1,349 tree removal this framework, an ISA tree risk program provides a systematic applications were approved, and an average of 3,023 trees were process of assessment and provides mitigation options that may permitted for removal each year. Type II and verification permits retain trees by reducing levels of risk. account for 30% of the quantity of trees permitted for removal Current practice: The City does not currently have a tree risk during this 4-year period, yet these are the only permit types that currently require mitigation planting, except for invasive tree species assessment program. permits in limited circumstances. Over this four-year period, a total Recommended practice: Implement a tree risk assessment of 3,581 mitigation trees were required for the removal of 3,661 program following the ISA BMP for Qualitative Tree Risk trees permitted for removal under Type II and Verification permits, Assessment to provide a systematic tree risk abatement process along with 367 (9%) payments into the Tree Fund in-lieu of planting. to protect more trees in the City. Note that the total mitigation trees planted plus tree fund payments exceeds the total count of trees permitted for removal because 2:1 mitigation is required for removal of"significant trees" for the A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 55 purposes of development. Data on the quantity of mitigation trees Lands Code, but current practices lack consistency between required for invasive tree species removal permits is unknown. implementation of the Tree Code, especially in uplands. City staff have noted challenges in determining which kind of tree removal Despite the lower percentage of trees permitted for removal is permitted in Sensitive Lands. The TMDL Implementation Plan under Type II and verification permits relative to all other permit explains the role vegetation and trees can play in improving types, Type II and verification permits are the only removals that water quality and provides additional educational opportunities require mitigation, except for invasive tree species permits in through the Watershed Councils and the Habitat Enhancement limited circumstances. When mitigation is required, large stature Program. The Lake Oswego Comprehensive Plan, Healthy tree species are required as a condition of approval, where site Ecosystems chapter, encourages protection and enhancement of conditions allow,to prioritize canopy cover and associated benefits existing vegetation including mature trees and native plants and received from large-stature trees. Paying a Tree Fund fee in lieu recommends development of educational outreach materials and of planting is only allowed when growing-space limitations will not programs that emphasize the importance of trees. This section accommodate healthy tree establishment. outlines the importance of updating the Tree Code but does not The City and the State of Oregon consider freshwater streams high- provide specific goals, ratios, or guidelines that support these priority areas for habitat enhancement (City of Lake Oswego 2018; recommended actions. Sensitive ecological areas, such as riparian Oregon Department of Forestry 2022). Tree removal in riparian habitats, are especially important when protecting existing trees and areas, coupled with rising air temperature trends, may result in ensuring removed trees are mitigated in the same area. Strategically freshwater areas that are above habitable temperatures for salmon planting trees along stream corridors was identified as a priority rearing and migration. The City acknowledges the importance of by the Oregon Department of Forestry and by the City's TMDL trees as temperature buffers in riparian zones, especially those on Implementation Plan, as watershed health is significant to the City the south and west sides of streams, where they provide optimal and its constituents. shade against the afternoon sun (City of Lake Oswego 2018). Current practice: The City provides several types of tree According to findings in the City's 2021 Effective Shade Report, removal permits. Mitigation trees are required for Type II and vegetation disturbance and removal along riparian corridors is a Verification permits, and only in limited circumstances for invasive primary threat to freshwater habitat. These findings suggest that tree species removal permits. For all other tree removals, no current tree protections may not be sufficient in protecting the City's mitigation trees are required to be planted. The City has planted freshwater habitats. The City's tree policies regarding riparian trees more trees than it has removed from city owned and managed should be amended to reflect the City's effective shade goals set properties every year for at least the last seven years. When forth in the City's TMDL Implementation Plan. For more information tree removal permits are approved, large-stature tree species about tree policy recommendations, see Section 5.1: Municipal Code are recommended for mitigation if appropriate for the site. and Appendix C: Municipal Code Redline. Information for tree removals is found in multiple places, causing The City recognizes the shade and cooling benefits of trees in confusion. riparian zones and provides protection through the Sensitive 56 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I— Z w Recommended practice: Collect all tree removal policy into creating a wood product out of removed wood are all methods to w one chapter of a document. Require mitigation for all types of further sequester carbon and utilize natural resources to their next Q tree removal permits, with allowed exceptions (in-lieu fee or highest use. Z waivers) when the site cannot accommodate a mitigation tree. 2 Tree debris sent to landfill for disposal generates greenhouse Continue to require Tree Fund payments in lieu of mitigation i- planting for Type II and Verification permits when mitigation gas emissions through need of transport, incurs disposal costs w ce for the City, and removes an opportunity to utilize tree debris planting is not practical. Support and expand the current practice 0 of recommending the largest-stature mitigation tree for tree material within the local landscape. City staff are interested in Z removals by developing a policy. Expand the native species developing standards for internal operations of tree debris disposal. m tree mitigation list to include non-native but climate adapted The simplest reutilization of tree maintenance debris is typically ce species. Add vine maple to the native species tree mitigation chipping for mulch. Mulch chips in public spaces and for tree wells list to allow a small-stature and highly beneficial alternative to help rebuild soil structure as the mulch decays. Improved soil native dogwood. Establish guidelines for spending Tree Fund structure helps a tree absorb nutrients and water throughout its life, payments on tree planting, care, and maintenance, including a increasing tree longevity. program to support tree giveaways to private property owners. Tree debris management has various considerations depending on Update the Tree Code to support goals identified in the TMDL the intended next use, including potential pest infestations and the Implementation Plan and the Comprehensive Plan's Healthy condition of tree debris. With increased concern of invasive pests Ecosystems chapter by providing specific guidelines, ratios, and spreading to unimpacted areas, if a removed tree is identified as actions for the community to support shared goals. Manage, infested, proper disposal procedures are a necessity. Urban wood update in policy, and clarify for staff the tree protection policies reuse of infested tree debris is often limited to mulch, as the priority for trees in sensitive freshwater habitat areas, such as riparian is to limit the spread of pests. However, depending on the pest, zones, and for trees that provide shade for aquatic habitat in solar treating, kiln drying, or chipping debris are important control ephemeral streams and storm drains and consistently implement methods to prevent further spread. Identifying the pest will inform the Sensitive Lands Ordinance. disposal management practices to limit spread. When tree debris is collected from storm damage, usage is also limited to mulch. Wood Disposal and Reuse Both pest-infested trees and storm damage debris can be utilized as mulch if proper treatment is performed prior to utilizing in the Trees sequester and store carbon as they mature. Once a tree is landscape. removed from the landscape, decay of wood releases carbon back into the atmosphere. Preserving standing dead trees (snags)with Utilizing tree maintenance debris as mulch continues to store negligible risk potential as wildlife habitat, converting removed carbon, increasing the longevity of the carbon sequestration material into mulch chippings, processing mulch into biochar, or benefits of the City's tree inventory. By utilizing tree debris as mulch, the City can increase diversion from landfill, decrease A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 57 transportation emissions, and utilize removed trees as a bioresource. framework for future discussions in urban forest management, such Utilizing tree debris within the local environment in which the tree as those about which trees to include in the inventory and budget matured creates an urban forest story: a City of Lake Oswego tree allocations. providing benefits throughout its biological life and continuing to provide benefits through its next usage. . Y,- , Current practice: The City currently does not have a standard 5:Ape .. > - - .• ...et> -_ L practice for disposal of tree maintenance debris. However,the - 4* ::.- '1.#. .:•.-.` ., ar ?} *MA ' T Department of Parks and Recreation creates mulch from their tree ,,V� :-' ' •;.µ debris. -- :.?"". y, . _, ;+. U1 "' Recommended practice: Create a tree debris utilization - ,= ��'•"'. "^� ' � �• w .. x 4Zpro ram that helps retain carbon sequestration benefits and �, ,' provides hyperlocal bioresources to the community. Utilize tree " - 1. �f maintenance debris for mulching publicly owned trees and AA, ~.' h develop a program for community members to pick up mulch �' ,11 " ' : `��-' $t"t"10 t, . 4011.4r, 7 produced by the City to use on trees on private property. Tree may' .. debris collected from storm damage or with known pests should ! - i �-� be treated prior to utilizingas landscape mulch. .' �. ' " , ``\_. • . ,.-. tir-iii?!.., i jir I f$4,1.,,,.-.).1.14 ),,•,,_A, , # _, ,•,,,•-...' 1, dt.0,,.s.N v Via;. . ;�c. MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT " ,fi a'=r. ' ` ` :'_ r y` ` 3, +` 4•cami `ry=�'- .. RESPONSIBILITIES '� e,y - �� x off. .�• .i� ;�,' �� _ .i��f^. p d7. The 2007 UCFP included a goal to clarify the management 4 t s ?A�. '"' �' I ' • • • w responsibilities of departments regarding management of trees • mo ' `:` .. ,' 'in the ROWs (Strategic Plan Goal B1 . There is still a discrepancy ,, . between departments regarding management responsibilities. # R Achieving the goal of clarification requires an ongoing dialogue ;, `•. . .' +''",° ,.r • . • - ', between all tree-management departments to establish a common r,..' "` ;4 `. �° ' goal144 for tree management, define the Citys scope of management ' '-- • 1` responsibility, and delineate roles on a department and staff level. , ` = • ^- � ,�� . m The outcome of this conversation will serve as a foundational • L . : • 58 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I- Z FUNDING Parks & Recreation's top three contracted tree activities include tree w 2 removal, tree pruning, and invasive species removal. Public Works' uU 0 top contracted activities are tree removal, storm cleanup, and tree 4 The 2021-2023 biennium budget related to tree management Z is shown in Table 3-land is derived from several sources. The planting. All of the Planning Department's contracted work is spent 4 on private property and planning activities. operating budget was approximately $2,127,802, with $170,000 i- for in-house services, $1,103,802 for in-house salaries related to It is difficult to determine if the City's urban forestry budget is ce tree work, and $854,000 for contractor services. Tables 3-2 and sufficient to cover its current and future tree activity needs without 0 3-3 further breakdown the tree management activities that are additional data. A public tree inventory can help the City create a Z attributed to in-house employees and contractors and calculate the management plan that covers needs of an aging tree population, for m ce estimated budget spent on each activity. These tables provide a example. According to staff interviews, several departments noted j baseline for the City's current departmental distribution of work and that their budget was adequate for their current needs. However, show where the activities differ between departments. The Parks & this Plan highlights areas where tree management activities may be Recreation Department's top three in-house tree activities include strengthened, improved, or clarified, which will result in a need for tree removal,tree planting, and storm cleanup, while in-house Public additional budget and staff time. Works staff spend most of their time on storm cleanup (Table 3-4). Table 3-1. 2021-2023 Biennium Budget Related to Tree Management and City of Lake Oswego Funding Sources In-House Allocation Contractor Allocation Funding Source Parks & Recreation Public Works Parks & Recreation Public Works Planning General Fund $ 124,000 $ 0.00 $313,000 $101,000 $ 180,000 Street Fund $ 0.00 $ 46,000 $ 0.00 $260,000 $ 0.00 Subtotal $ 124,000 $46,000 $313,000 $361,000 $ 180,000 Staff Salaries Spent on Tree Activities $1,103,802 — (Table 3-4) Grand Total $2,127,802 A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 59 Table 3-2. Estimated Work Activities and Biennium Budget Allocated Towards In-House Tree Maintenance Tasks Parks & Recreation Public Works Estimated Estimated Activity Estimated Time (%) Estimated Time (%) Budget($) Budget($) Tree planting 5% $6,200 10% $4,600 Tree pruning 20% $24,800 10% $4,600 Tree removal 25% $31,000 10% $4,600 Stump removal 0% $0.00 10% $4,600 Storm cleanup 20% $24,800 60% $27,600 Habitat restoration 15% $18,600 0% $0.00 Invasive species removal 15% $18,600 0% $0.00 Total 100% $124,000 100% $46,000 60 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I— Z w Table 3-3. Estimated Work Activities and Biennium Budget Allocated Towards Contracted Tree Maintenance Tasks 2 w 0 Parks & Recreation Public Works Planning a Z a Estimated Estimated Estimated Estimated Estimated Estimated Activity Time (%) Budget($) Time (%) Budget($) Time (%) Budget($) v7 w ce Tree planting 16% $48,000 15% $54,150 0% $0.00 2 Z $0.00 0% $0.00 Tree pruning 20% $64,000 0% a� 3 Tree removal 41% $129,000 70% $252,700 0% $0.00 Stump removal 0% $0.00 0% $0.00 0% $0.00 Storm cleanup 8% $24,000 15% $54,150 0% $0.00 Habitat restoration 0% $0.00 0% $0.00 0% $0.00 Invasive species removal 15% $48,000 0% $0.00 0% $0.00 Planning-related activities 0% $0.00 0% $0.00 100% $180,000 Totals 100% $313,000 100% $361,000 100% $180,000 A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 61 STAFF AND CONTRACTORS 0 '. `-, . * , : _ , . 1 ' The City uses a combination of in-house staff from the Parks & ,46,"" : ,..f, V .; • •,•":f •,,a'' •,�. i } to Recreation, Public Works, and Planning Departments, as well as : • ":, ` ' f yr r external contractors, to manage trees, enforce the Tree Code, and ti implement the Urban and Community Forestry Program. A summary \lit • ',,' ' , ' .-'' . 11..4 of all in-house staff positions is listed in Table 3-4. is '11 N 1AN,/ Full-time equivalents (FTEs) represent the percentage of staff time < p/ ri �&' y �'for those involved with the municipal tree management program /7 based on a 40-hour work week. The salaries of each position are ' r� , . calculated to show the estimated amount of salary and benefits ',+}-,e,„ _ R f i r, f� t/ '' # 01 spent toward their tree activities. Collectively, the total number of in- , S •• •' ,it c, .!`.- , house FTEs is 2.69, with 0.79 involved directly with tree maintenance s►.; - \ - - (Public Works and Parks & Recreation). Staff who spend the most � ' , ',' r` , - l' time dedicated to tree-related activities include the City's Associate :. ; Planner (0.7 FTE), who manages the Tree Code permitting process, -,4�. '" { and the two enforcement officers (0.5 FTE each) who enforce the %*11 �� . . ; Tree Code. };, ' The tree management areas that in-house employees and ..- 4- =-4•_ ''sir_ ' Olit ; ,9; contractors work and their associated work distribution are listed in + r ' Air Table 3-5. For in-house services,the Parks & Recreation Department • `l;wf "-5.44 '� 5` ',,•'\ estimates it spends 10% of its time on park trees and 20% on trees , . .}' ''� -. in natural areas. Public Works estimates it spends 10% of its time on `� :' ;`' = '' ROW trees. The remaining time for both departments is spent on fir. t ' ,.4� ., `" k, non-tree-related activities. The Planning Department spends 100% , 1l of its in-house and contractor time on planning-related activities 'tom` `•$` ' t • 't40e7 '�.• n' '' :`'' �-F and private property. Contractors for Parks & Recreation spend `A* ` " 4 approximately 30% of their time on park trees and 70% on natural .,t , ' i .,{,. ' I *' ,.;;; ,,'` \‘ i -. areas trees. All Public Works' contractor time is spent on ROW trees. '1...v.} friti. ' •• , :40•.� -40 . ,-VI' 1. \.,\. .i. '.. t - 62 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Table 3-4.City of Lake Oswego Tree-Related In-House Staff Positions and Allocation of Annual Salary Spent on Urban Forest Work I- Z w City Total Salary, Estimated Total FTE Salary Spent on 2 Title Positions w Department Benefits, Fringe (full-time equivalent) Urban Forest Work 0 Q Z Crew Leader 2 $288,150 0.1 $28,815 Q 2 Laborer 4 $507,776 0.1 $50,778 N w ce Public Works Management 1 $213,574 0.15 $32,036 0 u_ Z Beautification Specialist 1 $152,000 0.2 $30,400 m ce Subtotal 8 $1,161,500 0.55 $142,029 D Utility Worker 7 $822,051 0.1 $82,205 Sr. Utility Worker/Ranger 6 $586,966 0.05 $29,348 Crew Leader 3 $286,381 0.03 $8,591 Parks& Recreation Parks Manager 1 $160,021 0.05 $8,001 Asst. Director 1 $197,247 0.01 $1,972 Subtotal 18 $2,843,756 0.24 $130,118 Associate Planner 1 $146,379 0.7 $102,465 Planning Manager 1 $196,863 0.1 $19,686 Clerical/Office Support 1 $53,304 0.1 $5,330 Planning Code Enforcement Specialist 1 $146,912 0.5 $73,456 Sr. Code Enforcement Specialist 1 $157,632 0.5 $78,816 Subtotal 5 $701,090 1.9 $279,754 Grand Total 31 $4,616,346 2.69 $551,901 A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 63 Table 3-5. City of Lake Oswego's Tree Management Area Summary In-House Services Contracted Services Parks & Parks & Public Tree Management Areas Public Works Planning Planning Recreation Recreation Works Right-of-Way Trees 0% 10% 0% 0% 100% 0% Park Trees 10% 0% 0% 30% 0% 0% Natural Area Trees 20% 0% 0% 70% 0% 0% Public Grounds Trees* See note Non-tree-Care Duties 70% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0% Planning/Private Property 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 100% Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Note: *Public grounds trees at Parks& Recreation building sites(Adult Community Center,Tennis Center, Luscher Farm, etc.)are maintained by staff members at each facility,and the maintenance funding comes out of that facility's budget. Public Works manages the maintenance of all other trees at City-owned facilities.Should an issue arise that causes Public Works to use a contractor for tree maintenance,the maintenance funding comes out of the budget of the Department where the tree is located. 64 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE 4 URBAN FOREST CODES , PLANS, & POLICIES MUNICIPAL CODE Oswego 2022a; LOC Chapter 55). Additional requirements regarding trees in certain zoning districts can be found in Lake One of the best things a municipality can do to enhance their Oswego Code Chapter 50: Community Development Code. urban forest is to preserve existing trees. Although tree planting All trees of 6-inches DSH or greater are protected in the City is important to long-term urban forest sustainability, it may take and must undergo a permitting process for removal. The City's years or decades for recently planted trees to reach the value of Planning Department reviews the application using a set of the large canopy sizes prevalent in the City today. Over time, if criteria based on the tree's size, health, location, and other factors. healthy large trees are continuously removed and replaced with Permits may be approved, denied, or withdrawn, with some small-stature trees, tree benefits to the community will be limited. approvals also requiring mitigation through tree planting or fees. It is critical that existing canopy is preserved. Penalties exist for unpermitted tree removals. The types of tree The City's Tree Code was originally adopted in 1971 and has permits are included in Table 4-1. been amended several times to preserve the City's trees while also accommodating reasonable removal requests (City of Lake ' ,! t F .,` , .� _r s' 7r. - _ r+ _, !'f` 7 L .-j•- - r -�,� 4. i".47 `-• 't ' E. i';'2,� .rtt� Yr.° 4 +.x� -:� -r i 4 :!, r ,3 p� S r-J �{•'i' D�c, V 1�• ' _ tf, w� ♦z_ .�! 5� ?4 l� s1, .: ��y- ]t;w' 'X• sr .?^i` _,-�c ,( i �+ :.: !.J _ 2 -1-1'c" `fir• - r:.i - Ott t !'' t. $.+' S f-- w :"� •'^ ` -,"-�Y• �'c r a i .- c�,:it ; -'1 Y,:r. A ' _ , rF .7 �,ixk'�M , g kA . ;, r-1 i ! n , T'' V, -_ —. tr (. �,' i 4s T a � ' ti x ' ti j '' ? > �>r " '. vf1 `+ ��-> a rcr4 ��y r '� _- r•r ,a '', ,:.• - .P -� .k or:: ',- r �'a_�..^ t .�'rt�- ..a `* `'.�v' z. F � tt �,1'�- ,„ .' " .1-`'_'- ' ,d"� .'..IR` iit :r,� �'..✓.i • '�-�' ,dq3 ':3ilr fA `s' rF e� - Y�`t- df -'u;�',:r yt .-:rd_ t i. . ` r 1 r ,. ,r '�Y. fi r. r �'fIF.. T w- YjpY IP y.Y FR t "' y. - >3'° `r r�� ,,. .S1`�': C°`!"�1� ,�+�z�,7 ` � �" 1". - �, -}'.� � �.' � --,_�''T, ti al_ ,"�'' b 4. .-..',:....,,,I, rY1 1 :•:fa lam!' y::-• 'et* -, ati..• r ,_3 y . F�Sa,,11''-ti s . . d{.. /, .1�,. '. ., , .. .: iI t 'R,• fs'�.�•,:S „_e`Y � _, ".' y-,5 .a..- i' t , ',� _' RV r_ r ‘:`, uk' I. 4Yw�i ' s �f 4 °t s t: .�1. .4 dry y 'Y:# ?+' •R; '..p.....` r ^ t r !^ ,i Ltd r a 4 y�$ _ r y' .ems( r 4 . '`/tfi Y •7' it; 'M J J Cãnà1ArR • .0— ,,,,,A,....:::::: _ EA Cr :'`4 L , a. _ ' � _ 'tarr-r '$ �:- ... �,,, , :t ar J' - • .µ _""'. Sty;y�Y, k1. r '' t 1Y IBC r.1.' 6 • _:g y s.y t , 4,a 7 +/t' r • J t ,'Y' k5 �,� 'L- ` a.. b yor tea'i ( ."' '✓ ', -- _ 1 a , ,• ,(ems -,�_ '• �. tea LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 67 Table 4-1.Tree Permits in Lake Oswego Code Chapter 55: Tree Code Permit Type Description For removal of up to two trees of up to 15-inch trunk diameter per year on residentially zoned lots occupied by Type I Permit a single-family dwelling permitted. No limits on fruit tree removals. Special restrictions apply, such as for trees in Sensitive Lands. For trees that do not qualify for other tree removal permit types and that are being removed for landscaping or Type II Permit development purposes. For trees that are high or extreme risk according to an International Society of Arboriculture Qualified Tree Risk Hazard Tree Permit Assessor. Trees damaging private utility services or public facilities may also be considered hazard trees. Snag creation may be required in Sensitive Lands to provide wildlife habitat. For trees that are lifeless or in a state of progressive and irreversible decline. Special restrictions apply, such as Dead Tree Permit for trees in Sensitive Lands. Emergency Permits For emergency situations such as a tree actively failing or interrupting a utility service. Invasive Permit For the removal of trees on the City's Invasive Tree List. Verification Permit For trees previously approved for removal through a land use decision, such as a subdivision or partition. Topping Permit Issued only to utility provider to allow pruning of trees to prevent conflicts with overhead utilities. Forest Allows tree removal for the purposes of improving forest health (e.g., preventing overcrowding of trees in a Management forested area). Applies in a variety of contexts, including residential, recreational, and open space properties. Permit 68 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE cn The community survey identified that 50% of all respondents either in the City, and the current tree removal permit data shows that most V disagreed or strongly disagreed that the City was effective at trees permitted for removal over the combined 4-year period are J O preserving trees in the City. When asked for comments about the invasive or dead, which demonstrates that the community is already a 06 permit process, many comments (17%) highlighted the perception doing a lot to manage the urban forest. vi that developers seemed to be exempt from the application process Z Based on discussions with City staff and the TAC, community 4 or that the City uses a different standard for individual homeowners. a Developers and arborists expressed challenges with the Tree engagement, and a comprehensive technical review by the vi consultant team, the following amendments to the Tree Code and w Code as well, noting that the process can be difficult to understand 0 Community Development Code are recommended and summarized and too ambiguous, can result in loopholes, or make necessary development in the City more uncertain and costly. in Table 4-2. For a complete redline, refer to Appendix C: Municipal U Code Redline. CA w These opinions illuminate the need for the City to increase ce 0 transparency in its approval process of tree removal permits, Exhibit 4-1.Total Quantity of Trees Permitted for Removal including tracking all removal permits that are submitted, approved, by Permit Type between 2020-2023. Z 41 withdrawn, or denied. Additionally, Oregon Revised Statute im ct 197.307(4) requires the City to adopt and apply clear and objective D Emergency Forest Management, 110,1% standards, conditions, and procedures regulating the development Hazard 153,1/y \ I of housing,to ensure that the City does not use discretionary or 1063,9% subjective criteria to deny housing projects or discourage housing Invasive through unreasonable cost or delay. 2579,21% Verification Table 4-2 provides the quantity of approved permits and the 1229,lo% quantity of trees permitted for removal by permit type between 2020-2023 and Exhibit 4-1 shows a summary of the total quantity Type II for of trees permitted for removal by permit type over this same 4-year Development 762,6% period. On average, 3,023 trees were permitted for removal each year. Between 2020-2023, Invasive, Dead, Type I and Hazard trees account for 68% of trees permitted for removal, while 14% are Type II for landscaping purposes, 16% are Verification and Type II Dead for development purposes, and 2% are for Emergency and Forest Type II for 2490,21% Landscaping Management. Despite the quantity of trees removed each year, the 1670,14% city-wide canopy cover has continued to increase, demonstrating that the Tree Code is at least somewhat effective at preserving trees Type I 2037,17% A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 69 Table 4-2. Quantity of Approved Permits and Trees Permitted for Removal by Permit Type between 2020-2023. Type of Tree Removal Permit Quantity of Approved Permits Quantity of Trees Permitted for Removal e 2021 2022 2023 2020 2021 2022 2023 Invasive 173 190 133 111 838 528 901 312 Dead 410 387 312 301 727 665 539 559 Type I 476 451 322 220 614 640 458 325 Hazard 152 296 132 95 247 431 244 141 Type II for Landscaping 218 292 183 160 433 532 327 378 Type II for Development 57 52 57 26 283 169 180 130 Verification 9 12 24 11 506 187 425 111 Emergency 20 58 31 21 27 65 37 24 Forest Management 0 1 2 2 0 16 78 16 Total 1515 1739 1196 947 3675 3233 3189 1996 70 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Table 4-3. Summary of Recommended Amendments to the Tree Code(LOC Ch. 55)and Community Development Code(LOC Ch. 50) Change Explanation p a When native trees are removed under a Type II permit, replacement trees are required to be a native uj species from the City's Native Mitigation Tree List. This requirement has resulted in two issues: 1. Although natives generally provide greater environmental benefits than non-natives, a native a tree often does not thrive in an urban environment(Bassuk and Sutton 2012), as growing vS conditions in its natural environment are often profoundly different. Additionally, changing a climate conditions are impacting the ability of some native species to thrive in their historic range. 0 Expand tree list to include Therefore,there are instances when a native-for-native approach is not appropriate, and a non- cn suitable non-native tree native tree is better suited for the site. Rather than uniformly requiring native trees, the right tree ce alternatives and stature should be planted for the right site. 0 requirements. 2. The 2022 SURF identified that,when presented with the choice to replace native trees, many Z large-stature trees (i.e., Douglas fir) have been replaced with small-stature trees (i.e., Pacificce dogwood). While technically compliant with the native-for-native requirement,this practice may eventually result in a decrease in canopy in certain areas of the City. The native-for-native requirement should be updated to require mitigation trees to be replanted with species of similar stature when adequate space for replanting exists. State legislation (ORS 197.307[4]) requires local governments to adopt clear and objective criteria for any regulation that affects housing. The definition of"Significant Tree" and the Type II permit criteria in LOC 55.02.080 are highly subjective and need to be updated to be clear and objective for all Update the code standards development involving housing. for Type II tree permits to be clear and objective, to ensure Exception criteria for Type II removals are currently difficult to interpret and implement. The compliance with Oregon state exception criteria for development involving housing must be updated to adhere to the clear and legislation (ORS 197.307[4]). objective language requirements in ORS 197.307(4). Clarify the types of removals that are permitted in Sensitive Lands. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 71 Change Explanation Add a time frame requirement Per ISA industry best practice,the City should specify a time frame for which the likelihood of a tree for tree risk assessment. failure of hazard potential, such as "the hazard potential of the tree within a 3-year time frame..." Some municipalities, such as Renton or Vancouver, WA, have established minimum tree canopy Consider developing minimum retention requirements, or minimum tree density requirements on new development in commercial, canopy cover on commercial industrial, and multifamily zones. It may be beneficial for the City of Lake Oswego to implement this and industrial lots. requirement into the Tree Code. When medium to large mature-stature trees are removed and replanted at a 1:1 ratio with small- stature trees,the urban forest canopy may diminish over time. This is especially true when a municipality does not have the capacity to ensure that replacement trees are properly maintained Increase tree removal into maturity. It is recommended that the right tree is planted for the right place,with a preference mitigation to requiring planting for tree species with the largest mature stature to be planted for every tree removed to maintain a of the largest-stature tree vibrant and sustainable urban tree canopy. When site conditions do not allow for mitigation trees, suitable for the site, especially an in-lieu fee may be considered. Funds from the City's Tree Fund could be used to help private in riparian areas. property owners increase canopy cover in these areas. Replacement ratios are especially important for establishing shaded riparian areas, as recognized by the Oregon DOF and the City's TMDL Implementation Plan. Add a requirement that Planting trees that have been removed is the first step, next is providing the resources needed inspects the mitigation for mitigation trees to thrive. Requiring a semi-annual inspection, that can be completed during trees during their three-year watering/pruning times, provides assurance for the community that trees that are removed are being establishment period. properly established. 72 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Cr) w_ U Change Explanation 0 Tree mitigation removal vi Current fee structure for mitigation trees do not cover the actual cost of supplying, planting, and Z fee align with the costs of Q establishing new trees. Aligning these costs put the cost burden on the person removing the tree, replacement, and three-year a rather than the city having to fund those expenses. establishment care. cii w 0 Consider revisions to the U U Minor Forest Management i— The definition of"large, forested tract" may contribute to loopholes that allow areas that are not to Permit and/or amendment w ce normally considered to be a forest to qualify for the permit. of the "large, forested tract" 0 definition. Z Q m Notes: LOC= Lake Oswego Code;SURF=2022 State of the Urban Forest Report; ORS=Oregon Revised Statute; ISA= International Society of D Arboriculture;ODF=Oregon Department of Forestry;TMDL=total maximum daily load. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 73 -01.. 114k, 4111411 4, rk I,,,- -)JLigo r 0:1----11 I:,________,------------ , . III ..,', t„,-,-,--.7-.„------___________ ilk 411111.k S. b. r - -'=- 11.1 II I Ift `r-..4 111 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 41. k. k Allirir"liilliIIIIIII Aum....4.116.444 \\ .1-4Pi Ausia . _ I ileir ttii„._i-t,..__-aL_b____ -1"_„-_-,ist,..__f____y______,1- , -!,. 7_r-------_------_, ,‘44„._-,,14-I11_11„4_.._._11„11„.,, •--i-.,.-.-l.k w imi iktv -„t-,,b,., cam' ....s....................... -,, .. ,,-i 1; its =~ .tom _ kit II 111.11.111111111, ORIliw _ J �_ 1 N `, 11:1 ~ T ly ma`s ` �i-� t V:.:. �� «� i 11 I'.6 a hit VIII 1 I T C > 1�N i.T�i. 1. Syr 7.7:..,..-16::......,.....11,,LIIIILmJ.1,i.,.... ,:,_.. . 1'''.;:.7..#-:11"II's7::.1 1 icti„..1:171-...'.� , .. 'vim ..' •(I"... ' d . ,.„. , , w� IlYili : i " m=amr �mw��' �iri +r�. all, s �� * AM�r orri'Tf v) w CITY AND COMMUNITY PLANS J 0 a The following City plans and documents were identified as relevant to the City's urban forest management. In these documents, trees and °6 the urban forest are generally not the main topic but are addressed as they relate to the primary topic of the document. Table 4-4 provides Z Z summaries of each document, how it relates to trees, and identifies areas within each document that can provide more protection, funding, or Q J alignment of goals with this UCFP. a vS w a 0 Table 4-4. Summary and Gaps Identified in the Reviewed City Documents U I— (I) Plan Purpose How It Relates to Trees Recommended Change(s) w a! 0 u_ z The 2013 Comprehensive m The urban forests and vegetation a: Plan was updated in 2016 to D section explains how the largest include a Healthy Ecosystems contributor to the City's livability and chapter, which replaced Goals natural beauty is the City's urban Evaluate all the tree policies 5, 6, and 15 of the 2013 plan. forest. This section outlines how trees in this plan and determine This chapter focuses on natural Comprehensive benefit the community with reduced if any revisions or additions resource programs, urban forests Plan: Healthy energy costs, cleaner air and water, are needed based on BMPs and vegetation, open spaces, or issues that are Ecosystems aesthetic value, reduced erosion, important Oswego Lake, air quality, and and more wildlife. The overarching to urban forest management the Willamette River Greenway. goal of this section is to "protect and and not currently addressed. The plan is implemented by the enhance the functions and values City of Lake Oswego's Planning Department and is used to guide of Lake Oswego's urban forests and beneficial vegetation." future development. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 75 Plan Purpose How It Relates to Trees Recommended Change(s) This plan reviews how the City Although the SCAP can prepare for the effects of outlines goals that support Trees are very prevalent in this climate change, reduce GHG tree planting, actions do document because they contribute emissions, and become more not specify tree planting to solutions to many of the issues sustainable in the future. The main requirements to support outlined in the plan. In addition, the 2020 topics covered in this plan include these goals. The second plan notes the City's 28-year Tree City Sustainability reducing transportation-related goal in the Protecting USA certification. The plan explains and Climate emissions, protecting natural Natural Resources category how proper management of forests Action Plan resources, promoting energy states to update the Urban will reduce the risk of wildfire events Report. Up dating and water conservation, Forestry p datin g and protect natural resources. Many reducing waste and exposure to the SCAP goals to match the other benefits of trees are noted in toxins, educating the public, and updated UCFP goals will aid this document. improving City employee health in reaching goals of both the and engagement. SCAP and the UCFP. This plan explains how different This plan focuses on improving habitats within the City and their ecological resiliency for 27 corresponding tree types can be natural areas within the City. enhanced or restored to provide safe The plan covers who manages and heathy ecosystems. Included This plan is comprehensive 2022 Natural different natural areas in the City in the plan are recommendations and accurately explains how Areas Habitat and includes partnerships with on how to protect forests, such each recommendation will Management volunteer groups and watershed as controlling noxious weeds, be carried out. No further Plan councils. Seven general habitat diversifying forests, reducing wildfire recommendations. types were classified to specifically hazards, selective tree removal, address the ecological status of removing invasive species, and each habitat. minimizing habitat fragmentation, which supports forest health. 76 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE w_ 0 Plan Purpose How It Relates to Trees Recommended Change(s) 0 a 06 The general purpose of the Open Trees and forests contribute cri Z significantly to the community Space Management Plan is to 4 character and natural resource This plan includes many a prepare the City for projected inventory of the City. Trees are recommendations that vS growth and urbanization in the w mentioned in almost every section have been accomplished. 0 2001 Lake early 2000s while also maintaining 0 of the plan, other than water access However, the plan is over U Oswego its unique community character and regional connections. The 20 years old, and several i- Open Space by protecting natural resources. recommendations in this document goals and policies from w Management The plan addresses water include prohibiting clear-cuts on this plan have not yet been 0 Plan access, heritage landscapes, hillsides, adding protection for implemented and would Z scenic resources, natural Q tree groves, creating both green benefit from a review and m resources, green neighborhoods, ce neighborhoods and green boulevard update process. D and regional connections by programs, establishing an Urban implementing action measures. Forestry Program, and others. The Effective Stream Shade Analysis measures changes This report details how canopy in effective shade and canopy cover lowers or stabilizes stream cover using LiDAR data. The This report is designed changes are used to track the temperatures to provide optimum to present current 2021 Effective City's progress in meeting its conditions for aquatic health. conditions, which could Shade temperature allocation set Effective shade is canopy cover be used to assist with Analysis by DEQ and the Willamette that provides direct benefits to creating actionable steps River's temperature TMDL. streams and aquatic life; it is the for forest management By lowering or stabilizing primary measurement of this implementation. stream temperatures, aquatic report, although overall canopy life in general, but specifically cover is also discussed. salmonid health, is protected. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 77 Plan Purpose How It Relates to Trees Recommended Change(s) The 2022 Stormwater Management Plan contains the strategies and metrics that the The UCFP, in conjunction City will use to implement its This plan mentions the Planning with the Effective Shade Department's urban forestry 2022 DEQ-issued stormwater permit. Analysis and the City's Stormwater An annual report is submitted to workshops as a method for TMDL Implementation providing public education Management DEQ summarizing the activities Plan will provide ways in Plan completed and tracking the regarding stormwater. Trees are which trees and canopy not referenced specifically in this progress the City makes cover can positively affect plan. each year to comply with the water quality. requirements of its stormwater permit. 78 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE o w_ 0 Plan Purpose How It Relates to Trees Recommended Change(s) 0 o This plan was drafted in a vi z response to Governor Brown's Q Executive Order 20-04, which a vi directed state agencies to w reduce climate pollution. The This document focuses on p parking, transportation, 0 Department Oregon Land Conservation and housing, but does not F of Land and Development Commission v7 address how trees can w Conservation then required cities within a and Oregon's eight largest Trees are only mentioned in reduce climate pollution. O The UCFP includes Development: metropolitan regions to update this plan in relation to new or Z discussion of how co their comprehensive plans redeveloped parking lots. co Friendly and with regulations that reduce trees support climate- D Equitable GHG emissions. Although friendly and equitable Communities the City has already aligned communities, such as with many of the outlined mitigating the urban heat climate mitigation goals, the island effect. City will still have to amend its development code and update its Transportation System Plan. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 79 Plan Purpose How It Relates to Trees Recommended Change(s) Preserving trees and forests is one of the main objectives of the Clackamas Community Wildfire This plan was drafted by Protection Plan. The plan explains The goals and policies in the Clackamas County how dead and dying trees this plan mainly focus on contribute to the likelihood and Commissioners Board to community preparedness, address risks from wildfires. intensity of wildfires. Furthermore, education, developing The document serves as a the Lake Oswego Fire Department partnerships, and support recognized the balance between consolidated, localized, and services in relation to Clackamas more accurate approach the benefits of increasing urban wildfires. The Enhancing tree canopy and the risk to life Community to wildfire prevention and Natural Systems section Wildfire response efforts. Five main and property from wildfires. The talks about forest BMPs. plan stresses the importance of Protection goals were created, including Overall, this plan is creating defensible spaces around Plan protecting life and property, comprehensive and properties, which may require increasing public awareness, accurate)exemptions to the Tree Ordinance. y explains how enhancing natural systems, each recommendation will Lastly, the plan explains how developing partnerships and there are many Christmas tree be carried out. Therefore, support implementation, and there are no further farms in the County that burn strengthening support services, recommendations for excessive amounts of woody each with specific strategies. policy implementation. material. A chipper program could be implemented to reduce the excessive burning of woody material. Notes: City= City of Lake Oswego; BMP= best management practice; TMDL=total maximum daily loads; DEQ= Department of Environmental Quality; BHCP= Backyard Habitat Certification Program; GHG =greenhouse gas; SCAP=2020 Sustainability and Climate Action Plan; UCFP= urban and community forestry plan; HEP=Habitat Enhancement Plan 80 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE • i • - . .-. -.••, ' r.' . . , . ,,..„1 .. 0.. ._., , 1 ii...ti •.!4.:, 1.0:411.4,... 1.1;•__.% •1.• ,4 or •4- •-,:•• -4,.. c(..„.._. . .,r. Ar ' 7,• ....( 1..r....H:....so' •,::k.,..--..-40,1....... 4 .•••t,:•:•• .. .,..;:ir.......,'77• ' ...‘ t ii• . 4 •".:......•......... .a.?.7%. .,.,.:14, ,... • • .:JrAli ,-..i.•.-..]. ..:' '..::.:L;. iX,'`' --,^ _ .f..."-... :-.::::.,k1;_,Ir.'- -- ,teit 4'-- - '• y. •••• . , '• '.• V'..;-r ijit. .' 4 l'Y tilli;t S . I.;'•;••• r L•., g i..'''fr .\,.•if• . t .4:i'' '4 IT: -,1 ... . •-•i•f- " •:' ; ,ft• 't 44.'f'i; k• ''.4 • tt., 1?-'7..-11 1•;:iiri r:.,,,,..41.0,-?.-•,--..• - .-.:,,,..,..,.....L.-,;.,.,..---:•iwno...•-.••'4. , .- ..;.':t1' 4,3 • . ., • •.:. : • !I......,., .,1:. ."..p.1.r.L • e .."19*...,...,..M.. 14,-4,lee„0-1E674,-• .k.r.A I • • , , 4 •)4 iig. •,... " • it ..l!t.f,1 •' : ', Vtili::-, ' : .- ,.•:,,;•,. •....I. ...A.7. ... , .r ...P.:4,ciatvik: .,,...•-,.4!..4Q.-9 1$4.1. , tp.. ... ,ty,•-,..,-.-..1.-0. . . . . .. • -,1/2,-.. . :.,. ....40,..:i.b-...., .........,*....„.•*.w..4... ....,:....... , ....7., -4-.,'.4ki'. - • • •••• .4 •••••N, ''••-',Xi IA it IA.!Peflt •.' 1 ."11 • ••• 4••':0 it"'A.,\ i•..., •ri -- • . . f r. .. : el..• ,.. ff,...,..k. - •A • •1.• .i'lL. f• ..--.• -. ' •• .. .t..r-'41 3, i ' -Or-M- ; . '' • .41' ,• 'A.. ! . •-4 ... ... .j;, ••.2..'.1 .. '''''...gio.4ww.' 5: '- •- ,:. . .......1 _.. , i. ••,..• .4.i•--...-...„., .„.• , If:- - .4U' !..11' ' '.1 $71 "' Ai r'`.. . a 4r0-.1. ':./er. • . .. .. ..3 1.• , i • .1. tp...4, ••• . 1.,-.•-. .0. •.--.1. !.. :-A it Z,Ve0....4(•!,-.'$IF1 'Nelli • 'i t ... 1....tr...'4 •-'•6 tot46'.t'ir•• .4111! -'..• -.N.:2f--• •• •' - ..-; i,--F.0:.'•..- • ''e .. _.t.k:,7-• . ... ... • -, -Vit 1' .1%.," ,$..• 41-, ..e". •i•:)•'.. ..-''': • f--.e T f#11-A1-'''.r: ri. . , , i h .. , ..:,..,, 44:4., .../. 1*,,.....:17. ,..-4..,,,...• :•...-......... .-• ••.-;., ...-.f.. .'.'..•••:•••. . • - ..- •.,,.j...'..:. -••••• .-.:. tir. . . .•,.• •••: N' '4', .%• ....3. .4.---....4...i:5 41 -,%• 1 L i'. a ' i ...',...1•71ti t ' ,".-•••:..;•,..4,./(ot, .4.• .• ••..... • .. ._ . . •• - , *.• .••••4;7••••• ' ••• 'il- •...,- '7'0.•e.. 4,-.,N,...4., :.,4,-.-t. N 1 R . . ....fit, l• ;IF:4. 17.4'1..--t-•"f. . ••••.'••• . • -• . •• • - • 4- ."`- . • - i• 1 • !7 '. ' ' ".•,••••••'•Z:2 ..,--.:..-gAlk.:.,i;it,W. ' O.. .. 11. ;L..; pi i .i.: vi..°•:•••••.. .. • • 1 01.tiot. •-.!.: -, . ..‘. • . •..,-. .• ":.•:.... - •. - ' •3 _ • ! ••••••.L, •• ''''''F4•. • .•PA'.*: L 4 • • 0 7f',•-•.. .. '...i• '. ; ...-•••• ":;.;"- • ... ...'',..,•"`21.k% • i ' I.', ..."; / 1. .r-•••;•.: •4.1.4 .:7 •Vii• I ; 4- :.. ; .. • i, •;• •:- ,•?-9V4'(: •,:..•• . ..t• . ,t4 • IE. • 4 .A •Iiii. •.041,,ii••-ii.li.ff.'• - "1- ••• - •..•' '• . '..-1 ...t,..„..e., ..., .,.„ •....„ . •• . . _ • . . ...:... . ......... I....:: •,..• -",. •,. s•••• ..,--,-• ••,•-..-... •,,.....„,..-1...4..i.„. __ , .. , •••• ,# , , .,. . . , -i.*_•Oi:' .ri.i.:0.?-• „...•••'..„„itt . :. •2-• -......:., . ...f.-,;• ....., I .'.... -: ::..-....., :,'. .., .. •:::.., -: . . .-1....i... •/ . .„....4. .:.. .. ,?, eii, /..,ey....?.,,•..10.--,, .,•ktvin..,_;},arm,r;r:rfr.ii :.!,k.•-...,.,•..,, .. 7 i•• ••.„,•-i. ...:,,,,..4.,;...., .,.... t....., .,.. .,. •:• , ..../ . .::,ii.:....:,. ... , .....,...,. r. ... "..L.,.... .,..:•1 ••• . .,. ..... i.. , pi ..• .' •••, .•‘'4/41:kt' .• •.. .'-'7•7'r'''‘1- 1:•-•l'• kt ...,..,:,i....,4.:....:..!: . !.,_ • , ,• ,...,:,,...i...,.....;,,..g,,. 41,..1j.....,,.....:.e,•..: ..„.•....,:•••••,,4....,.....,-..4,11-4,41,„.._„.... t... '-i-..:..,_r; .-*11.1:' _. .4.,.. • ! ..,.,i.......,414, ....64.1.,..,it ., ,...:,.. .. ....i j .‘,,:..c....i.e. , ..F ..0 . . k 1..... - 1A1101.01,11. v , ...,,,... -. • .., .-, -a,...r, - .. I.-.' -. .•.. ...i...„ ;r ' 'V i"...',.1. •0...A•:.•Pjr••:"'.7..j-,.. , ..• , . •• . i r ! ' :‘..riAi5 .,•-• .4. ... - .,.. .. ,4 ". ...'. ..., .. • •••..4-.- i'itr 7 : ••••,"'•.,.. i !...,..-., . u . - . ,,••• . .,.,..•-i..;•%-:::...r-?7V;.4 ..' • • • T. 4. , . .,. . 1,,,. ,.. .,, - . •. ... .;: . 't.?.44:k .i.i.:O.:,,.....,.,.... •-••• 4 .; . .. .• . •...„ . Av.; 4.,•1 -,. . •:..,!. .. . ..4.,..-:*.N.1 ,pk..„...... ------• • • • . -:',0":.•• ... .. ... it N.• .. .3 ,.. -...... .4,p••........ ,,.... ....-'..-• .4.4k . ..,•0 :..I : • " ' -P '" •" IF' •- '• ••7•(-':t•-• 1•i''..-`' •••••ti • 11'•' .;4 • •'''' ..4. :• ,.; •1 .•-.•''.:,... . r•.1... i 0 •i;.,- J .10.,... .':' ''',L1rr ..'i . .4".:14. ...i''.' .: .:1: q . 1. ' ir.'.A. ' 0..:• . . % . . I ., ,-..;,0 Ir.%111! •-. .. ..••I' .v..., .4. • • ...- • ' ••• •'1- • ..-•IC.Xt.i...%:-..,:',.:.4.',1,..,:-., '- .•.•9P, !'-• •,-,. ...0.-..?., •• •,....• .. . . L./• .4:4' 1 ''', • • .•, • '..•...-:'.. •'''',r,-1.•:-''litti • 4,• 't'• . . ''••- • •••...':-••-: ...,..1• ...,..,..,. • ' C.I.,• ......,f• ,...-C-a!,1 r• • -.. :•-" • "7-,..•; ;-. : • ' •,7'... . .:: 1 . . .....:', 1•4.-'• •• 1' •".• ,...,, .... .. . •-••........ ... ' . • • • : ' ••• •...' .--.'\:}t...-kg-M79...--?: i •4r :- 1 I. • •• •I A.*•It' ' '.4.. • •....9", e- •_. - : ..... •• ,...; • ,. _ . .•Flit 2. !e.:z•_ - . _._, ,-......,‘ • 1.,. .-.i.,..., . ---., .•,....; ,..• ... . ., , ......____,- - .,... . ...•• ... . •i .• . , ,.,_. .. . ......, - . i . • ... ,......... •-....-.- • • .......4,-:: .. ,„.--. ... -17... . - •_ _ .. . •.•:..rf. , _. .. • •. •'- .- • - • .••.... • . • • "••-;:e' .... . ....:. 4 .. .., •, :.•':-•- --. --'.• ..... 1 '1 .. I tt_,..: . :,.._. . -7-....›.-• ...„_ ,;-:-:k..t. _ _...„ .i• - • li, ' . '•'•••.r.k' - ./,'-'.• ,-L.-;--' ----7--7. -"'". - . ... _r .. .... • 4...- .', • • - '• ' -..•'..••4. t.''':';'6%'•1 • ,,--,_ ... .• --'•'-.•:-•• '-• r --5- -,.'-e-, : . . --.._ . .._ - •• .. •,„.,,,cV.:::..P17,':--.. 7._•• - -.-A.... . -." .. ..:.. •.•..•.. . . . , .-...... • :..- •. •.--.,r.:•-=,-..----.--- • ,...••:•-• ••_,.....,,,...„-- '---,.-7.-..-•. ,.:1-.,,:.'- . .....iil ...i-:•.;,...- -----•- - • _iiiir-.P-. rs-• .7-- • • _ .- .... . • • .- --,-- -• • - . .•• .: • • ..• - - • • .. . . . . • _.,. ... _. •_T r- • - -• _ - - • -• - • • ••••• ,.• . ,•••-•'. • ••-•:- L.T,-. ---:•_•: ..--: -•- - • . . - .....,•-• .:.-.7.- • ...• .•••--.• - - - • . - J.- --- • -...-- -. - .••-' c.- ' .. - .. ':•. - • .. '' . • •-''- •• •••- •• - -. , . • _. , _, .--..--- . • - •.4,- . • • •• ••- • ..'.-- d __._ - . •. .. • -. ' - -' ••••.' ,..-1•1M. • •-,.... - ...-.. . ,:.'5,-r..::;-. ,:a..-7....--• - - •' • - • ' - .11.-.••...-. l'ii_'.;•.:7"" - _ ..---.- ._ . - • • - • -_.. . • . - . • . •- _ _, -......_.. .„. ,.... .c. _ .." -- . .L ..... _ . -., -.• • .. ' ••.. _-•• "•-• .....7..5.,-1*.. • ....i.:...:4 4..,.. .:_-- . - - •"cgx-,...-'. •-• -..,-._..-•., -. • .....• ;•. ._ -- -:-2•.:V• 4-.--A - .. .••••,-.....,.. .....„. •,•=•... -• •,... •. . • . . ..:---.• _ „.. . .... . , ,•••..-- - '-',•-- • •Ve• •••••• ••••:'• •',--•:,----irrw.-. •-=-f•-•-•:•••;--- •N.,•-•-•'• - •r-= , • •• '•-''-•- .--7,4,. .,*'-•-7.'2'',-----''- :-...• • • •---_ -7:- •7L--..-, ..• - . •• • • - •-':--..r........i •• :,..4.,-•--.•-. =....;4--• .-•-•-;::-.• •:-_-•-:-,•••-•,,- -1'•-•-%:•-••-• •••-r•.. 7• ' •• ••z"...":1-:••••••• -'s;•-.••-•••-'-'•-;-•••--f'? ". '•_ --t.•::------ -4t--.,--•-',7-741;• - - ••---- ••-.-----'-‘: -- •--'-'.---.. "....ii; :-'-. .• '" .-• ..-__ ,..--...... ..7..2,4,...-.,.. .,... ..::....--i., --, --,1•1;-Ii::.;--- .,..'. .;t(('-'..,,.' '.. .-''''-'...• '''..04..;.••::-,- :'_ ;--L.-...-;-,-. -.--•%.• -_Y:-.--_: ' --, . . -.. -• .T.Z..- --.- --• -----:-."•••-•.' .•••- ••‘--• --1:-* 4 4-• • - . . -••••:.-:"' . •,:-.r---....---:••.•°`,: "4•S..::.: •••••, 1 :1;'''..s,7.._•-;-.If,..1i,''''_.....-''._."-,-...i.,...-.A.:•_.',...-....,.-.?„0,0. -. -.Cry -,-4i,-;.,,,L.. -. ....,..•.-.-- .-7,-,.._,.. ...- .,r,_ ,--....-_-..... .. .,.. .. ••••• •••• • --- .....• ••:.7-------.7-- L-r--..'--• • -:7-'.:•."•mmr. •''..,..' -••.• •- ••.•,'-,:',.. ••;-•••*.4- -7---•-•• r,k••••...:- -"•- ' •-=-4.-•,'-• ,"40 -' r•'•,-z_•,- ' ‘-•- '-'•'-,..‘'`..,• -..4.__,_-••••:..:tea ..,• 'vv. ,,,•-iii•--.4=S,•_ -- ---.-----:, -•'-,--1----•• _•,..-..... „,_,---t..•---4••••,4.••-,- ••••=• IN,V•-•' l'AIL: ..•.rr:...•r-7',- •-•-••" 2c..' ''''''- • ••• ." .q0-='.---=----•-e. .e.- -•,,,•„.• . -----_:-.-!. . -. •• -_ ,-.7',..--••••:.-....,.......,-_,•-.... ,_ -..-- -•---• L---•,..,•.--......- -,- - -•••;--,-:- - -._-•-. -I...,,..-.- . _,---,1C-.--'- - • •-•;'-•4 tIK.--- -.... •• -• L.....Z.'••- ••''.....„,_;.,7 ' - -' • -ii• • ":••=_1:• ' ?,•.-....,: .-- • . „... -. A...:,_ -_,Lk.../F.; =1.'.7•-__-el.',1,-',..-,,A••.:'''.."'s;•Lx-0..• •--:-----,_ .--- -'--'• •"-, .:-.''.---f.•••.••-'''.-.:.T.i. ..;.,1, ...-,..2.",ci"-7". -.._4.1,...---...._ ,_.;_=.',,-,._.',.--.'.,-,••---,....---....*-7.•_--.4-:-..,• -,6-;:...7--1-,-iii---„,!.„- _. •,,...,7,-- -,... . ,,,-- ,,,,jcs,.,,•••..-".,... ...--.."....- . • •••,..._-_-:--t:_-.......--_-_•.RE,-.-. -4.,..-,__ ,<-414,„"-"141.---,--- zi . ,\H"~.7..,,;„.'-, '',--,...._ •• - -• -,-- -. • .. ._,_7• 1'-----•-''...-Z.o.' --' •-- -V 11'4..7--,.--;6- -7---;,.....•• -_.e." ...k-^"'-7:•:- '--.2.-•L'i;.L-,-.. ••••=--.-' .:_.\L".41.W.,e----•'--4;.:A7.!..1,;:1-41'g.,•. •.--.' -• ----- '''.7.-,--,--c1.- -:,47:4;_t-''..,e,-,._ -.. -.._ .,":--."----.-_-=_2.':7.-- .7.-_, ..-.-.."`• - .2 • .... :., A ::„ • _. 0r.''1•_•.j.....1-;.-.:...r,.e-.2-_•,..--4. _-..-;•-_.--•-7-4j,-U.p-.1-._1,•_2..-..-._r1r,,.....e-..,.:-.-1fr...4-•,,-.-.7-••,,.,L•.1.,-.',."-:.___-7_-..•r,..•_--6...•,.._e,__-..•,-.r_.,..•.-•.,.70_•.-.-.-'-..,:-,•:.7-,,.•.F_:••_•..r_.'/•....'....r4.-._•'.'.,.C..i.a.'..r..,,.r'z.4-'-.,.-'-..._'7.-r.*.h-.-'-..'..-.=-,.1Z•.•-•,...,_1-.7•_S--1.-•.7...••..-.;--..1 - -- - .-,...--'......-zt4.",1.-..P.....•'.:..-.d...-.a-...........1...-I..-.,-i.,.•..*_•,..-.---.•1:-'•:#'.--•'•,'./',.';,.•-.'..-..., -••......,-.,.t..,.4..,L•N-.,.-';-%.„,-.':,•'.,-,'-•-..,.,.,.,-:*;"•_,-.,Z.ti.,..'.._..-_.-'r:,i-.4„.-..•;-.-,_..--_:.;..__•__..__.•._.--..-.._.--.7•-,k--..4..•.-4'•,-.....,•.!.,-.‘.-^7T•-4..•-.;'-..-_.--iJ.r,._-.:..•.-:_._1.-:-•,••.•i,•--..---f•,'-'.':,'W,-',...-..%.-'„ _•.-.._-_-;--••, _/•-._.:,:.-•_•.-=-.".,,7.m 1.z•_,-1•1•-..-e__a0=_...--..-..,-,.-..-f....-..e...,:._.7--:,-,,i-_,.-........,..-....-,.._.:_.,:._._...4.i;-.--.;----_,;-__--_--._-.z-1,.-:.r.-...-._.a_'_'...,.I•"...f....,-..4i..„.7.-'_-.'_..._:.--....„...,..1_..,'-•.-.-•-..-L--,-._-..r.,-.--...-,1-.',...'-...0•.,_p...r07L.",_„;.,..-.-_.,.-7,-/...,"_i-„-•.4.%l..l,i--1-.fr-1_---_••__•N-. ;.-.. ,, S..e"Ar-.i.4..-..c-•..•'--•,•._.,..-=;.:.•-•,..:•;,•.:....',,-....-,.'.,.,_7..'..„'._•`"__--.__•,...,..-.„.,-.--..:..-,-•--,.;.=.'.;.-,_•-T..'1..r._-'.-_.:....1.1.;•••"'.•.•:-.-_' -,-,."z.,.-,.• -71'....Y1,'1,-_'..•-...,:....._.„--•,.„......1• :.,.• : _,k0 -. t • ., --:... 4 . ., . -' : . ,,..- .•.:..-...--,-....._...-..'.,..,..-..-..-..P4-, -.-...,,.- .. - . -.1: .• ..kiltitt.- •-- ,, ., , •L'-....i....41.r -.-...,,_, _;•••• rt .. , i • - ..._ rrItIr,...m.m.' _• _-. .. ,- ..- .1 NIL'. -- • -- -,. ..,..... .. .._ 419125.1.dr. ..".1kiTEW-. .. :1. ''''..:• -... -•f.' LIV • •' - - - -.- .- -.-••••..- .4". . • . • - '11 lir , i' -A •• ••- • ......_ •,_ "Oh..... .. --••.11;...-•L.:,''--/-WI: •• ,• ,. - • :'-',--- -,7:•,--*.- -..I.t-.3.- 7.-til. .e. .,-- ...-.-- ..r ...... ::7..71:b.%...t''','•' 'C' ...•• . . •.,.;7- .. , ..•' ,.?.. 40-- •IlliP‘...."0-,..:•-•-X- .-- •''''''..-„,,, •_., • , ..A.,,e,..••I'L - - ..-. . ...• t.,V.d. - ., .-„.••• , ,.,.4, 4:7..ildis__. _ • -.. • -21,- -.,--..„1-• .. ..- A. it:6.....-- .•:#';', ' iMle- '1/4.5,.. .Ar„gas. .' -,-,_1 -1.•• - -1- ."1/14.1 • ,000-,,L. ink- • ._ , • •- .-..-- -!=--. - ,pro-,,, ,-•-•_-. . _,.....a.,--...r. . .-... . -, ...__. • ...e'•• -7---,-..___••••,.,...- ....-----.. -•r''• -_.-lail -air g.,....Jr 1-r--,n ..:., - , .....,- ' .• ' 401;0001ragra.1017,.....1.-..-- "12" ... .. • - J. ...• . 1. ".0 • _ - ----. 4.•!••• ../.- ^... . ..". • a__•• -0,0 . .....11-___....111111- . _._._ -- - - ,,,,,......$ 7 , _.__ _,..,..,-,.. .-• ..__ - . -.4_, '-.... :. -------7".-......-7-..,:-.,-,:- ••.• . .'4ft Me , . iiii....---- . . - -.a..._......_ .- _-....... _... -..„...---:"....._.• i > ..e,-,„. -A 7- - - ---": ..141W :-.4 •7.i- -1 .--"FlIE •--r7..: ----•;.--• -.',... •-•'.• 14411:11E47 -:,,P,'•411.6,- --"' ,•-• _ ' - - • - : ...r Arr---i .....--.NEP- • - ' °M-'z - 1 --... e, _2'...... . - -- --. .- .... „._, . Lir,. ..... -• IL0.--- -• .-.,.........„..,---.--,-__ , - volt ^ • ....r -4,.......N r ' ,.... --• . . '. • . . . f. 401..0.... , . 4..-..- -.8,7.•. ....- -..-.411;"-... .... • •••••• 4- , ... -.. lT . f .+"- 'adnidP ,iih 4.16.1 .7 r-- . rl .-L-: - .7se....,11110 al& 1. ---N- s - k -..e.' ..._ .• .....• .... . 'ft- • ''''' ....NEW I " .....• •_ ir .............111:,.. ...•• --•.- W41111111111i 1-..41 .... i • 4. •- ..-. e. .„0, C416111_.:01P. . 1• . •••1,713F.-.. „....L....-..- '41.I.,. 11-P:4114k -;4111/1 1:. ••• ,...• . .i ,„,-.4imar.....--elm' -1-• , - _. ..,,...."., • . 4 4 III 4.1 :il . ' • .- : ."411...'"...._.. .......,-. • ' .. NF „,-41,Liti , ,if „er? - .._ 0- .... ... , -.. '-.. ...-,1 4,.......f. ..._Acr .. ._ ...../k•cie_.: _ •1. .- i --c"r; . -virumn•50•1-_ A.1.1111,i4ila - , __. .• . _ r.:40. .„,e- 1.5------rior...-44 ..„,-- .:-• - - ..--. 444t6:::., , - '4"74- * --• •-'0114.,.- ._•. -4.,...-z.41. - - )01 ••los•_,,- 400-- zi.-----:---•- "-+. NI '....•411111017".40 ...• _ ........„. .0 ,e0.-- ,...e .., .0:00, tr--- ,- - .. ,•.. .. iv' v°0../rirs;iiim.- MI6- 7-._ - - --"-•''' --, - • Air i , 407.‘•-...i7 ' . •4---0# 4 . _ _.,,,. . . •, Ngitii-, .- -. ..) -..•,,, 0.,... il....orn-:710, vijoi ..4 4' i i i iiip i ... i4411•10,11110W ..i- ----.. Nin-.. • -4., .... -.:*•••• .--- ----, 411. ft...."- ‘..- . _ 11.11.1"killimilL- • --.„,k.: ,. . - ' ‘‘Nh. N. im -4, ite_o OfiriA Cf ifil - . --... -.i.'- , , . ,• -1,rIIIIIIIA. ‘11',.....‘;•,_ ,._ L'-*le ,,. ' IL _ lig Illie.61P.--,,.....0e7Alle ..-• Ar14 Al' J r• A • 1..allriMr.- aft.-'M. ..... 5 STRATEGIC PLAN This UCFP requires participation from the entire Lake Oswego community to help achieve the City's overall vision for its urban forest. The Strategic Plan aims to increase operational efficiencies and encourage streamlined coordination between departments, , decisionmakers, and community members for a sustainable urban .. and community forestry program. While certain urban-forest-relatedh. actions are the responsibility of specific City departments, other �' 1 `" actions may require the involvement of different community partners r• to achieve the objectives for the City's urban forest. Everyone in the ' City has a role to play in making the Strategic Plan successful and for :' the Strategic Plan's vision to be realized. d' - , i g _ ,ed r'�.�� • VISION STATEMENT i _3P, ' r: • 17�-• 1 :3 -i YL: alik -wr Written comments from 468 respondents to a community survey ...r �: s { • \- '�.._ i suggested full vision statements, vision statement fragments, or ' .- `'.�l;t� , , , ;4 -4 ideas to consider describing their ideal vision for the City's urban t,. . .--• . . ,, . , forest for the 2024 UCFP. The community responses formed the ` ' y basis of the vision statement, which was then further refined by the '' = 1 - , =r .... UCFP's TAC and based on feedback received from Focus Group participants, Boards and Commissions and City Council. A Lake Oswego's urban forest is a sustainable ecosystem that harmoniously balances nature and urban life, is resilient to the effects of climate change, and is managed as an essential environmental, economic and cultural asset that contributes to the health and happiness of all members of our community. LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 83 GUIDING PRINCIPLES AND ACTIONS Table 5-1 presents the guiding principles of the UCFP Update, which set the tone for the UCFP's Strategic Plan and guide the City's implementation of the document in managing the City's urban forest. These five principles encompass feedback collected during the community engagement phase of the project and throughout the plan development process. Table 5-2 presents action items associated with the guiding principles, each with an estimated cost to achieve (each $ =-$25,000) and timeframe (short= <1 year, medium =1-5 years, and long =>5 years). Table 5-1. Guiding Principles of the Urban and Community Forestry Plan Update Guiding Principle Description A sufficiently funded urban The urban forest is cared for through sufficient financial investment and adequate staffing 1 forest resources. Trees are managed according to best management practices to improve the health, longevity, 2 A managed living asset safety, and functional capacity of the existing urban forest and to ensure that the future urban forest can reach its potential to provide the full range of environmental benefits and services. 3 An enhanced quality of life for The quality of life in the City is enhanced by the benefits and services provided by the urban all in Lake Oswego forest. The thriving urban forest is able to withstand and recover from impacts of climate A resilient urban forest that is change, such as storms, drought, heat, pests, and diseases, and contributes to reducing 4 postured to adapt to climate climate impacts, including mitigating urban heat islands, reducing carbon emissions, and change sequestering carbon. An urban forest that integrates with the urban needs of Trees are considered and prioritized in the beginning of the planning process to provide 5 a city to include housing, landscaped settings and habitat, maximize environmental benefits, and reduce infrastructure infrastructure, businesses, conflicts such as solar access, overhead utility lines, and sidewalks. schools, and transportation. 84 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE ' '1 i., • ..i41 . • • t ' • , .•''.. •,410' ( •: ,..y.• ••' •le . z r•• r (• !Pi, • .. .•••/' •f••••i '.-r r.t.ti)•;4?.• '.1 4' ;.11. . ' ,••;•,•... , .'• '1 4. 7•:-.:,fr ,' "1 I'll ' 3.1' .''., ••1 r P11.11'. Jt.'(-•i-•• !• 1 . • ' 1,..'k/ .1........• \1 • sit ,..... . li)"....'......1..lilid- Ill;::11.?14:1,.0 .. ,).... .qA.:•)'151'... ..f.islr:;141.1'1-. 'ir • .-.,. ,1.7,,• f..14 . .i.7 . - ' f •%•I.r. .‘1,, ' ',...•r - ,.. • ' *I.P %.- "•• •-4. di '• ••• . -?..1 ,•.,' ''. .• iftr :it ' I $t..1'.:1-4-... .7 ' •',4# v- ." i ... ,..• - .,,,,,f,,,.- ,. 15,._,, ; ,••,• •,..., 4A •. ,•,---4..$1.1(.,.• • ,...1A11 ,-..... ,ill)..• ;.„,,:,4,),1 :I, ,",...; j .....11 ••=?T.i','f••• •... . .. , ..415•••••- ,1'1 (40,:it` r .'.. , fit .. / ,r....1.,i.. : .47 '• ' ft r .-/ A 4 - ‘ifi;.' i • /... • 4''! . IA ''..: 'I..l• . 4k" • • 0•• • •• .4'IS N . ...i * `...41 ....A . ,..,„ „„. ; .0 •• . ... , h. - . -' 11.•_.• .4'i .. ,lig.''-• /1 " . .4 •'•' •'• r‘Plitii;•.• . • • • •• , ile . . . . - :.'s -•L . .• ,;i-- ' . -1.., '0 ,, . •• .I ,./ ..;•7.4.' ::-NP k .:' 4 . - - , .._illf.i . I\ • •• I, • "' _-%••••,' .4 l'iCk . A, ,, 1,.c. . .-•-••• . . r . - - - - - . . - - A." . '1 .. .....it•:' - • -1) . , . . !..4. ,' h.. - .. ' 1 • - :'''k'N. . "I • .• • 1- • ..0... 0 0 ,„ d . .. ,.( '.4. . 'bet . t • . .-... "" .. d • /I „ iv r••• •,. •PJ; • •Iiii....:.,.,,.., '...••• . .r....•:t.i:i•... Il.. . 4. i ' I . - • .. . : g . .,7.--z.......: r ,•:4 •• i' ' i - 416"••••• • -' •• ''1 Y-.i ,le.• -• -1„,...4. ..•, s.„..,1,41, .'• /is.,.; •- v... . 1 .c ..., ..--,,,,....,V ,' s • •,.. ....... , . • ' .)74 .1... •...... '.16 4. . , , •.sitik,..,...,c- _ •'-- .414e. •; --• •,•.1• •• i • - • - ' -j'-' ..41-• ft* • - -.4-i •r(tili.lc..,, . .....;-• - ••••• .''- _;• •• •: ..:,,•-•,:.. "•••• •• ". -4 •..ilk., ...1- .. . i$ ,,.,. .... ,, . . .., 4 . • Z.*, i . ..., •%.. -',.11. 1..., . • ... .r• g ,g „•!••••1 ••••- :-. :-• Ili ,. -.,c. 7. -:L.' -. IL...kJ,:...A.,,•11.15": , ., ..sp, A 1.. •.. .i..1.4",""it • , . . . 1 ''•.' . . ' - •1'• `'14'. , ii<'....-..•'1••' ;1`;'''••"•; '•••• • • ".4?P.-`.. ,,t'F:r„. .. . . L.; .-.."-.r. . ..'.it if 1 , •". .•- • , . , • •. • '7 I,, '-k.4‘ik,' -1.:""rs--•-•'• ..-'••-'- ..".4..r r,. ' ialf •-•.: N. . ..... . .• •1' ' ' av ' $ 4 , .. .. .• '• - i-- , • 1°;'•$. .'• •. . •.. •.4. .• •'DT • ,fr,4 / .o•1.. • .. . .. . .;- ). .4 ••:: ...'-'.51, .1. •-•••-. ' •-•-• J'.' '-• - '` -'4' • --•-. .1F - 1:11.7.. : L'- ,.„•:,. .. . ..v= •,,;, ,.- :,,ir, r •• ' • : - -:., i ', • • . '. ..*...ii e..',.1.‘ \ '. f •- 4:.".•'...ti, •-, ..Zo • ••••.• 7 • •-•.^ oceo • • ' •.., , ON' qi. Clt- • • • • e.e.„ . ..: • ."•".:..• "e• .. '_•.'144k... . ...'' 'i.•Z.<: i .1•',".. ' •1-..c;• 04 •"-.b.,•'?' . .1_..r 1 j,rrr ..P•i • • . IP . • • •..f• •- ck • ..;,,/,• ..-4 •1 ! -•"., •-• , t: -:.- : •-. •-,. • •-• .4f,17,•, -.. -147 -.• •% •; t. t•c •L,- . • ...,••• • ...* . . _ .. . . +.,I, ... . , Lip N, • ?. . . • - ,..%• • • LI- .- • .-. .,(A • .., • . -.ii.* . • i.. • , :'.fil illir • . .. 'ro). ..,..,...., .. iAr -••., ,i .-:'• •., -. ..- i . •,/. - .. ... . „, . ••- • , • • ... • fk, k . ......,; ., :. .....,..„...:. n. .1ii . , . -, - ... . . ..g.1 4P :. .- ••-:_•.,:i••-• •• :,.. 1 .. ,-t '• ' ...• . . .-• . • ••••'1.7-r,' '' ". I ,. c$,.. 1. ., . ,e 7 • -.. .: •• . .. • /# •:ti .ii . , 1.,. 74. • or. .• ... 4-• ..I , ' ..‘.1 '-,,,,,, i t - ' ...\ 411 k• - .. t•• . . -. ,, • li • y LA.• Is• *-. • •„11•• • ‘' t. . ^ - •-.. - le•,-,11••! • ,A,...... - .• ...4 - . , , --• 0 , .. i 1 . .. 1,• ,...• .. •17 , . .. . • - •c.....• .. , • „ -..., "'lit . e. .. •„ . . . • 11 "...1. f . r • . • '• •f .-•••1. I/, :.).'• l' •- ••% '' .. .. -s••.• /...• . _ I, '.; •••• . ..i ; . ..% Ir' ,.• -: i\-..*- ? - r.:(:.•1..i••,,, _A N i,'i ,' 1•••( ..- id; ". • .1 ' ..,• • . •,, . 'I(lie .1.--I' 1 g 1[P;1. 'r' .•kt 1 ... .. ' • 4' • - • k.• .A. • 11 itri p.st .- •f' . I • • . .y .;itir oil,..k. '‘ .li• • : 'Y'L • •• 4.... i it, . " •.j L. l'' ' ' • , ••• ‘.41r:iik. Le '3: . '1 . /.,, . ,..W. .. • f k...2. s'.• '' • F' f..7:1F'.'i•1'• • '-'..t1" : 1 • •• •17 4•frN. •.s ' •,C '• •., • • t.,•. •1. 7. • di''I' ' II.1- 1. , ‘ . .-'',..•-4 p rick tr,--,, . • . pori ••-••,•:•,,:•••• . .E..i 7.,...9,L. -1 ' -1: IF • ,•r,. . •-• • . • ' ti..--. • .f..,..IP .r.• 4 • I * • .r. '' .• ,. • '. .' .' , j'„ '•'•'.. • I % • 4-4 • , .10,..,,-./. ,,•••',.:, .40,--1,c ,I, . , ... ii4.ir, . (1. . •••• •• . •t i I / ..' t i• . ,..114 .. ••• • ... !'•. '• ..• . . ..... ..... a,der .,. . ii lik.4411-,1...." • , i.? '. 1 : .. I • Y . . . ' . 4...r. • P • . . 7., •, ., • '; •0" ' .• t". f•r*.; "-• ..." if , • . / L . ' . • • • •• ,4). . .• ..• ,. . . •L ..... . • ,i,_ . ,•• L.,,...i.r.4. -....t.- ir•-q;,...,-,,4.-' „.044 • J li•,•- 11-, • • • • • . •Ai • S,4 ,.„.• „... ,„I...,, ,.... , • . • .40 1.,- '' ,„*,t.A••..-'..' '.! ' ,.,.• .I,' . '• ',Fur: .14,,t -„. .. .. .. • if t. •tit-• - .',.1(;/.,-.-. • •' 'r . .v .., - i• /6/1 •,. • il.t;i ,,ti• _. % 'A" . • „ •• . i ..,.• • V ,....t".- '' f. • . .',i,. ..! .1.•• 4- •••:P .7 i • `' ) i .• Y P '..,176..:,/ • $ , f ,' f^4 • . ••-• • - . A--•- • i 11 O.'40 • i . •ifl...-:1.' ' ) , . ' - , • •J , ••. • ,•,-• ' • .r ,. ,„,..i • ,- ,?....,.,,„,...„ i •,-. k.... Is •31;4,•••••s7,..., -.1. .i i-:••?ki,:k ......_• _., ... .... •--.- . ....: 4, ; } .. . ....b.• . , . 'A gap . . . - 6 . . .% . r' . • 4. .7. .. ... • .:• . ..• . . go•,,,', ' ••• ' •• '' I •"• • 11;t:.e7 N, • • • . . • , .1 't*,.... Al'... /:• - ,,, ' ' •10 1 A • •il^- •% r. .. •INItvg6V. Vilige.,. •-. - - ! -,' ••,. ; A • . / . , •- 4 74-.1 . i',••• •1 .• .,.1 . -.7fili. ...• .. .# . .-.." , % . . , . 1.,,i, „. .;...: ..i . •-i •• , f ..- .ji. ., ,., • .k rp.. i, • •. ' .• 't•i ...,1 '' .•••••• • - .Z,.•••••N.,• 3• 1 I.!- ' d ' r r .. •T )• . ., • .7..i • . ,'.4 • -•'' ,.4.1". .1 ;•.- • .... - . r. .. • •• ) • .d, • lir . 7LI'rfs.A f' ,:V • • , • -4 • • ' '•• ?-t ' -... . . ,I ...-. 4.•-4 pirl,•,ilio*.i I I ,,, I 1 ;• .4 .. . . . .:i . ..,.-; , . .,4..,:ir .i....lit(..... , ..: •,. it,: i". -.. ..- .„.•.. .. #ir.,., r• . ..•••}1 ,... ... ,. 'S ; .... :0...-„1 •• • .I •;.•:1,.--,..i':'• f• :••11°!1•41 .. . . • •• P .1. 1 rt i f • ? ,•. . ' •,,4,,42'.41i,t•- ,r- e•./...-• .?It tr .1 ...• ,. ',' ' ..ir . A .". \ :i''...: - ••••--;„••• .ki dri- .1,..• ?i"it,..• - 44) ,LI , • :,7 . 7. .11., •••.- ,- •„ . 7.....1,1, . • ...,.., • , • 4_ :•:-. •. • Ilf No.•‘:v,4 • ' • . ... ,. _ _ .._ . . . r. . .• . 74,t. : Li .. , r•-• 2... C-•-• .. '.j. JP- • :;,••11 , •,. •,-.. j. P .. dr . ' el .:!'i ' . - '('''. ' ....• '...I" '• . ri-‘ ',.. . ,,".. . .... ,... . • , . . . .L ..... , .. , ..;,,. . .. ,. . • . • . .. ,,.. •. . „ . ...*.•iii. • , , . r e• . v" , .„ .14' • L 4 f , . . - Acti' ..:•• .._ - . • , .• d -- • ' • 'It' I -a' . • • 4 ... . 4 •'I . •' COL-. '. . -..)'' ; ...... • ':I:-.. :-.' .--- ... . . . . i • 'Pi.' ' 1..*! t ..-• • .. .. ..,., '•i.S• t • ''11.- ''IP I a'44° •:', t, igige.(114. 14 , .. . )1.11 II.: • .. !: .:-, ..!`:,''-!------ ---------------7----: ...'"iri, ;''. , •,,i•,r• . • .• 0,2. - .... . .• • --. . ....0.,.i ,,' . i'•,.. . L_. • .i• ,.. . -1,.., - ...i! •d'' . .- l• •. ,•• ,S. it' - g'...•V ,„ -•_., ' , • l•• ... .,... •..• .1'4Z‘• •-• J.Likill •_•••;.- ____ ,... .......... , ..... 7: .• -r 1 - . -.;...7t-'.• ,--r_ • • '•'4i" : ' ,r_ . .. - . .. . ,..1...: _. 1- . __________ - .. . - 1 ' -. • i ' • $. ..r:,:••j'L..:',1:',i't:1;.!-. 7.-.-.-- __sr.:...-.'',r„.''-'11._'... ..-;:::.:-... --1.:.4::.:-. !:-.--.- ---,,•".- -77----- _-.. ._____:- -------- --- . . . . . .. ------ . • '- •••.-1. 4 -....•.4...,,,.:..,7,r....,-iag.:, 3:••-- -__----__:• • -. - • ',14.''t.7.•‘',. .*.• .• •.-......- {"cs7...i.-....,,dis .:.`,..-t••I • -•.=.-. . -•-•- • L. , ., ., „. --- •--.11,4-- ,...,. •.•..irr.....r','•:a-"-----r--_-_-__-_-. • - Ailki . .. ...;,._ • - - -- • ' . - - - •• .•.,- ;..,,,.. . .4i: - - .:.---------.---- --': ' '''' '1 ••••.' 1'7'11177 ..•- R. 14.‘'';•-• •• '-"7".'---.1--7--- --..--••---------- --•! ' . • 'L• • • . -ij&C.'1±1t-..nr[ '• j•11 i- 1 1 ,f ..• , -- . •.•• , .- 2 -- •-•V r'2'!-• 4 r ... .... 1.1,,4-e. ......, •- -, • • -•• • . „ 1 • • + • 4-,L.,,)::.- .....- - .., ..•• .. „ „ ,. . ., . . . • .'-' :-A '4.- ttifilo 4":11,..:4._ • 'rd-Pl.' . 11-.5.2 •''•'2 ;"=.."4"''77-1 - '''• - . l'.14: tr"--• '' *-: :•••"• ....., .:' •k V.•J -.!• '.. ':'•• . .••• •"._..• 1 ,. .. .. . • •':•.",. !..,.. ...Ti.:-.;• .,. .1),••• ; '../ '--...:,:t-- :: •*"k '" ,... L..4.•••.1?::(4,,,..i‘:. A i!::;::.: ... .' ; • ;I:lt;W..7.4k4.1 ir(.1,,k,;:n.$4.0‘.I I,s,.64,:'. i t•• • • itf' 1 5:4P.I'"' . • :',-,..• ' ........'"V I. i ,r • . , ,•' . 17.1 •2 'f • - • '' ......y ort« ,...7,.., ':.! . ..r: Iii' 1 11.1 It r IVI'1.11 ..:'.r' # ' •' r‘r •I I''. r"...'- SP)77.74.1 'irrilf§fli ,.--- • :::1••. • .. i '•,pi''e•IN•• . •• - - -- f , •- •-- •i\...../ .- ••-• - ' -'-',-•'• - '-- 7------I'IF .W ,e,,t1.-,..: , .., . .--, • .-,. 1,•-.-...,...i. --7- /7,7,4-7. ,_•'.......: ..______119.er. P: . • .•''..•..",.:V"• •...-•,•••,-••••.J....yr' ....'........ii.,••••,..-• . •I:.i: •..,...........e . •• •-'71.• -4"7...k•f".,... •.I, ,ir'•-,-:,,,...i.,T.,..,.... .....,.....1 ,.„,.•3.1..•..- . • .,.),.,.L. I•• "40 1 Plk____ . v, .:'4 • -•r : -- ...:. ••• ••-`-, •7.f.5!°: .,..,:i.l..A •- '-.i'd !-•'.••s-r-•'-::--•• '• •'. ' 'PP • • rv.. 1,-. ..... ....`,..--.1 -....°7.411:•,.., •I.. .7;7.'2,I'' .7.44,7'.er.",....jk"••• P•••••,.-".".., .....:'•,'.T",10%..•CP" l'..••••• •--• ••-..7'.•-_ 1 . • ' - "nt. . II'• '•• --..• ?•.7-----' ..'-c7:•:;::,- ...'• ' '14 '.•••-•,-.:.• •P'-`'••• •-'ir:. • '. •,....... . • ..•... - .' ,. - .....„ ,,., .,•••,,,;,' . '-_i .•414‘:!:•:•1-i.• , ''. •:.-• : .!..,,,• ... ..,,,,, - • • ••..... m.• g : ',- •• 2:- - .• -44N, :---• ;-- f••••••"" •-•-..- --,-.7.°0-X '• , ."•-• .. • • ':., • ' .• . .71. .... . g . • - 1 - ' , 1• - -..•., •• 7!• 4..x-.1,•:::" • :•••-'.; .. •g• ...•4• .-\ s • s•V . • Ir. .• .. • , '.91.-4'S.'--.'7--• •••') '• .!•j:• '1:--•‘41.•P..x..•..%''....0'&...4.r::1:•.,1;.2•. '.•_ •• - *-. ". ,.1imp i.•'•, . ,.. k .. ••. .N'''-',••••••-••.. ...-''./.-"•itr,77..-.-- •.•• .. . . , Guiding Principle 1 A Sufficiently Funded Urban Forest Action Action Time Frame* Number Strategy: The urban forest is cared for through sufficient financial investment and adequate staffing resources Develop a budget proposal for consideration during the next regular budget cycle, la Short term based on the findings from the Urban and Community Forestry Plan (UCFP). Pursue Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA) and Oregon Department of Forestry lb (ODF) grant funding to conduct a tree inventory, create a wood reuse program, and Short term prepare a pest action plan. Pursue tree planting opportunities through community volunteer events or lc collaborating with local organizations to reduce the cost of tree planting. Ongoing Develop a strategy to increase tree management funds because as the City's trees age they will require increased maintenance costs, and the looming arrival of invasive 1d Medium term pests such as emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) and Mediterranean oak borer (Xyleborus monographus) will require costly removal or treatment programs. le Increase tree planting budgets to reflect tree planting goals for existing City plans Ongoing and documents. g g 86 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z 4 J d Action Action Time Frame* U Number 0 w Q a: Establish guidelines for utilizing the City's existing Tree Fund for tree planting, care, 0 1f and management, and a program to support tree giveaways to private property Short term owners. Increase funding for the Habitat Enhancement Program (HEP) to support and expand 1g ongoing restoration efforts through partnerships between qualified organizations and Ongoing private land owners. Note: * The time frame denotes the intended amount of time the action will need for completion. The time frame of each action can also be interpreted as a prioritization scale, as reflected in the Implementation Plan (Section 7). Short term =1-5 years; Medium term = 5-10 years; Long term=10+years. "Ongoing" actions are those that will need to be continuously implemented and do not necessarily have a term when they will be completed. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 87 Guiding Principle 2 A Managed Living Asset Action Action Time Frame* Number Strategy: Trees are managed according to best management practices to improve the health, longevity, safety, and functional capacity of the existing urban forest and to ensure that the future urban forest can reach its potential to provide the full range of environmental benefits and services. Create an updated GIS layer that delineates categories of developed ROW, 2a developed parks, undeveloped ROW, and City-owned natural areas to clarify the Short term inventory collection procedures. Complete a 100% inventory of trees in developed City rights-of-way (ROWs), 2b developed City parks, and City-owned and managed properties, and a 10% sample Short term inventory of trees in City-owned natural areas and unimproved ROWs. Update the City's tree inventories (2b) according to the recommended time 2c frame in Section 2, to ensure the City has accurate information on which to base Ongoing management decisions. Standardize establishment care period requirements for City-planted trees. Ensure consistency among all City departments. Create a notification system for adjacent 2d Short term property owners who will adopt maintenance responsibilities for City-planted trees after the 3-year establishment period. Collaborate with the Oswego Lake Watershed Council to continue training citizen scientists to collect tree inventory data voluntarily on private properties. Explore 2e mechanisms to analyze private property inventory data alongside City-managed tree Ongoing inventory data to understand overall health of the City's entire urban forest. 88 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Time Frame* U Number 3 w Q a! Conduct a hazardous tree survey to identify hazardous, dead, or otherwise tn 2f Medium term undesirable street trees and trees along public trails. 2g Establish a pruning cycle goal of five to seven years for all City-managed ROW trees. Long term Create a tree risk management program that includes risk assessments every 3 to 2h 5 years of City-managed trees and trees in directly managed City parks and City Medium term facilities. Prioritize the removal of hazard trees. Align tree practices, such as planting, establishment care, and pruning with ISA Best 2i Management Practices (BMPs) and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Short term Standards. Ensure that guidelines are followed by City staff and its contractors. 2j Develop a tree replacement program for targeted ROWs. Medium term Implement a formative structural pruning program for young and newly planted trees 2k Medium term to mitigate potential tree structure and safety issues for trees in parks. 2m Prioritize planting large-stature trees where possible. Ongoing 2n Quantify acreage goals of invasive species removal in specific open space, parks, or Short term neighborhoods. Require mitigation trees to be planted for more tree removal permit types when 2o there are viable planting areas on site or allow payment into the Tree Fund if staff Short term determines there is insufficient space to replant. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 89 Action Action Time Frame* Number Limit topping permits to utility companies as much as possible and consider 2p Medium term replacing trees using "right tree, right place" concept. 2q Clarify ROW tree management responsibilities of City departments. Short term Conduct tree maintenance workshops targeted at contractors working in the City. 2r Ensure program follows ISA best management practices. Ongoing As part of the City's budgeting process, consider funding an urban forester position, 2s either through an on-call consultant or City staff position, to implement tasks within Medium term the strategic plan. 90 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE .•.,.,. . - •.. I-. ...' AL .1...:0" ••e, -•4/0 .,.. -.. •_. - - • .r•, ,• v.,'„ii Jp ie74...-.7•"4/1' I 41:16 iltrpill.''. ir'• .'.'''' - .• . i • • . .0 . 1." ---,.. ••••44,.A/ ' I yvret-., *r,..- , :• - ,.,k_ 14 ii, • -.; •,/v.:„..rc.i't •4 r.,7 . -- _5 ....k ..4, '1 p.,..wr ,,,. 7...-. ••• AAP• ,,'a:,',.-... - firt . .. .0 •,. r e"•.4.-•.....•6 ;..., .dibk4V14''.. te *It ..1A4...., 141-,..,.•44,..-1? ....t.... lit,i; N,,,,•,..4- . „iii, N, „..._:„ ,- - .., \ , ••• ..,., ...., • aktr ..i. •,- •• - . IV :_ .. .,,,,, .w.,4w., ;......., .,...1 _ . , _ v.,,;...,.„vii3O_,,. .0.-k*. ,,, 4..,. ..,tiffr. ,,,,';',.;-, • . A.,,r_di•. At,4 lit ___,.ig_64714A 10"4717,:r ,I, lh%,:e411:igest..9 ,,,z`.14 ,..1. • 71ir .1,,,..i.`••••,.6_1••:--. :4',•',•--•:.4. . ;"!i.-.-t11.4.4.7,-210 AO); -.4 4% - ... ,•ii1 Lillk.74.41."' .1tr.At'. • • .1 IN:1.1TP 114 46- • *.....si".%\. 74'44%74. tiViv- q .;4 . . ' "'41 11111 cr.,;0..iik ..,... ...--...,,,, . .. • eik Jo" r.!,-.gik.• -• r.-1 - +,r,,$'-'•edt‘4••••-"viirr t;40:#'''.• •.4. - --'Att< -V,' . *'..ii I " 0,t,‘,. .4-0:,. '7',..:1.1 io•.____... ":41)P4...10-Aill - "...a.' r- " "'n-'44-.4.‘"tii7flirct' i4,N1,.. 1 • veil,.,,.,.01, 41I1 t.. • • „1-,;,....t,‘,..4 1.6,.-.::,,,, da.':••••--4.1...1141111r74.•ir• r'•-.1111"10,,1,, ....--4"-"" •••-•-t,-,.•••7;6:.---.1.., iro.0 ..::„..,Atollsit.... .40;triratMyt,IN w.; 414 AIL-5 ' ...,.., .4 ..:•.•:- Y `'. --../049-4.7trft,.. - •* t-,i•1. iL..i•N. * ilh, 4 '-,Aik'i^ 7.c",''' 1/4-2:.. '-.16-,+--P.• -.4-:-.._'-‘7,•••••\•‘1•4'...-si r-ir '1-14,..i.Vi et*. .St'. • • •• Alt 4. 1*, ,...- • ..40 .. ...,. Ak..., .• 'W. '-404' i:tirilVn'14,ii . iv,,i, %Ay-- 1.-,=,,„-; . .._ 4.1, • •• •-.,.:•s•••. '' .d.:.0.V.,?,....•..!..N... ;• - - Alk,IttiltiV AT1 Pr 4.'Mi• ikTP, -4.6 .-74.• Op*i '. 4114 Wk..L.1 ',Al A ' 4P 44,4 ... 6.".5..-• •• . . ... .At. t., II..V1/4. , 8 /,' . IC...wilb k. • dON 41 .,„.ir.,..•., .. .,...• t; :!„rh.o. ......, ••Nolt,f-imr4.".0,4 Art W by‘.',. irgite,k.,.{-'4:e ...---,,,:ev,#34.. ,..iii, ....... :.• ,. -ii:;........etir - -. •:'-••••kit, .,„- -*'0...''''-'-•.•'-1..-•'.111-4 kV% *41:,....4,-.:'.C:t"•-• 11 il•..*/ ..'":01.9444:411111t -14744 ‘:'!' . -•• ''6.06ZA144 7'.• 1%.*--',-.--. ••• 6-:•0,-.."•!," 'Alt Vi\V••._4074.....-•tt, -;._.k*xl ;., • AN, ,.0:i•if* '•N 4Z•kl fir LWTef:'. A . . : ia, •••• 'glittiO‹ ' •ii.. 4.,‘ vi'4k* . .' -.. ',..'''... A :3". 't.4V. -,*-7=t4LiTL,,,' V.-4. ..i.rtNIIIiiir • • • - i lilet4t-' • fk •*.21 •tei la& .1-• ' '4'.A 41)1...4;L..r",;".VSNINit :.... ...L.,,,, i _.,....4....4.4.1■, k,- • .A# .- ' 7T44C,. •'.'104,t0'...4fr 10,'-1016._,4.-; . . ..4., „.-:- i dif.,,,,,p,,v4.4tii.:3:4.fii..,,,..'"iiv••l'..N.,,!,fr...:3.0' 4(;.i';4411-.r.;,,..1,4:sti.'•i ,....„._,„,,,_„,.._. ...... #0..- rol I;drawl. •' i . ,'...•Ai oft‘•'-•-•'..1:I.i'' Atott 44$ .• ilV. 4E.E....V10. 4, %-....-.,......--- ••,.• f,T.-- r .0-/w4r4.-----.,- ,,,,,,,v,ft.• - -,,,„&.„... .m.4.....s...._,.„,•,,,„.„.•; .. ,p.... ...,,,,• ,., u;I,- fi• "...:.--4, .. 4 . r-i•...ill.W;14Z,,Viiii,,,:: * it i.,, i",'.1 1.`,41/ra Avr-'''' • _ . It 4 Wilroil:T.' . . .. ,./.1,6%,- ...,...#.IA 4 1.1• 'A"' :. - • `,;"" . .. W4k- Or irdP. --"I'L-4."••••'14*-=•.r..-,,,-.,--:., NaN. i.,-• alk.. ' • ' ".'''' ' a,•k 1.rpoto 4._,,..41"ti. ,..,54..1..t. e- ir,., i A 414-44, •••••*1 it-Ai 11....or;0 N ,, •4. . •.! " e .AO-''''," • Iv. i ---- ,,,Ir Te! . A-,. .11L. •••.,4;.A., ....mr_e4.7.,Atlailik,,„ ..._."•;•. :'4,7,75'. 1'.,•-:t: • ..,..,. asi„.47,41.1.111 , .-1°, "4/..:1":140.-.4-,4•10 ,,,... ..„or:7 . ' iral..ut. ,..,/_., • 4,40.-.,,,,4-pc ..,„„„- - • .. ....L!-10:1,774!..,-:-.. ..---0-i- II, dr.lr-v..-. •iii..--e, .i." _.:;:&16)•;.f.` • Illi • •••• .-- imik:- N11-t \ Ali • • -4,8r7.4. ''• ., isp, ,.. it •11 off.! la . irir._4- E 1, -.L...A • . t '''' .%.'.q411'-''''''*„.b. „ 'mirp..1, __ ;.),... ,-• •,., _. ,.4 , ... •••At ,....,.. _.. .,,,,, ..... .. -.4/7" -• lir opt_-_. .....!• .41:0 ..totiti,o. __10., ,t...t. .-.go, .4,.. dror.,- ,-Nii-ti.. : ,r. , -N ..t` .•- 1111)...7:4411 2 ... t..sir , !.-------- it Wigille . ?rvt'• ....-," I -- -,"Vr., .. . .e( ". 410 ,,Illik.rr•._, .1:rik,...i.. ', • 0., - .,,:-,..4;, ... N., • 4.--4:,. A.. . i .-‘,1. 14,.......0d.- -.......114.141:., ._ ..,..- ..f. 4,...Vg,...:_. I- '• illi .--.--4.,,,,e:=11 ' . ,....,'-* ::--,,,-. - ..1/4... 6.......-..i, .t.t .'4•4Z.'. •sd-4;4 At. mg.:- •A 4"./4.'• ;4,14,1-- 'VIA: --- - . •4-• ikh;. , -.11111111P. 4111h.,........._.-t.- ,.,.-...,:,.4.-4..,... $ _,,.. ,.. . ,.._alt%.• %fp •.6,11.litk. . ..,.I. -.7flr.-.,..ak y.--'•--...; .2:-.:Or'ir...•,,Ii.","415„ '•!,,,•:e'•-te ir'gab or ArAfdrik.lek MIL 411111 r Ayr- -, A .-A.4,iie.f. IA., ' •-- ..,....._-- -"'"-•••-4, IFT44.,:,5'''-- .:_,;*-.11674, 4145.7.,•--..,..,r4W-1 K. f...-',.., .4. •••i''••• ,P 4,.., • ":.1::-4Z:.. -7141r.4"f*.•'.'Nrtk:"...t.....;.,....-..emt,4.,AF4I.17.".`.,,I '-:-,.1-300 "..,..„4-e,bili'04,1rT,A-0,. -..., :',,,..qp1:10.-..,41 ..".. ,.,i.711....!Efilf.0,7-A., ,_ !......„..4.,..-.401P-'0".....re't.',-:.,402.;',W,-.'F'i,.f.;IA.--- • ..,,,,,,,,,''s,.•..f.:.• ...,:,..,,H7wrif„,,.., ,,.."-..sliil.,-g.,-.•11#16.--vhrA'IN.-1k- 4;.•' ...,6,,tT...i'l *,ig: ,..-.,,rt, , .. ir.40_ . ,,,, ,1•,...-., • .-- ".-..w......„-ffe,-.).4v,`,4w,,,.:.. e.s,,,,.......04,.-0..Y.-,-,... ,op -.,v f.h,_ w..,.,, -111)' a--, . 7....4%.'';fl-A. ; . :roe'. -..,,.,41,,•••.•: .,,,,:of-,•ii1.•,'..teg...,:i 10,kir.....--....Alir . .,,„„„..,,ii., ...Ir.,„,,,,,,, ,L.___..„,.._...„-:•.,,,,,,i.. :---if "p.'''.'A,-. .1ki "Irigt-MNIb.....it..41.f"lk,-: .".2. .'',.." ...*?-t . - N7.''..b* All4.41..ki•.; iit, .,A i.:174,.%,•,,. ...- - .'s ...,..0 •,..* "OA•..* 4 k. ..--..r... .....1044-'/-.1kriiii.' 4 •I'''' .4.:,,.-."-TA2, ka AY*41;a4 f;7 4:)..s.'T"Al;.'"!' ..#74i.:114Z.SOIP '',"1.-.4 :PTA'..t. ...",-•'.''i ri ,114I3T.4. 1:17. 9....‘-.' II V i kt• •44-. # _i,l, ..-:OFIVI.;iiV Atr.tt kW. . •,4....-iki - '''' .•• •. -Mt-‘' .1 -...:0'40';:.'kLillitikti, - .-.. 1.,. ..-.-•-r•e%::.,4 0 , .fp,,i0 41.10.0r. -..,4. ..!4i.:?:*A. lk,:ilko... r___-,,..p‘.w.,40..t;:-,,;A., .q...A*1"MT r-4,1tr.fit,..fi t 0 F.-,11,4 p -Pt,: tillo.,-. -A-ey.p.4tre -.1, IT ........0Siyi,:_....i.".,.., '.- . s-'-'0 ... . TV.'40,:s.-:-,1t,i9; 4 4.1r,.. 1145,..: .... . I, .: 1,..,--... •• "=. irir t iit:.Atittivri I:..-...4:-Voi em- 4 le 11",:411:110 . ,4, , :1*. r•-•_ • ...0.• .•,;•• •• a, - - •-.. .-A 14t.741041..- 4.. l'p•••••it . ..1*!' 'a-..7.--1;sinrido. F7'1.* 41,1‘...11::•••40*.,•mr. lir ki*•...,744k• . .Nriiik._ ‘ igle 0. ) -i ..2.itsit 4 • k N :...yr .74 qi . ..trags. ...-!.,,livik,., -1.. --,...,,,r-or..::•• „ ... ..:1741.....,,,.,, ,A ,.- ,-:.;:.;4-4 -. -.41,Al.Q..-..... ,I, - .',"•--k T Q..' ;,,,,,erla. 1, a ilk. .VZ/.. .---',..,..,,1.'•iik 44 irg,.np..,...t.:„4),..,..,46.,v....5,.-,•••,•• t* .., 1....... . .. ., ir. . ,.,,,,,• ..„„) .,..; ..,..,, ,- . f • ' V,4,4i. • • - - r - , I . • f:;:a7 ' . 4 : k ,-=4 ' ' ...r." ' -I.' ---:,--cro P. i•• I,•.0 1.1'-,W1:11r,.,.:•%- i'A....V. .ir......'.-.''...lit Iv. .1 • . 4 a . .,A..•'0^0 .1k 1 i..:Ik„..":.%/..Abit 444'4116.4.; 1;g.t .,',:,.• ''2,i#:;•-tikr.4.-TZ..te - -i g i ciA,. 11. 14• '•'7..--=-'10, .....• 4 • .k.illfit . AttlYeft4C.'" dkIr•Ilip -‘• A )!t'''' 4s. '"- - -.Nc.•4 i7it"f4WRfl.'.4#.7i77 . IklY•6.% _:01,v. /$, 1 ii Iregkpl:. ._.. .. .... i. ' ":4".:'..-4.4.71e-;:r1.1, '61S,111 .t.,1,'••“41111:4174 Pla',.1).''4'47%"4•14yfria t Zr, `,•• '••• -,,,t, ' --'..i''...'.'-'..-.. , . i !et* flit_ ,,,, #.• • ,.,. ,N.,, --..,4,I..-A. .• .. iAttlr i ..-..1,Vintli- ..- . • , ,it...., ,..t.. 0... i jit,-, ••1 +11...,..,-...„---.„:,:*''.4.?..;61A.....,tr -• ' av.7'• 1104-,...• • -.le.•• ...,.7:.i .41, . :•tAgip 41/4 •,,,_--eri. 00 i. i la ...,•''‘' 4.-6"n,Alt:'Wrilitt'Of.1 • ...•OP.' - 'I. ' ..14111.14171r. , .,...-•'It• .*:,4 , !..0E,... .•,-Eiro.o.,....,. .... .Tri 4 i Tio'• .:iv,"'" • ono yie-r4'7•8 ,.. traliii tkvw,-41.'-•- ' -A 4, ' i-ol-'' -' , .:44W.. ... . :'- ..Laim:X.Aa.dirrell.a.•-•„ , , re„F _.-i....-.• •. ....m- ........- ..4:4m, ,-.4-0,& - - / . 1,••••7•,*.,„ -.v.::•:..."',... '••'• 'do•- • "*- .•••••1111e.0 •'*'?.'. -.•=::••alrOwviria,. -,••• ilaik•-•;,, ,-,,, . ...4.0.16. •,.•,..-•-z,kri ,... -°-- • • 4.‘1111....... .-'- ;..;',. 1 i.i.,,,...• ..r.:r....ew.,...._.,".0....: .4...., jiict‘,:-=•.•,..„ •i.., --... • - ••• ', •11 . ••-:-."-...1-*A.,• •,..,-• fe.,. -.. ..eaMAriiii0Afht..-A.vio' - -'':.‘:%:'41/NOW,ii• . • , - INT:.'Lai.' IKL-,,,,.7:;, •.,..-•_,......... i.r...mr.., - 40,ti:71'.'-A'--•"•"6-4 ,-• ••.4.. ••V:1: •-43P.• • -.41::'i • J • ....:4Y'41-Li4' 'alg .. ..1kt.eittirliebkitlitaatir>-7,,,. ',.- .:. 41 4 . v 1111111ffiliWrI°. . ,..i10,' e'.-..,':Ire:'OP'im, A 111,,• ' ..1411161W. .4;,••?. .-. '..'.itty 4'.':', . " •' A • ..- ..•-•" .1r. 4..,..,Fig ,A*•,-..:TaiftAitt.....; / --q: ..... ••••,... • ...,,,..." -•,-...... •; ,oi•-•• - `- ir - '.tity' , . .,.•..irs, 4. '. ,:•• It.Air. ."1 .- 's. ' -•-rvorlAN,.--Illi. •,1 ",iw- ', •• ‘4r-'. -„ , , ). i: . -:0-40•,,,.,,.. ,..6••:... A sr-..- 'le V'.•.' ' N ft ....: z,„,:• ..r.)......4N.'.,iii ,4111:eirm -..„ . ti ---Cd.L. tt.1 ''. 'At• -" •-•.,` 4. 5.14,- OP '-r4 P ,:•-ltriP.;.•-' * . - \gitilii. tt lc .-....SV.P .r:t.--• R••••---• ik":4' 14461 ii. • . ....010, -4 i LVAi'S'L,f -•/•-•i-lifi.,.„to.'''•- ...i. ; . tal.r..„.1.1P„..iti'4...'.. • 'fr.1•7',. • ..- ...• •-•,..11 air.'1. Ft b • lit,pi... .L.-1- - ,-----, lowier„it..!.-fa, i •firw.0 .,..ilit. .• 1 •`••-•• - ---r- • wZ•41‘.&L.L'-' 7-14,-- iii.- -- Nif IlirketteNto, :ri• i 4,Ail AI 42.• -*-•'••• ..--' - . is . .. - • '7..-:414-;.:.--- •if r 44-4111'. .4,/, ..,,,.. 4,.r. .1/2,.• 14175",`" .,,,,,„,,re.,,,Iii•qb.P1!., .4.-.:. jo - .0- ',Vito,-•.• -451.•• • ...44••'.. ' .---• .- ...IV•,. - '.:X.-0,- 44 • *' .. '..... ..,‘.4- [, • -."*1. . Or ..., ,'- • AV.-4' ..-.•mee3.,. .. .... ,...r* _ ark fi'.• - '• Pi- ' - .. Ilimb . 11111 , As.'. 14 •ot; .i'llt I t „,.4-4 . I.T. A itralkolls... ii?. . ,__\74:7444.4ei. . . . _ ...4\ -.....; 4 -40. . -...... . All, .,,,,2!01:He 11.?44N.,4110,.-....,..., .. __,.. . 4 .-:-_.A. , ..1p,... r. 4'v. I. .. . . . A. .... I• - - . • . .41 , o, .,:, - r P6, •. -._ '12101011. ' . ' •r 4 4, ilv. - - 4-•• *"..411. , ' *' • 2... 4 . tV". • , i''' ,"44,..4 ;....-;,..4,•;-.4..,A.. .,......j., ... -i. ....40,4 . ,, .,-..4;446;. -.{4.L.,Ark-../ .) •. . ai"' • '44 . %.. •'-` • •; tik%itill F.* '41A. - \ 71... -DS--1\ it k 7 ilk 1 -4 .*... - I ' k4-4 AV,i'r.•e 0 . i-7.'4,\ . '‘'.•:ret.S-.1 •:'..; 'V- # V . if4a • AT irg Itkr.,.. 4, lir' •• • ..1 I I.e j.,....4•-,...., . .701114'''4p. ,• ...141',i;,;gib, - lIF . . - , • 41,- - ''- 1 °• T1 - 1,.t. .-., . 4.'.-.1.- ..... vr. i N -7'.4 -'-• ', ,1 • 4.11,4 4 ve Atir • h: - . A P ..4' ,,: ''06.;=".•1,. ' -,..!"..5-*. lit1.4 ':. :I, • Vs'f-• 44 ,_:,:_... 400 , . 44 . -w . -• ,2. ‘ . . ..-.,...-N., .k. Abr.iti„1,0,.,.:`,.-., ,1 ..,i-i•olitt• '6 •4. i-' ' --. likt\ ' Iv • Al• 4 . .,._4. ,:, .r.--101.4„- 17.1‘4„,'....i.t. - . i .... .,.. . ,... 101 i / y =Iv. AilrA, - Virt&a:,;..1,,.... :!-41%. . • exift, S..., •1 • \ . -1141% a • i vor *,7,,,,.... 4, 40.1,4,:v.-*••• • , IN, if,,y. - , ,--- •,• e'"' '4.4e.'-..j.?ftirl'•-::- • • %., ,, ,,,,,• • ; • . Ill All 1 r 46 "r4-11°. illY •.. 40.4 .0 - A k Atv.4'. ''.. - ..- ail. ..........., _ Ilib 41,, Nort: lito • , 1 lipp. telre, '''It • ''x lit- ,A,__, f •' ly ,ihok..; . .,4.400Fr"... ..,, :Alii* ii:.'04,,,fsirlq.e. -•04.fr, .lc; , •- .::. .30•P Ai-.. . •.-,,,g,t,. ,..,,r,'-.•4:1.,.!,;' ..'..°. ••'... II ea 741:41,1-'•--' ., _A-5.'0' : :" .',.,..hr•---.....v.i,„":-, s• - w.... .,.. • '. 't...,' , __it .„ .. ...i r• At .., • k•o: .A ' -•' 'Iv ••• 7 . t;rk..'• kg'.tf ''',•'..rillitia.• ,. ,., ' irlit, .......24-.; •---' ,,, i#4,•.• ,c,,ir A415.; v ,.. f rr- '41.3•4,,,-. . • -.. -.T•;•-",..• •q 4rE.. •..it 4. .... .L,;...;..... c'4, ;:,1,. 1.•Ac},...4...:.:-4..i.,.!::- y , 0.• . r•• , .1" 1•..`• ,-'• A. • ••••4.4A. Ni, •- - - ..., jiir. litl.;-- • .. .1.:-•, .,--.- "...NI'• •:'17'...---'.:-_ _.• ...• J d• ''' ' • .\ Guiding Principle 3 Enhance the Quality of Life for all in Lake Oswego Action Action Time Frame* Number Strategy: The quality of life in Lake Oswego is enhanced by the benefits and services provided by the urban forest. 3a Continue to promote an urban forestry stewardship ethic in the community through Ongoing general education events. g g Conduct tree protection workshops targeted at builders, arborists, and other 3b contractors working in the City. Ongoing Maintain status as a Tree City USA and continue to celebrate Arbor Month as a key 3c public outreach period each year for education and encouraging stewardship of Ongoing trees in the City. 3d Continue to celebrate Heritage Trees and provide tree care assistance through the Ongoing Heritage Tree Preservation Grant Program. g g Update educational materials every 3 years to ensure information is aligned with 3e current arboricultural knowledge. Create new stewardship and educational materials Ongoing as needed to address emerging issues. Create a State of the Urban Forest report in conjunction with, or subsequent to, the effective shade analysis, which is generally completed within a year of when new LiDAR data becomes available to align with the availability of regional lidar 3f data and the City's effective shade/canopy cover analysis, resulting in consistent Ongoing measurement of the urban canopy. Communicate the findings to the community along with the importance of tree canopy and effective shade in lowering or stabilizing stream temperatures. 92 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Time Frame* U Number 0 w Q Identify additional incentives for homeowners and builders to preserve trees, to a: 1- 3g ensure that existing trees are given extensive thought in the planning process and Medium term integration into the development plan. 3h Establish an internship program to enhance the urban forestry workforce. Medium term Increase transparency of the tree removal permit process by tracking all applications 3i that are submitted (approved, denied, and withdrawn), as well as required mitigation. Short term Report tree removal permit data to the public annually. 3j Consolidate all tree removal information in one location for clarity. Short term Clearly describe if and when the City may provide tree care assistance to trees 3k on private property. Ensure that tree care limitations are consistent across City Short term departments. Create a tree debris utilization program to utilize debris from management activities and storm damage and to help encourage management activities to reduce fuel 31 Medium term loads, while also retaining carbon sequestration benefits and providing hyperlocal bioresources to the community. Target increasing tree canopy in areas identified in the 2021 Effective Shade Report 3m Medium term by providing education on the value of trees planted in these areas. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 93 Action Action Time Frame* Number Encourage tree planting in riparian areas by providing community education and outreach to connect planting native trees to creating wildlife corridors, stabilizing 3n stream temperatures for salmonids, and the importance to the region. Use the Lake Ongoing Oswego Effective Shade report as a reference. Provide guidelines for private property owners and developers including best 3o management practices for species selection, tree planting, and "right tree, right Ongoing place" to prioritize large-stature, mature trees to support maintaining canopy cover g g percentage. 94 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE • � • i fi. • • ' ■ g L - . • = '� ' ""; • • e ms • • f 4A a.�.: - .01.-,..� _ ._fr'?.. r iT� r t1• ,w_y ..,...„,...... ,...,..0....„4,1V-,...vick.,,t_.....i.?,....-i.--..,.,.!.P:.,...,.....7..c.4-1.e,.7..:.., . � • '\. fie.,-. fi ." y" ":` ,w� ` i-"56.201,• - '"t �, .rc. �:Y�� "''ate. 1 .''f!• 9. y 1.;: i' .c' vi4Lisit, -4'.-:.`.•r..n...:.....:ta.:%.-•'.:'•1..:.i.'..•,--i: " ,..:L: . r... 1 .mow .: ':;,• .r —�.� _ ..,.;c- ---x •• " I, s' r • • r y :. err',_ ,-" .•':4' ..rry.-e i 6^ L ve a"• r-. -_ " - .-. ` . - Aa 1," .F` -'IC": •- 4 "� _ i."..tip '•' r• • .. l .. T� ,. 6' .. 1 C ''�:•..•..i'a:-- '� •iy�.,.. 1 G. , ';..7n .1 - 1 yp j.. ' ' w` i �'' L 1 ~' r•fir' _-'. r } ..h ', •.;�]}^. ` ''Sr atrh Y:' ` i ': . ic ': . -•.1^• .:..� fir. 1 p�.:.V. O+n► F' f /'. '. 'ytyrx 'V- • „�` `f .4y�:•r I•. X•:.�. .?;''- �.�,� k -.t ~l ..' 2. • ' - •'=,.y,w .•, •. , ,. 4,.v ". ,Y-0,� ';!1s.`.: -^ i" '!k- *.Lh.•`-•' =nk •.• i tip_. • rim-- _ :. J►i- +• • _ ' '^ 7 E' ■rA 'i./r.`•,yr.`~ '" • 4'^ �•f fir- / n�C 0' 1` = ,� fir' - 5.. - ';. . : r - ,. N ,:_ .•V .,y , Z%-ter'. 5 . *' " i ti .K_ ,; j' i0 :',�jL..�, {S''' ,'fi�ee .X 'S.•' rc Z •Y.. Jti o • ' i `'•'4r:1 N,'.i?fi• T'., �y2.+'.}',:•'•:-a t'r . I'r..• .,� •. i' fi ` ;�a �: .T bG Sn .+" 5 n .o-�i 5 ` w $ . . yam:..; • .r • L �'` i !lL�r� ..': `' '��i.'v.r "1�'.'Y +/ � 1� .K'- :SCF.•� `r t Guiding Principle 4 A Resilient Urban Forest That Is Postured to Adapt for Climate Change Action Action Time Frame* Number Strategy: The thriving urban forest is resilient to storms, drought, heat, pests, and diseases and contributes to reducing climate impacts. Establish soil volume standards for street trees and parking lots. In areas where soil 4a volume standards cannot be met, use structural soils and other technologies like Medium term suspended pavement systems. 4b Ensure that age classes of trees are sufficiently distributed to ensure environmental Ongoing benefits continue by consistently planting trees every year. g g Implement a scouting program for invasive beetles, such as emerald ash borer and Mediterranean oak borer, to better prevent or intercept a pest that could cause 4c severe damage to the urban forest and to help inform state agency efforts to track Ongoing the movement of these pests. Periodically review the City-recommended tree species list and update it as 4d appropriate with the following attributes: climate resiliency or drought tolerance, Ongoing pest/disease susceptibility, allergen factor, water use, native status, root damage g g potential, and overstory or understory canopy layer. Require street tree planting for all new development and provide guidelines for 4e Medium term mitigation trees planted on site to maintain canopy cover. 96 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z 4 J a Action Action Time Frame* U Number cD w 4 a: Continue to use canopy cover as a success-measuring metric of urban forest goals, 1— tn 4f and target areas with low shade cover to increase equitable shade canopy. Consider Ongoing establishing a 55% canopy cover goal to maintain over time. Treat tree debris collected from storm damage or with known pests with Oregon 4g Department of Agriculture's guidelines prior to using as landscape mulch throughout Ongoing the City. Increase awareness of the Lake Oswego Fire Department's Wildland Urban Interface 4h Home Assessment Program to assist private property owners on ways to reduce fuel Ongoing loads and eliminate the fire's potential relationship with the house. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 97 Guiding Principle 5 An Urban Forest Integrates with the Urban Needs of a City to Include Housing, Infrastructure, Businesses, Schools, and Transportation Action Action Time Frame* Number Strategy: Trees are considered and prioritized in the beginning of the planning process to provide landscaped settings and habitat, maximize environmental benefits, and reduce infrastructure conflicts. Update Lake Oswego Code (LOC) Chapters 50 and 55 per recommendations in 5a Section 4 of the UCFP to be in compliance with Oregon State Regulations to apply Short term clear and objective standards to applications involving housing. 5b Update the Comprehensive Plan's Healthy Ecosystems chapter as described in Medium term Section 4. 5c Update the TMDL Implementation Plan as described in Section 4. Medium term 5d Update the 2020 Sustainability and Climate Action Plan as described in Sections 4. Medium term Consider including analyses and recommendations in future Effective Shade Reports 5e Medium term as described in Section 4. 5f Update the 2022 Stormwater Management Plan as described in Section 4. Medium term 98 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Time Frame* U Number cD w Q Encourage regular meetings between Planning, Parks & Recreation, and Public ce 1- 5g Works Departments to ensure work activities are effectively coordinated and Short term operating as intended. 5h Clarify tree protection policies in sensitive areas such as riparian zones. Short term Strive to ensure tree planting exceeds tree removal performed by all City 5i departments each year. Ongoing A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 99 6 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Z Q IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 0 The Implementation Plan assigns all Strategic Plan actions a timeline, responsible party and or department(s), recommended partners, and the estimated budget to accomplish the work. 2 ONGOING ACTIONS 2 Action Action Responsible Party Recommended - No. Partner(s) Strive to ensure tree planting exceeds tree removal 5i performed by all City departments each year. Parks, PW Planning $$ Create a State of the Urban Forest report in conjunction with, or subsequent to, the effective shade analysis, which is generally completed within a year of when new LiDAR data becomes available to align with the availability of regional lidar data and 3f the City's effective shade/canopy cover analysis, Planning Parks, PW, GIS $$$$ resulting in consistent measurement of the urban canopy. Communicate the findings to the community along with the importance of tree canopy and effective shade in lowering or stabilizing stream temperatures. Increase tree planting budgets to reflect tree planting le City Parks, PW $$$$ goals for existing City plans and documents. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 101 Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost No. Partner(s) Pursue tree planting opportunities through community volunteer events or collaborating PW, Planning, 1c Parks Watershed $$$$ with local organizations to reduce the cost of tree planting. Councils, FOT Implement a scouting program for invasive beetles, such as emerald ash borer and Mediterranean oak borer, to better prevent or intercept a pest that could Planning, 4c cause severe damage to the urban forest and to help Parks OLWC, PW, City $$ inform state agency efforts to track the movement of these pests. Update the City's tree inventories (2b) according to 2c the recommended time frame in Section 2, to PW Planning, Parks $$$$ ensure the City has accurate information on which to base management decisions. Increase funding for the Habitat Enhancement Program (HEP) to support and expand ongoing Parks, 1g City Watershed $$$$ restoration efforts through partnerships between qualified organizations and private land owners. Councils 102 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost z No. Partner(s) O Q Collaborate with the Oswego Lake Watershed Z Council to continue training citizen scientists to g collect tree inventory data voluntarily on private Watershed a 2e properties. Explore mechanisms to analyze private Planning Councils, PW, $$ 2 property inventory data alongside City-managed tree Parks inventory data to understand overall health of the City's entire urban forest. 2m Prioritize planting large-stature trees where possible. PW, Planning, Parks -- $ Conduct tree maintenance workshops targeted at 2r contractors working in the City. Ensure program Planning PW, Parks $ follows ISA best management practices. Continue to promote an urban forestry stewardship 3a ethic in the community through general education Planning Parks $ events. Conduct tree protection workshops targeted at 3b builders, arborists, and other contractors working in Planning PW, Parks $ the City. Maintain status as a Tree City USA and continue to celebrate Arbor Month as a key public outreach 3c Parks City $ period each year for education and encouraging stewardship of trees in the City. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 103 Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost No. Partner(s) Continue to celebrate Heritage Trees and provide 3d tree care assistance through the Heritage Tree Planning City $ Preservation Grant Program. Update educational materials every 3 years to ensure information is aligned with current arboricultural 3e knowledge. Create new stewardship and educational Parks Planning, PW $$ materials as needed to address emerging issues. Encourage tree planting in riparian areas by providing community education and outreach to connect PW, Planning, planting native trees to creating wildlife corridors, 3n Parks Watershed $ stabilizing stream temperatures for salmonids, and the importance to the region. Use the Lake Oswego Councils Effective Shade report as a reference. Provide guidelines for private property owners and developers including best management practices 3o for species selection, tree planting, and "right tree, Planning -- $$ right place" to prioritize large-stature, mature trees to support maintaining canopy cover percentage. Ensure that age classes of trees are sufficiently 4b distributed to ensure environmental benefits continue Parks, PW -- $$ by consistently planting trees every year. 104 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost z No. Partner(s) O Q Continue to use canopy cover as a success- Z measuring metric of urban forest goals, and target g 4f areas with low shade cover to increase equitable Planning Parks, PW, GIS $$ w shade canopy. Consider establishing a canopy cover 2 goal to maintain over time. Increase awareness of the Lake Oswego Fire Department's Wildland Urban Interface Home Fire 4h Assessment Program to assist private property Planning $ Department owners on ways to reduce fuel loads and eliminate the fire's potential relationship with the house. Treat tree debris collected from storm damage or with known pests with Oregon Department of 4g Agriculture's guidelines prior to using as landscape PW, Parks $$ mulch throughout the City. Periodically review the City-recommended tree species list and update it as appropriate with the following attributes: climate resiliency or drought 4d PW, Parks Planning $ tolerance, pest/disease susceptibility, allergen factor, water use, native status, root damage potential, and overstory or understory canopy layer. Notes: PW= Public Works; Parks= Parks& Recreation; City=City council action required; FOT= Friends of Trees Costs: $ Low(0—$25,000); $$ Medium ($25,000—$50,000); $$$ High ($50,000—$100,000); $$$$Very High (>$100,000) A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 105 SHORT-TERM ACTIONS: 1 TO 5 YEARS Action Action Resp• Recomm- No. Partner Clarify ROW tree management responsibilities of City 2q Planning, PW, Parks City $ departments. Develop a budget proposal for consideration during la the next regular budget cycle, based on the findings Planning PW, Parks $ from the Urban and Community Forestry Plan (UCFP). Create an updated GIS layer that delineates 2a categories of developed ROW, developed parks, GIS Parks, PW, undeveloped ROW, and City-owned natural areas to Planning clarify the inventory collection procedures. Complete a 100% inventory of trees in developed City rights-of-way (ROWs), developed City parks, and City- Parks, Planning, 2b owned and managed properties, and a 10% sample PW GIS $$$$ inventory of trees in City-owned natural areas and unimproved ROWs. Standardize establishment care period requirements for City-planted trees. Ensure consistency among all City departments. Create a notification system 2d PW Parks, Planning $ for adjacent property owners who will adopt maintenance responsibilities for City-planted trees after the 3-year establishment period. 106 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost z No. Partner(s) 0 Q Require mitigation trees to be planted for more tree Z removal permit types when there are viable planting g 2o Planning -- $ w areas on site or allow payment into the Tree Fund if J staff determines there is insufficient space to replant. 2 Pursue Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA) and Oregon Department of Forestry (ODF) grant funding lb PW, Parks Planning $ to conduct a tree inventory, create a wood reuse program, and prepare a pest action plan. Align tree practices, such as planting, establishment care, and pruning with ISA BMP Best Management 2i Practices (BMPs) and American National Standards PW Parks, Planning $$ Institute (ANSI) Standards. Ensure that guidelines are followed by City staff and its contractors. Establish guidelines for utilizing the City's existing Parks, PW, Tree Fund for tree planting, care, and maintenance, 1f Planning Watershed $ and a program to support tree giveaways to private property owners. Councils Consolidate all tree removal information in one 3j Planning -- $ location for clarity. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 107 Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost No. Partner(s) Clearly describe if and when the City may provide tree care assistance to trees on private property. 3k Ensure that tree care limitations are consistent across Planning, PW, Parks -- $ City departments. Clarify tree protection policies in sensitive areas such 5h Planning Parks, PW $ as riparian zones. Quantify acreage goals of invasive species removal in Parks, PW, 2n Planning Watershed $ specific open space, parks, or neighborhoods. Councils Increase transparency of the tree removal permit process by tracking all applications that are 3i submitted (approved, denied, and withdrawn), as well Planning -- $ as required mitigation. Update Lake Oswego Code (LOC) Chapters 50 and 55 per recommendations in Section 4 of the UCFP to 5a be in compliance with Oregon State Regulations to Planning -- $$$$ apply clear and objective standards to applications involving housing. Encourage regular meetings between Planning, Parks & Recreation, and Public Works Departments to 5g ensure work activities are effectively coordinated and Parks, Planning, PW -- $ operating as intended. Notes: PW= Public Works; Parks= Parks& Recreation; City=City council action required; Costs: $ Low(0—$25,000); $$ Medium ($25,000—$50,000); $$$ High ($50,000—$100,000); $$$$Very High (>$100,000) 108 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE .L ti S 41 • I f; . • f..1 1. • - ► ,�- . •�f • • , _ , t .. T. iIf.jiet'...410ifr',7,. ....r......---r.'... 4,-- ' iir•er4. -....• -•,-;.•••....44' 4.4„.4•••."-'.• , t•-•,.- k.4.116.,..---...Z_ • • • •1 ,N!....C.1 IJr 4- 1 ! {~ Cry.. r d[ fi.; -t: Y y {. 04 11; ;'T k:v �� is ,�. �. i,. , " , • Mi i f, ii: il,101.1::::::: `11 . •i • tlSI{• ��1• - !1 •.4rC.l: J ,� ,Y.f {f.'/.._.;...1....,.-- 77.' ' 1:3 ,._1,!....13:_-...--:,...-•"...'...t-':'' V. 1: . i •{'A' �. 4.• k'r ! I,,. , IrI•Niy ' 1 .}:. +•'y0g� .'.' .Fa '`�(t_•�ti • }I.•-7' . _ . ..'�',�,+•.'.• r .f }.- r . • • • • :� 4' • '' -� r •r .r: i-ti. Oyu.. ' }t{ } IY - ! • • • ..-._•si'.• '.7;,.....,:Lf„ • ,.,. ., \ :.,.,••••',. '4'''''...^ , '''.;-5'r . .''.;•--1. •:...-6.ii...;.'••-i.,r.--.`- - ."' -.'.',:•• • • •,' '',--'1ti4.-'eLil.-•1 •••rott ' .... thee di. • • ' ; �, �. 11# J j.• L i ,4.' W `3V'�f+ r' .�;•i - .••�._- '+ p - •fir .,'S`.•. -_ .�•: r. '.f.: .. 7. —Sfr �r •. ? Y r ,. i s! ^'` .•dd • il •<' 9Y • � - i ,4. '"-1 it -. • .4're •F• •. � t?' �ti5►' c• X 43 *�{ ''Ir'.f;pi�i...�W~ 4` .1.' n� + i ' r.is -.re•" _ -i. ii• Y` '✓'1 1• .i sly I{ - • •J r f• .y i lxr..•3'•) -.-,. • ;ii .. e: #h, • ~s• '',"',j' .. • - • ¢'• •:f. . F ♦ _ li.., `�'x•+ ;11:- '.'A+ '. a • +•C' ,,fiyrT#',.~ r�ti p'.~ -!r• � .•yam i� rr. 7 ..'S�-y;, �� }� a .� .4 .Y-'F: � ,$,• ��•-.•`:w 'J I>r 1V.• 4;t • • , • 17 • •'4 '� l • ' • •V • .yz. '�; ' :, ;‘R 1 •y. •Y . . + ,. .. '. �,Irt. .�,°. 'A., p lie •r,•y '.t•} _ - - `' ee • L4;', rt•. L -r .i. I: r,! . •• t ' .,- ( .. rF.. ' ...,F '•.. 3 - • a .• ''r,,,;� . yj. ��~!.', '.•'e� jS�' J: .:y.• ti-ti1� IF; ?.._, ..•: �--. ' Ille }•l" L �- - rvt y -�.\ ..w� %• If I• , -:._ .,(..1 rS-.lh,+ +-,.• 1- - ..1r`.' , G rr,. ' + !i �'� {� t r . t; ,•. k, '_, - .ti7 r• .a - :.Y.-'•S I ` - � .r,0 i,.,St;�-- . - ' I . ' try ,. •"� ,�. •.1I.. it 1. F � 4 - .. ; •i"7�''`.r, 17. ..� i _ A .- •+q,• Sp• a .e' J a4F ra �• .: kr�l ) I -' fy • "p A,,,,:5' .•' u1 I . , ' - ✓ -f� ar • x �', f r'r. C. ,•.'i�• } y, •rr• _ r `ems •,S`. •e - ` 1. -.i• �,i`i'=. iii • .lif • ,, ---„, - -4-....q.-:-.-. ..11'Pror, •...,....1..,e, • •.. or .... . .•*- - ..• ' I:z.:7.ti--:::.:,•.4- • y ti i. .,. 4 y,. I �� r .¢ tom; •r .,• rill„' ef .r -• .. ^ C ■. _ - 4F •".5 4:'-^r ti +- •• r • r T ,; .+\ .Y - Jcr; yes.,' ; ,`;y,r` ` :` +' F 7 �f i4 -, r J7 -v ., �y '- �yo,,.+� •. .A + -,'L.� - .'74 r-' •tL�'7' � - , ^ �• ��� • �•J 0. --.f`•1 ••• -]•••• • � �rC ti, r.• Jk._ Wit.i. _ • s r sires"'ti�+ �.. iaY.• 1 •y+ f ,' . .f •4'S�1 ¢ Y �- • r �,Ff} . • • A r • 1 4 . ate.. ' ','' i � f�. 'ij4 _17 ,L• - _y + .t,! -`.. 4 , • •=Jr- . - ' } t_ +• ' - th ' • ' • Fes?.-. 7, .1 ..Y .1: ii. r, . 4 try • r7 ram' �. r Y • �'• r' s: J .} - w� ,i. / - ''"ti • F {. !�r _ •�i o ,i I - r __ -• _ ,Y r' yr , , MEDIUM-TERM ACTIONS: 5 TO 10 YEARS Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost No. Partner(s) Conduct a hazardous tree survey to identify 2f hazardous, dead, or otherwise undesirable street PW, Parks Planning $$$$ trees and along public trails. Limit topping permits to utility companies as much 2p as possible and consider replacing trees using "right Planning -- $ tree, right place" concept. Create a tree risk management program that includes risk assessments every 3 to 5 years of City-managed 2h PW Parks $$$$ trees and trees in directly managed parks and City facilities. 2j Develop a tree replacement program for targeted PW Parks $$$$ ROWs. Implement a formative structural pruning program for 2k young and newly planted trees to mitigate potential Parks -- $$$$ tree structure and safety issues for trees in parks. Identify additional incentives for homeowners and builders to preserve trees, to ensure that existing 3g trees are given extensive thought in the planning Planning -- $ process and integration into the development plan. 110 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J a Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost z No. Partner(s) 0 Q Develop a strategy to increase tree management Z w funds because as the City's trees age they will require g w increased maintenance costs, and the looming arrival a 1d of invasive pests such as emerald ash borer (Agrilus Parks, Planning, PW City $ 2 planipennis) and Mediterranean oak borer (Xyleborus monographus) will require costly removal or treatment programs. As part of the City's budgeting process, consider 2s funding an urban forester position, either through an Parks Planning $$$$ on-call consultant or City staff position, to implement tasks within the strategic plan. Establish an internship program to enhance the urban Planning, PW, 3h Parks Watershed $$$$ forestry workforce. Councils Create a tree debris utilization program that helps Parks, 31 retain carbon sequestration benefits and provides PW Watershed $$$$ hyperlocal bioresources to the community. Councils Target increasing tree canopy in areas identified 3m in the 2021 Effective Shade Report by providing PW Planning, Parks $$$$ education on the value of trees planted in these areas. A LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 111 Action Action Responsible Party Recommended Cost No. Partner(s) Establish soil volume standards for street trees and parking lots. In areas where soil volume standards 4a PW Planning $$ cannot be met, use structural soils and other technologies like suspended pavement systems. Require street tree planting for all new development 4e and provide guidelines for mitigation trees planted on Planning -- $ site to maintain canopy cover. Update the Comprehensive Plan's Healthy 5b Planning City $$ Ecosystems chapter as described in Section 4. Update the TMDL Implementation Plan as described 5c in Section 4. PW City $$ Update the 2020 Sustainability and Climate Action 5d City Manager's Office City $$ Plan as described in Sections 4. Consider including analyses and recommendations 5e in future Effective Shade Reports as described in Planning Parks $ Section 4. Update the 2022 Stormwater Management Plan as 5f described in Section 4. PW City $$ Notes: PW= Public Works; Parks= Parks& Recreation;City=City council action required; Costs: $ Low(0—$25,000); $$ Medium ($25,000—$50,000); $$$ High ($50,000—$100,000); $$$$Very High (>$100,000) 112 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE z Q J A LONG-TERM ACTIONS: 10-PLUS YEARS a z O Action A ction Responsible Party Recommended Q ir No. Partner(s) wz Establish a pruning cycle goal of 5-7 years for all w 2g PW Parks $$$$ City-managed ROW trees. Notes: PW= Public Works; Parks= Parks& Recreation; City=City council action required; Costs: $ Low(0-$25,000); $$ Medium ($25,000-$50,000); $$$ High ($50,000-$100,000); $$$$Very High (>$100,000) PAN ' .c-•- - — _ter- _‘ „Aly a , . _ . - t _ ,�` • LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 113 7 MONITORING PLAN Z MONITORING PLAN Q J d An Urban and Community Forestry Plan is intended to be a living document, that is continually reviewed and updated to meet the emerging Z Fe priorities of the City and challenges it faces, such as shifting environmental or economic conditions. The monitoring plan for the UCFP utilizes p the Community Assessment and Goal-Setting tool (Assessment tool) developed by the Vibrant Cities Lab to measure progress towards ~ Z a sustainable urban forest. The initial evaluation (as pictured below) was completed by City staff and the Consultant team in March 2024. 0 The assessment tool includes 28 questions related to various aspects of urban forest sustainability and asks the user to select the current state and goal state. The current and goal state each have a numerical value and the difference between them is referred to as the "Gap" to sustainability. This tool gives the City a quantifiable method to track progress and reflect improvements in urban forest program efforts. Even though Lake Oswego scored perfect in ten categories and has a higher than the average score compared to other cities, the City should strive to continually improve and should retake the Assessment tool every two years to measure progress towards the sustainability indicators. The full Assessment taken by City staff can be found in Appendix D. FINAL SCORECARD TOTAL CURRENT TOTAL GOAL SCORE GAP COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT & GOAL-SETTING 60 109 49 Section Current Goal Measure Your Current Tree Canopy and Set Goals 4 4 Urban Forest Inventory and Assessment 5 8 Know What's Happening to Trees in Your Community 9 12 Urban Forest Characteristics 3 8 Engaging Peers and Residents in Process 11 16 Creating Essential, Effective Public/Private Partnerships 7 11 Resource Management: Planning 3 12 Resource Management: Implementation 13 24 Resource Management: Monitoring and Maintenance 5 14 LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 115 REFERENCES REFERENCES CITED Andrus, R. A., Chai, R. K., Harvey, B. J., Rodman, K. C., and Veblen, T. T. (2021). "Increasing Rates of Subalpine Tree Mortality Linked to Warmer and Drier Summers." Journal of Ecology, 109(5): 2203-2218. Ball, J., S. Mason, A. Kiesz, D. McCormick, and C. Brown. 2007. "Assessing the Hazard of Emerald Ash Borter and Other Exotic Stressors to Community Forests." Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 33(5): 350-359. Bassuk, N. and Sutton, M. 2012. "Moving Beyond the Natives/Exotics Debate." Urban Habitats 7: March 2012. Chang, M., L. Erikson, K. Araujo, E.N. Asinas, S. Chisholm Hatfield, L.G. Crozier, E. Fleishman, C.S. Greene, E.E. Grossman, C. Luce, J. Paudel, K. Rajagopalan, E. Rasmussen, C. Raymond, J.J. Reyes, and V. Shandas. 2023. Chapter 27, Northwest. In Fifth National Climate Assessment. Crimmins, A.R., C.W. Avery, D.R. Easterling, K.E. Kunkel, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock, eds. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA. https://doi.org/10.7930/NCA5.2023.CH27. City of Lake Oswego. 2007. Lake Oswego Urban and Community Forestry Plan. Accessed online at: https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/sites/default/ files/fileattachments/planning/webpage/12279/urban_forestry_plan_dec07.pdf. City of Lake Oswego. 2009. Lake Oswego's State of the Urban Forest Report. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/ sites/default/files/fileattachments/planning/webpage/12279/state_of_the_urban_forest_report jun09.pdf City of Lake Oswego. 2018. TMDL Implementation Plan 2019-2023. October 31, 2018. Accessed December 21, 2022. https://www.ci.oswego. or.us/WebLink/DocView.aspx?id=1585301&repo=CityOfLakeOswego&cr=1. City of Lake Oswego. 2021. Effective Shade Report. Prepared for Lake Oswego Parks and Recreation. Portland, Oregon: AECOM. December 2022. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/sites/default/files/fileattachments/Effective%20Shade%20Report%20 with%20Appendix%20-%20Dec%202021.pdf. LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 117 City of Lake Oswego. 2022a. State of the Urban Forest Report. December 2022. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/ WebLink/DocView.aspx?id=2169481&repo=CityOfLakeOswego&cr=1. City of Lake Oswego. 2022b. Natural Areas Habitat Management Plan. December 2022. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/sites/default/files/fileattachments/LO_NatAreas_HMP_12.09.2022.pdf. City of Lake Oswego. 2023a. "A Brief History of Our City..." Accessed December 12, 2023. https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/library/brief-history- our-city. City of Lake Oswego. 2023b. "Invasive Tree Species." City of Lake Oswego Planning & Building Department. Accessed December 20, 2023. https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/sites/default/files/fileattachments/trees/webpage/24966/attachment 5 invasive tree species id guide_ lowres_11-3-11.pdf. Donovan, G. H., J. P. Prestemon, D. Gatziolis, Y. L. Michael, A. R. Kaminski, and P. Dadvand. 2022. "The Association Between Tree Planting and Mortality: A Natural Experiment and Cost-Benefit Analysis." Environment International 170, 2022, 107609. https://www.sciencedirect. com/science/article/pii/S0160412022005360?via%3Dihub. Insight, Columbia. 2022. "The Forest Service is Experimenting with Relocating Tree Species to Save Them from Climate Change." Investigate West. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.invw.org/2022/09/15/the-forest-service-is-experimenting-with-relocating-tree- species-to-save-them-from-climate-change/. Kardan, O., P. Gozdyra, B. Misic, F. Moola, L. J. Palmer, T. Paus, and M. G. Berman. 2015. "Neighborhood Greenspace and Health in a Large Urban Center." Scientific Reports 5, 11610. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11610. Kuo, S.C. 2020. "Racial Diversity in Early Oswego: African Americans and Native Americans." Lake Oswego Preservation Society. November 10, 2020. Accessed November 12, 2023. https://lakeoswegopreservationsociety.org/racial-diversity-in-early-oswego-african- americans-native-americans/. 118 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE Leahy, I. 2017. "Why We No Longer Recommend a 40 Percent Urban Tree Canopy Goal." American Forests. January 12, 2027. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.americanforests.org/article/why-we-no-longer-recommend-a-40-percent-urban-tree-canopy-goal/. Lesh, J. 2019. Woody Weeds of Clackamas County. WeedWise Program, Clackamas Soil and Water Conservation District. Oregon City, Oregon. Accessed December 20, 2023. https://weedwise.conservationdistrict.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2019/06/Woody- Weeds-of-Clackamas-County-web-8.5.pdf. McBride, J.R., & Lacan, I. (2018). The impact of climate-change induced temperature increases on the suitability of street tree species in California (USA) cities. Urban Forestry& Urban Greening. Miller, R.H., and R.W. Miller. 1991. "Planting Survival of Selected Tree Taxa." Journal of Arboriculture 17(7): 185-191. Morgenroth, J. et al. "DBH Distributions in America's Urban Forests —An Overview of Structural Diversity." Forests,vol. 11, no. 2, February 2020. https://www.fs.usda.gov/nrs/pubs/jrnl/2020/nrs_2020_morgenroth_001.pdf Nowak, D. J., R. A. Rowntree, E. G. McPherson, S. M. Sisinni, E. R. Kerkmann, and J. C.Stevens. 1996. "Measuring and Analyzing Urban Tree Cover." Landscape and Urban Planning 36 (1): 49-57. ODF and ODA (Oregon Department of Forestry and Oregon Department of Agriculture). 2021. Emerald Ash Borer: Readiness and Response Plan for Oregon. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.oregon.gov/odf/Documents/forestbenefits/eab-readiness-and-response- plan-for-oregon.pdf Oregon Department of Forestry. 2022. Western Oregon State Forests Habitat Conservation Plan. Public Draft. February 2022. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://media.fisheries.noaa.gov/2022-03/wosf-hcp-feb-2022.pdf. Sander, H., S. Polasky, and R. Haight. 2010. "The Value of Urban Tree Cover: A Hedonic Property Price Model in Ramsey and Dakota Counties, Minnesota, USA." Ecological Economics 69:1646-1656. LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE I 119 Santamour, F.S. 1990. Trees For Urban Planting: Diversity, Uniformity, And Common Sense. Proceedings of the 7th Conference of the Metropolitan Tree Improvement Alliance. 7: 57-65. Tilman, D. and J.A. Downing. 1994. "Biodiversity and Stability in Grasslands." Nature 367: 363-365. https://doi.org/10.1038/367363a0. Taylor, M. S., B. W. Wheeler, M. P. White, T. Economou, and N. J. Osborne. 2015. "Research note: Urban street tree density and antidepressant prescription rates—A cross-sectional study in London, UK." Landscape and Urban Planning 136, April 2015: 174-179. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.12.005. Tsai, Wei-Lun, M. R. McHale, V. Jennings, O. Marquet, J. A. Hipp, Yu-Fai Leung, and M. F. Floyd. 2018. "Relationships between Characteristics of Urban Green Land Cover and Mental Health in U.S. Metropolitan Areas." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(2): 340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020340. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008. "Heat Island Reduction Activities." In Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies. Draft. Accessed December 21, 2023. https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2017-05/documents/reducing_urban_heat_islands_ch_6. pdf. Washington DNR 2019. The State of Washington Urban Forest Pest Readiness Playbook. October 2019. Accessed December 21, 2023. https:// invasivespecies.wa.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/UrbanForestPestReadinessPlaybook.pdf. Wolf, K. L. 2020. "City Trees And Property Values." Arborist News 16(4): 34-36. Wolf, K. L., S. T. Lam, J. K. McKeen, G. Richardson, M. Van Den Bosch, and A. C. Bardekjian. 2020. "Urban Trees and Human Health: A Scoping Review." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(12): 4371. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2024. Consumer Price Index Inflation Calculator. https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/cpicalc.pl. 120 I LAKE OSWEGO URBAN &COMMUNITY FORESTRY PLAN UPDATE ...i'w . .11Sigirii. n'ii.-*" . . • - 7:;:kigkr.64.1`Ar 14.1'. ;...N.„ -0,-.,... 7. .. ...Tc•n*:,,.t L••• . -9 •Atr34. 7 ,,}., . - 9•r • 'fir� _ lieki)1714.OM; it ''i. •• .ottltilittf .17'•tiii•-.41.7.0.*- ::. • • y 7 f "IT'. •� t-1 ti j�-.''_''• iL rti. • •, 'ir'rl':'- 0,•y4i ��.f•• 14111! OIL �• - ,l �,,yG k irk .,r.• • . • •., _.C...,k, ' .'-' C., CIL 7 711.••".'...-.'..,•:-%e . .a, -P. e., ,....v:.4. r T L r V#.� v.? -t . ... }k•l' Yii + {5 i +£ '}� FAL.fr' '• ' • L+� I • �1 +' ��-aar. t f •,5 'wl`ryv .. { kY '+M• �R+* f� � � ' ' S r j , Y a F ' J� tip} - -yi,. '4} F' _ - l' 1- -tiY i *ASAIIII.-'v k �� 1 C.ILE •d ,'o }Y }'•' 'r tea- `I r rt. f# ,� ., y7 'f '.}.. • F, +. . Lam. 5 } + Y f, "� f _ -, f ,# `;i- ��'� -96..11+ f' Ilkikft;i • - r +• • '.,-; .` y ,i.' +ti ••',U.'i .• k•. 3:r�4 _ , 5•. l' +ti c..y�'�►, +: - . -,{r '�.1 f ti +4 L�S.� k� •� y am; ... 1 _ • Y r ;� J [51 .* - ! . i ` y�yT •t ,' .tick. -. P'ti 4 1. 7..` i t: ,n i 11_'' rr r -• f.. •-D .y L•. i •'.. y.r �f' F 4 ... r r �y4y! 1. i 1i,(4 y 7• •'4 _ .. +.�.-Y . ' .' {:}' `�' .x ., L. F +j` ;fit _ y S... _• r._a 54 ti + }r ' {i �y�'..�' ' r T ~� -4ia - - . -•isa+ • fir ~ , .... * L. � ' F 4` ,a• � ~ y� a Y!,— . • • • • • a ` R _ - { i f'4'r +'yF'' J�� F'� , '_-tv+�} +F R - ,i �* i • • • ` 4'�•t .' - 7 +.y� #. �.• 5't{ i ., -. :ri' " ' may. + +Y - 4`•1 ,e 1 ti:.. - r • _ t7- P-j4 r. ,r y•- ,• .t - 1 +. r '. .ti __}_. .rye, i. I. -` • - �59x5�.1 1 .- y • ice .' }}�L Irk' ;'r GM1� ilt•a+� _ J �'4 'T - h M. - R • _ T�_ti S �+, T r' }} � r 5 1fi. 1} .. � j' _ f-•#Fo. - ..f r5 - �•'- #d -• Yti. " f,�IF,`.•r # -7 J _ R j+ • �7r� + #F! f 4 ~ice '•'''. ^J K ; ^jj yi��-�r-- _- a i p1. - V. .I •-- r - •# - '74 •'_: 'i J •*f,f - • ri- .*i f, -. r yf'4I' -..•"- �I •..L-. •F. l' •-• '''•1..7ti ,N +'ar f±. ,I ''k '�• `` +.r •=t F4 _ _ 64t a;• 1• f. • / 1. • • }YE I'ir - F ` 'y • r '• �'f11z J' T • - � • { �# ��yy�"ram h TIT.Jig Y ' } , - �*•I 5... k r� } +• �• 4,... M1 t+ -- �•5f �l '•*�r �•y� •-f • 1.,Y5•9. L jr. F' r v, -,, ,il1 + Ib I - ; r ,., ', f{ik. „ - 14.'..• 4. r 4 �p E g,: RGOc� UCFP Update Community Engagement Summary Memo SEPTEMBER 2023 Prepared for: CITY OF LAKE OSWEGO Contact: Jessica Numanoglu Prepared by: DUDEK 92 Lenora Street, Suite 108 Seattle, Washington 98103 Contact:Abby Beissinger A Lin" P 1 1 4 0 re'411.1 ill"I I NV!%it 4_ Printed on 30%post-consumer recycled material. Table of Contents SECTION PAGE NO. 1 Introduction 1 2 Outreach Events 3 2.1 Results 3 3 Focus Groups 9 3.1 Results 10 4 Online Survey 13 4.1 Results 13 5 Key Findings and Recommendations 19 TABLES 1 Where Do We Need More Trees Board Results 3 2 What Do You Love Most About Trees Board Results 4 3 What Threats to Trees are You Most Concerned About Board Results 5 4 Community Brainstorming Activity Responses 6 5 Focus Group Participant Groups 9 6 Percentage of Survey Respondents Who Live or Work in Lake Oswego 13 7 Demographics of Survey Respondents Compared to Demographics of the City of Lake Oswego 14 EXHIBITS A Where Do We Need More Trees? Board Results 3 B What Do You Love Most About Trees Board Results 4 C What Threats to Trees Are You Most Concerned About? 5 D Outreach Event at the Lake Oswego Farmers Market. 7 E Level of Agreement with Tree Code 16 F Type of Tree Permit 17 G Responses for Permit Interaction 17 H Highest Priority Benefit that Trees Provide 18 I Threats to Trees within your Neighborhood 18 APPENDIX A Complete Survey Results D U D E K 15267 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK D U D E K 15267 SEPTEMBER 2023 ii 1 Introduction Meaningful community engagement is essential to developing a UCFP that reflects the goals, needs, and priorities of the entire City's community. During the UCFP development process,the City and the consultant team conducted community engagement activities to better understand the views community members hold about trees in Lake Oswego and how these perceptions affect the City's urban forest. A series of in-person and virtual outreach events helped determine the core values in Lake Oswego. The engagement strategy included the following activities: • Public tree survey that was circulated online and in-person (582 responses) • Tabling booth at the Luscher Farm's Pollinator Celebration event with education materials, interactive boards, and other urban forestry resources • Tabling booth at the Lake Oswego Farmers Market with similar educational materials, interactive boards, and resources • Online outreach through the City's social media channels and networks (Website, E-newsletter, social media, and Next Door) • Eight Focus Group meetings consisting of community members, commission members, nonprofits, and other interested parties to understand local priorities and concerns about the urban forest l> Y t 4.4 y.�4 - V.',, & RECR�.aT1� - -_ mtf . room, --M, '% NA, ..... me , m..„..‘, I y .;.-.,._:.t.,-- --" ' •a'' -1'' —*.itV ,-'.4‘4A1-kr. TrAts'"N.. '.. =it-Airircrki - '11— :;:vi x D U D E K 15267 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK D U D E K 15267 2 SEPTEMBER 2023 2 Outreach Events The planning team hosted two community outreach events for the Urban and Community Forestry Plan update.The first event was held at the Luscher Farm's Pollinator Celebration event on June 22nd, 2023. This event included various educational booths, kids' activities, and live music. Approximately 100 community members were reached and discussed the benefits of trees, where tress should be planted, the biggest threats to trees, and their desires for the future of the urban forest. The second outreach event was held on August 12th, 2023, at the Lake Oswego Farmers Market, located at Millenium Plaza City Park. Approximately 150 community members were reached at this event. Both events used multiple interactive boards and open dialogue to gain insight into community values and beliefs surrounding the urban forest in Lake Oswego. Many individuals provided personal experiences involving the tree code, their frustrations with tree removal permits, or why they appreciate the urban forest. Results from both events were combined and discussed in the following section. 2. 1 Results Where do we need more trees? The first activity instructed participants to place a pin on the category where Lake Oswego needed more trees (Table 1, Exhibit A). Of the total responses, the top three categories were schools (15.9%), parking lots (14%), and a tie between apartment communities and biking/walking paths(12.2%each).Additional options were included on post it notes by participants,including"all of the above",disadvantaged communities,and along I-5.One participant mentioned that Lake Oswego did not need anymore trees. Table 1. Where Do We Need More Exhibit A.Where Do We Need More Trees? Trees Board Results Board Results # of lwiersmammiw Category Responses Percentage Schools 26 15.9% Parking Lots 23 14% gMERENOWE NEED MOPE TREES? Apartment 20 12.2% Communities Biking& 20 12.2% - " . Walking Paths 3 _. "„ ." 1). • • I Sidewalks 19 11.6% -) . Front& Back 17 10.4% "°" Yards Retail Areas 14 8.5% I R Parks 14 8.5% IP " Transit Stops 11 6.7% ® ,,,� Total 164 100% 111 V15. MI III DU D E K 15267 3 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO What Do You Love Most about Trees? The second activity instructed participants to place a pin on a board of what they love most about trees (Table 2, Exhibit B). Of the total responses, the top three categories included a tie between wildlife habitat and cleaner air (21.6%), and shade (18.3%). Additional options were included on post it notes by participants including five participants said, "all of the above," cooling, and climbing. Table 2. What Do You Love Most Exhibit B.What Do You Love Most About Trees about Trees Board Results Board Results # of Category Responses Percentage - " Wildlife Habitat 33 21.6% Cleaner Air 33 21.6% Shade 28 18.3% MT no TO LOVE MOST ABOUT TOWS? Beauty 17 11.1% c:'hwB Alh • =, Healthier 16 10.5% Communities �^ P • " Rainwater 10 6.5% Capture " 4 W.AD Food 6 3.9% Connecting 5 3.3% h,w„ with Neighbors . ` NFHINIEN • • � CONNNNIIli3 Energy savings 5 3.3% �y ` • E� tiWWIEJ Total 153 100% CNIIhECIM . WI TOVIA160AC r D U D E K 15267 4 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO What Threats to Trees are You Most Concerned About? The third activity instructed participants to place a pin on which threat to trees are the most concerning in Lake Oswego (Table 3, Exhibit C). Of the total responses, the top three categories were removal for property development(25.9%), increased temperature (15.5%), and wildfire (13.8%). Exhibit C.What Threats to Trees Are You Most Concerned About Board Results Table 3. What Threats to Trees are You Most Concerned About . Board Results WKATTHREATS TO TREES ARE YOU MOST CONCERNED ABOUT? # of Category Responses Percentage Removal for 45 25.9% , 7:1 I Property i164 . .s.F "" )!. . Development =' 6H1 ' Increased 27 15.5% "' .) • Temperature ``v ^ `' Wildfire 24 13.8% � rr � �j Drought 23 13.2% ° ,� [O EAN w, 6.� Invasive Plant 23 13.2% �r Species .11 Pests& 17 9.8% Disease ` "' Ice Storms 15 8.6%Total 174 100% D U D E K 15267 5 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Community Brainstorming Participants were asked a series of questions about tree management, planting, maintenance, and the role of the City with tree protection. Participants wrote responses on post-its and added them to a poster board (Exhibit D). A summary of responses is presented in Table 4. Responses mentioned by more than one participant are denoted with a parenthesis. Table 4. Community Brainstorming Activity Responses If you have trees on How can he help How can we plant more your property, how do preserve, maintain, What role should the trees on non-City- you provide care and and protect tees in City play in protecting owned property? maintenance for them? Lake Oswego? the urban forest? • Provide education on • Trim trees as they • Make the process to • Have a minimum the importance of grow close to removing requirement for the trees for carbon buildings(3) "dangerous"trees number of trees per capture • Deep water during easier acre • Replace tree as dry spells (6) • Limit developer • Provide tax breaks for needed and thin for • Eliminate invasives funding of council people with a high view corridors like ivy campaigns percentage of tree • Work with Friends of • Utilize arborists for • Revise the building cover on of their land Trees consultation (3) code to enforce tree and tax increases for • Preserve the natural • Utilize mulch and protection those who have a low beauty while also compost • Provide education on percentage of tree optimizing fire safety • Proper irrigation the benefits of trees, cover • Work with the systems (2) proper tree care, and • Utilize shade Oswego Lake • Utilize City run debris backyard habitats(6) producing trees in Watershed Council to drop off after ice • Improve replacement reach out to property storms management of • Understand the owners about • Plant low water existing trees ecological impacts of planting trees(2) plants when irrigation • Remove vegetation tree removal • Tree-related systems are not that poses fire risk including erosion and incentives at feasible • Offer incentives for other watershed community events homeowners and impacts • Work with Oregon developers to save • Prioritize protection Dept. of mature trees(2) of old-growth trees Transportation to • Build developments that sequester more plant trees along around trees to limit carbon transportation clear cuts (2) • Place trees in parks, corridors • Encourage public areas, and • Work with underground utilities commercial strips neighborhood • Make it harder and • Utilize effective associations to more expensive to planning and survey homeowners cut down trees landscaping code who have room for • Incentivize mitigation requirements additional trees, and requirements related • Provide education on pick from an to tree removal tree maintenance approved tree list and care (4) with assistance from the City on planting and maintenance D U D E K 15267 6 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Table 4. Community Brainstorming Activity Responses If you have trees on How can he help How can we plant more your property, how do preserve, maintain, What role should the trees on non-City- you provide care and and protect tees in City play in protecting owned property? maintenance for them? Lake Oswego? the urban forest? ■ Provide a free native • Update the tree program with development code to incentives sponsored incorporate tree by the City and preservation with connect people with development(3) volunteers to teach • Ensure proper tree maintenance (3) amounts of water and nutrients are provided to trees • Recommend appropriate trees for specific locations • Control and eliminate invasives Exhibit D. Outreach Event at the Lake Oswego Farmers Market. a it `� � d� fgT_7� I s` O®C1L a® . j_. . a T = ciao, _ s _.,... _ t ad _ , ( $ `'sat 4-1 an linew ,_IL_•=- Vi c -_ - ; 1 t Vile kii D U D E K 15267 7 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK D U D E K 15267 8 SEPTEMBER 2023 3 Focus Groups Eight focus group sessions were held between July 2Oth and August 1st, 2023, to elicit meaningful discussion and feedback from identified participant groups on the Lake Oswego UCFP update. The focus groups were organized into themed interest groups to better understand community organizations and agencies' opinions, perceptions, and considerations about the City's urban forest(Table 5). Each virtual meeting lasted approximately one hour and began with a short presentation introducing the UCF. The majority of each Focus Group session was spent collaborating on a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) exercise about the urban forest. Strengths and weaknesses reflected what was within the City's control,whereas opportunities and threats reflected external forces affecting the urban forest. Participants shared their thoughts verbally and in the Zoom meeting chat, and their comments were transcribed and tabulated for further analysis. To spur conversation, participants were prompted to consider the following questions in advance of the Focus Group session: • What role do you believe the City should play in protecting the urban forest? • How can we help preserve, maintain, and protect trees in Lake Oswego? • How can we plant more trees on non-City-owned property? Table 5. Focus Group Participant Groups Focus Group #/ Theme Participant groups 1-City Council/Commissions • City Councilors • Planning Commission Members • Development Review Commission Members 2-Arborists, Fire, &WUI • Local arborists • Firewise programs • Oregon State Fire Marshall Offices • Oregon Dept of Forestry • PGE Forester 3-Sustainability • Sustainability Advisory Board Members • Lake Oswego Sustainability Network 4-Neighborhoods • Neighborhood Chairs committee • Lake Oswego Neighborhood Associations • Homeowners Associations(Lake Corporation, Mountain Park, etc.) 5-Neighborhoods • Neighborhood Chairs committee • Lake Oswego Neighborhood Associations • Homeowners Associations (Lake Corporation, Mountain Park, etc.) 6-Natural environment • Backyard Habitat Program (Friends of Tryon Creek) • Lake Oswego Friends Groups(Parks Volunteers) • Watershed Councils (Oswego Lake WC,Tryon Creek WC,Tualatin River WC, Willamette Riverkeepers) 7-Parks& Education • Urban Forest committees • Schools/youth green teams • Parks and Natural Resources Advisory Board Members 8-Business and development • Businesses(Lake Oswego Chamber of Commerce, Lake Grove Business Association) D U D E K 15267 9 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Table 5. Focus Group Participant Groups Focus Group #/ Theme Participant groups ■ Building Industry(Home Builders Association-Metro Portland, and HBA local members) 3.1 Results Among the eight Focus Group sessions, 214 comments were recorded, and 25 of these comments were repeated by multiple focus groups. This section includes a summary of the comments that were discussed across all focus groups, and are categorized by the strengths, opportunities, weaknesses, and threats of the City's urban forest. In addition, specific themes that were repeatedly heard in multiple focus groups are highlighted, and the groups that mentioned the comments are included in parentheticals. Strengths All groups mentioned that the Lake Oswego community loves trees. Community members are involved in canopy preservation and believe it is important to maintain a healthy tree stock and canopy cover. Many groups mentioned the strengths of the Oswego Lake Watershed Council and Lake Oswego Sustainability Network, and associated community partnerships.There are several groups of individuals who work on behalf of the urban forest by providing informational workshops, outreach, and best management information to the public. Common themes across groups • The community should work to increase the total tree canopy cover in Lake Oswego (Sustainability, Arborists, Fire &WUI, Council/Commissions, Natural Resources) • Citizens are concerned, involved, and dedicated to the urban forest(Sustainability, Council/Commissions, Parks& Education) • The Tree Code and other ordinances work well for various purposes (Sustainability, Arborists, Fire&WUI) • The Heritage Trees program does a good job at protecting protects significant trees in the City (Sustainability, Neighborhoods Group 2) • Public and private partnerships are frequently leveraged to ensure proper management of the urban forest (Sustainability, Neighborhood Group 1) Weaknesses Many focus groups centered the weaknesses of the City's urban forest on the City's Tree Code. Participants mentioned a general frustration about how the Tree Code,tree permitting process, and associated ordinances are applied or implemented. Participants noted a general lack of clarity around interpretation of the Tree Code and wished that clarification could reduce improper or illegal tree removal. They believed making the code more transparent, easily digestible, and educational would increase the number of trees in the area and improve tree maintenance and protection. Participants agreed that management and multi-department coordination needed improvement, as having all involved parties on the same page allows a more efficient and comprehensive forest management strategy. D U D E K 15267 10 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Some participants thought the Tree Code should have better preservation for trees, and that the Tree Code should explain the benefits that trees provide to homes. Several participants also felt the City should prioritize tree maintenance on larger more established trees, because these trees contribute more benefits to the community, such as carbon sequestration and canopy cover, when compared to small trees. Common themes across groups • Removal permit fees are too low for taking out trees,especially large trees(Sustainability, Neighborhood group 2) • The Tree Code is applied differently to individuals and developers(Neighborhood group 1, Neighborhood group 2) • The Tree code is too ambiguous, and can result in loopholes when exploring alternate options for tree removal (also noted as an opportunity, Neighborhood group 2, Development & Business, Council/ Commissions, Natural Resources) Opportunities Participants described increasing education surrounding tree care, preservation, proper tree removal,tree benefits, and various City tree-related resources as opportunities to better manage the urban forest. Partnering with nonprofits and working with groups such as Backyard Habitat could provide individuals with the proper support and education to care for and maintain trees and vegetation. In addition, participants voiced a desire to manage the urban forest as a system, rather than on an individual tree-by-tree basis. To achieve this, recommendations from participants included setting an ultimate canopy cover goal to shift the focus from individual trees, and to focus mitigation trees in low canopy areas. Participants believed that to protect and enhance the entire urban forest, a broad view needs to be established to ensure the forest is uniformly progressing. Lastly, participants voiced that this canopy view would help support mindful development including infill and affordable housing. Common themes across groups • Lake Oswego should promote climate resilient trees and species (Sustainability, Arborists, Fire & WUI, Council/Commissions) • The City should provide incentives and update code for large tree management and protection (Neighborhood group 1, Neighborhood group 2, Council/Commissions) • Lake Oswego should utilize the "Right tree, right place program" for long term mitigation (Development & Business, Parks & Education, Council/Commissions) • Lake Oswego needs to diversify the trees in the urban forest to combat a declining number of species and biodiversity collapse(also noted as a threat,Arborists, Fire&WUI,Council/Commissions, Neighborhoods group 1) • Mitigate the risks of fire with options such as hardscape design (also noted as a threat, Sustainability, Natural Resources, Council/Commissions) Threats Many of the focus groups noted that the biggest threats to the urban forest came from development.These threats included conflict between trees and development or existing infrastructure development standards. The way that development threatened trees differed among groups.Some groups thought that new development maximizing lot coverage and density standards were a key threat to the urban forest, whereas other focus groups felt that uncertainty and conflicts with lot coverage,setbacks, and other City standards made development in the City more D U D E K 15267 11 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO uncertain and costly. Lastly, participants voiced concern for the natural environment as a threat in general, addressing yard culture in the area and associated pesticide use, loss of critical habitat, poor management of streamlined trees, and erosion problems. Common themes across groups • Climate change will have negative effects on the urban forest (Sustainability, Parks & Education, Council/Commissions, Neighborhood group 2, Natural Resources) • Home pesticide use may contribute to degradation of local ecosystems and the natural environment (Sustainability, Neighborhood group 1) • There is a conflict between tree maintenance, removal, and a desire for a view (Sustainability, Council/Commissions) • Utilize native climate resilient trees in Lake Oswego, especially in replacement (also noted as an opportunity, Arborists, Fire&WUI, Neighborhood group 1) • The community lacks hazard awareness for fire or ice storms(also noted as an opportunity, Neighborhood group 1, Parks and Education) D U D E K 15267 12 SEPTEMBER 2023 4 Online Survey An online survey was created to understand the public's perception of the City's urban forest, and to offer a space for public feedback as the City develops its UFMP.The 22-question survey was open between June 2023 and August 2023, and was distributed through various City social media outlets, outreach events, neighborhood association meetings and communications sent by City staff. Major themes of the survey questions included the attitudes and feelings respondents have towards trees as a City asset, willingness to support the City's tree planting efforts and policies to protect trees, and opinions on the vision statement for the UCFP. A complete list of all responses is included in Attachment A. 4. 1 Results Respondent demographics In total, 582 survey responses were recorded. Of the respondents, 88%(511) live in Lake Oswego, 27%(160)work in Lake Oswego, 2%(10) neither live nor work in Lake Oswego and 49 skipped the question (Table 6).The top two neighborhoods that responded were Palisades(11%)and Lake Grove(9%).Table 7 highlights other relevant survey respondent demographics, and how they compare to US Census Bureau data. Survey respondents are skewed towards are older (65% of respondents are 55+ years old vs. 35%), homeowners (84% respondents vs. 71% census), and college degree holders (89% respondents vs 73%census). It is important to note that the opinions of renters, multifamily homeowners, non-college degree holders, and younger community members are less likely to be represented in this survey. Table 6. Percentage of Survey Respondent Who Live or Work in Lake Oswego Neighborhood Percent of Respondents Live in Lake Oswego 88% Neither live nor work in Lake Oswego 2% Respondents by Neighborhood Palisades 10.50% Lake Grove 8.78% Forest Highlands 8.21% First Addition- Forest Hills 7.63% Mountain Park 6.68% Evergreen 6.49% Bryant 5.53% Lake Forest 5.53% Blue Heron 5.34% Uplands 4.96% McVey-South Shore 4.01% Hallinan 2.86% Waluga 2.48% Lakeview Summit 2.29% D U D E K 15267 13 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Table 6. Percentage of Survey Respondent Who Live or Work in Lake Oswego Neighborhood Percent of Respondents Oak Creek 2.29% Rosewood 2.10% Westlake 2.10% Westridge 2.10% Foothills 1.34% I do not live in Lake Oswego 1.34% Lakewood 1.34% North Shore Country Club 1.34% Marylhurst 1.15% Glenmore 0.76% Holly Orchard 0.76% Childs 0.57% Not sure 0.57% Old Town 0.38% Birdshill 0.19% John's Woods 0.19% Skylands 0.19% Source: Lake Oswego Urban Tree Public Survey 2023 Table 7. Demographics of Survey Respondents Compared to Demographics of the City of Lake Oswego U.S. Census Demographics of Category Demographics of Survey Respondents City of Lake Oswego 2022 Ethnicity African American or Black 0.4% African American or 0.8% Black American Indian 1.7% American Indian 0.6% Asian 3.9% Asian 8.4% Hispanic, Latinx, or 2.1% Hispanic, Latinx, or 5.5% Spanish origin Spanish origin Native Hawaiian or Pacific 0.4% Native Hawaiian or 0.5% Islander Pacific Islander White or Caucasian 77.7% White or Caucasian 79.7% Prefer not to say 16.5% Prefer not to say N/A Age Under 18 1% Under 18 22% 18-24 1% 18-24 5% 25-34 3% 25-34 9% 35-44 15% 35-54 28% 45-54 17% 55-64 23% 55-64 14% 65+ 42% 65+ 21% Housing Type Single family home 86% Single Family Home 71% D U D E K 15267 14 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Table 7. Demographics of Survey Respondents Compared to Demographics of the City of Lake Oswego U.S. Census Demographics of Category Demographics of Survey Respondents City of Lake Oswego 2022 Apartment/Duplex/Condo 4% 29% Condo/Duplex 6% Multi-unit Town house 4% Housing Status Homeowner 84% Homeowner 71% Renter 5% Renter 29% Living with others, 1% assisting with payments N/A Living with others, not 1% paying Education Graduate degree 52.2% Graduate degree 33% Bachelor's degree 36.6% Bachelor's Degree 40% Some college but no 5.3% 20% degree Some College Associate degree 4.4% No high school diploma 0.8% No degree 1% High school diploma or 0.8% High School diploma 6% equivalent(e.g., GED) Source:U.S.Census 2022;Census Reporter 2022;Lake Oswego Public Tree Survey 2023* Results Overview Vision Statement Four hundred and sixty-eight respondents provided written comments that suggested full vision statements,vision statement fragments,or ideas to consider describing their ideal vision for Lake Oswego's urban forest for the 2024 UCFP.Comments were categorized according to themes, and the most discussed topics included tree preservation (42%), stopping development (25%), and climate change (11%). Within the tree preservation category, strengthening the tree ordinance increasing maintenance activities, and holding property owners and developers accountable for removals were frequently mentioned.Within the halting development category, comments focused on the amount of development in the City and the perception that it is easy for a tree removal permit submitted by a developer to be approved. Within the climate change category, the concern for the number of trees appearing unhealthy or dead,the recent increase in temperatures, and the desire for more shade was frequently mentioned. While these three categories were the most mentioned, ecosystem services and an ecosystem approach, as well as considerations for wildlife were mentioned as well. Based solely on community feedback,the following Vision Statement is offered for consideration. The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a well maintained, protected, and sustainable forest ecosystem that is a dominant mitigator against climate change and contributes to Lake Oswego's thriving community now and into the future. D U D E K 15267 15 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Tree Code Respondents were asked a series of questions about their interaction with the Tree Code. Notably, 50% of all respondents either disagreed or strongly disagreed that the City was effective at preserving trees in Lake Oswego. 50%of respondents said they disagree or strongly disagree,with 26%agree or strongly agree that the LO Tree Code is effective at protected and preserving trees (Exhibit E). Exhibit E. Level of Agreement with Tree Code Level of Agreement with "I think Lake Oswego's Tree Code is effective at protecting and preserving trees." 30% 25% 20% - 15% - 10% 5% 0% Strongly Agree Agree Neither Agree Disagree Strongly I have no I'm not sure nor Disagree Disagree experience with the Tree Code Of the respondents,50%had applied for a tree removal permit,while 50%had not applied for a tree removal permit. Of those 50%that had submitted a permit application, 48%submitted for a hazard tree removal permit, 29%for a Type II removal permit, and 24% for a Type I removal permit (Exhibit F). Approximately 33% agreed the permit application was easy to understand, 40% thought the process was easy to understand but had some questions, 10% were confused by the permit application, required documents, and the process, and 8% stated an arborist company handled the paperwork (Exhibit G). D U D E K 15267 16 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Exhibit F.Type of Tree Permit What type of tree removal permit were you seeking? 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Type I Type II Hazard Tree Exhibit G. Responses for Permit Interaction How would you rate the removal permit application process? 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% The removal permit was easy I had some questions,but I was confused by the removal Contractor Prepaired to understand generally understood permit application Application When asked for comments about the permit process, many comments (17%) highlighted the perception that developers seemed to be exempt from the application process or that the City used a different standard than individual homeowners.Additional concerns centered on the neighbor review process(that allowed a review period for neighbors to object and halt the process of the owner removing their tree) and the general theme of private property rights versus governmental oversight, and how residents can interact with their trees on their property. Benefits and Threats to the Urban Forest When asked the most important benefits that trees provide to the community, the top three answers were shade and cooling, improving the environment, and habitat for wildlife (15%, 15%, 14%, respectively; Exhibit I). Respondents were asked about the threats they perceive affecting their urban forest. Removals due to development, increased temperature, and invasive species being the top three (21%, 16%, and 15% respectively). D U D E K 15267 17 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO Exhibit H. Highest Priority Benefit that Trees Provide Select the Most Important Benefit that Trees Provide in your Neighborhood 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% i Shade/cooling Improving the Habitat for Aesthetics or Carbon storage Protecting Living privacy Improving environment wildlife appearance to mitigate for human health screen/natural property value climate change fence Exhibit I.Threats to Trees within your Neighborhood Select the Threats Facing Trees in your Neighborhood 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% i Removal due to Increased Invasive plant Drought Ice storms Pests and Wildfire Other(please property temperature species diseases specify) development D U D E K 15267 18 SEPTEMBER 2023 5 Key Findings and Recommendations 1. The Lake Oswego community is active, engaged, and vocal about their desire for tree preservation in the City. The results from all activities showed that the community cares about, and has a love for, the City's trees. They believe trees contribute to community character, and that they should be protected, managed, and maintained for the future. They generally view trees in public spaces as being in fair or good condition and recognize the importance of increasing community education about proper tree maintenance, benefits of trees, and City tree-related educational resources as opportunities to better manage the urban forest. During the implementation phase of the UCFP,it will be critical to continue outreach to community members to inform them of the strategic plan,the ways they can contribute to the overall strategic goals and actions and provide feedback to ensure that diverse perspectives are heard and valued. 2. The Tree Code and the way it is applied results in contentious issues throughout the City. Community member responses from outreach events, focus groups, and the survey repeatedly mentioned that they do not think the Tree Code is effective at preserving trees,that the biggest threat to the urban forest in the City is development,and that developers are treated differently and almost always granted a permit for tree removal. Developers and arborists expressed challenges with the Tree Code as well, expressing that the process can be difficult to understand,too ambiguous,and can result in loopholes or made needed development in the City more uncertain and costly. These opinions illuminate the need for the City to increase transparency in the ways it grants tree removal permits, including tracking all removal permits that are submitted, approved, or denied. Additionally, Oregon Revised Statute(ORS) 197.307(4)will require the City to adopt and apply clear and objective standards, conditions,and procedures regulating the development of"needed housing,"to ensure that the City does not use discretionary or subjective criteria to deny housing projects or discourage housing through unreasonable cost or delay. When the City makes required updates to the Tree Code, significant outreach and engagement will be needed to ensure the community understands the ways this statute will impact trees in the City. 3. The community places a high importance on managing the urban forest as an ecological system rather than on an individual per-tree basis. The City's forested natural areas contributes to its high canopy cover There is a concern that by design, the Tree Code only makes decisions on a lot-by-lot basis, which could contribute to overall canopy loss in neighborhoods if canopy cover is not monitored.The City could consider an ultimate canopy cover goal for the entire City and neighborhoods to shift the focus from individual trees, and to focus mitigation trees in lower canopy areas. 4. The survey provided the community with the first opportunity to write the vision statement for the 2024 UCFP. The vision statement prioritizes tree preservation into the future and discusses the need for sustainability and climate considerations when managing the urban forest. A UCFP is more likely to be implemented when it reflects the needs and priorities of the community. City staff,Technical Advisory Committee, elected officials, and other interested parties will have additional opportunities to further refine the UCFP's vision statement. 5. The community is concerned about climate change and its effects on the urban forest. Climate change and its effects on the urban forest emerged as a common theme across all outreach activities. Many individuals involved with the planning process voiced their concern on the impact of climate change and how they could personally work to combat its effects, including increased heat, drought, wildfire threats, ice storms, and invasive plants, pests, and pathogens. Climate change and its impacts will need to be considered in all aspects of the UCFP, including management practices,tree code,funding, canopy cover, D U D E K 15267 19 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO and other topics. Climate change and the way that the City prioritizes sustainable management actions may emerge as a unifier among groups that share differing opinions. D U D E K 15267 20 SEPTEMBER 2023 UCFP UPDATE/COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT SUMMARY MEMO INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK D U D E K 15267 21 SEPTEMBER 2023 Appendix A Complete Survey Results Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q1 Of the following options, select the most important benefits that trees provide in your neighborhood (select all that apply). Answered: 580 Skipped: 2 Improving the environment... Shade/cooling neighborhood... Protecting human health... Aesthetics or appearance Improving property value Habitat for wildlife Carbon storage to mitigate... Living privacy screen/natur... Other(please■ specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Improving the environment (such as air quality, water pollution) 84.31% 489 Shade/cooling neighborhoods and homes 85.86% 498 Protecting human health (physical and mental) 61.55% 357 Aesthetics or appearance 71.03% 412 Improving property value 46.03% 267 Habitat for wildlife 79.83% 463 Carbon storage to mitigate for climate change 66.72% 387 Living privacy screen/natural fence 60.86% 353 Other(please specify) 7.93% 46 Total Respondents: 580 OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 / 86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 1 All of the above 8/21/2023 10:04 AM 2 As a retired Principal for Windermere, trees def. a big plus for property value! 8/21/2023 7:15 AM 3 These are all important!! 8/20/2023 9:49 PM 4 "We never could design a building as beautiful as the trees."—Portland Architect Pietro 8/20/2023 6:23 PM Belluschi 5 Soil stability 8/20/2023 2:33 PM 6 Natural noise barriers 8/19/2023 7:27 PM 7 So many benefits to prioritizing our trees! 8/19/2023 7:58 AM 8 Trees do ALL of the above. I'm glad the city understands this. 8/19/2023 7:10 AM 9 all of the above 8/17/2023 11:58 AM 10 good for hugs 8/12/2023 1:40 PM 11 Noise buffer 8/12/2023 12:23 PM 12 All of the above 8/1/2023 11:26 AM 13 Sound and wind buffer, great sounds of wind through the trees, retaining trees on east, west 8/1/2023 10:49 AM and north sides but only low trees south side enables enough sun for rooftop solar---my system the equivalent of 415 trees so allow removable south side to get MUCH MORE TREES CO2 removal equivalent from solar m solar 14 Surface water mitigation 7/31/2023 10:36 PM 15 Trees do a lot to dampen sound and also to absorb excess rain 7/31/2023 5:17 PM 16 Cultural/Spiritual/Community Connection 7/31/2023 1:29 PM 17 Trees make our neighborhood stand out from the areas w/less trees. 7/25/2023 12:52 PM 18 Stormwater management, historical value, neighborhood character, wind break 7/23/2023 11:59 AM 19 Wind screen to slow or break ups high winds 7/22/2023 9:29 PM 20 Allow children to see what trees can bring such as fruit.nuts and other edible offerings 7/21/2023 9:22 AM 21 Property values are secondary to all others. 7/20/2023 8:22 PM 22 Stormwater mitigation 7/18/2023 7:27 PM 23 Preserving history 7/16/2023 3:40 PM 24 reduce flooding 7/15/2023 5:34 PM 25 For pathways 7/14/2023 3:06 PM 26 Provides a life-affirming connection to nature. 7/12/2023 4:25 PM 27 Summer Blooms for Bees in landscapes is an awesome public goal. 7/11/2023 1:05 PM 28 Privacy, noise mitigation, soil retention, water management 7/10/2023 10:27 PM 29 Wind protection, fun for kids to climb or play in (treehouses) 7/10/2023 4:42 PM 30 Protecting sloping environments from erosion 7/8/2023 4:52 PM 31 Trees are a critical component in our rich ecological intertwined environment. From the strands 7/7/2023 1:34 PM of fungus that help them communicate to the leaves at the top that provide our lungs with needed oxygen and that provide birds and other animals with protections, homes, and shelter trees are essential! 32 They've been around for longer than most of us. Respect them 7/7/2023 12:02 AM 33 A lot with mature trees provides a sense of serenity 7/6/2023 6:15 PM 34 Of the seven checked, the top 3 on my list are carbon storage, aesthetics, and protecting 7/6/2023 5:18 PM 2 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey human mental health 35 Too many to count! 7/6/2023 2:23 PM 36 Lowering heat index 7/6/2023 8:58 AM 37 All the above! Also helps reduce un natural sound such as vehicles, trains, machinary 7/5/2023 10:31 PM 38 Trees keep each other alive and should be considered as one when very close together. 7/5/2023 5:00 PM 39 Some are irreplaceable! 7/5/2023 10:37 AM 40 it is not just one of these items. multiple benefits!!! 7/5/2023 10:02 AM 41 Noise buffering 7/5/2023 8:40 AM 42 Protecting environmental future with irreplaceable large trees 7/1/2023 4:26 AM 43 general community wellness 6/28/2023 9:42 AM 44 Increasing the value of private property 6/26/2023 5:44 PM 45 Become a child's best friend 6/26/2023 7:51 AM 46 Noise reduction and surface water mitigation 6/22/2023 10:08 PM 3/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q2 Of the following options, select the threats facing trees in your neighborhood (select all that apply). Answered: 578 Skipped: 4 Pestsand diseases 71111111 Increased temperature Drought Removal due to property... Ice storms Wildfire Invasive plant species... Other(please specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Pests and diseases 35.64% 206 Increased temperature 50.87% 294 Drought 44.64% 258 Removal due to property development 70.07% 405 Ice storms 42.39% 245 Wildfire 21.45% 124 Invasive plant species (English ivy, Himalayan blackberry, etc.) 47.75% 276 Other(please specify) 13.49% 78 Total Respondents: 578 # OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 The way the city favors developers over property owners. 8/20/2023 9:49 PM 2 The city is allowing too many trees to be removed for developers.. 8/20/2023 9:48 PM 3 Removal due to property developmentm -Removal due to property development'1""1"" - 8/20/2023 6:23 PM 4/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Removal due to property developments" "t 4 Renaissance Homes is the worst. They are cutting down so many trees to build their crap 8/20/2023 4:46 PM homes 5 City Council and current tree ordinance 8/20/2023 4:44 PM 6 The city disregarding rules already in place on property it controls. The habitat for humanity is 8/20/2023 4:33 PM a prime example and the Boone's ferry expansion are a couple 7 Home builders get priority pass on tree cutting 8/20/2023 4:12 PM 8 Leaning and dying 8/20/2023 3:24 PM 9 Really do not know other than development 8/20/2023 2:35 PM 10 Human blindness to their value and care. 8/20/2023 2:33 PM 11 Underbrush in parks/forests create wildfire danger. 8/19/2023 8:26 PM 12 I'm Springbrook Park there are piles of branches and sticks (just waiting for a Match or 8/19/2023 4:22 PM cigarette 13 Please increase the setbacks and disallow any developers who cut trees without approved 8/19/2023 7:58 AM applications! 14 Old trees collapsing with no removal 8/18/2023 11:00 AM 15 IVY IVY IVY IVY IVY IVY IVY IVY... 8/17/2023 11:58 AM 16 there seems to be a dangerous trend -removing large old healthy trees for development-and 8/14/2023 12:34 PM mitigation requirements are meaningless 17 Ensuring neighbors understand their responsibility in keeping the trees in good health, trimmed, 8/13/2023 2:08 PM etc. 18 City of Lake Oswego development projects 8/4/2023 6:28 PM 19 They probably all apply but the permits given to Developers is the most egregious and obvious 8/4/2023 4:03 PM in the First Addition 20 New in First Addition is houses taking down big fir trees in order to do less "work" or perceived 8/1/2023 10:49 AM danger of very rare BIG ice storms---if folks take one down, they should plant 10-20 like I did 21 Developers and their greed to build the biggest most lot consuming home as possible with no 7/31/2023 10:36 PM consideration of preservation of trees on the property. If any trees remain they will most likely die due to disturbance or lack of space. Developers are destroying our mature tree canopy. 22 Instead of maintaining the removal of perfectly healthy trees 7/31/2023 7:31 PM 23 Wind storms 7/31/2023 3:56 PM 24 Prioritization of gray infrastructure over green infrastructure, loss due to public improvements 7/31/2023 1:29 PM 25 Neighbors wanting others to cut or top trees for views 7/26/2023 11:19 AM 26 Damage to home nearby 7/25/2023 2:52 PM 27 Chemical spraying of yards and open spaces and the continued use of aerial chemical 7/21/2023 9:22 AM spraying such as the program make sunsets look it up 28 We need to save the heritage trees 7/21/2023 7:49 AM 29 City of Lake Oswego planning department giving contractors privileges 7/20/2023 9:35 PM 30 Property owners oblivious to their complicity in creating hazard trees due to lack of 7/18/2023 7:27 PM stewardship. 31 commercial pesticides 7/16/2023 3:40 PM 32 removal due to new property owners buying properties with trees, but not wanting trees on their 7/15/2023 5:34 PM property for various reasons 33 Unhealthy tree branches/Trees falling on pedestrians 7/14/2023 3:06 PM 5 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 34 Removal by property owners who violate laws 7/13/2023 9:08 PM 35 It seems far too easy to get a permit to remove our mature trees ("landscaping"). 7/12/2023 4:25 PM 36 New Plants And Trees Need Water. We must figure out early life watering...3yrs. 7/11/2023 1:05 PM 37 Lack of ongoing maintenance that leads to premature preventable damage and death 7/10/2023 10:27 PM 38 Poor maintenance around power and telephone wires deforming trees 7/10/2023 3:42 AM 39 vandalism 7/9/2023 9:06 AM 40 removal due to property development particularly concerning 7/7/2023 7:28 PM 41 Every block in our neighborhood has lost trees in the past three years. It's as if the trees get 7/7/2023 1:34 PM COVID and die. And so many are obviously in distress. 42 Lake Oswego council needs to apply the same stringent policy of the home owner on 7/7/2023 10:47 AM developers 43 improper pruning as by utility companies 7/7/2023 10:41 AM 44 People removing them 7/7/2023 5:36 AM 45 Homeowners placing non-pours surfaces over root systems of mature trees 7/6/2023 6:15 PM 46 Wind 7/6/2023 5:42 PM 47 Property reconstruction/additional square footage 7/6/2023 4:04 PM 48 very lenient enforcement and protection over the last 40 years for a city that calls itself"Tree 7/6/2023 4:03 PM City" 49 OVER development-greedy developers!! 7/6/2023 3:14 PM 50 Lack of care/maintenance 7/6/2023 2:53 PM 51 Clueless property owners 7/6/2023 2:28 PM 52 Trees too big to be near houses 7/6/2023 2:28 PM 53 I worry when the 50 mph winds come through 7/6/2023 2:25 PM 54 The City of LO is way too generous issuing tree removal permits. 7/6/2023 2:23 PM 55 Humans cutting down healthy trees 7/6/2023 8:58 AM 56 Poor grove management due to type 2 removal permits 7/6/2023 7:50 AM 57 City of LO-#theMuni &#IoGolf and more 7/5/2023 7:54 PM 58 Overgrowth 7/5/2023 7:53 PM 59 People need to water their trees and LO needs to give guidelines! 7/5/2023 5:00 PM 60 Our trees are in danger from all of these 7/5/2023 11:31 AM 61 Mostly thoughtless development, siting 7/5/2023 10:37 AM 62 developers 7/5/2023 10:02 AM 63 Wind storms 7/5/2023 8:57 AM 64 English Ivy is a problem but we just cut it at the base of tree snd keep it off the tree. 7/5/2023 8:40 AM 65 Housing/Developers 7/5/2023 6:40 AM 66 flooding 6/30/2023 6:25 PM 67 no threat noted 6/28/2023 10:06 AM 68 Randy Sebastian and his shitty houses 6/27/2023 7:31 PM 69 Our neighborhood's street trees are the#1 invasive tree species in LO. They need to be 6/27/2023 1:07 PM replaced. They grow in hell strips too narrow for them, they get into our water and sewer lines 6/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey and break them. 70 topping off 6/27/2023 12:33 PM 71 Excessive tree density inhibiting healthy growth. 6/26/2023 5:44 PM 72 The biggest threat is large homes being built on small lots. 6/26/2023 4:29 PM 73 Real Estate Developers 6/26/2023 10:42 AM 74 Development 6/26/2023 9:31 AM 75 People afraid to live in forest shouldn't buy a home in the forest 6/26/2023 7:51 AM 76 Trees not being planted in logical locations on site in relation to development 6/25/2023 10:47 PM 77 Development 6/22/2023 10:08 PM 78 Mismanagement of the overall forest 6/21/2023 5:46 AM 7 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q3 Lake Oswego's 2007 Urban & Community Forestry Plan included the following vision statement: "The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a thriving and sustainable mix of tree species and age classes that contribute to a healthy ecosystem. The forest is valued and cared for by the community as an essential environmental, economic, and cultural asset."How would you describe your ideal vision for Lake Oswego's urban forest into the future, as we prepare the 2024 Urban & Community Forestry Plan Update? (Limit to 100 words or less) Answered: 46E Skipped: 114 # RESPONSES DATE 1 Development Stop developers from stripping land of all the trees. It should be criminal. It 8/21/2023 10:04 AM seems if they are given building permits they have free rein to destroy our city. 2 Ecosystem Services I would add"contribute to a healthy and stable ecosystem."Without 8/21/2023 9:59 AM these trees the water table is disrupted, the solar profile changes, the animals lose even more habitat and so on. I love the current protections for the trees. To me, this is what living in Oregon should feel like. Life amongst these giant trees. I support the removal of invasive trees and requirement to plant a new tree in its place. I would love for a suggestion of trees that are local to the area. 3 Proper Pruning I would love to see trees trimmed properly along corridors. Currently they get 8/21/2023 8:05 AM hacked around telephone wires in a wacky, unattractive way. It would be much more appealing if they were cut back or removed in an aesthetically appealing way. Even the removel of a tree here and there would be okay.... along South Shore, it looks messy with the weird limbs extending across the road and hanging sideways. I'd also love to see all the invasive vines cut out of the trees along the major street routes. I do love more open green space for us and the aesthetic use of trees in our parks and forest areas. I appreciate when they are trimmed properly, rather than hacked. A lot of our trees are invasive and get crowded and messy. I love beautiful specimen trees that enhance our greenspace area. We do have a lot of trees to take care of, and I know it's not an easy task. 4 Development Stop allowing developers to take the easy path and cut trees down. 8/21/2023 7:30 AM 5 Proper Pruning Provide routine maintenance to trees to make sure they can withstand 8/21/2023 7:29 AM weather conditions 6 Development This City is for too loose with developers, allowing them to remove far too 8/21/2023 7:15 AM many trees, especially Renaissance Homes. They wiped out , illegaly an entire section of trees for a home at the corner of Fernwood and Greentree with little or no penalties -very wrong! Their permits for that new home should have been cancelled for that misdeed! Where is the City's accountability??There is none! 7 Development Leave the trees alone. Quit developing 8/21/2023 5:41 AM 8 Fruit trees in public spaces 8/21/2023 4:43 AM 9 Tree protection I would like to see that if a large tree is cut down in one area, there are no 8/20/2023 10:16 PM other ones also cut down as well. You don't need to deforest the whole entire city of Lake Oswego. The large trees and a big part of the personality of Lake Grove especially. 10 Development The"community forest" is in danger of overdevelopment. If you plan to develop 8/20/2023 9:49 PM property in Lake Oswego it will take careful consideration and extra cost to protect the existing trees that enhance your property and the overall community. 11 Tree protection The city of Lake Oswego must protect and defend a thriving and sustainable 8/20/2023 9:48 PM 8/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey mix of tree species and classes. These tree species and classes are in danger from over development, climate change, and invasive species. The forest must be cared for by the community to protect the health and well-being of our citizenry. This is an essential goal of the plan. 12 Climate Change Trees provide tangible benefits to neighborhoods including shade and wildlife 8/20/2023 8:43 PM habitat that help our community be more resilient in the face of climate change 13 Development Stop cutting down trees to build more homes !! 8/20/2023 7:55 PM 14 Proper Pruning Trim the trees regularly so they don't break down in the storms. Stop letting 8/20/2023 7:47 PM developers mow down as many trees as they want. Leave some for aesthetic purposes. 15 Climate Change The 2007 statement is accurate. In addition, I suggest to add text stating 8/20/2023 6:29 PM the climate imperative of carbon emissions mitigation by our urban forest as well as the economic value to LO for its rich forested landscape as a differentiation from most other local communities. The robust trees canopy is a sought after asset for many emigrating from elsewhere. It certainly was a daring factor for me when leaving the Bay Area. 16 Tree protection Supporting and encouraging public and private property owners to protect and 8/20/2023 6:27 PM preserve significant trees; especially during development projects. To this end, development projects should be required to disclose the*total number*and complete inventory of tree removals for the*entire project*at each approval phase of development (not just the number of tree removals for that phase, which masks the total number of tree removals for the entire project). 17 Development City should plants more trees; developers should be required to plants more 8/20/2023 6:23 PM trees and cut down fewer trees; city should limit development on natural/wild areas. "We never could design a building as beautiful as the trees."—Portland Architect Pietro Belluschi 18 The vision statement already looks good. 8/20/2023 5:20 PM 19 Zero native tree loss over the next five years in the City of Lake Oswego. 8/20/2023 5:11 PM 20 Ecosystem Services We need more forest pockets to augment many of our larger forested 8/20/2023 5:08 PM areas, It seems we are removing more trees every year for development. Neighborhood reserves keep neighborhoods cooler and provides refuge without needing to get into our cars. Also I'd like to see more areas preserved for wildlife corridors. 21 An actual practice of the above mission statement. Stop developers!!!! 8/20/2023 4:44 PM 22 I think this reflects my idea of what the vision should be. 8/20/2023 4:42 PM 23 Tree protection Start saving the significant trees! The habitat for humanity project is an 8/20/2023 4:33 PM example for complete disregard for saving significant trees. Most importantly are old established natives like Douglas fir, red cedar, western hemlock to name a couple. The most important trees to protect are native oaks (Quercus garriana)these trees are disappearing from climate change and disregard. They improve soil, live for centuries, provide dappled shade and provide habitat for many species. They will be cut down soon on the habitat for humanity project soon. They are very slow growing and there are few young trees 24 N/A 8/20/2023 4:29 PM 25 Tree protection Stop developers from clear cutters. It seems like developers get away with 8/20/2023 4:12 PM more tree cutting than individuals. 26 Tree protection The City of LO's community forest will be protected from further urban 8/20/2023 4:05 PM development as its benefits are our priority. 27 Tree protection The DRC has standards around landscape mitigation that they are willing to 8/20/2023 4:04 PM ignore for development. The City has tree codes for type II permits that they are willing to ignore for development. Individual property owners are held to a higher standard on these things than developers, this is not equitable. As a result of lax enforcement of standards for development, heat islands exist throughout downtown LO and Lake Grove areas, this represents regressive planning policy given challenges presented by climate change. 28 Tree protection I'm disgusted that habitat for humanity is allowed to cut down more than 33 8/20/2023 3:56 PM trees in the name of low income housing. The trees provide much needed shade, habitat, aesthetics, climate change mitigation etc. there are two owls nesting in those trees &the city's failure to do a nesting study as prescribed by an arborist is shockingly heart breaking. They 9/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey should work within property& not have been allowed to cut that many down.. because city doesn't care I honestly do feel this survey has little or no value but rather is done only to appease people. 29 Stop approving so many permits to property owners to remove Douglas Firs. 8/20/2023 3:37 PM Lake"Grove"and Lake"Forest"should stay that way. And the tree planning meeting should not be in the middle of a weekday for working people, especially in summer while kids are all home out of school. I hope it is at the very least recorded for everyone. The mayor's round table is in the evening; why not the tree meeting? 30 Climate Change In addition to the LO vision (which I would agree with everything in it) I would 8/20/2023 3:36 PM add something about community education regarding the value of trees in the environment as well as how to maintain the health of the trees in our neighborhoods. It's not always clear, especially now with the summer droughts that we experience, on how to keep the trees healthy. 31 If trees need to be cut down due to safety it should be easy to do and you should be helping 8/20/2023 3:24 PM not hindering 32 Tree protection Older and larger trees need to be protected from removal. Mitigation with 8/20/2023 3:20 PM twice the number of trees removed with new trees planted . recognition of importance of tree cover for health of the community 33 Lake Oswego's urban forest, free from invasive trees and vines and brush. 8/20/2023 3:16 PM 34 Please help save our trees, especially old growth trees. There needs to be a 8/20/2023 3:11 PM balance between construction/development and saving trees. New developments of large homes over 3,000 s.f do not significantly help the housing shortage. In most cases in L.O. they are just replacing an existing home. 35 Climate Change Similar to the above, but reference the important role City trees play in 8/20/2023 2:58 PM addressing climate change, directly (thro'carbon capture)and indirectly (tho'shade& reducing energy usage) 36 Stop allowing developers to cut down large trees. Do not give in to them ans 8/20/2023 2:37 PM you seem to ALWAYS do. 37 Keep things as they are. We have so much more wonderful environment than a lot of suburbs. 8/20/2023 2:35 PM 38 Tree protection I moved into LO for the trees (2008)and I have been shocked by the 8/20/2023 2:33 PM careless destruction of the tallest trees and the lack of care of the remaining trees. 39 Proper Pruning All dead trees and tree limbs get removed right away for safety 8/20/2023 2:00 PM 40 I agree with this vision, and I urge LO governance to value our trees over short 8/20/2023 12:59 PM sighted profits for property development and developers. 41 x 8/20/2023 12:37 PM 42 Please add more trees! 8/20/2023 12:34 PM 43 Must be protected from developers 8/20/2023 12:04 PM 44 Tree protection Stricter laws on tree removal, especially in residential developments that are 8/20/2023 11:52 AM trying to maximize the house square footage for financial gain. 45 The vision statement, above is just fine. 8/19/2023 8:26 PM 46 Tree protection I'd like to see tougher laws protecting trees and local parks from developers. 8/19/2023 7:27 PM They've already killed an enormous quantity of old trees. 47 My pet peeve in Springbrook is the number of people who immediately unleash their dogs as 8/19/2023 4:22 PM soon as they enter the park despite posted signs that dogs must be on leash 48 I would like LO to value and prove they support what they claim to support. I do not feel like 8/19/2023 9:01 AM the forest is valued by the city at all. 49 Tree protection Please increase setbacks so that trees can survive. Currently, homes have 8/19/2023 7:58 AM such small setbacks that trees have to be cut down and those that remain standing don't have enough room to stay healthy. Also, survey the trees every 2 years instead of 10. 10/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 50 Proper Pruning In addition: Tree species should include species that add visual beauty and 8/19/2023 7:50 AM variety. They should be pruned and spaced to maintain their health. 51 The City of Lake Oswego and our community work hard to preserve the trees that make our 8/19/2023 7:10 AM city so beautiful and one of the healthiest cities to live in. Lake Oswego is visionary and prioritizes protecting its unique and magnificent tree canopy for the health and wellbeing of its residents for today and for all future generations of residents lucky enough to call this beautiful city home. Lake Oswego prides itself in being a national leader for its innovative approach which ensures the city continues to add housing without losing its precious trees. 52 Trees are protected members of our community that need to be cared for. Keep owners and 8/19/2023 1:17 AM developers from cutting them down or Lake Oswego will no longer have our established trees. 53 Proper Pruning In the forested parks there needs to be more management. Cleaning and 8/18/2023 10:03 PM removing branches that pose a risk for wildfire 54 Proper Pruning I would love to see more cleanup of downed trees in parks like Springbrook. 8/18/2023 11:36 AM There are some trees leaning in others that are at risk for falling into walking paths. 55 Proper Pruning Springbrook Park needs immediate attention—the forest floor is full of 8/18/2023 11:00 AM debris presenting a real fire danger. I would like the fire Marshall to assess the fire risk to the neighborhoods surrounded this forgotten park. 56 Tree protection We should remove as few mature trees as possible and only when 8/18/2023 10:51 AM necessary. 57 Provide incentives for home owners to retain and plant trees. 8/18/2023 10:43 AM 58 Climate Change A mixture on native tree species with a variety of age and size classes 8/18/2023 9:29 AM actively managed to promote vegetative health, wildlife habitat, aesthetic values and fire safe conditions. Give climate change, canopy closure featuring overstocked multi layered tree crowns should not be a primary metric for success. Wildfire conditions benefit from ladder fuels and multi storied canopy's in closure proximity to structures. Basal area with a variety of stem diameters may be a better metric. A Plan that allows for more management in wildfire susceptible areas (MP) is important ,I.e thinning, ground fuel's reduction and pruning are important 59 That we manage our trees and the risks associated with them in a whole and thought process. 8/18/2023 8:44 AM Tree and undergrowth removal/maintenance must be a part of this plan. 60 A healthy forest is defined by a mixture of native, and additionally more drought tolerate plants, 8/17/2023 11:58 AM e.i. oaks, pines, trees and shrubs, snags left in place, limited human access. Removal of invasive ivy is tantamount to success. 61 Increase the sense of urgency: Change the wording from "the forest is valued" to something 8/17/2023 11:37 AM like"the forest is necessary for the survival of the community, wildlife, and the environment". 62 Tree protection Stop allowing large trees to be removed unless they are damaging property or 8/14/2023 10:19 PM are diseased. Make developers work around those trees. Lake Oswego despite what many think has absolutely NO obligation whatsoever to appease them. We have plenty of taxed properties we don't need more at the expense of removing 100 year old trees. And stop thinking that replacing any tree with a"Magnolia" or similar that is not native and will not add to the canopy we have now. Plant natives Oaks, Pines, Spruce and more. There is a joke among the arborists in the metro area that no permit for tree removal is ever denied. They know it's true. Be a real steward for our trees and environment. Look at what's best for our city instead of what helps developers that have no best interests for us. 63 Tree protection Stricter rules around developers cutting down trees to make money. Making 8/14/2023 6:54 PM fines out way the benefits when they accidentally kill the tap root. 64 Tree protection Acknowledge that a top priority must be to maintain existing large trees. 8/14/2023 12:34 PM Emphasis on protecting old trees, and reforestation, particularly established natives/keystone species. Every effort should be made to avoid removing healthy mature trees for sake of development, private and public. Mitigation code should be re-written to be meaningful and expanded to include neighboring properties. 65 Nothing to add 8/14/2023 9:34 AM 66 Our trees should be seen the same way as indigenous people, as descendants of the original 8/14/2023 7:22 AM 11 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey creatures inhabiting our land, not to be displaced, but revered and cared for as neighbors. 67 More trees please 8/13/2023 4:37 PM 68 Educate the public to NOT use invasive plants for having a quick solution to have green 8/13/2023 2:08 PM converage in their lawn or public space. Hold those who do this to receive a warning to remove and fine them if they don't. And, place a lien or some action that will stall any sell, rental of the home. Unless the owner feels the burn, they will not make the necessary updates, changes, etc. 69 Preserve the current native species and habitat of the forest and bring in additional beneficial 8/12/2023 3:07 PM tree and plant species to help it thrive. 70 More trees 8/12/2023 1:40 PM 71 the above vision statement looks ok to me. 8/12/2023 1:08 PM 72 I agree with the LO vision statement. 8/12/2023 12:54 PM 73 8/12/2023 12:33 PM 74 Lake Oswego's urban forest should be of primary importance, as it contributes to the short and 8/12/2023 12:23 PM longterm health of our city. Any future development projects—commercial and residential— must be held to the strictest standards, forcing developers to use creative methods to achieve their goals without sacrificing*any*old-growth trees or those taller than 15 feet. Too many developers remove these essential components of our tree canopy and plant"mitigation" saplings that fall woefully short—literally and figuratively. 75 Climate Change I agree with the 2007 vision statement, that the forest is an essential 8/12/2023 10:24 AM environmental, economic, and cultural asset that should be cared for and protected. 76 allow development of land WHILE PROTECTING trees -allow substitutions and new planting 8/11/2023 6:03 PM to supplement existing situation. 77 No change 8/9/2023 1:35 PM 78 Continue to preserve, protect, renew and grow the trees and forests 8/8/2023 5:54 PM 79 maintain existing tree canopy levels, eliminate invasive species trees, plant native trees, allow 8/5/2023 3:14 PM property owners more control on trees on their own property 80 A wide and resilient variety of native tree species. 8/5/2023 2:40 PM 81 Maximum percentage of lot razing should be capped. Keep more big trees for canopy. This will 8/5/2023 11:40 AM promote more birds singing. More kids playing outside and people walking in the shade of the trees. 82 As a community we continue to be good stewards of the beauty we have, we continue to 8/5/2023 11:35 AM replant, to connect our neighborhoods and community with greenways and strive for a balance between population growth, economic needs and the reality that the nature around us is vital to quality of life. 83 Lake Oswego's forested areas serve as a bastion of nature in a sea of development blight. The 8/4/2023 6:28 PM City and its citizens commit to protecting and expanding natural and wild areas. 84 Provide measures and means to preserve and promote healthy trees in Lake Oswego's urban 8/4/2023 4:25 PM forest 85 Making the tree code stronger to allow for more trees to be saved. There are many citizens 8/4/2023 4:03 PM who object when old and significant trees are threatened but the process gives all the power to the developers. At one meeting the developer actually said "don't let the tree code get in the way of the development code". It needs to at least have a chance. 86 Preservation of tall tree canopy 8/4/2023 1:58 PM 87 Continue to care for this urban forest and make sure that it maintains it's rugged appearance 8/4/2023 12:28 PM within the homes. Green space maintenance is a must 88 Education which focuses on the value and benefits of trees. Strengthen the tree code to 8/4/2023 9:14 AM protect our mature trees on both public and private land. Currently the development code 12 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey trumps the tree code. Actual careful and thoughtful stewardship of our tree canopy should be a priority, especially because of increased temperatures and climate change. 89 2007 statement still looks okay to me. 8/3/2023 9:30 PM 90 This is only true for some people. We need their support 8/3/2023 4:22 PM 91 A city where development and tree protection live in balance. 8/3/2023 8:49 AM 92 The City of Lake Oswego recognizes and prioritizes the protection of mature native trees, 8/2/2023 6:15 PM which create the unique atmosphere of our city, provides valuable habitat for birds and native animals and increases the value of our properties. 93 Stop cutting trees unless they are diseased. Plant more trees. 8/2/2023 11:21 AM 94 8/2/2023 9:42 AM 95 Plant more trees each year than are cut down. Over time the city benefits. 8/1/2023 3:39 PM 96 Understanding climate change and effects on type of trees that are selected. Be open to new 8/1/2023 11:32 AM data and be flexible. 97 I think that Lake Oswego has not been working toward its vision statement from 2007. Perhaps 8/1/2023 11:26 AM the city should not change the statement, but protect the trees. 98 We need to keep existing forests all over the world including in Lake Oswego to combat the 8/1/2023 10:49 AM global heating emergency and biodiversity crash. Developers can design better around major trees and lot edge trees should all stay. "Tree hassle" removal should not be allowed unless owner plants 10 for 1. South side Tree removal --allow to enable solar PV equivalent of Hundreds of trees. 99 The vision statement written in 2004 was well written however the city of Lake Oswego has 7/31/2023 10:36 PM completely ignored this vision. Instead the city has permitting thousands of trees to be removed since 2004. The trees are unhealthy covered in Ivy, not valued by the city for environmental benefits or for the urgent climate emergency. The large historical fir trees are being removed at an alarming rate. It is clear the city doesn't value the trees as a cultural asset. The city has made the fees to remove a large tree so low no developer would have any incentive to save a tree. The tree code doesn't exist for the protection of trees because evidently the development code overrides the tree code. The code of which was initially written to protect our unique large trees from development. The updated vision should include include protecting the majestic large trees that make this area unique and are its distinctive characteristic. The trees are irreplaceable due to climate change and space would not be kept on a lot for even smaller trees.The vision should include that development codes will revised and combined with the tree code with preservation of majestic large trees a priority. Before it's too late! 100 It's a joke that the city values trees. Sure they may plant a few small trees to replace the 7/31/2023 9:15 PM many large trees that they allow to be removed for unnecessary McMansions. You can say whatever you want but it's what you do that counts. 101 Add some words about protecting our urban forests from over development and the importance 7/31/2023 8:26 PM of having forests to mitigate the damages from climate change. 102 Keep and maintain trees healthy in LO's urban forest. Too many healthy trees are being 7/31/2023 7:31 PM removed because it is too easy to get a removal from city 103 There needs to be much more diligent enforcement of the Type II tree code at the City level in 7/31/2023 7:24 PM order to protect the irreplaceable big trees that are still standing. The plan should be based on a definition of"tree canopy"which clearly shows how much the tree canopy is being reduced due to the removal of Type II trees and one that isn't convoluted by the inclusion of smaller newer trees that were planted a year or two ago. 104 The current version is good. I would want to the Tree code to be changed to reflect that the 7/31/2023 5:17 PM diameter of a tree is not the main thing, but the overall spacial footprint. A 200'fir may only have a diameter of 20" but that is not the same as a 20" oak, but they are treated the same. 105 Lake Oswego is covered by a connected and healthy canopy on public and private lands that 7/31/2023 1:29 PM is invested in and maintained by the community as critical community infrastructure with environmental, economic, cultural, and resiliency benefits for current and future generations. 13/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 106 stop sacrificing trees to development 7/31/2023 12:41 PM 107 Dense forestation is an essential characteristic of our city. Losing tree canopy will alter our 7/29/2023 5:53 PM character and not for the better. 108 Ideally I would like people to stop cutting down our beautiful trees for land developers and 7/29/2023 4:42 PM builders 109 Continued diversity and appreciation of trees. 7/29/2023 1:11 PM 110 That are trees are used to create a city agro-forestry center that feed the people. This brings 7/29/2023 12:28 PM more awareness of how trees can be used to help create shade for certain crops and more beauty. Large houses would not be valued over trees, instead the environment in which you live becomes more important. 111 Increasing the planting of trees to increase the forest canopy for the community. Place severe 7/28/2023 7:27 PM restrictions on the removal of trees from private property to facilitate/increase housing development. We need all the trees we have and many more to combat the effects of climate change on our community, the state and the nation. Encourage the planting of trees on private property with property tax abatement. Encourage the planting of trees on public property by petition drives submitted to the city council and active engagement by citizens in the public planning process. 112 I like this vision. I think developers are often not part of the community and not keeping with 7/28/2023 11:49 AM the vision, though. 113 An equal balance between the needs of the owners, progress and our community 7/28/2023 9:01 AM 114 Pragmatic and balanced management. 7/28/2023 8:51 AM 115 Plan that resents owners rights and works positively for the environment 7/28/2023 8:28 AM 116 Continue to prioritize the health and well-being of the urban forest, in partnership with private 7/27/2023 3:42 PM owners and public entities. 117 We need to tend to our natural lands/parks through reforestation&wild fire mitigation. 7/26/2023 3:00 PM Particularly Springbrook Park. 118 I think that is fine, but it should take into account that trees have viable life spans, and should 7/26/2023 1:11 PM be managed over time-therefore, just because a tree is there, doesn't mean it should be removed and replaced. 119 Quit cutting down our huge trees to build mega homes!!! Lake Oswego prides itself in being the 7/26/2023 11:42 AM "City of Trees"our motto. But we are letting every developer cut down all our beautiful old Douglas Firs to build mega homes. We need to live with the trees we have and replant Douglas firs if old ones need to be removed. 120 Above works for me 7/26/2023 11:19 AM 121 Keeping the old growth pine trees and adding more pine trees to LO. Stop removing trees just 7/26/2023 9:23 AM to build huge mansions. Halt all tree removal from huge homes. Plant more trees along the lake. 122 Your vision is great (above) but you do not follow it. You remove way too many trees in this 7/26/2023 4:16 AM city for development. We live in a forest, keep it that way 123 No change 7/25/2023 5:56 PM 124 Keeping what little natural habitat of this region healthy and thriving is not only important but 7/25/2023 3:59 PM benefits us greatly. With the ever increasing climate change we need to have clean air and shade. 125 Same as above but add while allowing property owners to create a wildfire defensive space 7/25/2023 3:48 PM around their home 126 Allow owners to remove trees that impact their view or are a mess for owners and the sewer 7/25/2023 3:16 PM system in the fall. Replace with evergreen trees. 127 Keep and maintain present status. 7/25/2023 2:52 PM 128 An equal balance of private property and a healthy ecosystem. Limit the number of people 7/25/2023 2:05 PM 14/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey getting involved with other peoples property and use common sense as a guide. 129 One that allows the property owners more freedom to determine which trees to remove and 7/25/2023 1:51 PM which trees to plant. 130 Plant trees in our parks, around soccer field, and open spaces that we already own . Replace 7/25/2023 1:47 PM the weeds at the Iron Mt. park with trees....ugliest park in the city. We need forests (meaning more than 1 tree in a planting strip) 131 Agree with the current vision-add a goal to increase number of trees by 50% over next 10 7/25/2023 1:45 PM years 132 Protection of existing trees. This includes enforcing restrictions on cutting trees for 7/25/2023 1:33 PM development and aggressive removal of English ivy. Encourage planting of native species that can survive climate change. 133 I have lived here 35 years and continue to see so many trees cut down due to developers 7/25/2023 1:29 PM building HUGE homes with no yards. Please plant more trees and limit tree cutting! 134 the 2007 statement is strong 7/25/2023 1:03 PM 135 I would add something that says the city's development code recognizes the value of its urban 7/25/2023 12:52 PM forest by prioritizing and emphasizing the importance of trees. One way this is done is granting allowances to preserve significant trees. 136 A few more benches, maintain existing flora and fauna, remove non-native plants. Maybe add 7/24/2023 5:56 PM a water feature. 137 Our vision for the urban forest within Lake Oswego is continued protection of the current forest, 7/24/2023 8:17 AM expansions of protections to keep the trees we have, investment in planting more species, investment in native species including other types of native plants that support the forest ecosystem. 138 The city needs to understand that no forest will remain if development continues unchecked. 7/23/2023 10:01 PM 139 The trees are what makes living in LO so special. 7/23/2023 2:16 PM 140 Keeping a balance between city growth needs, aesthetics, tree maintenance and value of 7/23/2023 2:15 PM forests. 141 It is critical that we update the City of Lake Oswego code to incorporate more tree preservation 7/23/2023 11:59 AM with development for single family and multi-family housing. It is important to look at the effect of climate crisis and plant the correct trees for climate change. An example is to not plant new Western Red Cedars since they are not doing well with increasing temperatures and heat. It is important that this plan looks at the overall benefits of trees, understory and ecosystems including healthy soil and habitat. 142 Forest and the trees that make them great for our community need management, right 7/23/2023 9:29 AM protection where homes, parks, paths are improved and made better. 143 Our city is a cool, lush oasis set apart from the hot, dry sameness of solely buildings and 7/22/2023 9:29 PM paved roadways being created around us. 144 I think how the plan currently sits, it is still a bit too stringent. Homeowners and large parcel 7/22/2023 4:34 PM property owners should have the ability to maintain and even possibly remove trees they see fit to improve their property. All of this in accordance with FAIR rules set forth by the city. Our town has a large canopy of trees and I feel we can maintain this with a FAIR tree code for all property owners and fair mitigation. 145 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest needs to be protected and improved in order to 7/22/2023 7:26 AM contribute to a healthy ecosystem. The forest is valued and cared for by the community as an essential environmental to combat climate change, economic, and cultural asset. 146 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is valued by the community as the foundation of 7/21/2023 8:04 PM sustainable development, shared culture and economic longevity. City law protects the trees that make up the forest and recognizes a new tree is not a replacement for an old one. 147 Recognition of real value of native canopy trees (i.e. Douglas firs, big-leaf maples)over 7/21/2023 5:09 PM ornamentals and smaller trees as far as carbon sequestration, shade, and home value enhancements worth preserving over development. 15 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 148 Plant trees wherever viable. We need all the trees we can get! Also, preserve trees during 7/21/2023 4:36 PM property development. Replace dead or diseased city trees. Increase the number of trees planted in Lake Oswego and maintain them. 149 Lake Oswego should continue to honor the space that we live in which was first and foremost 7/21/2023 3:52 PM home to the indigenous peoples. Let us live in the community with ultimate respect to the land and environment for all living species. 150 Accessible Walkways through tree areas and forests 7/21/2023 2:51 PM 151 I would add protecting old growth trees to the statement above. 7/21/2023 2:06 PM 152 Stop developers from cutting down trees! 7/21/2023 1:32 PM 153 It needs to be fire-safe. I've had several arborists to my property in Lake Grove over the past 7/21/2023 1:24 PM several years, and they have all stated that the area is at serious risk for a catastrophic crown fire that could endanger the homes and people in the area. 154 We're unable to adequately care for the trees in our green spaces. Invasive English Ivy is 7/21/2023 10:14 AM throttling mature trees along Iron Mountain Boulevard. Compromised trees become a fire and safety hazard, less able to survive storms, drought, fires, and climate change. 155 Less ornamental trees and landscape and for fruit,nut and edible and useful trees 7/21/2023 9:22 AM 156 Having grown up here, it is hard to watch the big ones be cut down. I wish that we could 7/21/2023 7:49 AM somehow work with city planners to incorporate some of these trees into the new plan. It was hard to watch some of the big ones go in front of the Lake Grove Post Office. All along Boones Ferry Rd. trees have been cut down. Beautiful old trees that must be 100 years old. People need to look up. LOOK UP and see how beautiful they are and that they are safe because they have been strong for so long. We have trees that the Lake Grove peacocks build their big nests in way up high. What a treasure. The big trees at and around the Lake Grove Volunteer Fire Station where my father used to work are amazing too. And of course the famous Peg Tree downtown L.O. and all the cherry trees that Mary Goodall had everyone plant years ago are so beautiful in the spring. Remember to LOOK UP and plant more trees. Diane Jarrett 157 I would add sustainability to the existing vision. We need new approaches to managing trees in 7/21/2023 7:24 AM increasingly extreme weather, and new varieties of trees more suited to changing climate. 158 The bison would include creative development that would minimize removal of old growth trees 7/21/2023 7:17 AM 159 No more cutting of healthy 100 year old cedars, oaks and Douglas firs for any reason. Property 7/21/2023 7:14 AM owners cannot"just pay a fine"if they want to remove these trees. No exemption for new construction. Serious penalties for removing old trees. 160 More trees around public area. 7/21/2023 6:06 AM 161 Selective tree trimming and removal in Csnal Acres to reduce fire risk and improve 7/21/2023 5:57 AM appearance. The area is quite overgrown. 162 Lake oswego values our forest ecosystem and needs to address the increased risk of wildfire 7/21/2023 4:47 AM potential to all community members. We should take necessary steps to ensure the targeted and selective reduction of fuel near resident homes and buildings to mitigate that risk while continuing to provide forest canopy for the environment. 163 I hope that our urban forest remains just as robust and cared for as it is today. I hope for every 7/20/2023 10:56 PM tree that is felled for development, two are planted in its place. It's a shame how the city is allowing our irreplaceable trees to disappear. 164 More trees, less rich white men 7/20/2023 10:34 PM 165 Replacing some of the overly-tall, dangerous, or diseased trees with safer, shorter trees that 7/20/2023 10:30 PM will provide the same benefits but won't fall during ice or wind storms. 166 Property owners should have a clearer, fairer, more simple and reasonable process to make a 7/20/2023 9:35 PM case for tree removal. Contractors and the city have priority for cutting while home owners with common sense needs for removal struggle to be heard or gain cooperation. Replacement should continue to be encouraged and assisted. Trees planted by the city for beauty should be balanced with the cost of city water and maintenance personnel. 167 I echo the above and add: our students are encouraged early and often by direct contact and 7/20/2023 8:22 PM 16/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey education to appreciate and to value trees as much as man-made products, goods and experiences. THEY are the ones who will either benefit or suffer from the loss or degradation of forests. 168 Maintained, nurtured, expanded 7/20/2023 8:10 PM 169 All tree cutting should be more thoroughly justified in the future then it is now. 7/20/2023 7:48 PM 170 That trees, especially large, old and native trees, would be protected from all risks and life 7/20/2023 7:46 PM preserved whenever possible. That dead or dying trees would be replaced and new trees playfully planted, nourished and protected. 171 Big, beautiful pines and sequoia trees as well as a mix of deciduous trees 7/20/2023 7:34 PM 172 A multi storied dense canopy of native trees, supporting the cities' critters and citizens, 7/20/2023 6:38 PM cooling the local bodies of water for fish habitats and trees available from the city for planting on property in the city. 173 I envision a community that respects nature and the exsistin flora rather than the almighty 7/20/2023 6:36 PM dollar. Im against large scale developments that are the wave of the future 174 Take care of the trees we have and not allow cutting trees to build huge houses. 7/20/2023 6:13 PM 175 I think trees on neighboring properties must need to be maintained and trimmed to prevent 7/20/2023 6:08 PM property damage with potentially more ice storms in the future. 176 No more cutting old growth trees! 7/20/2023 5:54 PM 177 Please allow reasonable removal of dying or damaged trees. 7/20/2023 5:40 PM 178 It is clear that cities without trees are suffering more as they become heat bubbles. Lake 7/20/2023 5:39 PM Oswego should grow its status as an oasis, maintain current green spaces and have a plan for property development that includes solar and other positive replacements if trees need to be cut 179 Skip 7/20/2023 5:11 PM 180 Trimming trees that are interfering with overhead utility lines and obstructing traffic visibility at 7/20/2023 5:07 PM intersections. Also inforceing existing ordinances regarding treas and shrubs overhanging sidewalks and streets. Many trees and shrubs in my neighborhood are hanging too low for people and vehicles to pass. Also planting trees that have shorter maximum full growth hights as appropriate under and near utility poles and street lights. 181 Keep adding more trees, as dense as possible. I love the rainforest atmosphere of the PNW 7/20/2023 4:46 PM and it's the main reason I choose to live here. 182 The beauty of Lake Oswego and the reason we moved to Lake Oswego is because city's 7/20/2023 4:46 PM commitment to preserve green space and trees. Last several years, I've witnessed too many trees being removed due to home developers needing to build multiple home. In the long run, this will be harmful for the community both environmentally and financially. Let's preserve our trees. 183 Maintain as many of our established"old"trees as possible! 7/20/2023 4:45 PM 184 Protect our parks and don't let developers and internet/cell companies use our parks and cut 7/20/2023 4:41 PM down our trees 185 Continue to plant Douglas Fir and Big Leaf Maple to mitigate continued loss of our large trees 7/20/2023 4:37 PM 186 Preserve trees but allow flexibility in removing trees and replacing with native trees 7/19/2023 6:05 PM 187 My ideal urban forest would be a mix of old growth& new trees surrounded by native plants 7/18/2023 9:12 PM that help them retain water and keep the soil healthy. I think keeping our tree canopy is very important to keep the serene& beautiful appearance. I would love for our tree canopy to increase&to add in trees that will do well in our increasing warm summers. The new growth would also help to draw down more carbon and continue to keep our air clean. 188 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is more than trees since it includes multiple 7/18/2023 7:27 PM layers of canopy (trees, shrubs, forts and herbs, vines, etc. and the soil or structural surfaces that support it. An urban forest needs attentive and committed stewardship in this time of 17/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey challenges with climate change. Citizens desire a healthy, integral, sustainable forest that offers ecosystem benefits for all users--human and creatures. 189 The urban forest is a vital part of our community's lifestyle and natural habitat. 7/18/2023 2:19 PM 190 Healthy, maintained and with a future roadmap to follow 7/18/2023 6:40 AM 191 The vision, if followed, would hold true today. But unfortunately, developers and tax revenue, 7/17/2023 9:26 PM are more important to the city than our trees. This is evidenced by the cities failure to enact a tree code that protects trees. Instead, the tree code favors development of new homes. 192 Stop clear cutting for new development 7/17/2023 5:15 PM 193 That we worry more about human life than the trees... we are going to have a major problem in 7/17/2023 3:47 PM then city if we have a severe weather event- it's only a matter of time. Trees hanging over lines, encroaching on pathways for walking/biking... the overgrowth is horrendous. 194 First of all, there needs to be major changes to the tree code to disallow developers free reign 7/17/2023 3:05 PM in cutting down trees. Along with that, the planting of young trees in no way ameliorates the loss of a mature tree. I also have concern for the natural areas that were saved from "improvement" by a City ballot measure. The citizens voted that those areas should be left as natural areas. I don't want the Forestry Plan to impinge on those areas. 195 Creating and maintaining forests that are healthy, welcoming and accessible. Removing trees 7/17/2023 2:05 PM that are unhealthy or pose a fire hazard. 196 1. Protect the existing canopy 2. Keep canopy well distributed throughout the city boundaries 7/17/2023 10:12 AM 3. Increase impervious surface requirements for all new developments 4. like for like tree replacement where absolutely necessary with minimum size requirements 197 Keep it a forest. Thst is why we all live here. Stop cramming development down our throats 7/17/2023 5:59 AM 198 Stop favoring developers and enforce the tree code 7/16/2023 7:30 PM 199 Trees should be INCORPORATED into new construction, not removed to make way for it. And 7/16/2023 3:40 PM more people should be educated on trees'importance, as well as that of permaculture and a (drought-resistant) native landscape... in lieu of a 1950's turf grass scenario. 200 Plan for management and funding prior to acquisition of new parklands Rate tree species for 7/16/2023 1:53 PM ability to survive with projected changes in climate and 02 release Fund removal of invasive species Require street trees in ROW unless overhead wires do not permit Consider the balance between density initiatives and trees Change the development code to save older trees require planting of native fir, oak, and cedars Reforest parks with dying species faster- Springbrook Park to avoid wild fire risk 201 It's imperative for ensuring the quality of life in Lake Oswego that the tree policies prohibit 7/16/2023 10:35 AM harvesting for the benefit of housing development. This has never been more important than now with climate change. 202 Forcing residents to keep trees and then not affording them access to reasonably priced tree 7/15/2023 8:11 PM care is genuinely short sighted. Trees in setbacks are languishing and will cause serious property damage 203 Keep those big beautiful trees! 7/15/2023 5:57 PM 204 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a thriving and sustainable mix of tree species 7/15/2023 5:34 PM and age classes that maintains historic native tree canopy cover that contribute to a healthy ecosystem and provides a sense of place that is Lake Oswego. The forest is protected, valued and cared for by the community as an essential environmental, economic, and cultural asset. 205 Limit removal of trees just for development. Also, trim extensively along roadways where 7/15/2023 2:22 PM electrical kind are present! 206 Let people do what they want on their own property and mind your own business 7/15/2023 1:29 PM 207 The City's tree population is an essential part of our ecosystem providing many benefits. We 7/15/2023 1:08 PM must husband our trees to preserve ourselves. 208 Apply the same values to developers as the City does to individuals on the 7/15/2023 1:00 PM removal/replacement of trees 18 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 209 Less development and less removal of trees for developers 7/15/2023 10:12 AM 210 Protect, Preserve, Restore, and Expand LKOs urban forest. 7/15/2023 8:29 AM 211 The community forest is a vital part of a healthy ecosystem and helps to offset the impacts of 7/14/2023 7:14 PM climate change. Climate change must be mentioned. 212 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a thriving and sustainable mix of native tree 7/14/2023 4:22 PM species of varying age classes that contribute to a diverse, native-based ecosystem. The forest uses traditional ecological knowledge, community input, and community needs in order to preserve a vital space for the environment, leisure, and culture. 213 Remove invasive species and underbrush surrounding all of the trees so people can enjoy 7/14/2023 3:06 PM them and walk near them... So many areas with trees in accessible. Cottonwood's taking over waluga West, falling over every season, etc.. 214 A more stringent tree policy so developers can't remove so many mature trees. 7/14/2023 11:11 AM 215 Multi tiered, composed entirely of natives, growing in scale, fully protected from development 7/14/2023 10:36 AM 216 a vibrant ecosystem, respectfully maintained 7/14/2023 10:07 AM 217 We need to maintain the urban forest for environmental, aesthetic, and other reasons, but we 7/13/2023 9:44 PM also need to recognize many trees are much more mature now and pose more threats to fires, solar access, and views. I believe selective thinning is necessary in L.O. 218 A segment of"the community"values and cares for the forest, but not everyone. 7/13/2023 9:08 PM 219 I would like for more large mature trees to be saved when development occurs. Too many 7/13/2023 8:45 PM trees are being cut down to put up housing or city improvements just to make it easier for developers. I would like more areas permanently saved in their natural state for future generations to enjoy. 220 Two items: There needs to be a healthy balance between a health community forest and solar 7/13/2023 12:22 PM exposure for solar generation of electrity. There is as need for balance of the community forest that is better prepared for a warmer climate of the future. 221 As above and add: As we face the real threat of Climate Change, it is more important than 7/13/2023 9:48 AM ever that we protect this valuable asset in our efforts to protect our environment. 222 We'd actually protect trees! The city approves most permits and this is having a detrimental 7/13/2023 8:21 AM impact on our community. Why not ask developers to come up with home plans with a smaller foot print so we can save trees? 223 I would like to see the City of LO not pander to developers who want to cut trees down to build 7/13/2023 7:13 AM HUGE homes...we have a beautiful city and have an oppportunity right now to be at the forefront of fighting climate change and implementing innovative policies to save our trees and fight climate change....it means not allowing private citizens and developers to cut down old growth trees.... 224 Tree removal for developers should be almost completely banned. As should teee removal for 7/12/2023 8:15 PM expanding a single family home. Fines for damaging roots and killing a tree should be steep. 225 To truly value that community forest and do all possible to keep them in place and healthy. 7/12/2023 4:25 PM Challenge the architects and planners to come up with "work arounds". 226 Actively protect the groves and single large, old trees from increasing development to ensure 7/12/2023 12:30 PM our forest is thriving and sustainable. 227 Save the trees. Mature trees are invaluable. 7/12/2023 11:42 AM 228 I would like to see an added component about keeping the trees healthy to help reduce the risk 7/12/2023 11:32 AM of a fast spreading wildfire. Living in California it is overwhelmingly clear that the lack of forest care has contributed to extremely fast burning huge fires. We have to strike a balance between preserving our trees, and culling the ones that may be unsafe to people and their properties. Planting of new trees on new development should reflect the native species that grows in our area. This should also be true for the beautification of our area. Native plants should be a priority. 229 To add to the vision statement above....I would include a phrase related to the sustainable mix 7/12/2023 9:08 AM of tree species...'that emphasize native and drought-resistent trees' 19/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 230 1. Preserve our native trees and existing forest area 2. limit and restrict removal of trees due 7/11/2023 11:30 PM to new housing development. 3. Plant more and bigger trees at safe areas for environmental protection for the future 4. Invest in natural area for diversified species and provide habitat for wildlife 5. More restrictions on harmful pesticides and rodenticide that would harm wildlife which in turn disturb the ecosystem 231 The more trees the merrier, they provide essential life for all the earth and removing them 7/11/2023 9:49 PM should be a challenge unless they are a threat to the community or dying. 232 Roads being lined with many local tree species homes with dense trees in their front and back 7/11/2023 9:37 PM yards. City planning revolving around local plant species. I'd ideally like to see 1-3 trees on every property keeping our neighborhood cool and beautiful and our environment clean. 233 I would like to see a greater mix of species and sizes. 7/11/2023 8:26 PM 234 Value and safely maintain existing trees. Encourage and support mixed species and ages of 7/11/2023 7:09 PM trees. Discourage removal of trees while promoting increased planting of trees on private properties and public lands. 235 I would publicly recognize and celebrate the 2007 Plan (its roots), and establishment. The 7/11/2023 1:05 PM success its had and in the media use it to gain in current popularity, Edu, etc. Work builds on the backs, minds, and hearts of people and we can use them as Urban Forest usage stars. Credit our neighborhoods that share county lines. Foster the indiginus, next generation and elders by incorporating a public/private Horticulture Therapy element. It has huge potential here and I would love to help. 236 Maintain the current approach. 7/11/2023 6:20 AM 237 I would like to see the city include more slow growing, long lasting trees that will someday 7/10/2023 10:27 PM becom the heritage trees of the future. 238 I like the look and feel of the trees in our urban forest. I'd like it to stay close to the same. 7/10/2023 4:42 PM 239 Ideally, the trees would be largely native species, suitable to the sites and geological/soil 7/10/2023 10:31 AM conditions. 240 Trees need to be trimmed or removed on a regular basis. Wind and ice storms are going to 7/10/2023 9:09 AM cause a major disaster to property. 241 Trees matter more than big houses. 7/10/2023 9:02 AM 242 limit the government's ability to control private property owners'tree, resend the tree ordinance, 7/10/2023 8:10 AM and let owners decide what, when, and how trees should be cut removed or otherwise taken care of. 243 Preserve as much of the large and older trees as possible. The new homes are being built 7/10/2023 7:11 AM where we have groves and forests. We need to build better protections into the code for large old trees. 244 We are not afraid to put the needs of our natural environment before the whims of people. 7/10/2023 3:42 AM 245 Stop cutting the fir trees. Plan development around them. Much smaller homes 7/9/2023 4:25 PM 246 As climate change takes hold, we prioritize planting species that will thrive in our warmer 7/9/2023 4:10 PM climate for new planting and to replace species that are no longer well suited to our area. 247 Find balance between healthy forests and safety for citizens by allowing right to remove trees 7/9/2023 1:25 PM to property owner 248 planting should focus on native trees, shrubs, and perennials that are best adapted to the soil 7/9/2023 11:42 AM locally, because natives evolved to support native birds, insects, and animals 249 Same as but even more significant going forward 7/9/2023 10:04 AM 250 The ideal Vision would be to put trees before builders. We are losing lots of trees to houses 7/9/2023 9:52 AM that take up whole lots. It's ridiculous. Completely changing what LO has been known for. Soon LO would've changed so much it will not be the same. Native trees, mature trees that ar healthy need to stay. Period. So the vision needs to back the trees. Period. 251 The Lake Oswego urban forest represents a biodynamic asset sustaining and sustained by 7/9/2023 9:06 AM 20/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey people of all ages. 252 I would keep the vision statement above. 7/9/2023 8:26 AM 253 Trees are a renewable resource and people need access to housing. Save where we can, but 7/8/2023 10:52 PM housing must be priority number one 254 That the city not permit every site to be completely clear cut 7/8/2023 10:02 PM 255 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is an integral part of it's identity and cultural 7/8/2023 4:21 PM heritage. It needs to be cherished, nourished, and nurtured in a way that it continues to economically and environmentally benefit the current and future generation/residents of this city. 256 The Lake Oswego are dedicated to providing resources for a thriving and sustainable urban 7/8/2023 3:57 PM forest. Placing a priceless value on our healthy ecosystem, the City of Lake Oswego is an essential partner in our ecosystem. 257 The urban forest needs to be cared for by the people whose residences they reside. If there is 7/8/2023 12:45 PM a dying tree or one that is dead, the home owner should be allowed to remove the tree. Also the trees need to be thinned out from time to time and should not have to go through a bunch or red tape to have that done. 258 City of Lake Oswego is tree friendly community allowing as many trees as possible without 7/8/2023 11:13 AM creating a hazardous conditions to private property while keeping healthy habitat 259 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is valued and protected to ensure future 7/8/2023 10:31 AM generations of people and wildlife. 260 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a thriving and sustainable mix of tree species 7/8/2023 9:55 AM and age classes that contribute to a healthy ecosystem. Our trees and woodlands are valued and cared for by the community as essential environmental, economic, and cultural assets." 261 Remove less Douglas Fir, plant more evergreen trees. 7/8/2023 9:33 AM 262 The trees are one of the beautiful benefits of living in LO. we have a special community and 7/8/2023 7:38 AM with developers and or homeowners removing trees just for the sake of removing them instead of working with the is apauling. 263 Greenbelts protected! Prop Owners like One Jeff Apts who slashed MASSIVE amounts of 7/8/2023 7:37 AM trees in 2017 many unecessarily, held accountable for environmental damage. Beauty and Cimate so important!!! 264 Maintain and increase tree canopy city-wide 7/8/2023 6:40 AM 265 Manage tree removal. 7/8/2023 6:29 AM 266 Focus on trees that can survive climate change(ice and heat events), maintain and leave 7/7/2023 10:06 PM more natural areas (don't develop all into developed parks), continue to cherish old trees. 267 Balance development and preservation of our urban forest. Eliminate nonnative and diseased 7/7/2023 9:54 PM trees. 268 After an assessment to take actions to improve the health of our urban forests. 7/7/2023 8:27 PM 269 I would like to protect AND expand existing forests and trees. Limit development. 7/7/2023 7:28 PM 270 I'd like for Lake Oswego to be known as a community that truly values its trees, yet works with 7/7/2023 7:21 PM residents to mitigate or limit potential wildfire damage. 271 A healthy, well-maintained mix of trees by species and age. We have over focused on 7/7/2023 4:24 PM protecting the oldest trees, but need to realize that many are very poorly maintained, and present a threat to property and people. 272 Careful mitigation of old or dangerous trees. 7/7/2023 2:26 PM 273 We need to protect our trees, stop cutting them down, and plan for'more' trees. We should hire 7/7/2023 1:34 PM several specialized arborists whose one job would be to protect and increase the health of our urban forests. 274 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a protected and nurtured ecosystem of native 7/7/2023 1:10 PM species that provide shelter for our wildlife, shade for our homes and fresh air for our lungs. We 21/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey are committed to preserving and growing our tree canopy and finding creative ways to develop land without losing this valuable asset. 275 7/7/2023 12:47 PM 276 Tree code is too stringent 7/7/2023 10:49 AM 277 Lake Oswego needs a better plan for maintaining the urban forest. I live near Iron Mountain 7/7/2023 10:47 AM Park and Beth Ryan Park. Neither are maintained. Overgrowth and out of control ivy raise the risk if there were a fire. The city is more concerned about limited tree thinning on a residence than the health of the forest. 278 'City of Trees'comprised of private and public tree canopies throughout residential and 7/7/2023 10:41 AM commercial areas of the city. 279 I hope that we can provide more education to the public. It seems like homeowners are 7/7/2023 10:15 AM removing healthy trees for no apparent reason. I think some homeowners think that trees are bad near their homes. 280 Ideal vision would be more flexibility to cut down trees. Not so strict. 7/7/2023 10:13 AM 281 Continued preservation of the community forest with consideration for the growing population 7/7/2023 8:58 AM and increased development occurring in the Portland Metro Area. 282 Ideally, Lake Oswego would continue to be an oasis of green. Urban trees and green spaces 7/7/2023 8:49 AM are one of the(visually)striking differences you see in LO as compared to other municipalities in the area. I would like to see the continued support of that vision. 283 Focus on natives and the"right tree in the right place,"especially with consideration of a 7/7/2023 8:33 AM changing climate. Create supports/resources/campaigns around community ivy and invasive removal on private property as well as public. 284 Maintain the NATURAL vegetation. 7/7/2023 8:05 AM 285 trees are too close to many homes, and overgrown or not properly thinned out. Many have ivy 7/7/2023 7:55 AM encroaching other overall health 286 I concur with the existing vision statement 7/7/2023 7:42 AM 287 Actions speak louder than words. When development is involved, trees come down. 7/7/2023 7:40 AM 288 Lake Oswego's forests are threatened by climate change, invasive plant species, drought and, 7/7/2023 7:33 AM in some cases, lack of thinning. 289 Whether in parks or in any other setting, trees are a public asset, and will be protected in the 7/7/2023 7:09 AM matter of invasive vines by volunteers. Those volunteers by definition are self-starting, not to be turned on or off by some gatekeeper. Gatekeepers oif volunteers are a terrible problem when puffed up proudly in an aggrandizing title, and worse when this is with a salary. Workers in our forests must be all-volunteer and fully honored for just showing up regularly in an accountable way. Showing up must be fun, safe, respected, honored-every-time. SOLVE is our example in achieving prosperity of our forests, and broad public happiness of participation. Our leader is David Kleinke, and the region of success so far, is in City of West Linn. Let Lake Oswego volunteers form under leadership of Mike Buck, and by example of David Kleinke and City of West Linn. Let LOPL maintain a Tools Libray resource for individual self-starters well- guided by information resources, working perhaps in their back yards and yet accountable, in finite but perpetual commitment. In City Hall UFP hearings, HOAs are noted as players. I invite early action toward big declarations in 2024, respecting my exempary work in Tryon woods, honoring my example to Red Fox Hills Townhomes Association of resident joy of achievement in a fifteen acre region accessible only from our grounds. Start a practice in SOLVE leadership and HOA engagement. Phillip Norman 503-255-4350 290 Our forest is cared for in light of the changing environment to be heat and drought resistant. 7/7/2023 6:58 AM 291 The community forest is managed to provide a mix of trees that can thrive and adapt to the 7/7/2023 6:32 AM change in our climate. This will require education and am well funded management program. 292 I would love to see a program where residents can get a free native tree to plant in their yards. 7/7/2023 5:36 AM 293 It would be great to see the city honor the statement above by prioritizing trees in their 7/7/2023 12:02 AM development planning. Sidewalks can move around trees, houses/apartments can be built 22 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey around existing trees. ""People rely on these forests for their well-being, their culture, food and medicines. The science is clear that keeping them standing is our best bet to prevent climate catastrophe." Richard Robertson 294 The urban forest would not have any invasive species, like ivy growing up the trees unabated, 7/6/2023 9:32 PM and blackberry would be gone. It would have a good mix of tree types suitable for our environment and climate. 295 Diverse ecosystem that is well kept and cleared of underbrush on an annual basis to prevent 7/6/2023 9:11 PM disease, pests, wildfire 296 As Lake Oswego continues to grow, it will be of the utmost importance to protect the existing 7/6/2023 8:32 PM trees. of course, trees can be taken down and new ones planted, but rarely are we planting large trees. The beauty of Lake Oswego is dependent on the large alder trees. It would be very sad to see Lake us. We go become another subdivision looking suburb. Let's protect the beauty we have, and not let developers strong arm the city. 297 Na 7/6/2023 8:12 PM 298 Tree removal only if diseased or a danger/hazard. Removal of ivy from trees on public property 7/6/2023 7:40 PM and in parks. 299 Same 7/6/2023 7:39 PM 300 When providing homeowners with Approval Letters to cut down multiple trees that may affect 7/6/2023 7:18 PM neighboring properties, the city should ensure that the owners of the neighboring properties have notice and an opportunity to object to the letter. I was not given such an opportunity regarding the 2479 Palisades Crest letter and was unfairly treated by Daphne Cissell in that process. Forty trees were cut down over many weeks and have not been replaced per the letter's terms. The city needs to ensure the terms of its letters are complied with follow-up inspections and penalties where appropriate, not just giving simple lip service to protect this vital resource. 100 words are not sufficient to describe the situation. 301 What I love about Lake Oswego is that the integrity of the natural habitat has been maintained 7/6/2023 7:10 PM with homes built to coexist with it. The wildlife and ecosystem in our town is such a precious gift that residents are able to enjoy, and I want to keep seeing that as a priority. 302 Expand and maintain our urban forest to insure future livability. 7/6/2023 6:28 PM 303 Better enforcement of tree removal code....Increase fines for those that do not go through the 7/6/2023 6:19 PM process and arbitrarily take down trees 304 Believe the 2007 vision statement should still apply and each of the stated points should be 7/6/2023 6:15 PM covered in future vision statements such that it is functionally equivalent 305 I think it's important for trees to be properly pruned and shaped every other year. To me this 7/6/2023 6:06 PM keeps the trees healthy and it helps to avoid breakage during stormy weather. 306 Trees lining all streets with climate change in mind that are chosen to be drought resistant and, 7/6/2023 5:30 PM if possible those that are tolerant to wildfire. Some oaks from California may be good choices. 307 Protect big, old trees of all species from destruction by residential and commercial 7/6/2023 5:18 PM development. 308 I would like to see better forest management all around Lake Oswego. Not just parks but 7/6/2023 5:16 PM neighborhoods. Cleaning up dead wood (so much still from ice storm) prescribed burnings and reforestation to keep our forests beautiful and healthy as our climate continues to change. 309 Ideally we continue to car for the older growth around that provides beauty, shade and clean 7/6/2023 5:12 PM air. The ivy around LO is really prevenant and from my POV the biggest threat to the trees we have. 310 Taking care of our trees has become extremely expensive. I would like to see some help from 7/6/2023 5:09 PM the city please. 311 Shade and privacy for all, stewardship for the future 7/6/2023 5:06 PM 312 To plant as many trees as possible as quickly as possible to mitigate the heat from 7/6/2023 4:58 PM anthropogenic global warming. 313 The forestry plan should strike a balance between the urban plan vision and the rights of 7/6/2023 4:52 PM 23/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey property owners to manage the trees on their property. 314 Trees should be taken care of, not taken down. 7/6/2023 4:42 PM 315 Include"mature native tress provide important habitat and are protected by the city's 7/6/2023 4:37 PM development code" 316 "The City of Lake Oswego seeks to protect its community forest by maintaining a thriving and 7/6/2023 4:18 PM sustainable mix.... The forest is an essential environmental, economic, and cultural asset." (I'm not sure that it is thriving right now, and also not sure it is valued and cared for by the community, at least not in my neighborhood where development has had a very large impact.) 317 To continue to protect and improve the urban forest of Lake Oswego, recognizing that 7/6/2023 4:18 PM protecting the trees and growing the forest will be our survival as our climate warms and we continue to deforest for human development 318 I think the Mt Park neighborhood is taking great care of our forest. Perhaps they could serve 7/6/2023 4:08 PM as a model for other neighborhoods. 319 Save the trees. Too too many are cut down for unnecessary basements. Truly require 7/6/2023 4:04 PM alternative floor plans from developers that save trees. Do not loose any more tree canopy 320 Protect more wetlands, undeveloped areas , community education programs and newsletters 7/6/2023 4:03 PM educating people how to help and get involved in things that will support our green areas and trees 321 Work to eradicate native species, and plant native trees of all types in urban and natural areas 7/6/2023 3:58 PM 322 Stop cutting trees down to build more/bigger houses! Plant more trees proper for environment 7/6/2023 3:55 PM 323 An urban treed environment rich in trees for the NW. 7/6/2023 3:54 PM 324 The trees are routinely trimmed along the power lines. Granted they are trimmed back to a safe 7/6/2023 3:51 PM distance, but they are also trimmed in a most unnatural disfigured shape. Just remove the trees that are hazardous all together. 325 Don't cut down trees 7/6/2023 3:45 PM 326 That it is expanding as well as thriving, and new trees are being protected and encouraged. 7/6/2023 3:43 PM 327 Ideally maintain existing old growth trees and implementing stricter standards for developers. 7/6/2023 3:39 PM 328 Encourage native trees in city natural areas and actively remove non natives. 7/6/2023 3:38 PM 329 (I think the current vision statement is fine, as is.) 7/6/2023 3:37 PM 330 I think the statement above is fine. 7/6/2023 3:34 PM 331 Please save more trees! Stop removing our biggest trees! Development should work around 7/6/2023 3:27 PM them as much as possible please! 332 A focus on trees that are native as well as trees that are drought tolerant. 7/6/2023 3:24 PM 333 The city is letting developers take down too many trees for too big of houses. In one block 7/6/2023 3:16 PM area on Sunset Dr. Over 60 large trees were taken down just to replace torn down houses with larger ones. Now you have given permission to apartment buildings on Lower Boones Rd. In Lake Grove to tear more. 334 DO your job-live the values of your vision statement-too many trees are being removed! 7/6/2023 3:14 PM 335 Allow removel of undesirable species and poorly placed tree's regardless of size! Aim to plant 7/6/2023 3:11 PM the most beneficial species, not just a tree of a certain size. 336 I agree with the current statement. 7/6/2023 3:07 PM 337 I'm fine with the City's vision statement 7/6/2023 3:05 PM 338 Lake Oswego urban forest areas should be manicured and not allowed to grow unfettered for 7/6/2023 3:05 PM decades. 339 Preserve and enhance the green belt in and around LO 7/6/2023 2:56 PM 340 Do everything we can to let our urban forest thrive. 7/6/2023 2:53 PM 24/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 341 Lake Oswego encourages healthy and well balanced landscapes that meet community 7/6/2023 2:53 PM members and home owners desired design. Balance is key. 342 Subsidized care for care and and maintenance of trees for lower income folks. Nom toxic weed 7/6/2023 2:53 PM and invasives control. 343 I think it's important to restore and preserve existing forests and to create connections 7/6/2023 2:51 PM between islands of habitat so wildlife can move safely. Paths for people to access forest spaces are important as well. 344 Require all new building remove all ivy; plant only trees and shrubs indigenous to our area. Do 7/6/2023 2:49 PM not allow any builders who defy cutting permits to access future building permits. The trees are what give our community the wonderful aesthetics and natural shade. 345 Plan that leaves heritage trees wherever possible and tracts of undisturbed/ untouched forest. 7/6/2023 2:45 PM Not everywhere needs accessible trails or playgrounds and picnic tables. 346 Manage the tree density to accommodate development but not reduce overall number of trees. 7/6/2023 2:41 PM Assist homeowners in understanding the complexities of maintaining healthy trees. 347 It used to be extremely difficult to remove a tree in LO. Now it is extremely easy. We need to 7/6/2023 2:39 PM go back to making it difficult or we will not recognize our city in near future. 348 Continue to ensure that there is a range of age classes in the urban forest and that our large 7/6/2023 2:33 PM native trees are planted to replace removed trees. My concern is that smaller trees are being used to replace the large specimen trees that are being removed. 349 I think the above statement still rings true. 7/6/2023 2:29 PM 350 Observing the 2007 vision statement would be a good start. Doug firs thrive in groups, such as 7/6/2023 2:28 PM groves. The City has not shown itself to value our amazing mature growth canopy. Downtown and the First Addition have been ravaged, all requests for removal of these trees seem to be granted. The sight of a lone remaining mature tree without its grove is very sad. 351 Having a healthy mix of trees of the right variety to be near homes as well as the home owner 7/6/2023 2:28 PM deciding what to do with the trees on their property that they are liable for. The city also needs to do a better job clearing trees by power lines and trees by roadways that are in danger of falling. 352 I think LO needs to rethink zoning in general, preserving the scale and feel of older 7/6/2023 2:25 PM neighborhoods, and access to affordable housing. Stop building behemoth houses! Make all kinds of regulations, restrictions, penalties, taxes to discourage tearing down older homes and replacing them with office building sized residential properties. That will do a lot to preserve our trees. 353 We need sensible measures to protect and preserve our trees. Remove large trees where there 7/6/2023 2:25 PM are overhead powerlines, as we have had numerous outages due to limbs falling on lines during wintertime. Also, transformer blew and set a large tree on fire. 354 I would like more freedom to remove trees from my property. I have a number of tall firs, and 7/6/2023 2:25 PM one day they are going to fall on someone's house ... 355 Foster increasing and continuing tree care throughout LO. 7/6/2023 2:23 PM 356 A balance between preserving the urban forest while encouraging infill development. Designing 7/6/2023 2:22 PM development to incorporate trees rather than remove them. 357 It needs to be maintained and thinned to address wildfire threats. PGE needs to be trimming 7/6/2023 2:20 PM more. Trees are great, but they need to be in the right places. Ones encroaching on the power lines need to be addressed to avoid a catastrophy. This seems to be a huge blind spot. 358 Stop allowing developers to take down so many trees. They should be able to work around and 7/6/2023 1:46 PM save trees with better house designs. 359 I agree with the current vision statement. Protect the trees! 7/6/2023 1:10 PM 360 Add to the end: that is maintained as a continuous urban forest ecosystem for benefit of 7/6/2023 12:01 PM people and nature 361 Update the tree code to require more and larger replacement trees in the event that a permit to 7/6/2023 10:33 AM 25/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey cut is issued. 362 Keeping large conifers since they are the basic tree forming the skyline and the feel of Lake 7/6/2023 10:27 AM Oswego. This is one of the primary factors in our choice of Lake Oswego as our home. 363 Maintain an equal or increased carbon sequestation rate within the community. Place a carbon 7/6/2023 8:58 AM sequestation value for each tree. Contract with a carbon exchange company which provides revenue based on sequestation values. 364 The above would be an adequate vision however the city and individuals requesting tree 7/6/2023 7:50 AM removals do not observe or really give much consideration to this vision. 365 One idea I think would help is educating new homeowners about the expectations of clearing 7/5/2023 10:33 PM invasives from their property and protecting the mitigation plants. (This idea is speaking to new homeowners of new construction). Ideally all citizens would have good information on hand to help them understand the importance of dealing with invasives and native plants. Ideally educated homeowners would be a help to a healthy urban environment. 366 ? 7/5/2023 10:31 PM 367 Add something about maintaining or expanding our forest area. The current vision doesn't 7/5/2023 9:27 PM include anything about how much tree coverage there is 368 Take care of, weed, water and address mobility issues in Woodmont Park and various other 7/5/2023 7:54 PM projects that have been neglected. 1.5 million dollars of abandoned park. 369 There are too many large unhealthy trees that threaten our homes and look very unattractive 7/5/2023 7:53 PM 370 Please keep our big trees as much as possible- im so disappointed in the new trees on 7/5/2023 7:51 PM Boones Ferry-it looks discombobulated compared to the old majestic trees that were taken down 371 To look for alternative building plans when development will require removal of large trees. 7/5/2023 6:58 PM 372 Prioritize protecting our healthy trees and get creative with development plans to prevent 7/5/2023 6:34 PM unnecessary removal of healthy, thriving trees. As humans, we need to remind ourselves -we can adapt to a change in floor plan better than we can to a catastrophic climate event. 373 fully prioritize and protect mature, adult trees and wetland areas from excessive removal, 7/5/2023 6:33 PM invasive species, non-ecologically friendly landscaping, etc. in order to better support the active wildlife that are coming to this lake city for shelter as the surrounding areas pave over vital environmental sites and increased human traffic pushes them away. 374 Stop allowing variances to builders! Thanks for your time. 7/5/2023 5:00 PM 375 No cutting trees over 50 years old-we are robbing future generations 7/5/2023 3:47 PM 376 Many of us moved to Lake Oswego for its beauty. A big part of that is the trees. With temps 7/5/2023 1:37 PM increasing the shade of the trees becomes even more important. Trees are a vital part of our health and life force. Anyone questioning please read, The Hidden Life of Trees. 377 To protect our tree canopy. Once they're removed for development, there is no going back. 7/5/2023 1:30 PM Think ahead and protect our environment and our wildlife. 378 I believe that the current statement is ok if the city planners actually followed the sentiment of 7/5/2023 1:24 PM the statement. Currently, the statement is just a bunch of meaningless words with a period at the end. 379 Maintain our tree canopy so Lake Oswego continues to be a pleasant and outstanding place to 7/5/2023 11:31 AM live, we can connect with nature, and enjoy the lovely outdoors. 380 Provide privacy and shade but removal and replanting MUST be allowed per owner's property 7/5/2023 11:08 AM rights. 381 Maintain and hire INDEPENDENT arborists with NO tie to developers, city employees or 7/5/2023 10:37 AM council people. Mitigate by planting some of the BIG trees. Replacing the old overstory with white oak, other small forest trees is not in keeping with historic tree overstory! Keep and preserve old Douglas Firs and Sequoia and seek to protect them! 382 i agree with statement but don't allow people to cut multiple trees to build new houses. also 7/5/2023 10:02 AM look at areas instead just individual properties 26/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 383 A moratorium on cutting down significant trees unless a tree's health is compromised. 7/5/2023 9:23 AM Prioritize trees!!! 384 I would not change that statement. 7/5/2023 9:23 AM 385 Preserve old growth trees. Replacing them with sticks is not acceptable. 7/5/2023 9:11 AM 386 Our community forest needs to remain a forest. We cannot get back mature trees once they 7/5/2023 8:48 AM are cut down for development. Someone from the City needs to work with developers to spare and question all trees set for removal and look at alternatives. 387 As climate change accelerates, so will heat, drought, air and water pollution. Trees are one of 7/5/2023 8:40 AM our best mitigators—but only the large established trees. The science shows that young trees and street trees provide minimum if any ecosystem services. The same is true for biodiversity collapse. Trees (especially large established trees) provide essential habitats. 388 Better tree canopy, more native trees, less deforestation. Implementation of staggering 7/5/2023 8:30 AM replacement of trees ie planting/establishing new trees before removing old trees. Filling in more empty space with trees. Better tree health and maintenance. Educate public of benefits, care and importance of trees to our environment, health and aesthetic. 389 If you need to tear down a tree for a home just plant more 7/5/2023 8:30 AM 390 I cannot improve on the current statement 7/5/2023 8:26 AM 391 Continued support for old growth trees and spaces 7/5/2023 8:25 AM 392 Cooling, shade, environment, wildlife habitat 7/5/2023 7:58 AM 393 N/A 7/5/2023 7:37 AM 394 Keep as many trees as possible as neighborhoods develop and change and continue to 7/5/2023 7:30 AM replace those removed. 395 Stricter rules regarding tree removal for new or remodeled homes for both developers and 7/5/2023 7:15 AM homeowners even if it results in smaller homes. We are seeing an increasing amount of trees being removed so the largest homes can be built. 396 Lake Oswego cares for and respects our living forest in an effort to protect our local 7/5/2023 6:40 AM environment and the planet for the next generation(s). Each and every tree is considered a valuable asset. 397 I think Lo has but t000000o much emphasis on building and especially cookie cutter houses. I 7/5/2023 6:35 AM think more effort should take place to require builders be creative with their plans to optimize trees remaining on properties. I recognize times change and a few trees may need to go with rebuilds but the alarming number that are sacrificed just so a builder doesn't have to use a non stock design is shocking. Please do better LO! Or at the least don't post that we are an award winning tree community if we don't actually value the tree more than the$. 398 To maintain our current old growth trees and add younger species to ensure continued canopy 7/5/2023 6:32 AM for future generations 399 Preserve the trees and the environment! 7/5/2023 6:24 AM 400 No more cutting of trees. 7/5/2023 6:19 AM 401 Urban Forest is important part of LO' environment, and is a critical element of the ecosystem - 7/4/2023 12:46 PM our advocacy group LOEJC, defines environmental justice as the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. 402 Preserve and plant trees. Remove invasive species. 7/3/2023 5:59 AM 403 The city of Lake Oswego must protect and defend a thriving and sustainable mix of tree 7/2/2023 10:13 PM species and classes. these tree species and classes are in danger from overdevelopment, climate change, and invasive species. The forest must be cared for by the community to protect the health and well-being of our citizenry. This is an essential goal of this plan. 404 I like the existing statement. 7/2/2023 9:55 AM 27/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 405 Encourage planting of more native trees. Stop making it so easy for developers to remove so 7/1/2023 3:43 PM many large old native trees. 406 Diversity of native plants and fines to owners who do not remove ivy Maybe it will prevent a 7/1/2023 2:53 PM home from being sold or higher raves if they do not remove ivy in a specified timeframe 407 Current vision statement is good 7/1/2023 2:26 PM 408 LO has a unique opportunity to creative and future-oriented by revising the DRC standards and 7/1/2023 4:26 AM updating the tree code to reflect development's effect on trees and natural space. The preservation and health of mature trees needs priority. Current DRC standards do not allow neighborhoods to protect their character verses huge homes. Please address this inequity. 409 It would be protected! Development would happen on a way that preserved as many trees as 6/30/2023 9:08 PM possible 410 It reflects the original environment in Lake Oswego before higher density development was 6/30/2023 8:31 PM introduced 411 The urban forest should be diverse and strong with the ability to withstand high temperatures, 6/30/2023 6:25 PM winds, ice and snow. It should also be able to provide shelter from sun and also give aesthetic benefits to people. It needs to be maintained not just protected ad hoc. Tree requirements for caliper inches should be based on the new tree's ability to survive, not just size. That way new trees that are planted will continue to grow and add to the canopy throughout the city. 412 Add statement re Lake Oswego. It's support as needed 6/30/2023 12:47 PM 413 Diversity but ensuring non invasive plants and/or plants that are not indigenous species 6/29/2023 4:56 PM 414 Increase incentives to keep all health, established trees but especially large, healthy old 6/29/2023 4:56 PM growth trees. Give developers incentives to keep more trees. Update tree code to make it more difficult for NEW developments to remove trees. Encourage bridge foundations. 415 Reduced number of diseased trees &trees over 40 ft tall 6/29/2023 3:32 PM 416 To continue to be prosperous 6/29/2023 3:04 PM 417 Take down the trees! The pruning of hacking off the tops of trees is ugly and dumb! This city 6/29/2023 9:39 AM has plenty of trees and each day as I drive Southshore, Lake View, Country Club and my own street there are trees leaning or branches hanging out over the roads! They are covered with ivy and not even attractive! I imagine it won't be until one of the trees drop and kill someone that the city will do something! Each year it seems the city is paying tree companies to"trim" the trees! Here's a concept... take the trees down so those same trees aren't being"trimmed" every year! By removing trees the pretty, not dangerous trees can get some sunlight and allow for deeper stronger roots! Tree are beautiful and important but this city has taken its tree hugging too far! Get rid of some trees! 418 Stop removal of Old Growth trees to build multiple house complex homes. 6/29/2023 7:18 AM 419 All mature trees are left alone to the largest extent possible. 6/28/2023 6:16 PM 420 We should focus on preparing for a climate-changed future by increasing canopy of native and 6/28/2023 3:20 PM drought-tolerant species throughout the city. 421 The urban forest is managed and maintained in such a way that it contributes the livability of 6/28/2023 12:33 PM community through positive impact on the environment and quality of life for all residents 422 Less mature tree removal due to housing development 6/28/2023 12:28 PM 423 Stop allowing the cutting of old/ large trees if there is no damage or disease. Stop allowing 6/28/2023 12:00 PM golf courses to cut trees! Trees over 15' that are removed should be replaces by LARGE box trees at owners expense, within 6 months. 424 The urban forest prepares for a warming climate, balances the need for affordable housing and 6/28/2023 11:11 AM density, provides shade and cooling, and substantial tree cover. 425 A more strategic and context-based approach to what trees stay and which ones go. Some 6/28/2023 10:06 AM trees can be replaced with natives. cutting down a tree could allow a home to run on solar. We should practice a responsible approach to urban forests that considers the scenario and encourages planting natives instead of criticizing every tree removal. 28/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 426 Maintain and grow urban forests for future generations 6/28/2023 9:48 AM 427 Natural settings with accessible pathways and integrated educational facilities. The forest 6/28/2023 9:42 AM should easily integrate with the daily lives of the community. 428 continually planting native species while allowing trees that are so large& old that community 6/28/2023 9:24 AM property owners need/want to remove. Difficult balance I know 429 Much of our tree canopy seems to be disappearing either due to development or aging. As 6/28/2023 5:48 AM climate change increases diversification of species will be important. Ivy is a significant problem in parks. 430 We will stop cutting down trees because replacing a 100 year old fir tree with something from a 6/27/2023 7:31 PM local nursery is a joke. 431 No change 6/27/2023 6:12 PM 432 Over trees to support wildlife and protect environment. 6/27/2023 4:32 PM 433 The Urban Forest is essential for the health and well-being of the human and animal 6/27/2023 3:40 PM community of Lake Oswego. The loss of the Urban Canopy is an existential threat to our very survival. The Urban Forestry Plan is a blueprint to direct the city in the protection of its urban forest habitat. The plan prioritizes the health of the urban forest and describes the care that we as citizens of Lake Oswego must take to protect that health. The plan should inform good building practices, building codes, and care of the forest to preserve this precious resource. 434 Lake Oswego's community forest is not thriving and likely not sustainable. We need to take 6/27/2023 3:23 PM actions to make the community forest as resilient as possible to temperature increases, pests and diseases, and other environmental stresses. This will likely mean planting new tree species that are drought tolerant and able to defend themselves against pests and diseases. 435 Preserving mature trees, particularly our stand of tall Douglas Fir trees 6/27/2023 3:19 PM 436 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is a thriving and sustainable mix of tree species 6/27/2023 3:04 PM and age classes that contribute to a healthy ecosystem. The forest is valued, cared for and protected by the community as an essential environmental, economic, and cultural asset. 437 I see a mixture of native growth of varying maturity to create a bio diverse habitat. It is valued 6/27/2023 2:55 PM and cared for by the community and is an essential part environmental, economic, and cultural asset. 438 Provide better management of the trees in our parks. Esp. Springbrook park. 6/27/2023 1:07 PM 439 Have as many trees as possible along with a proper budget for maintenance, clean up, 6/27/2023 12:48 PM clearing, watering/nutrition, etc. to keep a healthy biome. 440 Ideally, Lake Oswego's urban forest is valued for its diversity, resilience, and contributions to 6/27/2023 11:58 AM community health and well being. In every measure, the city's urban forest is increasing in health and vibrancy as compared to the previous millennium. 441 The vision provided is great. 6/27/2023 11:19 AM 442 Ideally it would take into account the consideration of more preservation of trees with regards 6/27/2023 10:52 AM to real estate development 443 I cherish the large, old and HEALTHY trees we have. When trees are sick they must be 6/26/2023 10:58 PM removed so as not to infect other trees, and to avoid property damage from falls. The current rules have us keeping sick trees for too long. Once a tree is in irreversible decline it must be removed. Our tree code should keep the healthy trees and remove/replace the sick trees. Also, there's a double standard: The sick trees stay in place for a long time while the City and Builders remove too many healthy trees (golf course is but one example) in the name of "progress" 444 Keep it clean and managed 6/26/2023 9:52 PM 445 No comment 6/26/2023 9:30 PM 446 I'd like to see a sincere effort to maintain and nurture existing large trees and an educated 6/26/2023 9:10 PM effort to plant trees that can survive in coming years of a hotter planet 447 My vision includes groves and parks where the giant old trees are allowed to grow and then a 6/26/2023 8:55 PM 29/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey secondary collection along all streets, residential and business, where a mix of well managed trees can provide for shade and aesthetics. 448 For land use development applications it should be required that property owners/developers to 6/26/2023 7:31 PM downsize their proposed build structure portion of their application in order to save and protect trees whether insignificant or significant. Further, go on to relook at the current LO Tree Code. This code should also apply and include commercial developments. 449 In matters of strangulation by invasive vines, let volunteers freely participate, such that no tree 6/26/2023 6:48 PM of significance is uncared-for. 450 Preserve as many trees as possible while continuing to plant more. 6/26/2023 6:46 PM 451 Street trees in right of way need to be trimmed (remove dead limbs &thinned to minimize 6/26/2023 6:26 PM wind/winter damage). 452 I agree with the 2007 vision. 6/26/2023 5:53 PM 453 The City should concentrate of City property and allow private property owners the freedom to 6/26/2023 5:44 PM develop their property as they see fit. 454 The city needs to listen to the homeowner and their needs. Especially if trees are damaging 6/26/2023 5:25 PM the foundation 455 We should rationalize the size and footprint of new homes being built from existing lots. 6/26/2023 4:29 PM Keeping the trees on the lots must receive higher priority. Developers should have to place keeping trees alive and in place as part of the permitting process and provide serious alternative plans to do so. 456 I think that's pretty much still true. Need to account for climate change, though. 6/26/2023 3:47 PM 457 Add to last sentence"in balance with development desires." 6/26/2023 10:42 AM 458 City does everything to protect remaining trees. Developers need to substantiate why they 6/26/2023 10:42 AM have to cut a tree down, not just default on an "unenforceable tree code" 459 healthy ecosystem is key with varieties and native species -drought resistance is critical as 6/26/2023 10:31 AM well with the encroachment of climate change 460 The City of Lake Oswego's community forest is endangered by human activity, specifically lax 6/26/2023 10:30 AM code which enables developers virtually remove any tree they deem in the way, and overall climate change. If we as a community truly value our urban forest, we will enact code change to restore decision power of tree removal to the community. 461 It must be a high priority that all trees 20" in diameter or larger simply cannot be removed 6/26/2023 9:31 AM unless they are literally dead or manifestly dying. 462 Prioritizing old mature trees, especially the large Douglas firs. The city has a reputation of 6/26/2023 8:52 AM valuing trees but since I've moved here I've noticed it's lip service. We don't have to choose between trees or people—there can be both. 463 Proactive maintenance of big native trees. Stop planting invasive species of trees and plants. 6/26/2023 7:51 AM Mitigate even dying and hazard trees. Mitigate removal of big natives with big natives only. Move type II tree apps into preapp. 464 Would love for various mitigation options relative to proposed tree removal. Replacement 6/25/2023 10:47 PM dwelling sites with existing small homes or vacant lots should not be held to the same tree standards as replacement dwellings with large homes as the area for development in relation to trees is not as large or even realistic. 465 The city does not appear to uphold or honor the forestry plan. The city allows developers to cut 6/24/2023 7:58 AM down all trees for ease of building. In addition there is no follow through on ensuring the mitigation plans are adhered to when taking down trees. 466 Keep as many trees as possible while allowing for growth in residential housing. Strike a 6/22/2023 5:57 PM balance. Incorporate felled trees into the environment or use them for neighborhood enhancements such as benches, sculpture, etc. 467 The vision should include more protections for older, developed trees, even if new ones are 6/22/2023 4:22 PM being planted, because the are better for carbon capture, aesthetics, the soil, and environmental protection. 30/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 468 The urban forest is a sustainable and thriving mix of tree species and healthy soil that 6/21/2023 5:46 AM contributes to a balanced ecosystem in cooperation housing, human health and community livability. 31/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q4 Please rate your level of agreement with the following statement: "I think Lake Oswego's Tree Code is effective at protecting and preserving trees." Answered: 574 Skipped: 8 I Strongly Agree ■ Agree Neither Agree ■ nor Disagree Disagree Strongly Disagree I have no ■ experience w... I'm not sure . 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Strongly Agree 7.67% 44 Agree 17.94% 103 Neither Agree nor Disagree 7.84% 45 Disagree 25.26% 145 Strongly Disagree 25.26% 145 I have no experience with the Tree Code 9.76% 56 I'm not sure 6.27% 36 TOTAL 574 32 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q5 Have you ever applied for a tree removal permit? Answered: 578 Skipped: 4 Yes No 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Yes 50.00% 289 No 50.00% 289 TOTAL 578 33 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q6 What type of tree removal permit were you seeking? Answered: 272 Skipped: 310 Type I Type II Hazard Tree Emergency Permit Invasive Permit Verification Permit Topping Permit I Forest h Management... I don't know 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Type I 24.26% 66 Type II 28.68% 78 Hazard Tree 47.79% 130 Emergency Permit 4.04% 11 Invasive Permit 13.97% 38 Verification Permit 2.57% 7 Topping Permit 1.47% 4 Forest Management Permit 0.74% 2 I don't know 19.49% 53 Total Respondents: 272 34/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q7 How would you rate the removal permit application process? (Select all that apply) Answered: 273 Skipped: 309 The removal permit... I had some questions,b... I was confused by the remov... My application was rejected... Something else (please... 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES The removal permit application, required documents, and process was easy to understand 32.60% 89 I had some questions, but generally understood the removal permit application, required documents, and process 39.93% 109 I was confused by the removal permit application, required documents, and process 10.26% 28 My application was rejected because my removal permit was incomplete 0.00% 0 Something else (please specify) 17.22% 47 TOTAL 273 # SOMETHING ELSE (PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 Prof. Arborist submitted 8/21/2023 5:48 AM 2 Over 20 years ago--the process may have chcanged 8/20/2023 5:19 PM 3 Applied first as an emergency permit but then had to apply for a hazardous permit. What?? It's 8/20/2023 4:49 PM either a hazardous or emergency but how is it both? 4 I applied for certain tree removal(s)& it was easy. An arborist helped me apply for other 8/20/2023 3:56 PM requests. 5 Mitigation criteria should not be 1:1 removal/replace. Existing tree density should be a factor 8/20/2023 3:48 PM 6 process was too cumbersome and should be streamlined. no neighbor review. If you qualify 8/5/2023 3:18 PM you qualify 7 I relied on an arborist 8/4/2023 5:34 PM 8 It was fine. THe tree was dead and I had to pay$20 seemed like a money making scheme 8/4/2023 12:31 PM 35/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 9 I had to wait a year to get pictures to prove the condition of the trees and the continued 8/3/2023 4:32 PM damage to my house and deck. The trees were 30-year old alders. Please have someone who knows tress make decisions. Somehow, my arborist's word/documentation wasn't good enough. Seriously. 10 too hard to remove trees on my property 7/28/2023 9:04 AM 11 Lengthy and cumbersome. 7/25/2023 1:54 PM 12 has been a while 7/25/2023 1:47 PM 13 The tree trimmer applied. 7/24/2023 6:00 PM 14 A tree company did it for me 7/24/2023 4:40 PM 15 I feel the permit process was too broadly reaching and allowed excess public opinion on my 7/22/2023 4:44 PM own personal property. I don't think it is fair that individuals who spend their personal time to fight every tree permit in the city such have such an influence on my own personal property. If they rules are clear what a homeowner or large parcel property owner has has to follow(that is FAIR)outside public opinion on ones personal property should not influence an approval. Let the city arborist/tree management officials make it 16 It's considered double taxation 7/21/2023 9:32 AM 17 I understood what was needed but the process was arduous. I was just trying to remove some 7/21/2023 7:26 AM old ornamental pear trees which were right under the power lines. Finally received a permit after second try. 18 A disregard for home owners needs for safety. 7/20/2023 5:46 PM 19 Has a non native tree at 45° growing over a structure and requested cut and replant with native 7/19/2023 6:23 PM tree . All I got was rejection after rejection. Never any suggestions on what to do. Meanwhile my parents old property had DOZENS of 60+ yr old native trees cut down. 20 I thought the process was unnecessarily complicated 7/17/2023 3:14 PM 21 It's ridiculous and people should be able to remove trees on their property that they've spent 7/15/2023 1:31 PM hundreds of thousands of dollars on 22 The permit was too easy to get and didn't require a committee review 7/15/2023 8:35 AM 23 It was too much for me to handle so I asked our tree person to do it for us 7/14/2023 3:10 PM 24 it was easy as the tree was hitting my house--very long time ago 7/12/2023 9:12 AM 25 The arborist completed my permit application, so I don't know what the process is 7/11/2023 11:34 PM 26 I have been around the permit process in several kinds settings. I recall one being easy for us 7/11/2023 1:32 PM but I was a contractor and just picked it up. 27 Should not be within the Government's scope of responsibility to govern trees on private 7/10/2023 8:32 AM property 28 Too cumbersome. More rights to property owners 7/9/2023 1:28 PM 29 it was a serious hazard, but your tree guy disagreed so i had to pay for professional opinion. 7/9/2023 10:19 AM 30 I applied for tree removal permits in Multnomah County when I lived there. It was for seven 7/7/2023 10:18 AM nuisance trees that were on my property. It was easy to apply for the permit and get approved. But I'm not sure how relevant that is since it was multnomah county. 31 Originally it seemed simple, the rejected, the resubmitted per request, then rejected, then 7/6/2023 5:50 PM resubmitted something silly as requested, and approved. It was stupid! 32 I would like someone from the city to come and access my trees. 7/6/2023 5:15 PM 33 It was rotten and we still had to hire an arborist to verify 7/6/2023 3:26 PM 34 The permit process requirements did not consider species, level of decline, future problems , 7/6/2023 3:23 PM all allowing replacement of better trees. Very short- 35 The removal permitting process is easy to understand, however it is unnecessarily strict for 7/6/2023 2:59 PM 36/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey private property 36 Too easy to get approved 7/6/2023 2:46 PM 37 The questions on the type II application is excessive and not needed. 7/6/2023 2:41 PM 38 HOA submitted permit to remove three trees shading my home. All were healthy. I objected. 7/6/2023 9:21 AM Objections denied. Trees were cut down. No air conditioning, My home is now 15 degrees warmer in summer. Thanks a lot! 39 Arborist handled process 6/29/2023 3:36 PM 40 The requirements for a removal permit were too strict and unrealistic. 6/29/2023 6:13 AM 41 Arborist handled process 6/28/2023 5:55 AM 42 It's effectively a revenue stream for the city that does little to actually preserve trees. 6/27/2023 7:37 PM 43 Certified Arborist submitted my application 6/26/2023 11:08 PM 44 I had a dead tree. Seemed like the city only wanted my$20 6/26/2023 9:56 PM 45 In the end good but excessively cumbersome and expensive. 6/26/2023 5:54 PM 46 Takes to long and the staff has major attitude 6/26/2023 5:28 PM 47 The process is fairly clear but the steps involved prolong the review process by a significant 6/25/2023 11:00 PM amount and a lot of the application is left up to staff interpretation. The Type 2 process is very flawed definitely needs a re-boot. 37/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q8 Do you have any comments about the tree removal permit process? Answered: 425 Skipped: 157 # RESPONSES DATE 1 It's easy for developers to remove trees in the way for large projects, but hard for homeowners 8/21/2023 8:13 AM to remove their own trees in their own yards. Sometimes a tree seed is dropped or you planted a tree that is no longer working for you in your yard. It would be nice to have to ability to easily remove a tree, you planted and now wish to remove for whatever reason, on your own property. 2 The process was well-managed. I do believe developers and homeowners are treated 8/21/2023 7:34 AM differently however, and developers get preferential treatment. 3 After discussing this with several neighbors, you appear to be much harder on its application to 8/21/2023 7:21 AM individual, existing homeowners then you are with builders and developers. As soon as their lawyers threaten, you cave in, on so many issues. 4 One tree under 15"diameter at 6' height should be allowed to be removed annually by 8/21/2023 5:48 AM homeowner. Current Process is too restrictive. Onerous process results in needed removals not happening. 5 Not at this time 8/21/2023 5:43 AM 6 No 8/21/2023 4:46 AM 7 There should be a policy that applies to all permit submittals. There should be a requirement 8/21/2023 1:07 AM that the design ALWAYS considers the existing trees and designs around all substantial trees. There should be a strenuous threshold for anyone suggesting there is a hardship and an exception should be made. The city should be militant about protecting the trees. Housing AND trees should always be the goal. Not housing instead of trees. The city seems to apply the permit requirements inconsistently across the board. 8 I just don't think it should be something that should be so easy to get a permit for. Removing 8/20/2023 10:19 PM trees, that is. 9 The tree removal process is harder for a property owner than a developer. It is so unfair that 8/20/2023 10:11 PM developer can move into our community that is known for its trees and cut them all down. This has got to stop. Lake Oswego"Tree City" award should to taken away. It is so hard to live in a city that is so clearly in favor of developers. 10 The City is allowing developers to cut down most or all of trees for properties being developed. 8/20/2023 10:09 PM The City should record how many trees are cut every year and compare that with the total inventory to track the percent loss of trees each year. 11 Takes a long time when the tree has been dead awhile. 8/20/2023 7:50 PM 12 I believe that developers have too much leeway to remove nearly all significant trees on a 8/20/2023 6:39 PM property. When projects are currently reviewed the number of tree removals seems to only include the specific phase of the project (eg sewer installation) rather than a total account of all trees. There are many ways to retain more trees for community benefit when evaluating a property/ project in its entirety. 13 Balancing development with sustainability is very difficult. But, replacing legacy trees with 8/20/2023 6:37 PM small deciduous trees is not like for like. The city must do a better job of not allowing developers to piece-meal their removal permits. Far too often, we see tree removal applications occur in stages which seems to be"tricking"the public into thinking that tree removal is not as egregious. Mature sizable tree removal permits should be exponentially more expensive in order for developers to better consider the cost of tree loss to the general public. 14 It should be stricter, delimiting tree removal. "We never could design a building as beautiful as 8/20/2023 6:28 PM the trees."—Portland Architect Pietro Belluschi 15 Not yet. 8/20/2023 5:25 PM 38 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 16 No 8/20/2023 5:19 PM 17 None, other than it seems more trees are being removed for the sake of development. 8/20/2023 5:12 PM 18 The city seems to favor development and developers over our our trees. Planting a new tree 8/20/2023 4:49 PM does not replace an old tree which takes decades to grow to their current heights. 19 Favors wealthy developers who know how to use the current language in the permitting 8/20/2023 4:49 PM process to remove trees 20 For my purposes, removing 2 dead trees, the process was very smooth. 8/20/2023 4:44 PM 21 No 8/20/2023 4:42 PM 22 No, since I have never applied for a permit 8/20/2023 4:32 PM 23 Developers know how to work the system and clear cut lots. 8/20/2023 4:15 PM 24 no 8/20/2023 4:09 PM 25 No one but a developer would receive permission to remove 33+trees, most of which are Doug 8/20/2023 4:09 PM Fir, many of which are considered"significant"by type II code, as recently occurred with the Habitat for Humanity development. This is not an isolated instance either. Tree code exists to reasonably preserve resources for the community, not to be ignored for development. 26 No 8/20/2023 4:02 PM 27 When replacement trees are required as part of the removal process, I think developers should 8/20/2023 3:56 PM be guided on tree placement. I live next door to property where trees were removed as part of a flag lot development. There really weren't any good areas to place the new trees so they are jammed on a small strip running along the driveway...and touched my fence when they were planted. If this was an arborvitae, I would have no problem with that. But these are maple trees which were almost immediately too big for the spot as well as compromising the long-term condition of my fence. So, just requiring a tree to be replaced is not enough...the property should be able to accommodate the replacement tree. 28 The amount of Douglas Firs that LO is approving to cut down is appalling and ludicrous. And it 8/20/2023 3:53 PM seems that anyone that is in a neighborhood but unincorporated doesn't even have to apply. The lot next to me was sold with the MLS description touting how easy it would be for the buyer to get city approval to remove their fir trees to develop the lot. It is just downright greedy and disrespectful how these lots are being developed with so little regard as to what makes our neighborhood special: the trees and their wildlife. 29 Mitigation criteria should not be 1:1 removal/replace. Existing tree density should be a factor 8/20/2023 3:48 PM Apply penalties or stronger penalties for developers who raze and remove all trees 30 I have been involved in our neighborhood association for over 12 yrs. I've reviewed many tree 8/20/2023 3:42 PM removal applications from developers as well as private home owners. It seems odd to me that it is consistently so difficult for a private homeowner to remove a tree while it is so easy for developers to take out dozens. Additionally, the fines for taking out trees illegally seems to be low enough that some developers seem to simply include it in their budget as, "cost of doing business". New development is inevitable and can improve the value of the property. However, by removing so many trees to accomodate the development (often for oversized homes)you are reducing the quality of the neighborhood overall. Please visit Glen Haven Rd. between Canyon and Fernwood. Our street that was formerly full of trees is now full of cookie cutter builder level homes where almost all the trees were removed from the building site. I urge you to find a balance re: tree removal and also increase the fines for healthy, non-invasive trees that were taken out illegally. Example, among others: new home on the corner of Fernwood and Greentree Rd. Also, replacement trees are often not equitable to those removed. A couple of dogwoods, while pretty, in no way replaces the tree canopy, animal habitat, shade and neighborhood character that a mature dogwood, pine, oak or similar tree, even when mature. Also, there is little oversight as to the ongoing health of the replacement tree and/or subsequent removal of the tree within a few years of being planted. 31 Make it easier Afraid to ask based on friend's experience and need to 8/20/2023 3:27 PM 32 For invasive trees (sweet cherry)and hazard trees, the permit process was quick (less than 1 8/20/2023 3:22 PM day) and the staff, very responsive and helpful. 33 Lots. It is way too weak. Mitigation measures are woefully insufficient, especially for the 8/20/2023 3:12 PM 39 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey removal of multiple trees. It doesn't matter if it's a small or large DBH tree removed, it is not scaled, and you only have to replace the removed tree with a one young tree or a small payment, regardless of the size of the extracted tree. No consideration on tree canopy removal, or the negative impact of removing trees on the remaining trees. Also, mitigation is not required in the same area and is too often provided far away, thus altering neighborhoods. The measures in the code are too subjective, and extremely hard to assess, such as impact to the skyline. Suggest looking at the City of Portland's or the City of Palo Alto's tree code. 34 No as I really don't know much about it. However we do have some lovely tree filled areas in 8/20/2023 2:46 PM town. 35 These permits do not do enough to consider the overall impact of tree removal on the 8/20/2023 2:44 PM surrounding area. Plus, tree-keepers should be rewarded for their environmental contributions to the community! Furthermore, developers seem to have an ecocidal approach to development, meaning they completely wipe out the trees on a property before they develop the land. Then we lose our big trees and especially our evergreens! Why can't they be required to find ways to work around the trees, especially the large trees? 36 It is not kind to homeowners 8/20/2023 2:05 PM 37 No 8/20/2023 1:05 PM 38 I was denied the removal because of aesthetics to my waterfront neighbors. I was going to 8/20/2023 12:41 PM mitigate it with a prettier tree. I see what is going on today and it was very biased in favor of builders. No to homeowners and yes to builders. 39 No. 8/20/2023 12:40 PM 40 More strict laws 8/20/2023 11:55 AM 41 The staff at city hall were extremely helpful. The process was quick and easy. 8/19/2023 8:28 PM 42 No 8/19/2023 7:32 PM 43 No 8/19/2023 4:24 PM 44 No, but that is because we are officially in the county and do not need a permit. 8/19/2023 9:04 AM 45 Please make construction companies comply with the permitting process. I was told by the 8/19/2023 8:07 AM person who worked there that they cut first, pay fines later. Disallow anyone who does this from building here for a time(maybe a year) 46 It seems fair to me. 8/19/2023 7:53 AM 47 That process works for private residents. But there is very limited tree removal in Springbrook 8/18/2023 11:13 AM Park which was severely damaged by the ice storm 2 years ago 48 Limit removal of mature trees and require equitable replacement/mitigation whenever mature 8/18/2023 11:06 AM trees are removed. 49 I thought the city arborist did a good job explaining the various options for removal 8/18/2023 9:34 AM 50 The process must take into account the risks of the trees e.g. property, power lines, and the 8/18/2023 8:51 AM impacts of drought. 51 Mainly where to locate, what type of trees as replacement, would be helpful. 8/17/2023 12:10 PM 52 If it is easy to remove trees then I would it make harder. 8/17/2023 11:42 AM 53 N 8/14/2023 10:24 PM 54 We are in an up and coming area where the trees mean so much and yet because people want 8/14/2023 6:59 PM to. expand homes the whole neighborhood loses atmosphere and animals lose their homes. 55 It doesn't appear that neighborhood comments as part of approval process carry weight. DRC 8/14/2023 12:43 PM and City Council members are dismissive and have communicated that the process is a nuisance to them, alienating and discouraging a large portion of the community from involvement as citizens. Members of DRC and City Council are not asked to visit sites as part of appeals process. The Tree Code needs to be ammended to discourage removal of large trees for private and public development. 56 Seems efficient 8/14/2023 9:37 AM 40/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 57 I didn't know there was one 8/13/2023 4:39 PM 58 Was a reputable tree company and they helped educate us --a good process overall. 8/13/2023 2:12 PM 59 No 8/12/2023 3:14 PM 60 No 8/12/2023 1:44 PM 61 not yet 8/12/2023 1:11 PM 62 No 8/12/2023 12:38 PM 63 It's laughable. Anyone who wants to remove a healthy tree to improve their view, build a patio 8/12/2023 12:31 PM or construct a new McMansion will have no problem convincing the city to allow it. In the event a tree-removal permit is denied, the applicant keeps looking until they find someone who will say the tree has a disease, pest or fungus requiring its removal. And it seems the city has given larger home developers a free pass when it comes to tree removal for the sake of building yet another giant home. 64 I know nothing about the tree removal permit process. 8/12/2023 10:27 AM 65 the type ID is a bit confusing. It's super helpful that the representatives at the city are helpful 8/11/2023 6:08 PM and hope they keep in mind the added value that they can provide residents.. the process is a bit overwhelming to those of us who aren't developers. 66 Worked well, city employees were all helpful 8/9/2023 1:39 PM 67 Developers are removing too many trees. Don't replace paradise with parking lots 8/8/2023 5:56 PM 68 The city always allows developers to clear lots of trees. They are replaced with home depot 8/6/2023 12:11 PM trees in 5 or ten gallon pots. 69 keep forest management permit. helpful for large property owners to maintain their property. 8/5/2023 3:18 PM Eliminate neighbor review for certain permits. Continue to protect the city and the beautiful trees within reason 70 No 8/5/2023 2:44 PM 71 It was awhile ago but easy 8/5/2023 1:48 PM 72 I am tired of the"business-friendly" approach currently in place. It reeks of greed and short- 8/5/2023 11:45 AM sightedness. 73 No 8/5/2023 11:37 AM 74 Requiring the addition of a small tree to replace a huge one does not go far enough. Maybe 8/4/2023 5:34 PM need more discussion especially to take down trees to build huge houses. 75 N/A 8/4/2023 4:26 PM 76 I have been involved in the process which was very instructive. The developers wished to 8/4/2023 4:17 PM clear cut 8 trees for two new houses The neighborhood's objection to his not even trying to find an alternative plan that would have saved at least some of the trees, he of course got his way even though the code required him to but at the end of the day, there was an out for him and the trees came down. The same thing happened on D Avenue where a home owner was allowed to take down to make his garage bigger instead of revising his plans. There are people in my neighborhood who have spent years attending tree meetings and city meetings. They have educated themselves on every aspect but they have no say. They believe that the City wants to hear from them. It's a waste of time until the code puts some teeth in the code. 77 Developers have no restrictions on removing trees. Developers should be restricted to the 8/4/2023 2:11 PM same tree removal standards residents. No more, no less. 78 When a tree is dead, it should not require me to pay the city to remove it (I have to pay 8/4/2023 12:31 PM someone to remove it on top of that). Money making scheme. 79 Type II Tree Removal Applications should require an arborist report and engineering report 8/4/2023 9:23 AM when applicable. Actual to scale site plans should be required to show the exact location of the tree(s). In regards to development; tree removal should be discussed in a pre-application hearing instead of filing tree removal applications when plans are too far along, and it's too late 41 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey for the trees. In most cases when a tree removal application is appealed to the DRC, the appeal is denied. 80 Seems to delay cutting heritage trees, but development money ultimately wins out. 8/3/2023 9:34 PM 81 Few people obtain permits. It would be nice to have the arborists require a copy of the permit 8/3/2023 4:32 PM on record before beginning work 82 No 8/3/2023 8:52 AM 83 It should be harder for developers who are profiting from the removal of a tree. Native trees 8/2/2023 6:18 PM (Oaks, Spruce, Redwoods, Douglas Firs, big leaf maples)should enjoy more protection than other species. 84 Trees should not be removed unless they are diseased. 8/2/2023 11:25 AM 85 No 8/2/2023 9:45 AM 86 Just right. A good balance. 8/1/2023 3:42 PM 87 It seems too permissive based on the declining number of trees in First Addition. 8/1/2023 11:28 AM 88 Our tree removed was a 70 foot old ragged crab apple-missile tree on the SE side within 5 feet 8/1/2023 11:07 AM of the street. It enabled and made more efficient 54 solar panels on my house which avoid 415 trees of CO2 every day and year. I also planted 20 trees on my lot--some low south side, most cedar North side and I already have over 100 large trees on the East and North side of my lot. So my tree removal INCREASED the positive effects of trees by over 500 fold. PUT That in the tree code. 89 It should cost more to cut down a large tree. 7/31/2023 10:43 PM 90 I've been intimately involved with the project and the city seems to only respond to the dollar. 7/31/2023 9:19 PM In other words they cave to developers. 91 Please see my previous comment. There are a lot of issues tied to the tree removal process. 7/31/2023 7:54 PM For example, decisions on whether or not to approve a permit should be handled by a neutral party. Also, the DRC members should visit sites and be required to read comments of residents. Also, it would help implement disincentives that discourage people from cutting down trees like a much higher fee. Don't allow complex reinterpretations of terms like"Street trees". Clarify definitions of Tree Code related terminology. Require developers to present alternative plans and require them to implement that plan. Reword the Tree code so that it's more difficult to get a permit if the reason given is "for the purpose of development". 92 I reveiw these for our Neighborhood Association and we see a lot of people removing large 7/31/2023 5:26 PM trees for marginal reasons. It is the homeowner's property and I want homeowner's rights. But the language on the form itself leads to mushy logic and permissive results. There is not a clear decision making tree(no pun intended)that tells people if they really should or should not be taking down a tree. The problem is that it then falls on the NA to do enforcement and challenge our neighbors on the validity of their requests instead of it being handled in the code and by the application itself. Tighten up the language and when it is and is not permissible to take down a tree. Quit passing the buck to the citizens to be the bad guys. 93 Too complicated Too strict 7/31/2023 4:00 PM 94 Consider adjusting healthy tree removal fees to reflect cost benefits of tree retention for public 7/31/2023 1:38 PM (iTree, etc.). Expand protections for trees in development and public improvement projects. Consider making code similar to other portland metro municipalities for regional consistency. 95 Concerned about trees lost to developers. 7/31/2023 12:49 PM 96 It was efficient 7/31/2023 12:44 PM 97 Developers should have the same rigor and review that individual property owners must 7/29/2023 6:03 PM contend with. 98 Stop allowing so many trees to be cut down. It's ridiculous how little Lake Oswego cares about 7/29/2023 4:46 PM its trees 99 It was good 7/29/2023 1:14 PM 100 No 7/29/2023 12:36 PM 42 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 101 It should be more difficult to remove healthy trees. 7/28/2023 7:36 PM 102 As a homeowner, I thought it was fine and clear. It appears to me that developers get a 7/28/2023 11:53 AM different process and are more likely to get approval, which I think is wrong. 103 I find it absurd that people who don't own my property have say in what I can do with it 7/28/2023 9:04 AM 104 I think the current process is fine 7/28/2023 8:53 AM 105 As a former DRC member it seems to me the code makes it easier for developers and really 7/28/2023 8:31 AM hard for home owners. 106 I do not own private property here and am not familiar with this process. 7/27/2023 3:48 PM 107 When a person has documentation that a tree's roots could impact a structure or maybe cause 7/26/2023 3:10 PM work for neighbors to clean up fallen fruit or leaves it seems like the tree should be able to be removed. Also many times trees group much larger than intended&due to location could fall causing damage. 108 No 7/26/2023 1:14 PM 109 No 7/26/2023 11:47 AM 110 Tree topping or in your terminology, pruning (it's actually topping), should not be permitted at 7/26/2023 11:27 AM all. 111 It feels way too easy to remove a tree and too hard to save the trees. The cost limits most 7/26/2023 9:26 AM residences ability to save the trees. It feels that big business almost always wins. 112 No 7/26/2023 4:19 AM 113 no 7/25/2023 5:59 PM 114 I believe too many tree's are being removed. I think they need to start denying tree removals 7/25/2023 4:04 PM more frequently. 115 Too difficult for existing homes to get to create a wildfire defensive space. Yet are easy for 7/25/2023 3:52 PM new builds of greatly oversized homes to get 116 Takes way too long and it's MY property, not people walking through the neighborhood. 7/25/2023 3:20 PM 117 Just make sure property owner signs 7/25/2023 2:58 PM 118 The permit process lacks common sense and efficiency. 7/25/2023 2:10 PM 119 No 7/25/2023 1:57 PM 120 Make it easier to remove trees on our own properties. 7/25/2023 1:54 PM 121 The arborist requirement is expensive $200 to tell me the tree is dead.... 7/25/2023 1:54 PM 122 no 7/25/2023 1:47 PM 123 No. 7/24/2023 6:00 PM 124 In general, almost all requests for removal are approved, making a mockery of the system. 7/23/2023 10:04 PM 125 - 7/23/2023 2:18 PM 126 I see value in having a process, but I believe our City process is cumbersome, too lengthy and 7/23/2023 2:18 PM expensive. 127 That would be good to have mitigation requirements for hazard trees and invasive trees. I think 7/23/2023 12:09 PM it would be easier for people to understand if they measured circumference and not DBH which is more difficult to calculate. I also think the mitigation tree list should be updated to include climate change tree suggestions and to require a larger caliber tree. I also think the fee that developers and home owners pay to remove type II trees should be significantly higher that would correlate to the actual value of trees. 128 Have not applied for a permit, but my neighbors have. The cost, our tax applied to remove 7/23/2023 9:32 AM larger trees I find to be unnecessary and excessive. 129 The tree removal permit process is too easy to acquire. All that is necessary is to have money 7/22/2023 9:33 PM 43/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey and a tree removal permit is granted. No thought given to the value of our tree canopy as a whole. 130 As mentioned above. There is too much weight put on public opinion of tree removals on 7/22/2023 4:44 PM personal property. Put it in the hands of the professionals not those with passionate opinions. They can do whatever they want with their own property. 131 I focus need to be on preserving and increasing the tree canopy especially during 7/22/2023 7:30 AM development. 132 Tree mitigation is great, but the science of removing established trees and replacing them with 7/21/2023 8:15 PM 6'saplings ignores ecological science. When someone buys property in Lake Oswego, they are not buying or entitled to control of the surrounding ecology, which can extend for miles beyond their property. The permit process does not do enough to protect established trees. The city clearly favors development for development's sake over the long-term economy of the city. 133 We are too liberal in granting permits to remove mature native trees. The development code 7/21/2023 5:13 PM needs to be revised to reflect the true benefits of keeping trees over building McMansions for families of 1 or 2. 134 no 7/21/2023 4:39 PM 135 Permit process is not stringent enough for builders who are looking at their profit margin and 7/21/2023 3:57 PM building oversized homes on an old growth treed lot. 136 Sometimes it seems like the process is not consistently administered. 7/21/2023 2:08 PM 137 No 7/21/2023 1:34 PM 138 Due to climate change, there is a quickly emerging fire danger that was not present in previous 7/21/2023 1:26 PM years. The permitting process seems to be geared towards preservation, which made sense before. This needs to be balanced out with fire protection for people and structures in Lake Oswego. 139 None 7/21/2023 10:19 AM 140 Its additional taxes on what is already paid To justify a city job Which could be overseen by 7/21/2023 9:32 AM neighbor associations and not government body We live here not you 141 Whatever efforts made by the city to protect trees before construction seemingly aren't known 7/21/2023 7:35 AM to excavators. Some trees are too close to homes, and are not considered hazardous until they are in decline and dangerous to climb for removal. I have such trees, so rendered by neighbor add-on development. 142 No 7/21/2023 7:26 AM 143 Why would someone be able to take out a stand of healthy cedars just to put in a 3 car 7/21/2023 7:26 AM garage? Especially when we're facing such severe climate change? 144 The existing process is necessarily bureaucratic. 7/21/2023 6:01 AM 145 I have never applied for a tree removal permit but driving around Lake Oswego makes me 7/21/2023 4:55 AM nervous to think about the potential harm that could happen if there was a fire in our community. The city/community needs to do a better job of eliminating fuel, which includes some trees, and underbrush near homes and buildings. I worry that because of the cities tree policies that we're ignoring the impact of climate change and human behaviors that could have disastrous consequences in highly forested areas of our community. Appropriate thinning of trees is healthy for our forest ecosystem and prevents disease as well as mitigates fire risk. 146 I am unfamiliar with it, but I've heard no one abides by it and they remove trees at will. 7/20/2023 10:59 PM 147 Mature trees are often sacrificed based on the footprint of a proposed building. We should take 7/20/2023 10:53 PM greater care to preserve significant trees or require replanting to compensate for tree removal. 148 The permit process is too much work and is unnecessary considering the majority of trees 7/20/2023 10:36 PM being removed are diseased or unsafe. 149 Home owners should not have to pay the city to remove a tree that is a problem. 7/20/2023 9:37 PM 150 na 7/20/2023 8:24 PM 44/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 151 No. I am not familiar with the permit process. 7/20/2023 7:57 PM 152 No 7/20/2023 7:51 PM 153 N/A 7/20/2023 7:39 PM 154 We were asked to provide more details several times which cost us extra money. It would 7/20/2023 7:35 PM have been helpful to know at the start exactly what information was needed to avoid additional arborist fees. 155 It seems that developers get to remove trees easier than citizen with diseased trees. Provide 7/20/2023 6:43 PM affordable options for people wanting to remove dead or dying trees at a reasonable price and make it more expensive and more difficult for developers to remove massive groves of trees. 156 Its too lenient 7/20/2023 6:38 PM 157 no, it is a good thing 7/20/2023 6:16 PM 158 It seems very opaque. Suddenly a bunch of trees get cut down out of the blue! Like the golf 7/20/2023 6:15 PM course renovation. What a disaster to lose all those beautiful trees with no warning! 159 No 7/20/2023 6:11 PM 160 Obviously it isn't very rigorous -seems like anyone can cut one down, any where, for any 7/20/2023 5:57 PM reason 161 It's is a system for failure. It is totally does not make sense. Some 18 year old is making 7/20/2023 5:46 PM decisions based unpin emotions. 162 It is ridiculous in that it seems everyone gets one or just pays the fine. What about saying yes 7/20/2023 5:43 PM cut down this tree. BUT YOU MUST HAVE Percent Solar/wind energy on-site. Or replace with x trees or or or 163 I applied in person for a permit for a smaller tree (catagory 1?). I provided pictures to back up 7/20/2023 5:34 PM my request and they said they didn't care about that. They just collected the fee which was $19 at the time and said they didn't want to look at the pictures. Why require a permit for that sized tree if they don't care to have documentation for the request? 164 No 7/20/2023 5:14 PM 165 While the permit process serves a purpose, requires by a permit to remove a dead tree or 7/20/2023 5:01 PM compromised tree after the last ice storm is quite cumbersome. 166 Stupid to jump through hoops and pay a fee for a diseases tree that broke in two, with one half 7/20/2023 5:00 PM laying on the ground. 167 No 7/20/2023 4:56 PM 168 I was led to believe City of Lake Oswego protected trees. It seems they make it hard for 7/20/2023 4:51 PM individual home owners to remove, but very easy for developers. 169 From observation many of the protected trees during construction are still cut down. It's tragic. 7/20/2023 4:49 PM There need to be higher penalties for that 170 No. 7/20/2023 4:48 PM 171 No 7/20/2023 4:43 PM 172 Thank you for not needing a permit to remove invasive Laurels 7/20/2023 4:40 PM 173 It sucks. Have to be flexible to let bad non native trees be replaced especially when talking 7/19/2023 6:23 PM about a single tree on the property 174 No 7/19/2023 12:20 PM 175 NA 7/18/2023 9:16 PM 176 I appreciated Staff and the consultant arborist who provided clarity on some specific aspects 7/18/2023 7:36 PM regarding tree removal. 177 Was easy to understand and provide necessary information. 7/18/2023 2:23 PM 45/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 178 no 7/18/2023 6:45 AM 179 No 7/17/2023 5:17 PM 180 Again- I think the city/process cares more for the trees than the risk they create! 7/17/2023 3:51 PM 181 I think I had to jump through too many hoops to remove a tree that obviously had to come 7/17/2023 3:14 PM down. 182 I am aware of some citizens complaining about valuable trees being sacrificed so that a 7/17/2023 2:16 PM developer can squeeze the maximum building envelope out of a site. 183 I think the process should be much stricter. The trees are a citizen asset, not just a land owner 7/17/2023 12:04 PM asset. When neighbors remove their trees it affects us all. 184 Development should adapt design to the environs and not force the environs into adaptation to 7/17/2023 10:17 AM development. 185 Yes. How does it work? 7/17/2023 6:05 AM 186 no 7/16/2023 7:32 PM 187 I don't know anything about it. Our next door neighbors removed a giant Port Orford cedar last 7/16/2023 3:43 PM year(I am not clear why) but it was heartbreaking to behold. 188 No 7/16/2023 2:35 PM 189 People in the neighborhood should not be given an opinion about someone else's property. 7/15/2023 8:17 PM Particularly when the complaining neighbor has no old growth trees on their own property. 190 I understand if someone buys a property with trees they can remove all the trees if it is a new 7/15/2023 3:49 PM build. I don't agree with this. We lost our designation of being"Tree City" 191 Yes, it's absolutely ridiculous that random people who aren't even your neighbors can have a 7/15/2023 1:31 PM say about what you do on your own property 192 It appears to be a cumbersome process that skilled individuals can circumvent. 7/15/2023 1:17 PM 193 If it's not dead leave it be 7/15/2023 10:16 AM 194 A board of volunteer citizens is needed to review each type 2 application to protect and 7/15/2023 8:35 AM preserve LKOs urban forest. 195 No 7/14/2023 4:24 PM 196 No 7/14/2023 3:10 PM 197 It seems to focus on blocking people who live in the area from removing their trees... However, 7/14/2023 3:10 PM with corporations with money and lawyers who come in and clear entire lots... They have the power to fight it and thus it's an effective at holding companies accountable for clearing entire lots 198 No 7/14/2023 11:12 AM 199 Too lax for developers. 7/14/2023 10:41 AM 200 no 7/14/2023 10:10 AM 201 No 7/13/2023 9:49 PM 202 I have no director experience other than seeing the yellow signs in my neighborhood. I think 7/13/2023 9:11 PM the enforcement could be more rigorous and the penalties more severe for developers and property owners who violate the code. Scofflaws in Lake Forest are not too worried about enforcement from the City. 203 Make it harder to remove large,healthy mature trees just for developments sake. 7/13/2023 8:50 PM 204 No 7/13/2023 9:54 AM 205 It's clearly a way for the city to make money because I rarely see a permit denied. 7/13/2023 8:23 AM 206 Often it seems like an exercise in futility to oppose a permit to cut trees...I think 10 is doing a 7/13/2023 7:17 AM poor job of saving trees and am disappointed in leadership and the LO city planners 46/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 207 No 7/12/2023 8:20 PM 208 The process was very easy to follow and the staff were unbelievably helpful. 7/12/2023 12:33 PM 209 No 7/12/2023 11:44 AM 210 If there is a tree that poses a hazard to people or property that already exist, then there should 7/12/2023 11:39 AM be flexibility in having it safely removed. New developments should not be allowed to chop down precious older native trees, especially. It is extremely shortsighted to do this on many levels. I also don't think that people who buy properties with the intention of cutting down trees to build a pool house, for example, is a good idea. They may benefit from increase property values, but the community, as a whole does not benefit from the removal of that tree. 211 It must be getting easier as I see ALOT of healthy mature trees coming down in my 7/12/2023 9:12 AM neighborhood 212 No 7/11/2023 11:34 PM 213 My mom doesn't talk about it much but it seems okay, I think it should be harder to remove 7/11/2023 9:52 PM trees for aesthetic purposes 214 It seems too weak when it needs to be strong and too strong when it needs to be week. It has 7/11/2023 9:42 PM many loopholes for developers and the wealthy as they have expendable income to battle out tree removals with the city/environmental groups. 215 I don't know about it, but I wish that trees that block the view could be cut at times and new 7/11/2023 8:40 PM trees planted to increase diversity of species 216 No 7/11/2023 7:12 PM 217 Yes-Thank you for having it available and maintaining it! After its important value today, The 7/11/2023 1:32 PM management of a TRP has good potential to transverse into the public school system and other community groups. Have we had the Scouts work with them at all? 218 No 7/10/2023 10:31 PM 219 It is incredibly confusing unless you are an arborist. It is difficult for a home owner to be able 7/10/2023 4:48 PM to identify and request permits for their property with an arborist. If the permit process stays as-is, then the city should provide the option for the city arborist to come out and help identify a particular permit needed (this could be at cost of owner, but at least it should be offered as an option). It seems to be simple for a company demoloshing a lot, such as Renessaince Homes, to get trees removed, but very more expensive and restrictive for a homeowner that wants to do some sort of remodel or backyard improvement project. 220 It was long ago, so I don't remember details. It cost me about$200 for one not-too-large tree 7/10/2023 10:36 AM that was dying in my front yard overhanging the sidewalk. Other neighbors have removed trees without getting permits. 221 No 7/10/2023 9:13 AM 222 1. Hazard tree permits need to be listed on the city website. 2. The city should have a fund 7/10/2023 9:13 AM that homeowners in financial need should be able to apply to for tree maintenance. 3. City Council keeps saying they don't have code authority to direct a rework of a building footprint design to save trees they think are worth saving-this needs to be addressed directly. 223 Government overreach to make citizens beg for a permit to remove their own property upon 7/10/2023 8:32 AM which they pay taxes. Stick to the responsibilities of the Oregon Constitution and stay out of citizens rights. 224 It appears to be to easy to remove large trees. 7/10/2023 7:19 AM 225 no 7/10/2023 5:51 AM 226 My neighborhood seems to be able to remove trees too easily. Housing development seems to 7/10/2023 3:47 AM cut more than necessary. 227 It seems a bit lenient 7/9/2023 6:52 PM 228 No 7/9/2023 4:31 PM 229 The people are friendly and efficient, but the online guidance could be much clearer. Given that 7/9/2023 4:16 PM 47 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey climate change is happening, I would like to see accommodation made for the removal of trees that are not thriving due to warmer temperatures and also more allowance made for removing trees that pose a fire risk. 230 Does not allow property owners right to take safety into their own hands 7/9/2023 1:28 PM 231 removal should only be approved for dangerous or diseased trees, or for non-native or invasive 7/9/2023 11:45 AM species that should then be replaced by natives when possible 232 Was glad that you told nghr they had to talk with me about the"hazardous"one they removed 7/9/2023 10:19 AM from propert line but there should have been a requirement that it be replaced because they quibbled about that despite the fact that i paid and did the work and let them choose the tree. 233 It's too easy for anyone to get a type II permit. 7/9/2023 9:55 AM 234 Instead of entire tree removal, consider pruning by knowledgeable persons. Discourage 7/9/2023 9:25 AM removal of healthy trees whose only defect is reduced visibility [which pruning can remedy]. 235 Our tree removal request was for a dead tree, there was no issue. It was fast and easy. 7/9/2023 8:31 AM 236 My permit request was denied, but I think the process was fair. 7/9/2023 7:43 AM 237 No 7/8/2023 10:55 PM 238 It seems too easy to remove trees on properties being newly developed. I feel there should be 7/8/2023 5:00 PM some kind of rigorous criteria for removing older trees other than just paying a fine. 239 No, pretty straightforward. 7/8/2023 4:31 PM 240 Yes it is too restrictive 7/8/2023 12:48 PM 241 No, process is good. It might be long for some cases. 7/8/2023 11:20 AM 242 No 7/8/2023 9:37 AM 243 I can't say that I really know what it is fully. What I do know is that trees are being cut down all 7/8/2023 7:43 AM to frequently so it must need some adjustments. 244 I have not done it, but would love to see it incl wuestiins of is it destroying wildlife habitat 7/8/2023 7:40 AM unnecessarily 245 Too easy to remove important neighborhood trees for development or household aesthetics 7/8/2023 6:45 AM 246 No. 7/8/2023 6:33 AM 247 It has been sad to see how easy it is for new builds /renaissance homes to demolish all 7/7/2023 10:14 PM established trees on the property. I appreciate that new trees are planted, but replacing a beautiful 50+year old conifer with a small ornamental tree doesn't feel right. 248 I initiated the tree code 50 years ago. As a builder I modified design and layout to preserve 7/7/2023 8:31 PM trees. That needs to continue. 249 No-we had a diseased Doug fir, and permit process was clear. We replanted a young tree to 7/7/2023 7:30 PM replace the fir removed. 250 Too rigid, city makes decisions without viewing property. 7/7/2023 2:30 PM 251 No. 7/7/2023 1:38 PM 252 We need to prioritize preserving our tree canopy by requiring developers to find creative 7/7/2023 1:14 PM solutions to design that keeps trees on property and intact. There are thousands of architectural design ideas that preserve trees on properties. We are taking the lazy way out with our suburban design. 253 I know it's not easy to get a permit, which by itself is discouraging. My property has many 7/7/2023 12:51 PM trees and one that I would love to remove to avoid damage to my house should it(ever)fall, but our Arborist is confident it'd be a losing battle. 254 Too stringent. There are trees in a public park leaning towards my house and I'm unable to get 7/7/2023 10:53 AM them removed. Creating a safety issue during ice storms, and losing light in my garden without an ability to keep the encroaching public park forest at bay. (Springbrook Park). Additionally, 48/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey my neighbor planted about 5 trees that now are so big they shade my garden. Tree planting that impacts neighbor property amount of light should be considered 255 Consider the pruning of trees. Some trees have been so badly disfigured through poor pruning 7/7/2023 10:48 AM practices that they should be removed. Maybe that was the tree owners initial intent: disfigure until it becomes necessary to remove a tree. 256 No 7/7/2023 10:18 AM 257 Yes, too strict. Should be allowed more flexibility based on size of my lot (-2 acres) SHouldn't 7/7/2023 10:16 AM be one size fits all for everyone. 258 We had professional arborist help us. 7/7/2023 10:08 AM 259 The process is straightforward, however, several of the responses are opinion based and not 7/7/2023 9:01 AM black and white. 260 NA 7/7/2023 8:58 AM 261 I found it fairly easy. 7/7/2023 8:37 AM 262 No 7/7/2023 8:17 AM 263 Large#of dead and dying trees are unable to be removed, especially on properties near 7/7/2023 8:04 AM "sensitive lands". These are liabilities to the homeowners. Hazardous in falling. Hazardous in potential fires. And the current process does not allow for a homeowner to be responsible and take preemptive action. 264 many of the rules are too restrictive and don't take into account the damage trees are doing to 7/7/2023 8:01 AM the home with root invasion, falling debris etc 265 I think it's necessary even though some people dodge it. 7/7/2023 7:45 AM 266 The tree removal process should be a simpler and less costly method of obtaining approval for 7/7/2023 7:38 AM selected tree thinning. 267 I think developers have inordinate power. Restraints are good. 7/7/2023 7:16 AM 268 No 7/7/2023 7:00 AM 269 I don't have any experience with it 7/7/2023 6:36 AM 270 no 7/7/2023 5:39 AM 271 It was super easy. 7/7/2023 1:41 AM 272 no 7/6/2023 9:39 PM 273 City employee was very helpful. Permit issued with documentation of tree hazard. No delay. 7/6/2023 9:15 PM 274 it actually seemed too easy to sway an arborist to allow a tree to come down 7/6/2023 8:35 PM 275 No 7/6/2023 8:24 PM 276 No 7/6/2023 8:14 PM 277 Sign posting is good, but if the property is on a dead end street or cul de sac, most people 7/6/2023 7:48 PM don't see it for an opportunity to comment. An online site listing current requests would be nice. If there is one, it's not well publicized. 278 No 7/6/2023 7:45 PM 279 no 7/6/2023 7:22 PM 280 It was equitable 7/6/2023 6:23 PM 281 N/a 7/6/2023 6:12 PM 282 See prior 7/6/2023 5:50 PM 283 It is ineffective in protecting large trees and gives priority to developer's plan. See Randy 7/6/2023 5:47 PM Sebastian's views and comments to understand. 284 I am not familiar with the process. 7/6/2023 5:32 PM 49/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 285 In First Addition, count square footage of basements in the allowable square footage of the 7/6/2023 5:29 PM building footprint. Do not grant an extra four feet of excavation for a basement, make the allowable square footage equal the square feet inside the limits of proposed excavation including all foundations and basements. Grant more variances on setbacks if that will protect big, old trees. Require more thought in design alternatives by developers to protect big, old trees. Make the developer think creatively. Charge the permit requester$20,000 for every significant tree that is approved for cutting. 286 Not familiar enough to comment 7/6/2023 5:23 PM 287 For the areas in Lake Forest just outside LO, in unincorporated CC, existing incentives have 7/6/2023 5:19 PM not been enough to preserve many mature firs. Without further action, the character of the neighborhood will change as so many are removed. 288 No 7/6/2023 5:17 PM 289 I would like to have some help in accessing my 60+ trees. I have had many tree companies 7/6/2023 5:15 PM here but all have a differing opinion about what to do with taking care of my trees. 290 No I'm not familiar with it. Have not needed one. 7/6/2023 5:01 PM 291 Was ok for me but could be too much for some people. 7/6/2023 5:00 PM 292 No 7/6/2023 4:44 PM 293 Too easy to remove a native tree esp for developers. The penalties are too light. Oak trees in 7/6/2023 4:41 PM particular are important for native species and should never be removed. Builders should be made to modify their plan. 294 Please make more difficult or more expensive to remove healthy trees that don't pose a 7/6/2023 4:24 PM hazard. 295 No 7/6/2023 4:11 PM 296 The permit process does not work. Planning staff does not really require alternative floor plans. 7/6/2023 4:09 PM The developer develops one plan and is only required to move it around the lot. Developers must actually adjust the floor plans. Eliminate basements that impact trees. Count basements in square footage. 297 It could be improved considerably 7/6/2023 4:08 PM 298 Based on what is happening in my neighborhood, it appears to not be very stringent 7/6/2023 4:01 PM 299 Why does every healthy tree removed need to be replaced on a property that is already dense 7/6/2023 4:00 PM with trees? 300 Feel the permit process gives approval to those expanding a structure and developers but not 7/6/2023 4:00 PM to residents who want to remove a tree that is too big and causes yearly damage 301 We purchased land with a dozen large fir trees on it. We love the trees and wanted to preserve 7/6/2023 3:50 PM most of them. However there were a few that we wanted to remove. One in particular is massive, close to the house, and looks out-of-balance. We would have appreciated a dialogue with the city to discuss the situation. Instead, we were pointed directly to a permit form. The process was extremely impersonal and I was made to feel like a villain. I felt like my voice was drowned by loud objections from people who don't even live in my neighborhood. I wondered if I had asked to remove only one tree whether my request would have been approved. I was told that answering this question involved starting the permit process over from the beginning. (We had already waited over two months for the first response.)We were very frustrated. I work very hard to maintain the large fir trees that are on my property--for my benefit and for the community's. I believe in the importance of preserving the trees of Lake Oswego. I would have appreciated a better dialogue with the city during the removal permit process. 302 no 7/6/2023 3:48 PM 303 From viewing many new developments in my neighborhood, it appears that very little is done 7/6/2023 3:44 PM to require builders to come up with alternate plans that would preserve the many old growth trees that provide the character of the neighborhood. 304 No 7/6/2023 3:41 PM 50/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 305 I'm not experienced with it. I think it should be strict; large trees are a great part of this 7/6/2023 3:37 PM community. I should find out more about the process. 306 You allow developers to take down trees you would never allow a home owner. 7/6/2023 3:26 PM 307 It equates tree size rather than health, state of decline, species, and placement with 7/6/2023 3:23 PM desirability. Very short-sighted. 308 Stop giving these permits to the developers!! 7/6/2023 3:16 PM 309 You didn't include"Dead"trees in your question regarding type of removal permit. I had a dead 7/6/2023 3:14 PM tree removed. 310 N/A 7/6/2023 3:07 PM 311 Having to plant a native after removal needs to be reviewed on a case by case basis. 7/6/2023 3:05 PM Sometimes it does not make sense to replant. 312 N/a 7/6/2023 3:03 PM 313 The tree removal process is strict and harder for large trees lots to adhere to. It reinforces to 7/6/2023 2:59 PM keep the old trees and not plant new because they will not be able to be adjusted if needed in the future. 314 I need to know more. 7/6/2023 2:57 PM 315 Having to draw a map of my property and label all the trees was fairly time intensive. I did it 7/6/2023 2:56 PM because I needed a dead tree taken out, but it would be cool if there were a digital tool to map trees with a few clicks. 316 Takes a long time and staff was not very helpful. 7/6/2023 2:48 PM 317 I understand the purpose and hope the process is working. Seems like a lot of old growth firs 7/6/2023 2:47 PM are being eliminated in the Lake Grove area. 318 Too easy to get a tree removed now. In 1988 the process was extremely difficult and the trunk 7/6/2023 2:46 PM was up against the house and touching power lines. It was still not a quick approval. We need that again now. 319 I have a lot of comments. It is over-regulated, it is unreasonably impacted by individuals that 7/6/2023 2:41 PM are not familiar with the valid reasons to remove a tree to just start. 320 I think it could be more stringent. I think developers should possibly be limited to the 7/6/2023 2:36 PM percentage(or something similar)of trees they can remove for construction. Or the city should provide incentive to developers that work to maintain trees by providing thoughtful building layouts and locations. 321 Why even bother with the process when the result is always a permit granted?The City does 7/6/2023 2:35 PM not value its trees. The performance is a sham. 322 Not an easy process to understand. I am a 40 year resident/tax payer of Lake Oswego and the 7/6/2023 2:33 PM codes have become very cumbersome. There are large trees that are so close to buildings but cannot be removed because they are protected. Case in point... a Western Red Cedar that has dropped huge limbs on our roof and side yard and is dangerously close to the condo building. We cannot remove it because it is protected. Yet, when something big happens we will have to pay to fix it. There is no being pro-active in this scenario. Whenver the wind howls and ice forms I hold my breath, praying it doesn't come crashing through my bedroom window. You need common sense exceptions. 323 Yes it's too restrictive. We are home owners and property tax payers and deserve to have final 7/6/2023 2:31 PM day of what happens to the trees on our property that we are liable for if they fall. The trees are entirely too large to be near houses 324 It seems like any resident who wants a tree removed gets approval to do so. 7/6/2023 2:30 PM 325 Too many large, mature trees are being removed with permits issued by the City. 7/6/2023 2:25 PM 326 Seems like it should only apply to the most valuable types of trees. Not all trees are created 7/6/2023 2:24 PM equal. Property owners should have more leeway 327 No- I have never removed a tree. 7/6/2023 1:50 PM 51 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 328 There should be more effort to protect the trees in areas being developed, such as replanting 7/6/2023 1:19 PM same species of trees removed, and finding alternatives to the removal of evergreen species. e.g. Fir& Cedar. 329 It's great, I'm an arborist. 7/6/2023 12:09 PM 330 The permit process is not rigorous enough resulting in too many mature trees being removed 7/6/2023 10:39 AM from the canopy. The replacement trees are too small and will take a generation to replace the shade properties of the trees that have been cut. Developers have too much influence. 331 Permit legitimate tree cutting for actual problems not manufactured ones. 7/6/2023 10:32 AM 332 It's not fair and just. More politics than concern for community and environmental benefits. 7/6/2023 9:21 AM Three 40 year old apple and cherry trees provide more carbon benefit than a single 5 ft red cedar sapling that will take 30 years to replace the benefits of the trees removed. Could have been managed better? plant replacement tree (red cedar or doug fir)first, wait a few years, then remove one 40 year old tree. 333 This process is flawed in that it looks at individual parcels rather than the existing 7/6/2023 8:45 AM environment. Applicants state we are removing one tree, there are 5 trees remaining on the site. Well that is 16% of the trees removed from the trees on the site, that doesn't account for the trees surrounding the property which may have been previously removed. By looking at tree removal parcel by parcel we don't see the entire landscape and we don't have a good assessment of the total tree health in the city. The system also seems to poorly mitigate for trees that are removed. A 50-100 year old tree has much more ecological value than a new tree that is proposed for replacement, it is not a 1 for 1 exchange. I don't disagree that we need to provide space for more housing in order to have more affordable communities but what is the point of a more affordable community if the community becomes unlivable. 334 No 7/5/2023 10:37 PM 335 Why is there seemingly one rule for home ownerships and another for property developers? 7/5/2023 9:29 PM Home owners are limited to one tree a year whereas developers can eliminate entire groves 336 No 7/5/2023 9:22 PM 337 Ridiculous and favoring some citizens. 7/5/2023 7:59 PM 338 No 7/5/2023 7:55 PM 339 Much harder on home owner to get permits for dead tree removal than developers ripping them 7/5/2023 7:55 PM down for building structures 340 NO 7/5/2023 7:01 PM 341 From personal experience I am aware that the program is understaffed and follow up 7/5/2023 5:07 PM inspections often don't happen. 342 I wonder if the City EVER denies a permit request 7/5/2023 3:49 PM 343 The trees we removed were not significant and had not been cared for by the previous owners. 7/5/2023 1:43 PM For us the permit process was very straight forward. I communicated openly with all my neighbors prior to removing trees. Then we gave away firewood and brought stumps to several preschools for them to use on their playground. 344 It's clearly too easy for developers to get what they want. 7/5/2023 1:33 PM 345 I believe that there should be fewer situations for which a permit application could even be 7/5/2023 1:29 PM filled out. 346 In the past I applied for a permit to remove one poorly planned tree in my yard. Though I was 7/5/2023 11:39 AM eventually granted the permit, the process was difficult and the initial evaluation and denial was completely arbitrary. It's ridiculous that a homeowner should have so much difficulty removing one tree, then developers are allowed to remove large quantities of trees, thereby completely changing the landscape. This is NOT RIGHT!!! 347 We had a nuisance tree growing too close to foundation, cracking foundation. 7/5/2023 11:14 AM 348 it was not difficult to understand and city employees were helpful 7/5/2023 10:05 AM 52 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 349 It's totally ineffective at saving trees. Even when the city's own arborist says there is no 7/5/2023 9:30 AM reason to take out healthy trees the DRC allows it- it's futile and we are losing our big trees and growing McMansions instead. 350 my questions were answered quickly and clearly 7/5/2023 9:26 AM 351 Always challenge a developer's request to remove trees. Force the architects to work around 7/5/2023 9:20 AM trees. 352 I am not sure how it works or if someone just pays for a permit& is able to remove any trees 7/5/2023 9:03 AM they want. 353 More areas should be designated as wildlife habitat and forested conservation areas. 7/5/2023 8:55 AM 354 The tree code as interpreted and applied places developers interests above that of our 7/5/2023 8:51 AM ecosystem and livability. The city blames the tree code foe this. But the tree code could be interpreted and applied in a much more protective way than it is. The buck stops at the city council and the mayor who give direction to the city attorney, the city staff and the DRC. They are to blame for the reckless removal of the city's trees and will have this as their legacy while the world around us burns, dries up and flash floods. And while we lose species and Individual populations of wildlife including insect life at accelerated rates. The lack of scientific input in the city's decision making is inexcusable. 355 Remove a tree plant 2 trees, but also if we are going to have big tall trees the city/county 7/5/2023 8:32 AM should maintain them better off power lines 356 No 7/5/2023 8:29 AM 357 No 7/5/2023 8:27 AM 358 It seems like developers are being granted preference. They are clearing legacy trees for 7/5/2023 8:03 AM esthetics and ignoring the concerns of neighbors. 359 Way too easy to get a permit approved. The vast majority are approved. Defeats the purpose. 7/5/2023 7:40 AM 360 It seems like there is a strict process for homeowners, but a not-so-strict process for 7/5/2023 7:23 AM developers. It is hard for a homeowner to cut one tree, but it seems like developers can cut as many as they want in order to build the largest home they can. There is a process, but it seems like if the developer goes through the posting and appeal process, they get approved and the trees come down. We have written countless letters against developer's plans to cut down massive amounts of trees to no avail. Again, it seems like there is one set of rules for homeowners wanting to cut down one tree and one set of rules for developers. 361 It should be reworded to apply more strongly to building/development that has committed the 7/5/2023 6:45 AM worst of the damage/destruction to our urban forest. 362 Growth is good for our community. We need new development in our city. I would encourage 7/5/2023 6:39 AM city leaders to challenge developers to be more thoughtful with designs that don't require the removal of so many trees. 363 No 7/5/2023 6:25 AM 364 Unless it is an emergency, tree removal should not be permitted. 7/5/2023 6:21 AM 365 There are hardly any controls built into the process, thus limiting substantial community 7/4/2023 12:52 PM feedback .. 366 Lately I have seen several large, legacy trees removed (Doug fir type) in my immediate 7/3/2023 3:17 PM neighborhood, so I'm unsure how effective the tree code is at protecting these large, older trees 367 The removal process makes it more difficult for the homeowner to remove a tree than a 7/2/2023 10:51 PM developer. The developers take down too many trees. The loss of trees for development is dealt with in the Land Use Application. The removal of trees on the already developed property is dealt with in the Type II Tree REmoval Application. The city needs to help the developer preserve more trees by helping them redesign the home to preserve said trees. Incentives for preserving older trees need to be created for the developers to encourage them to preserve more trees. Trees not only sequester carbon but cool the home in the summer nd warm the home in the winter decreasing the need for energy expenditures. Heat sinks caused by the 53 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey loss of the urban canopy are well documented. A decrease in mental health and an increase in crime is associated with the loss of urban canopy. 368 I think it's too easy for property developers, such as home builders, to get tree removal 7/2/2023 10:01 AM permits. 369 Valid reasons should be required for removal of large native trees. 7/1/2023 3:49 PM 370 No 7/1/2023 2:55 PM 371 It's harder for established private citizens than it is for new development. This inequity is 7/1/2023 4:36 AM demonstrated over and over with tree removal comments by the hundreds not able to influence tree removal*by the hundreds *to make way for large homes that dominate new development. The tree code is impotent in the face of this conflict. LO citizens keep trying, to little effect. 372 I see very few permits denied so I do t think it really serves to protect trees 6/30/2023 9:11 PM 373 It is too lenient and does not properly mitigate for the loss of mature trees 6/30/2023 8:35 PM 374 It was fine. 6/30/2023 6:28 PM 375 Keep the process thorough 6/30/2023 12:52 PM 376 No 6/29/2023 5:00 PM 377 From neighbor conversations it seems too restrictive 6/29/2023 3:36 PM 378 No 6/29/2023 9:42 AM 379 I was informed that the code said that 10 feet was considered the"canopy" in Lake Oswego. I 6/29/2023 7:22 AM have bushes that tall in my yard and they do not provide shade. 380 Should be revised to make removal easier and less expensive for private property. 6/29/2023 6:13 AM 381 It is almost wholly ineffective. 6/28/2023 6:18 PM 382 Neighborhood associations should have more input in the permitting process 6/28/2023 3:23 PM 383 Trees are critical but when the process allows them to be used as weapons preventing growth 6/28/2023 12:37 PM and diversity, it is ineffective 384 There needs to be more tree planting to offset tree removal 6/28/2023 12:31 PM 385 We have watched 6 trees removed from our street in 2.5 years -only 2 were sick. At this time, 6/28/2023 12:04 PM only 2 are in the process of being replanted by "twigs in 5 gallon buckets". Recently we were told that over 70 trees were cut down by Oswego Country Club because"they shadow the grass"and are a nuisance. These were HUGE trees with no replanting. It appears to me there is NO PERMIT PROCESS in LO 386 It was generally fair and the Lake Oswego City personnel were helpful. 6/28/2023 11:16 AM 387 no 6/28/2023 9:49 AM 388 The planning department was extremely helpful and professional in dealing with us. 6/28/2023 9:45 AM 389 I had heard very negative things about the city process - It was not as difficult as I expected, 6/28/2023 9:27 AM but my expectations had been set pretty low 390 Make it much harder and create a sliding cost scale that makes it impossible to strip lots. 6/27/2023 7:37 PM 391 No 6/27/2023 6:17 PM 392 No 6/27/2023 4:38 PM 393 The tree removal process is slanted against the private owners of the property and toward 6/27/2023 3:46 PM large developers and city projects. The large number of trees being removed for the middle school project, the Goodell development, and the outdoor education space/greenhouse at LOHS illustrates the disregard for tree preservation when the projects are large or city- sponsored 394 The Tree Code does not go far enough to limit development in order to save healthy large trees 6/27/2023 3:29 PM (likely greater than 50 years old) 54/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 395 It's a balancing act to protect trees and provide for all the other important needs of the city. 6/27/2023 3:29 PM 396 The site plans seem to be developed without trees--trees are an afterthought. The trees can 6/27/2023 3:23 PM often be saved by shifting the building footprint a little. 397 LO People were helpful, efficient, and easy to work with. 6/27/2023 3:01 PM 398 Would have to ask the arborists who get more of these than we do. 6/27/2023 1:12 PM 399 N/A 6/27/2023 12:50 PM 400 Years ago, I considered removing a Norway maple, when I learned it was invasive. The 6/27/2023 12:39 PM process seemed simple enough. I ended up not pushing through because it provides a lot of shade in the summer. 401 no 6/27/2023 12:02 PM 402 No 6/27/2023 11:22 AM 403 Not the process, just the rules in place. We maintain sick trees and the City and Builders cut 6/26/2023 11:08 PM healthy ones. The assistant dean of Lewis & Clark environmental law program tells me L.O. has an uninformed tree code that both goes too far, and not far enough. 404 I should be able to remove a dead tree without having to ask the city and pay 6/26/2023 9:56 PM 405 No 6/26/2023 9:35 PM 406 I think the Plannng Dept. could make more of an initial effort in guiding developers to protect 6/26/2023 9:17 PM trees when making their development plans 407 On paper it appears to be fair but in practice I'm not so sure. 6/26/2023 9:04 PM 408 No, except, don't just take the word of a tree removal company. Go out physically to the 6/26/2023 7:59 PM property to inspect any trees requesting to be removed. Often times the tree(s) haven't been maintained all along and that means regular pruning often, but not limited to professional arborists and tree care companies. The City needs to hire not contract with a professional licensed and certificated arbor consultant. 409 The permit process is relatively easy to navigate. 6/26/2023 6:50 PM 410 You keep arborists fully employed 6/26/2023 6:28 PM 411 Consider eliminating all the various types of permits for development and create one unified 6/26/2023 5:57 PM process. 412 As above. 6/26/2023 5:54 PM 413 Too complicated, too long & have to deal with attitude from city workers 6/26/2023 5:28 PM 414 Any changes to a tree removal application should reset the clock for the permit approval and 6/26/2023 4:35 PM all who commented on the application should be notified of any changes and the reset time period. 415 It seems like the controversies usually surround housing development. Other permits don't 6/26/2023 3:49 PM seem to generate much controversy. 416 There are two standards in effect: concerned residents must follow the rules but developers 6/26/2023 10:45 AM can get away with anything they want to do. 417 seems to be easier if you are a developer 6/26/2023 10:37 AM 418 It is ridiculously easy to get, too easy. 6/26/2023 9:36 AM 419 From what I can see happening in my neighborhood, a developer can easily clear cut a lot to 6/26/2023 9:01 AM build as many homes as possible. Very little has to be shown to prove old trees should be cut down. I hear from individual home owners that tree removal is difficult and this makes me think the system is skewed. The city prioritizes developers, people that don't live in the neighborhood, and don't listen to those that are effected by tree removal. If the city doesn't apply a strict tree code, the character of this city will be lost. 420 Greater than 95 percent of tree removal permits are quickly approved, easier for developers. 6/26/2023 8:02 AM Even the last LiDAR study showed a loss of mature native trees. This has to stop. This is the 55/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey city's chance to step up to the plate in addressing the climate crisis:the one free thing we can do is leave the trees alone, especially the big natives. At 80-120 years old they're sequestering carbon at a staggering rate. The tiny 6 foot"seedlings won't do that work for at least 7decades. And we may have extincted Homo sapiens by then. Please leave the big trees alone so our children and grandchildren can have a good life. 421 I have several. Mitigation should be relative to the project and more options offered depending 6/25/2023 11:00 PM on scope of removal and project Type. Wording of the Type 2 removal code needs to be more black&white. The criteria for a"significant tree" is unclear as well as "reasonable alternatives". Projected timeline and expectations for application and site visits should be made available upon staff setting up application at intake. 422 Enforce the policies to mitigate tree removal 6/24/2023 8:02 AM 423 No as I am not familiar with it. 6/22/2023 5:59 PM 424 I don't know much about it, but based on what I have seen in neighbors yards, I think it's too 6/22/2023 4:27 PM easy to remove old trees being replaced by young, and often non-native species. 425 The process puts needed housing against tree preservation. Better mitigation is needed to 6/21/2023 5:57 AM properly handle both. Process for needed middle housing should be less onerous due to positive climate impact of denser housing than for the development of large single family homes which have a negative climate impact. Also, entities like the Oswego Lake Country Club who are permitted to cut many trees without a public process makes the system feel inequitable. 56/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q9 In Lake Oswego, the adjacent private property owner is responsible for maintaining a tree planted in the public right-of-way (area between the sidewalk and the curb). Please select the option that most closely aligns with your understanding: Answered: 544 Skipped: 3E I manage trees adjacent to... I am aware I need to mana... I am not aware that I need... I do not have an opinion Not applicable to me(I do... 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES I manage trees adjacent to my property in the public right-of-way, and do not need support from the City 21.69% 118 I am aware I need to manage trees adjacent to my property in the public right-of-way, but I have not yet needed to 19.12% 104 I am not aware that I need to manage trees adjacent to my property in the public right-of-way, and I would like more 13.05% 71 support/guidance from the City I do not have an opinion 4.60% 25 Not applicable to me(I do not have trees in the public right-of-way adjacent to my property) 41.54% 226 TOTAL 544 57 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q10 How would you rate trees' overall appearance in the following spaces in the City (Good, fair, poor)? Answered: 535 Skipped: 47 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 0% Sidewalk Streets Medians Parks Apartmen Commerci Schools Biking s and and t al Areas and roadway natural Communit Walking lands... areas ies Paths il Good II Fair Poor GOOD FAIR POOR TOTAL WEIGHTED AVERAGE Sidewalks 59.50% 35.08% 5.43% 307 181 28 516 1.46 Streets 59.65% 33.59% 6.76% 309 174 35 518 1.47 Medians and roadway landscaped areas 67.05% 27.05% 5.90% 352 142 31 525 1.39 Parks and natural areas 73.02% 21.89% 5.09% 387 116 27 530 1.32 Apartment Communities 42.89% 42.89% 14.23% 205 205 68 478 1.71 Commercial Areas 39.64% 42.86% 17.51% 197 213 87 497 1.78 Schools 42.54% 45.73% 11.73% 214 230 59 503 1.69 Biking and Walking Paths 59.10% 34.83% 6.07% 302 178 31 511 1.47 58/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q11 Where would you like to see more trees planted in Lake Oswego? Select all that apply. Answered: 521 Skipped: 61 Sidewalks/stree is/medians Parks and natural areas Front yards Apartments Commercial areas Schools Biking and walking paths Other(please specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Sidewalks/streets/medians 54.51% 284 Parks and natural areas 57.01% 297 Front yards 42.61% 222 Apartments 47.79% 249 Commercial areas 67.37% 351 Schools 58.16% 303 Biking and walking paths 47.22% 246 Other(please specify) 21.88% 114 Total Respondents: 521 # OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 It's also nice to see some sky! We have lots of trees, which is great. I think we need to 8/21/2023 8:13 AM maintain properly what we have, and plant new trees as areas become developed into shared puplic greenspaces. 2 The replacement tree planting at the new Lakeridge Junior High is a joke, needs a lot of 8/21/2023 7:21 AM 59/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey improvement. 3 More tree canopy in multi use parks such as farmers market and foothills park 8/21/2023 4:46 AM 4 It isn't just more trees but they should be trees that are native and will one day be tall enough 8/21/2023 1:07 AM to add canopy protection. 5 More trees everywhere. Greatest return for city dollars! Lasting value that is immearsurable.. 8/20/2023 10:11 PM 6 Cut down less trees. Plant more trees everywhere. 8/20/2023 10:09 PM 7 Where needed to replace aging trees 8/20/2023 9:30 PM 8 On private property in areas between front yards at street line, where development has 8/20/2023 6:39 PM removed the wooded character of our neighborhoods. While I realize planting on private property is up to the owners choice, the City could support the effort by offering to plant trees or partnering with Friends of Trees to plant on properties where homeowners are unable but interested. 9 Please just don't allow developers to cut down as many trees as currently allowed 8/20/2023 6:37 PM 10 "We never could design a building as beautiful as the trees."—Portland Architect Pietro 8/20/2023 6:28 PM Belluschi 11 More sidewalks! 8/20/2023 5:25 PM 12 New housing 8/20/2023 5:19 PM 13 As much as I like trees (I have about 10 on my property)and appreciate the value of them in 8/20/2023 3:56 PM any community, I think tree placement should also consider the risk of wildfire. There are many parts of our community where hillsides combined with an east wind and summer drought would create fast moving fires that could trap us. My street is lined with an abundance of trees; it's a beautiful neighborhood. But we would be hard-pressed to get out if we had a fire storm coming down the hill behind us. So, I think risk should be considered in a future plan...identifying higher risk areas &creating contingency plans for the neighborhoods. 14 It's not about planting more tiny deciduous trees. It's about keeping the evergreens we already 8/20/2023 3:53 PM have. Walking in the Lake Grove business district is hot& sunny because it's bald. 15 Front yards but little dogwood, while pretty, don't really help that much. 8/20/2023 3:42 PM 16 We should be putting in trees wherever we can and it doesn't risk property/safety 8/20/2023 3:12 PM 17 keep on as currently managed 8/20/2023 2:46 PM 18 First keep the BIG TREES and plant more trees! 8/20/2023 2:44 PM 19 x 8/20/2023 12:41 PM 20 Along south shore. Those trees were butchered from last ice storm. 8/20/2023 12:40 PM 21 Maintained natural tree and wetlands 8/20/2023 12:22 PM 22 As I have stated several times, fewer tree removals for construction. 8/19/2023 8:07 AM 23 Maintain the natural spaces you have 8/18/2023 11:13 AM 24 Natural areas. More native species such as Quercia garryana 8/18/2023 9:34 AM 25 This effort seems bias to adding trees and not asking the question of managing the risk that 8/18/2023 8:51 AM trees or undergrowth pose to the community. Veg. Fuels must be managed in attempt to minimize wildfire. 26 Everywhere 8/14/2023 10:24 PM 27 Empty lots that are an eye sore. Mandate the owner put in trees instead of an empty parking 8/13/2023 2:12 PM lot generating alot of heat with the sun bouncing off the cement 28 not experienced enough with trees planted in L.O. to answer 8/12/2023 1:11 PM 29 Is anyone replacing the trees that have to come down after ice storms? 8/12/2023 12:31 PM 30 Areas that currently lack tree adequate tree cover 8/5/2023 2:44 PM 60/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 31 Study the new Lake Grove medians on Boones Ferry for the ideal 8/4/2023 5:34 PM 32 City Parks 8/2/2023 11:25 AM 33 North sides so south sides gradually open to permit much more sun to qualify for 75% 8/1/2023 11:07 AM exposure for rooftop solar 34 Development 7/31/2023 10:43 PM 35 Parking lots. I think it is a benefit to the patrons of businesses and helps cool our city. 7/31/2023 5:26 PM 36 New developments to have more stringent requirements about replacing removed trees 7/29/2023 6:03 PM 37 More native trees wherever ecologically sensible. 7/28/2023 11:53 AM 38 I dont think we need more trees 7/28/2023 9:04 AM 39 I think the level of trees is fine currently 7/28/2023 8:53 AM 40 None 7/25/2023 3:20 PM 41 No where. We have plenty of trees and one of the highest tree canopies in the State. 7/25/2023 1:54 PM 42 Na 7/23/2023 9:32 AM 43 I don't think we need additional trees planted. We already have a very healthy canopy over 7/22/2023 4:44 PM Lake Oswego. Believe in the mitigation process if a tree is lost or allowed to be removed to improve a property 44 Businesses where forest was clearly cut for development, and no obvious mitigation tree 7/21/2023 8:15 PM planted. 45 Again, I'd like to see a greater awareness of balancing the benefits of trees and the increasing 7/21/2023 1:26 PM fire risks to which hey can contribute. 46 Not for you to decide leave it to the neighborhood associations not the city's job we live here 7/21/2023 9:32 AM 47 schools 7/21/2023 7:59 AM 48 Everywhere 7/21/2023 7:26 AM 49 You can't replace an old cedar by planting 10 paper bark maples. 7/21/2023 7:26 AM 50 More shade trees on school campuses. 7/20/2023 8:24 PM 51 Any areas that are empty or devoid of trees. This area was once a rain forest and we should 7/20/2023 7:57 PM try to return it to rain forest. 52 Where shade is needed due to increased temperatures 7/20/2023 5:14 PM 53 Planting only if taken care of and watered. 7/18/2023 7:36 PM 54 I wouldn't 7/17/2023 3:51 PM 55 I don't think the City should plant additional trees in the natural areas. The point is that they are 7/17/2023 3:14 PM natural. 56 All of the above!! 7/17/2023 12:04 PM 57 Anywhere there is an excess of concrete 7/17/2023 6:05 AM 58 After removing invasives 7/16/2023 2:35 PM 59 Just planting more trees is not the issue. The species of trees being planted is the issue. 7/15/2023 5:48 PM Additional native trees need to be planted in areas where native trees are being removed. We are losing our native tree canopy (which makes Lake Oswego the place to live). A perfect example of this is the Boones Ferry Road Improvement Project. 60 Maintain what we have remove invassives from public lands 7/15/2023 1:17 PM 61 General urban tree canopy 7/14/2023 4:24 PM 62 New builds should plant trees, especially if they are removing them 7/14/2023 3:10 PM 61/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 63 As stated, I don't think we need MORE trees, rather thinning what we have! 7/13/2023 9:49 PM 64 I don't have the expertise to answer this question. I do think on new land that is being 7/12/2023 11:39 AM developed. There should be pretty strict limitations on what trees can be cut down. 65 Everywhere!! 7/12/2023 9:12 AM 66 I think that the more trees the better 7/11/2023 9:52 PM 67 Trees are always wanted in any planning and if they are an obstacle they should be engineered 7/11/2023 9:42 PM around. 68 In greenhouses and small canyards for public use later-on. 7/11/2023 1:32 PM 69 No additional trees. 7/10/2023 9:13 AM 70 Trees grow naturally, no need to plant more. 7/10/2023 8:32 AM 71 You can not plant old growth. 7/10/2023 7:19 AM 72 Unincorporated areas 7/9/2023 4:31 PM 73 Away from homes 7/9/2023 1:28 PM 74 present tree population is adequate 7/9/2023 9:25 AM 75 We do not have enough light in winter, need to keep some sunshine in 7/8/2023 11:20 AM 76 It seems like we have enough trees in our city overall. 7/7/2023 9:58 PM 77 Concrete parking lots (like along Kruse way) 7/7/2023 1:38 PM 78 7/7/2023 12:51 PM 79 None 7/7/2023 9:56 AM 80 Tree planting tends to be done as single specimens, spaced too far apart. Rather than placing 7/7/2023 8:04 AM a set#of trees equally across a set area, it would be more natural (healthier for trees)to be planted in clusters. 81 It depends on the type of tree. Many are planted without an eye to long term aesthetics 7/7/2023 8:01 AM 82 An ugly blackberry patch at my HOA. A sensitive, growing gully of trees strangled and fallen. 7/7/2023 7:16 AM 83 Parking lots 7/6/2023 7:48 PM 84 Luscher Farm fields need many more trees. 7/6/2023 7:22 PM 85 Planting new Young trees where the existing ones are clearly getting towards the end of their 7/6/2023 5:23 PM lives 86 Tree canopy seems more than sufficient 7/6/2023 5:00 PM 87 None 7/6/2023 4:10 PM 88 Around large black parking lots. 7/6/2023 4:08 PM 89 My big concern is fire. We are not in a good position because of the trees. How about slowing 7/6/2023 4:00 PM down the process? 90 We used to be known for our beautiful big trees. We have lost too many to over development 7/6/2023 3:32 PM 91 Public spaces to alleviate the responsibility put on private property 7/6/2023 2:59 PM 92 Open areas not developed 7/6/2023 2:46 PM 93 We already have 54% canopy coverage. We need to figure out what is the maximum possible 7/6/2023 2:41 PM canopy coverage could be before we start asking where more tree should be planted. 94 Nowhere 7/6/2023 2:31 PM 95 Trees and plantings are abundant here and that's awesome! 7/6/2023 2:30 PM 96 Single family Residential developments, remodels or new builds should have a requirement for 7/6/2023 12:09 PM number and size of trees on propery 62 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 97 Green spaces -replanting areas with downed storm damaged trees 7/6/2023 9:21 AM 98 Preserved open spaces as required by small home development sites. 7/6/2023 8:45 AM 99 Spend more time taking care of the parks we paid for. #woodmont 7/5/2023 7:59 PM 100 i would less trees removed for no reason except building huge houses 7/5/2023 10:05 AM 101 The newly landscaped Boones Ferry in LO looks horrible. Messy, no design and too mishmash 7/5/2023 9:09 AM of style 102 And not just street trees which are treated as a cosmetic commodity. We need trees that 7/5/2023 8:51 AM provide true ecosystem services. 103 Just stop allowing developers to remove so many to pack the neighborhoods with 7/5/2023 8:22 AM megamansions 104 Woodmont Park needs more native trees planted in the open areas recently cleared of invasive 7/3/2023 6:02 AM Hawthorne. 105 Boones Ferry along Casa del Polio area 7/1/2023 4:36 AM 106 Wherever possible, whilst still preserving open areas for recreation 6/30/2023 8:35 PM 107 None 6/29/2023 9:42 AM 108 None 6/29/2023 6:13 AM 109 dont know 6/28/2023 9:27 AM 110 Appropriately sized and species and native trees planted along riparian areas: creeks, bio- 6/26/2023 7:59 PM swales, rain gardens, streams, sensitive lands areas, etc. 111 An ecosystem can have too many trees. Plus, trees, like people have a life cycle, and must 6/26/2023 5:54 PM be managed. The concept that all trees must be maintained and no tree should be cut down is antiquated. Often the landscape architect will over plant to get a certain look with early plantings. Often people fail to thin these planting out after a few years resulting in crowded unhealthy and unsightly trees. 112 in order to be"tree city"we need to maintain exisiting stock and plant new trees 6/26/2023 4:35 PM 113 Don't plant more trees to obscure pedestrians and cyclists from the terrible drivers we have in 6/26/2023 8:02 AM town. 114 Street trees in general 6/21/2023 5:57 AM 63/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q12 Have you observed tree-related damage to infrastructure in your neighborhood? Select all that apply: Answered: 533 Skipped: 49 No,I have not observed... Yes,damage to a street or... Yes,damage to 111 overhead... Yes,damage to underground... Other(please specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES No, I have not observed tree-related damage to infrastructure 34.52% 184 Yes, damage to a street or sidewalk 44.84% 239 Yes, damage to overhead utilities (power lines, phone lines, etc.) 37.52% 200 Yes, damage to underground infrastructure(pipes, sewer lines, underground power lines, etc.) 15.01% 80 Other(please specify) 11.63% 62 Total Respondents: 533 # OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 The stormwater requirements have caused more damage to trees that any benefits achieved. 8/20/2023 10:11 PM 2 There is more damage to trees from infrastructure development verses the other way around. 8/20/2023 10:09 PM 3 "We never could design a building as beautiful as the trees."—Portland Architect Pietro 8/20/2023 6:28 PM Belluschi 4 I've noticed all items above over the last 20 years of living here but it is not extreme. Happens 8/20/2023 3:42 PM in all communities. I hope this answer does not deter from planting trees but I do understand using the right trees in the right place and maintaining them properly. 5 Driveways and foundations 8/20/2023 3:22 PM 6 minor problems on paths that could be addressed without removing a tree! 8/20/2023 2:44 PM 7 Damage to homes during the ice storm 8/20/2023 11:55 AM 8 Springbrook park paths are kept open but downed trees and branches are simply left laying. 8/18/2023 11:13 AM Over the next few months—the amount of unattended debris will become very visible. The 64/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey park is heavily used by neighborhood, teachers, and track team. 9 Trees dying from ivy burden, falling over 8/17/2023 12:10 PM 10 Neighbors roof was damaged as a result of a street tree falling over. 8/5/2023 2:44 PM 11 Big leaf maples on city property (island)dropping branches onto street regularly 8/3/2023 4:32 PM 12 I suggest not repairing every root bump in a road or sidewalk. My parents had old tree roots 8/1/2023 11:07 AM grow through their sewer line. Those things always have to be fixed and the tree has to go and another several planted to make up for it. 13 There are pathways at West Waluga Park and other places that have significant bumps due to 7/31/2023 5:26 PM roots pushing up. These are safety hazards. Especially at West Waluga where many elderly like the short .2 mile loop to do laps. I've raised this but no one has been out to grind down the asphalt and make it safer. 14 the difficulty with ciutting trees leads to increased damage to houses and public facilities in 7/28/2023 9:04 AM times of storms 15 Ice storm lots of damage right a way trees not trimmed 7/28/2023 8:31 AM 16 A neighbor's fence. 7/26/2023 3:10 PM 17 to homes 7/26/2023 1:14 PM 18 Ice Storm Damage to cars 7/26/2023 4:19 AM 19 Overhang on homes 7/25/2023 3:52 PM 20 Take care of the sidewalk damage on south state street 7/21/2023 9:32 AM 21 Tree roots heaving up sidewalks 7/21/2023 6:01 AM 22 There is also neighborhood infrastructure damage to trees. 7/20/2023 7:57 PM 23 Damage to my home, neighboring fencing and power lines 7/20/2023 7:35 PM 24 Shrubs at intersections that are either too close to the corner or not trimmed low enough to 7/20/2023 5:34 PM permit viewing of cross traffic. 25 Trees and or branches fallen on homes 7/20/2023 5:14 PM 26 Damage to roofs 7/20/2023 4:49 PM 27 Closure of streets due to fallen trees (ivy laden). 7/18/2023 7:36 PM 28 Blocking access to sidewalks and other access illegalities 7/15/2023 8:17 PM 29 Yes, storm damage to my property and adjacent space. 7/13/2023 9:49 PM 30 I see some hazards after a storm. Big limbs fall. At our property. We have also encountered 7/12/2023 11:39 AM underground electrical problems, which I imagine have been exasperated by the big tree root system that is close by having said that PGE is running a new underground electrical line since ours is dated anyway. 31 We did lose power during those ice storms 7/11/2023 11:34 PM 32 Arborists, landscapers, can require funds that effect structural maintenance elsewhere. 7/11/2023 1:32 PM 33 Icing of limbs and damage from falling 7/10/2023 2:16 PM 34 I have seen it managed, which is to be exspected. 7/10/2023 7:19 AM 35 They cut around some wires but made a mess of the trees. 7/10/2023 3:47 AM 36 Damage to homes, with people inside 7/9/2023 1:28 PM 37 signage is obscured ie First Addition neighborhood 7/9/2023 9:25 AM 38 Damage to several houses, roofs, electrical wires 7/8/2023 11:20 AM 39 House 7/8/2023 6:45 AM 65 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 40 Damage to homes hit by fallen trees 7/7/2023 12:51 PM 41 Damage to roofs from falling branches and damage to foundations from roots 7/7/2023 7:38 AM 42 tree falling on a home 7/6/2023 9:39 PM 43 Damage to houses. (storms) 7/6/2023 3:50 PM 44 Damage to driveway and possibly house foundation 7/6/2023 3:26 PM 45 Yes to my neighbors car and house 7/6/2023 3:05 PM 46 The path around Freepons is dangerous to roots growing under the path. Total tripping hazard. 7/6/2023 2:58 PM Trees all in the wires along Cherry/Chapin 47 damage to buildings 7/6/2023 2:36 PM 48 Yes damage to roofs and fences 7/6/2023 2:31 PM 49 A tree fell through two of my neighbors roofs. 7/6/2023 2:28 PM 50 No physical damage but mental anguish when removed 7/6/2023 2:24 PM 51 Hallinan hasn't been overbuilt yet... 7/5/2023 5:07 PM 52 Sidewalk up Heaval, wires down from storms 7/5/2023 11:14 AM 53 building foundation 7/5/2023 10:36 AM 54 Minor lifting of sidewalks and driveways by root systems. A small price to pay for ecosystem 7/5/2023 8:51 AM services. And if the city did better tree education, people would understand that these inconveniences are well worth what we receive in the form of ecosystem services. 55 Storm damage only 7/5/2023 7:23 AM 56 Damage to one structure 7/5/2023 6:41 AM 57 I have seen more damage to the trees to protect infrastructure than the other way around. 7/2/2023 10:51 PM Wires need to be underground. 58 Yes our neighbors house was severely damaged with a failed tree. The city should be more 6/28/2023 9:45 AM proactive in trimming trees that get into utility lines. 59 sidewalk, asphalt 6/28/2023 9:27 AM 60 Sterling Hts is FULL of Big Leaf Maple street trees that wer mandated by the city to be planted 6/27/2023 1:12 PM by the developer 35 years ago. A travesty if ever there was one. They have lifted sidewalks, caused untold thousands of dollar in water line and sewer line breakage. 61 $3,000 damage to my home by my sick tree I cannot remove 6/26/2023 11:08 PM 62 Also damage to asphalt pathways not just concrete sidewalks 6/26/2023 7:59 PM 66/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q13 Would you be willing to plant, maintain, and care for a large tree on your property? Answered: 544 Skipped: 38 Yes,I am in! Yes,but ONLY if the City... Yes,but ONLY if the City... No,I do not want to plan... Not Applicable (I do not ow... 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES I RESPONSES Yes, I am in! 42.46% 231 Yes, but ONLY if the City provides labor support to maintain the tree 8.46% 46 Yes, but ONLY if the City can provide financial support to buy and plant the tree 6.62% 36 No, I do not want to plant more trees on my property 32.54% 177 Not Applicable(I do not own a yard or land to plant on) 9.93% 54 TOTAL 544 67/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q14 What kind of education and outreach would you like to see the City provide about trees? Answered: 526 Skipped: 56 Arbor month celebrations Heritage tree celebrations Tree tabling events at... Free public workshops Tree themed contests Guided forest walks Tree care and maintenance... Volunteer stewardship... Tree planting events Other(please specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 68/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Arbor month celebrations 35.55% 187 Heritage tree celebrations 44.68% 235 Tree tabling events at farmer's markets 33.27% 175 Free public workshops 47.53% 250 Tree themed contests 17.68% 93 Guided forest walks 40.87% 215 Tree care and maintenance advice 73.57% 387 Volunteer stewardship events 34.60% 182 Tree planting events 59.32% 312 Other(please specify) 16.54% 87 Total Respondents: 526 OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 Great question, thanks for asking it. 8/21/2023 7:21 AM 2 education around global warming and why trees are so critical to our ecosystem. Also, 8/21/2023 1:07 AM education around why Lake Oswego thinks trees are important and why they protect them from developers and over development. 3 The Mayor's Bike Ride. Or any public city person! Please do it again, Mayor Joe Buck. 8/20/2023 10:11 PM 4 Promoting native species 8/20/2023 9:30 PM 5 "We never could design a building as beautiful as the trees."—Portland Architect Pietro 8/20/2023 6:28 PM Belluschi 6 A better way to preserve trees is for the city not to cut them down! The city has been for clear 8/20/2023 4:42 PM cutting the poor habitat for humanity project with no regard to saving the significant trees 7 Stop allowing so many trees to be cut down. 8/20/2023 4:02 PM 8 Give talks at schools so the children understand their value and purpose so the next 8/20/2023 3:53 PM generation can be stewards of the trees too. 9 These are all great ideas. No idea what tree tabling'is. 8/20/2023 3:42 PM 10 Not government job 8/20/2023 3:27 PM 11 Greater education on the importance of trees, and the benefits they provide. Information on 8/20/2023 3:12 PM how trees are interdependent and how to look after them. 12 no opinion as to the need 8/20/2023 2:46 PM 13 A city-wide campaign to bury electrical wires to prevent fires. This will stop the butchering of 8/20/2023 2:44 PM trees and improve community resilience during extreme weather events! 14 All of the above. I read that the top 10% $$makers use 40% of energy and a lot of this is from 8/19/2023 8:07 AM so much energy use from these homes. More education and public information about the environmental affects of having huge homes. They don't allow for trees, either. 15 Implement FEMA wildfire risk reduction plan for Springbrook Park by removing excess fuel on 8/18/2023 11:13 AM forest floor 16 Insect damage and disease identification 8/18/2023 9:34 AM 17 the importance of managing vegetation. We as a society have prevented the natural cycle of 8/18/2023 8:51 AM 69/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey forest fires and now have large amount of fuels that allow for wildfires to burn hotter and longer causing more destruction. We must educate on this so the City and its residents can make informed decisions. 18 Financially support more ivy/invasive removal events. 8/17/2023 12:10 PM 19 We found the Sustainability Fair was useful and we got seeds from them and the LO Library for 8/13/2023 2:12 PM seeds that allowed us to have a diverse veggie garden 20 Offer neighborhoods specific grants to fund tree planting in their area. 8/12/2023 12:31 PM 21 Real imput from citizens on the permit process for development 8/6/2023 12:11 PM 22 none 8/5/2023 3:18 PM 23 Invasive species removal 8/4/2023 6:29 PM 24 There is not much point in outreach unless the code isn't meaningless 8/4/2023 4:17 PM 25 Prioritizing maintaining habitat (i.e. pruning a tree) rather than cutting it down 8/2/2023 6:18 PM 26 School programs, student volunteer tree planting services (Teen Service Corp) 8/2/2023 11:25 AM 27 Open house at a rooftop solar PV house that cut down a south side tree to get more sun 8/1/2023 11:07 AM exposure so that the solar PV equivalent of 415 trees every year could be installed. And 10-1 new trees should be planted N side for every S Side tree taken down. South side tree removal should be allowed to enable rooftop solar PV that gains 100s of tree equivalent CO2 avoidance. 28 Tour of homes and developments that preserve trees 7/31/2023 10:43 PM 29 I am worried about the removal of many fir trees in our Lake Forest neighborhood by 7/31/2023 5:26 PM development, only to be mitigated by much smaller, lower spacial volume trees. Please help us replant our fir forest so that 50-100 years from now we will still have a healthy, strong grove of trees 30 fires becoming more common&closer to LO each year, a discussion of tree care to avoid fire 7/31/2023 11:33 AM spread 31 How about education around the impact of cutting down our trees and putting in new mega 7/29/2023 4:46 PM homes is not good 32 nothing more on our love of trees 7/28/2023 9:04 AM 33 Just take care of the trees that fall within your maintenance schedule in a timely manner. 7/28/2023 8:53 AM 34 None 7/25/2023 2:10 PM 35 Training on how to remove trees 7/25/2023 1:54 PM 36 That would be great to partner with Friends of Trees to help organize and plant trees in the 7/23/2023 12:09 PM community. 37 Neighborhood-wide awards for tree stewardship and tree planting. 7/21/2023 8:15 PM 38 Direct communications and enforcement with property owners who do not maintain traffic 7/21/2023 2:08 PM visibility like 10th and Evergreen 39 Balancing fire prevention and the benefits of LO's trees. 7/21/2023 1:26 PM 40 People can educate themselves the city does not need to be in this area of governance 7/21/2023 9:32 AM 41 ALL good! 7/21/2023 7:59 AM 42 All the above are nice but what I would really like from the city is a strict, reflective, no loop- 7/21/2023 7:26 AM hole tree code. 43 Tree give away 7/20/2023 6:43 PM 44 Trees are blocking street passage and complaints go unanswered. 7/20/2023 5:46 PM 45 Hire teenagers to lead these walks 7/20/2023 5:43 PM 70/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 46 I'd like to see the city update the tree code to protect Crete trees in the neighborhoods. All of 7/17/2023 9:30 PM these other efforts is just lips service when they allow developers to constantly take down trees. 47 How to trim trees back off paths etc! Take one drive around the lake on SouthShore and look 7/17/2023 3:51 PM up! 48 The need. For health, environment and habitat 7/17/2023 6:05 AM 49 Help with maintaining established large trees 7/16/2023 3:43 PM 50 Access to low cost tree maintenance with trees in setbacks 7/15/2023 8:17 PM 51 City funds for private homeowners who can't afford it to maintain their own trees to prevent 7/15/2023 6:00 PM storm damage 52 More access to information on heritage and century trees 7/15/2023 10:16 AM 53 Give a$50 rebate for each planted tree on your property. 7/14/2023 3:10 PM 54 Would rather than money to be spent on maintenance 7/14/2023 3:10 PM 55 We have enough trees! 7/13/2023 9:49 PM 56 I have some very old trees on my property. With the extremely high temperatures in the 7/12/2023 11:39 AM summer, they do seem to get a bit stressed and I would like to know how to care for them properly. Last summer I ran a hose that served as a drip system to support them during the hotter days of the year. I'm not sure this helped, but it would be good to learn more about what could. 57 Environmental Engineering and Trees/ Our Faith Community Praying About It/State 7/11/2023 1:32 PM Leadership Day, here and there. 58 Cut the budget, people should be able to make their own decisions about the trees on their 7/10/2023 8:32 AM property, Government should not be in the business of Educating people about trees. 59 Identify and give heritage status to large stands, forested lots and big trees in the city. 7/10/2023 7:19 AM 60 educational project adopted by LO sustainability committee 7/9/2023 9:25 AM 61 Native tree discount sales, natural habitat education 7/8/2023 11:20 AM 62 Internet resources, YouTube videos, a Reddit subgroup, A tree festival, free onsite tree 7/7/2023 1:38 PM planting advice and assistance. 63 None of above. 7/7/2023 10:16 AM 64 Lake Oswego used to be proud of being the Tree City 7/7/2023 8:17 AM 65 Seems like the City already does all of the above? Large#of LO homeowners use landscaping 7/7/2023 8:04 AM services and have little involvement in the nurturing/upkeep of their yard. Homeowners who are involved in gardening either know this information or know how to find out. Rather than "teaching"the City should "show"the public good tree policy they it's own actions. And, yes, I think the City is inconsistent with its current policy 66 Climate education related to tree health/maintenance/ 7/7/2023 1:41 AM 67 Getting advice on type of tree and placement on a resident's property; or a link on LO website 7/6/2023 9:39 PM recommending types of trees to consider. 68 Less tree removal for building new large structures 7/6/2023 8:24 PM 69 Honestly,jump in and do it all. Ask for help if needed. I really think people will see the value for 7/6/2023 5:20 PM everyone. There is zero downside to this endeavor. 70 Individual site consultation 7/6/2023 3:23 PM 71 A PR campaign to make having and caring for a heritage tree a status symbol, like owning a 7/6/2023 2:30 PM posh car or having lake access 72 Tree section in Hello LO- how many removed by species, how many replaced by species, 7/6/2023 9:21 AM carbon sequestation levels (gains and losses)graph/chart based on total LO tree canopy. 71/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Trees are not being replaced in the same areas at the rate their being removed. 73 Tree care and maintenance advice should include information on why limbing trees is poor for 7/6/2023 8:45 AM overall tree health. 74 Maintain the park's citizens pay for in bond measures. 7/5/2023 7:59 PM 75 Educate the city government and public about the importance of keep our trees 7/5/2023 1:33 PM 76 All of the above are meaningless unless developers aren't allowed to cut as many trees 7/5/2023 1:29 PM 77 Let be adjacent to Bryant Woods. Don't need more trees. 7/5/2023 11:14 AM 78 tighter restrictions on tree removal 7/5/2023 10:05 AM 79 The Arbor Day and heritage tree celebrations are great but they don't address the real problem. 7/5/2023 8:51 AM It's like celebrating Mother's Day one day a year then abusing/neglecting your mother the other 364 days of the year. These single day celebrations ring hollow without substantive education and incentive programs. 80 None 7/5/2023 8:27 AM 81 Heritage Tree Program is woefully underutilized 7/1/2023 4:36 AM 82 Awareness of need to care for mature trees--occasional watering in summer and no 6/27/2023 3:23 PM compaction of roots. 83 None. Don't waste tax money on this 6/26/2023 9:56 PM 84 Lectures on the value of urban trees. 6/26/2023 9:04 PM 85 Tree thinning and trimming events. 6/26/2023 5:54 PM 86 The city needs to stop having well intentioned but seriously lacking in any bona fides people 6/26/2023 9:36 AM being their spokespersons. Everyone knows that a big tree will lose every time to development. 87 Provide education on planting the"right tree in the right place" concept. 6/25/2023 11:00 PM 72 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q15 Do you live or work in the City of Lake Oswego? (select all that apply) Answered: 533 Skipped: 49 Live 111rMa Work Neither 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES , RESPONSES Live 95.87% 511 Work 30.02% 160 Neither 1.88% 10 Total Respondents: 533 73/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q16 If you live in Lake Oswego, in which neighborhood do you live? Answered: 524 Skipped: 58 Palisades 10.50%(55) Lakeview Summit 2.29%(12) Lake Grove 8.78%(46) Waluga 2.48%(13) Hallinan 2.86%(15) `, --- Forest Highlands 8.21%(43) McVey-South Shore 4.01%(21) �/ Uplands 4.96%(26) Ilk First Addition-Forest Blue Heron 5.34%(28) \ Hills 7.63%(40) Bryant 5.53%(29) j Mountain Park 6.68%(35) Lake Forest 5.53%(29) Evergreen 6.49%(34) 74/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Palisades 10.50% 55 Lake Grove 8.78% 46 Forest Highlands 8.21% 43 First Addition- Forest Hills 7.63% 40 Mountain Park 6.68% 35 Evergreen 6.49% 34 Lake Forest 5.530/0 29 Bryant 5.53% 29 Blue Heron 5.34% 28 Uplands 4.96% 26 McVey-South Shore 4.01% 21 Hallinan 2.86% 15 Waluga 2.48% 13 Oak Creek 2.29% 12 Lakeview Summit 2.29% 12 Westlake 2.10% 11 Rosewood 2.10% 11 Westridge 2.10% 11 Foothills 1.34% 7 Lakewood 1.34% 7 North Shore Country Club 1.34% 7 I do not live in Lake Oswego 1.34% 7 Marylhurst 1.15% 6 Holly Orchard 0.76% 4 Glenmore 0.76% 4 Childs 0.57% 3 Not sure 0.57% 3 Old Town 0.38% 2 Birdshill 0.19% 1 John's Woods 0.19% 1 Skylands 0.19% 1 TOTAL 524 75 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q17 Which of the following best describes your housing type? Answered: 534 Skipped: 48 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Apartmen Single Duplex Condomin Group Mobile Unhoused Other t family ium home home (please home specify) ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Apartment 3.75% 20 Single family home 85.77% 458 Duplex 1.31% 7 Condominium 5.24% 28 Group home 0.00% 0 Mobile home 0.00% 0 Unhoused 0.00% 0 Other(please specify) 3.93% 21 TOTAL 534 # OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 1960 Architect designed/built Mid-Century Modern single family home on heavily wooded lot 8/20/2023 6:34 PM with approx. 2 dozen 100ft+ fir trees and abundant other heritage mature natural shrubs/bushes. 2 Townhome 8/17/2023 2:21 PM 3 other 8/5/2023 3:20 PM 4 Maryswood 7/21/2023 2:55 PM 5 What concern is that to trees 7/21/2023 9:35 AM 6 Townhome 7/21/2023 4:56 AM 7 CCRC Senior housing at Mary's Woods at Marylhurst 7/20/2023 8:10 PM 8 Townhome 7/20/2023 7:40 PM 9 Greenridge Townhomes 7/17/2023 2:18 PM 76/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 10 Public Housing! 7/11/2023 1:39 PM 11 townhouse 7/7/2023 1:16 PM 12 Townhouse 7/6/2023 4:14 PM 13 Townhome 7/6/2023 2:31 PM 14 Work here, business located here 7/6/2023 12:11 PM 15 Townhome-triplex 7/6/2023 9:23 AM 16 townhome 7/5/2023 10:37 AM 17 CCR 6/30/2023 12:54 PM 18 Townhouse 6/27/2023 11:23 AM 19 Townhouse condominium 6/26/2023 9:07 PM 20 Townhouse Rows 6/26/2023 6:55 PM 21 House Boat 6/25/2023 11:01 PM 77 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q18 Which of the following best describes your current housing situation? Answered: 535 Skipped: 47 Homeowner Renter I Living with others but n... Living with others but... Other(please specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Homeowner 90.84% 486 Renter 5.79% 31 Living with others but not paying rent 0.93% 5 Living with others but assisting with paying rent 0.56% 3 Other(please specify) 1.87% 10 TOTAL 535 # OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 Maryswoods 7/21/2023 2:55 PM 2 Why should trees care 7/21/2023 9:35 AM 3 CCRC, Senior housing, living with spouse, paying fees 7/20/2023 8:10 PM 4 I don't see the relevance 7/17/2023 6:07 AM 5 Live with my parents 7/11/2023 9:43 PM 6 Public Housing Advocate. Working on practel housing to solve homelessness and to get us to 7/11/2023 1:39 PM offer it at costs down overall. PREVENTION of homelessness long term. 7 Resident caregiver for my partner of 35 years. 7/7/2023 7:18 AM 8 Work 7/6/2023 12:11 PM 9 CCRC 6/30/2023 12:54 PM 10 I am the life partner of a owner/ resident 6/26/2023 6:55 PM 78/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q19 Which of the following best describes you? (select all that apply) Answered: 533 Skipped: 49 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10c/o 0% American Asian African Hispanic Native White Prefer Somethin Indian American , Hawaiian or not to g else or Black Latinx, or Caucasia say (please or... Pacif... n specify) ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES American Indian 1.69% 9 Asian 3.94% 21 African American or Black 0.38% 2 Hispanic, Latinx, or Spanish origin 2.06% 11 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0.38% 2 White or Caucasian 77.67% 414 Prefer not to say 16.51% 88 Something else (please specify) 3.56% 19 Total Respondents: 533 SOMETHING ELSE (PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 Human 8/20/2023 5:27 PM 2 From India 8/12/2023 12:39 PM 3 Human, judged by the content of my character 8/9/2023 1:41 PM 4 American why should trees care about race and color 7/21/2023 9:35 AM 5 mixed 7/20/2023 4:53 PM 6 I don't think my heritage has anything to do with tree preservation 7/17/2023 3:16 PM 7 Why is this relevant? 7/16/2023 2:36 PM 8 Indigenous (Latin America) 7/14/2023 4:25 PM 9 What does this have to do with this survey about urban forests? 7/13/2023 9:50 PM 10 Its always checked White, but lately I am thinking about how I can check prefer not to say. 7/11/2023 1:39 PM 79/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 11 Stop segregating the population, we are all Americans. 7/10/2023 8:34 AM 12 American -what does this have to do with trees? 7/7/2023 12:53 PM 13 Why do you need to know this? 7/7/2023 10:17 AM 14 0.2% Sub-Saharan African 7/6/2023 5:49 PM 15 Jewish, Eastern European 7/6/2023 2:59 PM 16 This question is insulting, this is a survey regarding trees 7/5/2023 1:31 PM 17 Scandinavian 7/5/2023 11:40 AM 18 Race is a human not a biological construct. Not sure how race is relevant to a discussion 7/3/2023 6:03 AM about trees. 19 Mediterranean 6/26/2023 9:07 PM 80/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q20 What is your age group? Answered: 531 Skipped: 51 Under 18 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Under 18 0.56% 3 18-24 0.94% 5 25-34 2.82% 15 35-44 14.69% 78 45-54 16.57% 88 55-64 22.60% 120 65+ 41.81% 222 TOTAL 531 81/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q21 What is the highest level of education you have attained? Answered: 527 Skipped: 55 No high school diploma High school diploma or... Some college but no degree Associate degree Bachelor degree Graduate degree 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES No high school diploma 0.76% 4 High school diploma or equivalent(e.g., GED) 0.76% 4 Some college but no degree 5.31% 28 Associate degree 4.36% 23 Bachelor degree 36.62% 193 Graduate degree 52.18% 275 TOTAL 527 82 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey Q22 How did you hear about this survey? Answered: 534 Skipped: 48 Email Social media (Facebook,... Other(please specify) HelloLO City of Lake Oswego Website Pollination Celebration Farmer's Market Other Public Event 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ANSWER CHOICES RESPONSES Email 49.06% 262 Social media(Facebook, Instagram, Nextdoor, etc.) 23.03% 123 Other(please specify) 17.79% 95 HelloLO 8.43% 45 City of Lake Oswego Website 6.74% 36 Pollination Celebration 1.87% 10 Farmer's Market 1.69% 9 Other Public Event 0.56% 3 Total Respondents: 534 # OTHER(PLEASE SPECIFY) DATE 1 PNA email 8/21/2023 10:08 AM 2 The Palisades Neighborhood Association 8/21/2023 7:23 AM 3 Flyer at the LO library checkout desk. Did NOT hear about it anywhere else. Might consider 8/20/2023 10:15 PM extended response deadline. Thank you for this opportunity to comment! 83/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 4 Neighborhood Association 8/20/2023 6:34 PM 5 Friends from the neighborhood concerned about the city's deforestation projects going on 8/20/2023 4:44 PM 6 Palisades Neighborhood Association 8/20/2023 4:33 PM 7 Neighbor 8/20/2023 3:50 PM 8 PNA newsletter 8/20/2023 3:49 PM 9 Neighbor 8/20/2023 3:38 PM 10 Palisades Neighborhood website 8/20/2023 3:23 PM 11 Nextdoor 8/20/2023 2:45 PM 12 Facebook 8/20/2023 12:42 PM 13 Next Door 8/19/2023 8:08 AM 14 Neighborhood association email 8/19/2023 7:55 AM 15 Friend 8/18/2023 10:06 PM 16 Neighbor 8/18/2023 11:39 AM 17 Posted in park 8/18/2023 11:14 AM 18 Parks Board 8/18/2023 9:36 AM 19 Only heard about as i proactively reached out to the City on my concerns related to a lack of 8/18/2023 8:54 AM vegetation fuels management in our green spaces. 20 During type 2 permit application 8/14/2023 9:38 AM 21 Tree identification forest walk 8/14/2023 7:26 AM 22 word of mouth 8/13/2023 2:39 PM 23 not sure...I just have the postcard...maybe Farmer's Market 8/13/2023 2:14 PM 24 handed survey by Arborist when she was examining permits 8/11/2023 6:09 PM 25 signage in park 8/8/2023 5:57 PM 26 neighborhood association 8/6/2023 12:12 PM 27 friend 8/5/2023 3:20 PM 28 LO newspaper 8/5/2023 2:49 PM 29 Library 8/5/2023 11:38 AM 30 Neighborhood Association 8/4/2023 4:27 PM 31 Palisades Neighborhood Association website 8/4/2023 2:12 PM 32 Neighborhood Association email 8/3/2023 8:53 AM 33 Friend 8/1/2023 11:29 AM 34 The Lede 7/31/2023 8:37 PM 35 Flyer in park 7/29/2023 6:05 PM 36 from being on the Evergreen Neighborhood Assoc Board 7/29/2023 12:38 PM 37 a friend 7/28/2023 9:05 AM 38 Poster in Roehr Park 7/27/2023 3:53 PM 39 Review 7/26/2023 3:11 PM 40 Neighborhood association 7/25/2023 6:01 PM 41 Iron Mountain park 7/25/2023 4:05 PM 84/86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 42 Evergreen news letter 7/25/2023 3:29 PM 43 Neighborhood Asso 7/25/2023 3:21 PM 44 Neighbor/Friend Flier from a friend 7/24/2023 4:41 PM 45 Poster at Waluga park. 7/23/2023 9:34 AM 46 person on committee 7/21/2023 3:59 PM 47 Lake Grove Homeowners Association 7/21/2023 12:26 PM 48 Sundaleaf park bathroom poster 7/21/2023 10:43 AM 49 email Email 7/21/2023 9:35 AM 50 Neighborhood association forwarded it 7/19/2023 6:25 PM 51 Flyer 7/19/2023 12:21 PM 52 neighborhood assoc. 7/18/2023 2:25 PM 53 iron mountain park poster 7/18/2023 6:46 AM 54 Neighbor/Friend Family member 7/17/2023 3:53 PM 55 Neighborhood Chairs Committee meeting 7/17/2023 3:16 PM 56 Neighborhood app 7/17/2023 6:07 AM 57 email Blue heron email 7/15/2023 8:18 PM 58 Neighborhood association 7/15/2023 5:58 PM 59 Neighborhood Chairs Meeting 7/15/2023 1:18 PM 60 Mayor Buck's Instagram 7/14/2023 4:25 PM 61 Friend 7/11/2023 9:54 PM 62 Family member 7/11/2023 9:43 PM 63 Library 7/11/2023 8:41 PM 64 Neighbor/Friend Neighbor 7/10/2023 2:18 PM 65 LO Down/newsletter 7/10/2023 7:21 AM 66 Poster 7/9/2023 1:29 PM 67 LODown 7/9/2023 7:45 AM 68 Neighbor/Friend Neighbor 7/7/2023 12:53 PM 69 Neighbor/Friend wife 7/7/2023 10:17 AM 70 email email from Mayor Buck 7/6/2023 9:40 PM 71 email email letter from Mayor Buck 7/6/2023 4:10 PM 72 email LODown City email 7/6/2023 3:49 PM 73 Some of these questions are extremely poorly written and leading. 7/6/2023 2:42 PM 74 NextDoor App 7/5/2023 10:38 PM 75 Nextdoor 7/5/2023 7:55 PM 76 i live on berwick road. not sure name of neighborhood 7/5/2023 10:06 AM 77 Bryant neighborhood association 7/3/2023 3:19 PM 78 Tree group 7/1/2023 4:37 AM 79 Nextdoor 6/30/2023 9:12 PM 85 /86 Lake Oswego Tree Survey 80 Neighbor/Friend Forwarded by a friend 6/30/2023 8:37 PM 81 Member of an advisory group 6/30/2023 12:54 PM 82 Library 6/29/2023 3:37 PM 83 Senior Advisory Board meeting 6/28/2023 12:05 PM 84 Neighbor/Friend Referred 6/28/2023 5:56 AM 85 Neighbor/Friend Neighbor 6/27/2023 3:03 PM 86 Planning Commission Meeting 6/27/2023 1:13 PM 87 Parks and Rec Advisory Board 6/27/2023 12:40 PM 88 email Library Advisory Board Email 6/27/2023 11:23 AM 89 Palisades Neighborhood Association 6/26/2023 11:09 PM 90 City Council Meeting 6/20/23 6/26/2023 9:19 PM 91 email Urban Forest email list 6/26/2023 6:55 PM 92 I don't know 6/26/2023 5:29 PM 93 Neighbor/Friend From friends 6/26/2023 10:46 AM 94 Neighbor/Friend friend 6/26/2023 9:37 AM 95 City staff 6/26/2023 8:03 AM 86/86 UCFP Update Pest Risk Assessment DECEMBER 2023 Prepared for: CITY OF LAKE OSWEGO Contact: Jessica Numanoglu Prepared by: DUDEI( 92 Lenora Street, Suite 108 Seattle, Washington Contact:Abby Beissinger DUDEK.COM Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment This short self-assessment answers the question: "Are you Urban Forest Pest Ready?"Once the assessment is completed,you will have an Urban Forest Pest Ready score and a list of actions to prioritize. Instructions 1. Review the assessment metrics to understand the urban forestry and risk management experts you would like to convene. Assessment metrics include Understanding Risk, Capacity to Support a Response, Ability to Expedite Informed Decision-Making and Community Support to Expand Your Impact. 2. Complete the assessment with urban forestry experts that have the institutional knowledge of your jurisdiction. If your community does not employ an urban forestry expert, include other staff with tree-related responsibilities or community members with relevant knowledge of trees and the local environment. 3. If you can definitively answer 'yes' to the question, check the box and move to the next question. If you answer 'not sure', see the related action for more information before answering. If you answer 'no' do not check the box and move to the next question. 4. Tally your score. 5. Rank your priority assessment metrics based on where you have the greatest point gap from meeting the benchmarks and start with those actions first. 6. Share the results with decision makers and leadership as needed for launching your planning efforts. Disclaimer: The following benchmarks provide guidance towards prioritizing the action you can take and understanding general risk. It is not intended to grade compliance with local,state or federal laws or rate otherwise enforceable regulations. This Assessment is adapted from Washington Department o f Natural Resources's Urban Forest Pest Readiness Playbook PAGE 25 URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment o- UNDERSTANDING RISK QUESTION YES POINTS NO/NOT SURE? Tree Resources la. Has your community ever conducted a tree canopy analysis? X +� Has your city ever performed or does your city currently have a lb. tree-by-tree inventory containing data on individual trees' ❑ +3 species, sizes,conditions,and locations? 1c. Is the inventory less than io years old? ❑ +1 Id. Is the inventory less than 5 years old? +1 See Action 6 le. Does your inventory data include all or a significant majority of +2 all managed street and park trees? Is your inventory held in a geospatial database with location If. +2 data? Is your data able to be shared with others outside your 1g. +2 organization? Pests of concern Have you identified priority pest species that are a concern for 2. your community based on an understanding of common tree X +1 See Action 3 species in your urban canopy? Risk analysis Have you considered neighboring jurisdictions and/or nearby 3. natural resource economies like agriculture and forestry as part X +1 See Action 7 of your assessment of priority pests? URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK PAGE 26 Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment Pest Pathways QUESTION YES POINTS NO/NOT SURE? Do you have an understanding of local hot spots for pest introduction to your community including (check yes if no hot spots exist): Locations where there is an influx of new residents or popular +1 4a. destinations for out-of-state visitors Transportation corridors and storage facilities for commercial +1 movement of forest and agriculture products Commercial ports (check yes if there are no commercial posts) X +1 See Action 4 Have you documented the locations and supplementary 4b. +1 information about size of these pest introduction hot spots? Has your community identified trees or locations that are 4c. +1 particularly pest vulnerable? Pest Prevention Does your city staff use Best Management Practices to prevent ❑ 5a. +1 the spread and introduction of pests? Do you or partners provide training for local contractors on See Action 13 5b. tree care or Best Management Practices to prevent the spread ❑ +1 and introductions of pests? Actions 3, 4, 6, 7, 13 Understanding risk subtotal 8 of 21 Continue to the next section to calculate your "Capacity to Support a Response" PAGE 27 URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment 411 CAPACITY TO SUPPORT A RESPONSE QUESTION YES POINTS NO/NOT SURE? Emergency Preparedness Do you have one or more staff that have been trained in 1. +1 See Action 18 Incident Command Systems (ICS)? Response Experience Have you participated in an invasive forest pest response in the 2a. last-2o years? See Action 17&20 Do you know the basic components of a pest response that a �y 2b. +z lead action entity would run in the event of a pest confirmation? Know Who to call Have you integrated the contact information for USDA-APHIS- PPQ, USDA Forest Service,Washington Invasive Species See 3 Council,Washington Department of Natural Resources, +2 Detection& Washington Department of Agriculture and/or Washington Reporting State University into your own systems so that a team member Section can easily know who to call if a pest is detected in your area? Supporting Organizations Have you worked with Washington Invasive Species Council, Washington State Department of Agriculture, or Washington 4a. State Department of Natural Resources state agency staff in the X +1 See Playbook overview past to support your program (could include training, consultation,workshops,grants,one-on-one discussions)? Do you know which partners and stakeholders to engage in 4b. X +1 See Action 9 order to garner support for a response? Sufficient Funding Do you know what funding options,both internal and external, 5. L +1 See Action 5 are available to you to respond to a pest? URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK PAGE 28 Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment QUESTION YES POINTS NO/NOT SURE? Tree Management Are you actively enhancing your managed street trees,parks, and natural areas: To prevent invasive species establishment 6. To diversify tree plantings X +1 See Action 16 and 19 To restore areas after significant tree removal(for example removal of +1 damaged trees,invasive trees,hazard trees,or a forest pest response) Actions 5, 9, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 Capacity to Support a Response subtotal 10 of 12 210 ABILITY TO EXPEDITE INFORMED DECISION-MAKING Urban Forestry Staff Do you have a staff person(s) or department(s) responsible for la. v +1 urban tree management? Y`� Would you consider most of your non-urban forestry-related See Action 1 lb departments to be informed on how their work impacts your X +1 urban forests? Local Authority Do you have any urban forestry management: Plan(s) X +1 2a. Policies X +1 See Action 2 City Code X +2 2b. Does your urban forestry management plan,policy, or codes +3 See Action 12 include information on pest management? Continue to the next section to calculate your "Community Support to Expand Your Impact" PAGE 29 URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment QUESTION YES POINTS NO/NOT SURE? Permitting Processes Are you familiar with permitting processes regarding (+1 for at least 4 of 7): • Public involvement/notices • Environmental and water quality a • Endangered species v +1 See Action • Property access requirements !� 8 and 15 • Pesticide registrations and applicator licenses • Plant quarantine compliance • Waste management practices • Historical site/archaeological permitting Leadership Do you have elected officials currently serving that have 4. demonstrated concern for urban forest pests or invested in +3 See Action 11 urban forest pest-related initiatives? Actions 1, 2, 8, 11, 12, 15 Ability to expedite informed decision-making subtotal 10 of 13 ':.8..: COMMUNITY SUPPORT TO EXPAND YOUR IMPACT Diverse Team la. Do you have experience bringing together diverse groups of �/ +1 stakeholders across departments and topics? /� lb. Do you have access to people with the following expertise or role involved in this assessment (+1 for each category filled): See Action 9 Tree or urban forest expert +1 City planner ' +1 Tree care professional or other community stakeholders +1 URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK PAGE 3o Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment Messaging Do you know the appropriate messaging and languages/ channels/forums to use when communicating with the 2. X +1 See Action 10 populations and neighborhoods most likely to be impacted by a pest detection? Public Awareness Do you have information in public outreach materials that you 3. X +1 See Action 10 distribute that covers the issues and risk of urban forest pests? Early Detection Do you promote the implementation of and recruitment to early 4. pest detection network (such as Master Gardeners,Washington , : +2 See Action 14 Pest Watch)? Actions 9, 10, 14 Community Support subtotal 6 of 8 Continue to the next section to see where your scores fall on the Urban Forest Pest Ready benchmarks and determine which actions to take next! URBAN FOREST PEST READY SCORECARD eUnderstanding Risk 8 of 21 C Capacity to Support a Response 10 _ of 12 0 Ability to Expedite Informed Decision-Making 10 of 13 lepCommunity Support to Expand Your Impact 6 of 8 Continue to the next section to see where your scores fall on the readiness benchmarks and determine which actions to take next! PAGE 31 URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment How do your scores compare to the Urban Forest Pest Ready benchmarks? Rank your priority assessment metrics based on where you have the greatest point gap from meeting the benchmarks on the next page and start with those actions first.You can track your priority actions using the Readiness Items Tracking Table in online playbook resources. The benchmarks are based on a hypothetical assessment of a community engaged in a mid-range planning effort who has demonstrated institutional buy-in to pest readiness. The benchmarks were developed with input from Urban Forest Pest Readiness Steering Committee,which consists of representatives from experienced federal and state agencies,universities, and municipalities. Disclaimer: The following benchmarks provide guidance towards prioritizing the action you can take and understanding general risk. It is not intended to grade compliance with local,state or federal laws or rate otherwise enforceable regulations. URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK PAGE 32 Urban Forest Pest Ready Assessment Urban Forest Pest Ready Benchmarks BENCHMARK Understanding Risk II 0=�_ Risk of falling below benchmarks: Not knowing the natural resources you are trying to protect and the risks to those resources increases vulnerability to tree loss and pest introductions. 0 12 21 pts Actions addressed:3,4,6,7,13 C BENCHMARK t7 Capacity to Support I M ��ti a Response 79 Risk of falling below benchmarks: Disorganized 0 planning processes drain local resources and decrease your ability to effectively respond to U 8 12 pts pests and protect natural resources. N el. Actions addressed:5,9,16,17,18,19,zo BENCHMARK V Ability to Expedite Informed ®0 0 Decision-Making Risk of falling below benchmarks: Misinformed or m slow-paced decision-making diminishes your CU ability to effectively respond to pests and protect 7 13 pts natural resources. CL Actions addressed: i,2,8, it,ia,i5 BENCHMARK Community support to Expand your Impact •'S'• Risk of falling below benchmarks: Poor communication, adversarial relationships with community members, and/or inexperienced 0 4 8 pts team members makes it increasingly difficult to detect and respond to pest threats. Actions addressed:9,10,14 Scoring above the Urban Forest Pest Ready benchmarks? Great! Review the actions which you have not yet completed and review the Checklist of Readiness Actions to create a schedule for when and how often to revisit your actions. PAGE 33 URBAN FOREST PEST READINESS PLAYBOOK UCFP Update Municipal Code Redline DECEMBER 2023 Prepared for: CITY OF LAKE OSWEGO Contact:Jessica Numanoglu Prepared by: DUDEK 92 Lenora Street,Suite 108 Seattle,Washington Contact:Abby Beissinger LOC Chapter 55 Tree Code Redline Article 55.02 Commented[JD1]:Oregon Revised Statute(ORS) Tree Removal.Revised 1/23 197.307(4)requires that local governments adopt and apply clear and objective standards,conditions,and procedures Sections: regulating the development of"needed housing."This is to ensure that communities do not use discretionary or 55.02.010 Purpose. subjective criteria to deny housing projects or discourage 55.02.020 Definitions. housing through unreasonable cost or delay. 55.02.025 Exempt Activities. The suggested revisions in this ordinance review align with 55.02.030 Prohibited Activities. this requirement for the City's Tree Code. 55.02.035 Tree Removal in Conjunction with Major or Minor Development Permit. 55.02.040 Repealed.Ord.No.2059,06-16-92. 55.02.041 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. 55.02.042 Permit Classifications and Review Procedures. 55.02.045 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. 55.02.050 Application for Permits. 55.02.060 Fees. 55.02.061 Repealed.Ord.No.2097, 12-20-94. 55.02.065 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. 55.02.067 Repealed.Ord.No.2097, 12-20-94. 55.02.070 Repealed.Ord.No.2059,06-16-92. 55.02.071 Repealed.Ord.No.2097, 12-20-94. 55.02.072 Forest Management Permit. 55.02.075 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. 55.02.080 Criteria for Issuance of Type II Tree Cutting Permits. 55.02.082 Staff Decision and Notice Requirements for Type II Permits and Major Forest Management Permits;Issuance of Permit. 55.02.084 Mitigation Required. 55.02.085 Request for Public Hearing on a Type II Tree Cutting Permit.Revised 1/23 55.02.090 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. 55.02.092 Expiration of Tree Cutting Permits. 55.02.094 Conditions of Approval for Tree Cutting Permits. 55.02.100 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. 55.02.110 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. 55.02.120 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. 55.02.125 Evidence of Violation. 55.02.130 Penalties. 55.02.135 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. Appendix 55.02-1 Native Mitigation Tree List. 55.02.010 Purpose. S}#RRE The purpose of this chapter is to regulate the removal of trees,encourage and assist property owners in managing large forested properties,and prescribe preventative protection measures to avoid damage to trees during site development in order to preserve the wooded character of the City of Lake Oswego and to protect trees as a natural resource of the City. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000; Ord.2097,Amended,12/20/1994;Ord.2059,06/16/1992;Ord.1429,05/18/1971) 55.02.020 Definitions. '0 SNORE Arborist means a person who has met the criteria for certification from the International Society of Arboriculture and maintains accreditation. Basal Area means the cross-sectional area(in square ft.)of the trunk of a tree measured 54 in.(4.5 ft.) above mean ground level at the base of the trunk,calculated from the diameter at that height(DBH); basal area equals tree diameter squared,times 0.005454.This is the same as radius divided by 12, squared,times Pi(approximately 3.14159).For an explanation of how to calculate the tree diameter,see definition of"Caliper Inch"below. Caliper or Caliper Inch.Where this Code requires a minimum caliper or caliper inch tree,the caliper inch of the tree proposed to meet the requirement is determined by: a. If the required caliper inch is less than four in.,the circumference of the tree trunk is measured six in. above the root ball(for nursery stock or other trees not in ground),or if planted,the ground. b. If the required caliper inch is four in.or more,the circumference of the tree trunk is measured 12 in. above the root ball(for nursery stock or other trees not in ground),or if planted,the ground. The circumference(in inches)is divided by 3.14 to determine the caliper inch of the tree. City Manager means the City Manager or the City Manager's designee. Dead or Declining Tree means a tree is lifeless or is in a state of progressive and irreversible decline. Among the factors that could be considered to determine if the tree is lifeless include unseasonable lack of foliage,brittle dry branches,or lack of any growth during the growing season.Among the factors that could be considered to determine if the tree is in progressive and irreversible decline include chlorotic foliage,an overall thinning of the crown,significant branch mortality,top dieback,premature fall coloration and defoliation,or abnormally abundant fruit and flower production. Diameter at Breast Height or DBH means the tree trunk diameter measured at 4.5 ft.(54 in.)above mean ground level at the base of the trunk,except that if a tree splits into multiple trunks above ground but below 4.5 ft.,the trunk is measured at its most narrow point beneath the split.The diameter is calculated by dividing the circumference by 3.14. Dripline means an imaginary vertical line extending downward from the outermost tips of a tree's branches to the ground. Forest Management Professional means a certified or licensed(as applicable)arborist,forester, landscape architect,forest ecologist,or similar natural resource professional,with expertise in developing silvicultural prescriptions. Forested Tract,Large means a lot,parcel,or tract,or a portion thereof,one acre or larger in area containing not less than one acre of tree canopy or meeting the applicable stocking level for high/medium/low site class(es),as applicable,under the Oregon Forest Practices Act(OFPA).Where stocking level is used(e.g.,for a forest management permit)site class is determined by a qualified forest management professional at the time of application submittal.A property may have more than one large forested tract on it,and forest land on contiguous tracts under the same ownership may be considered together in calculating the minimum area of one acre. Fruit Tree means the tree is of a species that can bear an annual crop of edible fruit that is grown for human consumption.For the purposes of this chapter,trees that produce fruits comprised of a hard shell and a seed,commonly referred to as nuts,are excluded(e.g.,walnut,chestnut,oak). Invasive Tree Species means a tree species listed on the Invasive Tree Species List on file with the Planning Department.The Invasive Tree Species List shall include: a. Tree species listed by resolution of the City Council;and b. Tree species added by the City Manager from time to time,upon finding that the tree species has been introduced to locations outside of its native range,the tree species has spread and now persists over large areas,and the tree species negatively impacts natural ecosystems by displacing native species,reducing biological diversity and interfering with natural succession. Native Mitigation Tree List means the list of trees listed in Appendix 55.02-1,which are suitable mitigation for the removal of a native tree approved by a Type II permit(LOC 55.02.080;LOC 55.02.084(4)(a)(ii)). Native Tree means a tree identified as native in the City's Master Plant List(LOC 50.11.004 Appendix D). Person means any individual or legal entity. Removal means to cut down a tree or remove all or 50%or more of the crown,trunk,or root system of a tree;or to damage a tree so as to cause the tree to decline,die,or to qualify as hazardous (LOC 55.02.042(4))."Removal"includes but is not limited to topping,damage inflicted upon a root system by application of toxic substances,operation of equipment and vehicles,storage of materials,change of natural grade due to unapproved excavation or filling,or unapproved alteration of natural physical conditions."Removal"does not include normal trimming or pruning of trees. 'Significant Tree means a healthy,noninvasive tree over 15 in.DBH that is considered significant to the neighborhood due to size,species,or distinctive character,or the only remaining tree on a property.' Commented[JD2]:Heritage tree determination is dependent on subjective criterion.It is recommended that Single-Family Dwelling for the purpose of this chapter means any of the following:a detached home,a this definition is updated to depend on clear and objective criteria. townhouse or rowhouse,a zero lot line dwelling,duplex,or a condominium unit where the tree cutting permit relates to a tree located in the'private yard 'of such a unit. Commented[AB3]:Consider adding ROW to this definition as well Stand(of trees)means a group of trees(of the same species or a mixture of species)that forms a visual and biological unit at least 15 ft.in height with a contiguous crown width of at least 120 ft. Stocking means the number of trees on a given area,as in the case of trees per acre required to be retained or planted after removal under a forest management permit."Restocking"means trees planted under a forest management permit for reforestation.Stocking counts trees of all sizes and ages,including seedlings and young trees. Street Tree means a tree 1.5 in.or larger in diameter at breast height(DBH)located within the public right-of-way,a pedestrian easement abutting a right-of-way,or within a street tree easement,or used to meet the street tree requirements for a prior development permit. Stump means a tree of six ft.in height or less whose top was removed either under a tree removal permit or by an act of nature. 'Topping means the severe cutting back of a tree's limbs to stubs three in.or larger in diameter within the Commented[AB4]:Add a topping permit definition tree's crown to such a degree so as to remove the natural canopy and disfigure the tree. 'Tree means any woody plant having a trunk six in.or larger in diameter at breast height(DBH),except Commented[ABS]:Street tree defines a tree as 1.5"or that for purposes of restocking,"tree"means a woody perennial plant,often but not always with one larger.This tree definition says a tree is 6"or larger.This dominant trunk,with the capacity to achieve a mature height greater than 16 ft.If a tree splits into multiple definitions should be aligned. trunks above ground,but below 4.5 ft.,it is considered one tree.If the tree splits into multiple trunks below ground,each trunk shall be considered one tree.For the purposes of this chapter,stumps,shrubs,and hedges that otherwise meet the above description(common examples include rhododendrons,camellia, English laurel,Portuguese laurel,photinia,arborvitae,and hazelnuts)shall not be considered a"tree." Tree Canopy means the total ground area covered by a tree or a stand of trees,as measured at the outer limit of tree branches or crown(tree's dripline),projected to the ground_.'This is alto rcfcrrcd to as the trcc dripline.' [Commented[AB6]:As written,Tree canopy and tree dripline are conflated to be the same thing. See edit. Tree Cutting Permit means written authorization from the City for a tree removal to proceed as described in an application,such authorization having been given in accordance with this chapter. Tree Risk Assessor Qualified Arborist means a person who has met the criteria for qualification in tree risk assessment from the International Society of Arboriculture and maintains accreditation. Utilities means water,sewer,gas,electric,and telecommunications services,including all infrastructure required for an exchange. (Ord.2890,Amended,03/17/2022;Ord.2830,Amended,10/01/2019;Ord.2772,Amended,02/06/2018; Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2649,Amended,07/29/2014; Ord.2576,Amended,11/15/2011;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Amended,12/20/1994; Ord.2059,06/16/1992;Ord.1631,07/20/1976;Ord. 1429,05/18/1971) 55.02.025 Exempt Activities! SHARE This chapter does not apply to the removal of trees less than six in.DBH. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2664,Added,04/07/2015) 55.02.030 Prohibited Activities. SHRl 1. No person shall remove a tree without first obtaining a tree cutting permit from the City pursuant to this chapter. 12. No person shall top a tree without first obtaining a topping permit from the City pursuant to this chapter. ... Commented[JD7•Clarify that top ping permits are limited to utility providers.Anyone else who wants to top a (Ord.2830,Amended, 10/01/2019;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000; tree is required to obtain a tree removal permit. Ord.2097,Amended,12/20/1994;Ord.2059,06/16/1992;Ord.1429,05/18/1971) 55.02.035 Tree Removal in Conjunction with Major or Minor Development Permit.° $HARE 121 1. If a major or minor development permit applied for pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.15 or 50.07.003.14, respectively,would require or result in tree removal and/or a tree cutting permit as defined in this chapter, compliance with LOC 55.02.080 shall be a criterion of approval of such development permit.Tree removals in conjunction with a major or minor development permit shall be considered in conjunction with such permit and shall be subject to the application,notice,hearing and appeal procedures applicable to the proposed major or minor development.The required notice for major or minor developments that would require or result in tree removals shall include a site plan indicating the location of any trees proposed for removal on the subject site.The proposed trees shall also be flagged with yellow flagging tape on site.Such flagging shall be maintained until a final decision on the proposal is rendered.The remaining notice,hearing and appeal procedures in LOC Chapter 55 shall not apply to tree removals considered in conjunction with a major or minor development request.Subsequent tree removals that have not been reviewed through either major or minor development procedures shall be reviewed as provided in this chapter. 2. Once a final decision has been rendered on the major or minor development permit,trees that have been approved for removal as part of that decision shall be subject to the verification permit process. Applications for verifications shall be made on the application forms as prescribed by the City Manager and be accompanied by an application fee as established by resolution of the City Council.The purpose of the verification process is to ensure that the trees approved for removal are properly identified for removal in the field and that the trees that were not approved for removal are not inadvertently removed. Removal of trees in violation of such land use approval will be considered a violation of this chapter.The criteria contained in LOC 55.02.080 shall not apply to verification applications for tree cutting permits. 3. If a tree proposed to be removed has been specifically required to be preserved or protected as a condition of approval of a land use action pursuant to the Lake Oswego Community Development Code, the tree removal application shall be processed as a modification to that land use action and shall be reviewed subject to the criteria of LOC 55.02.080 by the body responsible for reviewing such land use actions.Such modification procedure shall not be required in cases of an emergency as provided in LOC 55.02.042(5),or when the tree is dead as provided in LOC 55.02.080(1)or is a hazard as provided in LOC 55.02.080(2). (Ord.2727,Amended, 11/01/2016;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2579,Amended,03/20/2012; Ord.2316,Amended,03/05/2002;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Enacted,12/20/1994) 55.02.040 Repealed.Ord.No.2059,06-16-92. SHARE 55.02.041 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00.:7 sHRRE 55.02.042 Permit Classifications and Review Procedures.e 0 sIRRE A person who desires to remove a tree shall first apply for and receive one of the following tree cutting permits before tree removal occurs: 1. Type 1 Permit is required for: a. A property that is located in a residential zone and is occupied by a single-family dwelling; b. Removal of up to two trees,15 in.DBH or less per tree within a calendar year,and removal of any number of fruit trees regardless of size;and c. A tree that is not: i. Protected by a condition of approval of a development permit pursuant to the Lake Oswego Community Development Code; ii. Located within an area or parcel that has been placed on the Historic Landmark Designation List pursuant to LOC 50.06.009; iii. A heritage tree per LOC Article 55.06; iv. Located within an IRC or RP district or an HBA protection areal; [Commented[AB8]:Define these acronyms v. Located within the Willamette River Greenway(WRG)overlay district; vi. Located within the 25-foot Oswego Lake Special Setback; vii. Located on property owned by the City of Lake Oswego or dedicated to the public, including parks,open space and public rights-of-way. Type I permits shall be issued without further review upon application and demonstration by the applicant that the request qualifies as a Type I permit pursuant to this subsection. 2. Type II Permit: a. A Type II permit is required prior to any tree removal application that does not qualify for issuance of a Type I permit,dead tree removal permit,hazard tree removal permit,emergency permit,verification permit,topping permit,invasive tree species removal permit,or forest management permit as described in this section. b. Type II permits shall be reviewed and approved by the City Manager pursuant to LOC 55.02.080(approval criteria)and 55.02.082(notice requirements). 3. Dead Tree Removal Permit: a. The City shall issue a tree cutting permit for a dead tree,except as provided by subsection (3)(b)of this section,if the applicant demonstrates that a tree is dead or is in progressive and irreversible decline and warrants removal.The City may require the applicant to submit a report from an arborist substantiating that the tree is dead or in progressive and irreversible decline. lb. lln order to provide for wildlife habitat and natural processes,the City Manager may require the Commented[JD9]:The past two centuries fire retention of a dead tree.Dead trees shall not be removed if located in wetlands,RC protection suppression tactics in the American West have increased the fire return interval and created an unnatural fuel load in areas(LOC 50.05.010.5.b),HBA protection areas,stream corridors,parks or open space areas forest ecosystems,including riparian areas. required to be preserved as a condition of development approval unless the tree presents a potential hazard to persons or property as determined by a Tree Risk Assessment Qualified Snags serve as important habitat for numerous wildlife species.However,in some instances it may be beneficial to arborist. selectively remove fuels in high fire risk areas such as dry, steep,south-facing perennial stream banks and uplands. 4. Hazard Tree Removal Permit:The City shall issue a tree cutting permit for a hazard tree if the Small dead trees and shrubs that serve as ladder fuels should be prioritized for removal. applicant demonstrates that a tree is a hazard and warrants removal. It is recommended to grant more discretion for dead tree a. A hazard tree is a tree that is likely to fall and injure persons or property as evidenced by removals in the interest of wildfire preparedness. cracking,splitting,leaning or physical damage.A hazard tree may also include a tree that is causing damage to existing public or private services or public facilities and such facilities or services cannot reasonably be relocated or repaired.The applicant must demonstrate that the condition or location of the tree presents a clear public safety hazard or a lforeseeablel danger of Commented[AB10]:Per ISA industry best practice,the property damage to an existing structure and such hazard or danger cannot reasonably be City should specify a time frame for which the tree presents alleviated by treatment or pruning or moving the service or facility. a clear public safety hazard or danger.The City should specify the length of time. lb. The City may require the'applicant to submit a report from a Tree Risk Assessor Qualified Commented[JD11]:Ensure that the tree risk claimed in Arborist,confirming the hazard potential of the tree indicated by a high or extreme hazard rating in the application is accurate by verifying with the city's the International Society of Arboriculture qualitative tree risk assessment,along with an analysis of • contract arborist or requiring a TRAQ report alternative methods to alleviate the hazard without removal,and submit a completed hazard Commented[AB12]:Specify the time frame for the risk assessment,such as"the hazard potential of the tree within evaluation form as provided by the City. a three-year time frame..." 5. Emergency Permit: a. If the condition of a tree presents an immediate danger of collapse,and represents a clear and present hazard to persons or property,an emergency tree cutting permit may be issued.For the purposes of this subsection,"immediate danger of collapse"means that the tree is already leaning, and there is a significant likelihood that the tree will topple or otherwise fail and cause damage before a tree cutting permit could be obtained through the nonemergency process."Immediate danger of collapse"does not include hazardous conditions that can be alleviated by pruning or treatment. b. An emergency permit shall be issued if a tree is leaning such that it rests either: i. On a structure;or ii. On another tree and there is a significant likelihood that the tree will topple or otherwise fail. c. If a utility service has been interrupted such that the applicant can demonstrate that repairs cannot be completed without the removal of a tree,an emergency permit shall be issued.If the tree is a significant tree or a heritage tree,the applicant must also demonstrate that the utility cannot practicably be relocated. d. Emergency tree cutting permits must be approved by the City Manager.If an emergency situation arises at a time when the City Manager is unavailable,and such emergency creates a significant likelihood that the tree will topple or otherwise fail before such official becomes available, the owner of the tree shall photograph the tree showing emergency conditions and then may proceed with removal of the tree to the extent necessary to avoid the immediate hazard.Within seven days of such removal,the owner of the tree shall apply for a retroactive emergency tree cutting permit and shall submit with the application evidence to demonstrate the emergency nature of the tree. e. The City may require the applicant to hire an arborist to review the evidence to ascertain whether the tree presented an immediate danger of collapse.The person or entity performing the removal shall not be eligible to provide this review.If there is no evidence or if the evidence shows that the tree did not satisfy the emergency tree removal standards set forth in this chapter,the application shall be denied and the owner of the tree shall be subject to penalties pursuant to LOC 55.02.130 and the mitigation requirements of LOC 55.02.084. 6. Invasive Tree Species Removal Permit:The City may issue a tree cutting permit for a tree that is on the Invasive Tree Species List upon the applicant's compliance with the requirements of LOC 55.02.050(1)(a). 7. Verification Permit: a. If a site has received development approval through a major or minor development process or for a ministerial resource enhancement project pursuant to LOC 50.05.010.5.c.iii(7) or 50.05.010.6.c.ii(1)(f),then a verification permit shall be issued for those trees approved for removal through that process.To obtain a verification permit,an applicant must clearly identify in the field the trees to be removed by tying yellow tagging tape around each tree and submitting a site plan indicating the location of the requested trees.The City Manager may require the building footprint of the development to be staked to allow for accurate verification of the permit application. The City Manager will then verify that the requested trees match the site plan approved through the major or minor development process or resource enhancement project.The City shall require the applicant to mitigate for the removal of each tree pursuant to LOC 55.02.084.Such mitigation requirements shall be a condition of approval of the original development permit. b. Any tree not approved for removal through the original major or minor development review process or resource enhancement project shall not be approved as part of the verification permit process,unless the subject tree is located within an approved building footprint,public/private utility or improvement area,and no feasible alternative exists to preserve the tree.In such cases,the City may allow the tree to be removed without a Type II tree cutting permit process;however,the mitigation requirements of LOC 55.02.084 shall still apply. c. Verification permits shall be issued upon application and demonstration by the applicant that the request complies with this section.Verification permits shall not be issued prior to the issuance of a building permit for the subject property without prior authorization by the City Manager. 8. Topping Permit: a. A topping permit may be issued only if the following apply: i. A utility,public agency,or other person who routinely tops trees in furtherance of public safety may apply for a topping permit pursuant to this section based upon an arborist or forester report establishing a methodology for topping in compliance with this subsection. ii. Trees under utility wires may be topped only where other pruning practices are impractical. b. The City,in granting approval for tree removal in an open space or undeveloped area,may allow a tree to be topped to a designated height in order to maintain a"snag"for wildlife habitat. c. A tree cutting permit obtained for tree removal shall not authorize topping unless said tree cutting permit specifically authorizes such action. 9. Forest Management Permit,Minor or Major:The City shall issue a permit for tree cutting on a large forested tract upon the applicant's compliance with the requirements of LOC 55.02.072. (Ord.2772,Amended,02/06/2018;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2687,Amended,12/15/2015; Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2579,Amended,03/20/2012;Ord.2576,Amended,11/15/2011; Ord.2316,Amended,03/05/2002;Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000; Ord.2097,Enacted,12/20/1994) 55.02.045 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00.=' =4"kE 55.02.050 Application for Permits.0 SHARE El 1. An application for a tree cutting permit shall be made upon forms prescribed by the City. a. Invasive Tree Species Removal Permit.An application for an invasive tree species removal permit shall contain: i. Photograph(s)that positively identify the tree species; ii. The number,DBH,species,and location of the trees proposed to be cut on a site plan of the property.For large forested tracts,the City Manager may accept an estimate of the number of invasive trees to be removed with a site plan indicating the estimated number, location,DBH,and species; iii. Information as to whether the tree is located in a public right-of-way,is within a Resource Conservation or Resource Protection overlay district,or a required protection area for a Habitat Benefit Area,or is part of an approved landscape or mitigation plan;and iv. Any other information reasonably required by the City. b. Other Tree Removal Permits.An application for a tree cutting permit that is not for an invasive tree species removal permit shall contain: i. The number,DBH,species and location of the trees proposed to be cut on a site plan of the property,except as provided for a major forest management permit application under LOC 55.02.072(4); ii. A forest management plan,where an application is for a major forest management permit under LOC 55.02.072(4).The application shall provide an estimate of current and proposed stocking levels(number and basal area)of trees six in.or greater DBH by general categories of trees(e.g.,evergreen-conifer,evergreen-broad leaf,deciduous,etc.),and identify the names of the predominate tree species representing each category; iii. A statement of the reason(s)for removal; iv. A landscape plan for Type II tree removal if the purpose is to carry out the plan;and v. Any other information reasonably required by the City. 2. The applicant shall have the burden of proving that the application complies with the criteria for approval of the applicable class of permit. 3. Misrepresentation of any fact necessary for the City's determination for granting a tree cutting permit shall invalidate the permit.The City may at any time,including after a removal has occurred, independently verify facts related to a tree removal request and,if found to be false or misleading,may invalidate the permit and process the removal as a violation.Such misrepresentation may relate to matters including,without limitation,tree size,location,health or hazard condition,and owner's authorized signature. (Ord.2811,Amended,01/02/2019;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015; Ord.2576,Amended,11/15/2011;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Amended,12/20/1994; Ord.2059,06/16/1992;Ord.1631,07/20/1976;Ord. 1429,05/18/1971) 55.02.060 FeeS'P.. SNRRE An application for a tree cutting permit shall be accompanied by a filing fee as established by resolution of the City Council. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2059,06/16/1992;Ord. 1429, 05/18/1971) 55.02.061 Repealed.Ord.No.2097,12-20-94.0 SNARE ig 55.02.065 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00.0 SHARE El 55.02.067 Repealed.Ord.No.2097,12-20-94.p SHARE 55.02.070 Repealed.Ord.No.2059,06-16-92.:.7 SHARE El 55.02.071 Repealed.Ord.No.2097,12-20-94.0 SHARE El 55.02.072 Forest Management Permit.❑ SHARE 21 1. Purpose.The criteria for approval of forest management permits are intended to sustain forest cover and health,and assist property owners in managing forested properties,while minimizing the risk of catastrophic events such as wildfire,drought,pest and disease infestations,storms(tree blow-down),and landslides.In addition,large forested tracts can provide thermal comfort and energy conservation(where stands of trees provide summer shade and windbreaks);water quality(through reduced storm water runoff and erosion);air quality;noise reduction(e.g.,in areas of dense trees and shrubs);wildlife and biodiversity;income for property owners;and aesthetics,which can contribute positively to community identity,real estate values,commerce,recreation,and individual health and well-being. 2. Applicability.An owner of a large forested tract or the owner's authorized agent may apply for removal of one or more trees from the subject tract provided the tract is not subject to a pending application for minor or major development,and the subject trees are not: a. Noteworthy landscape features included in the Cultural Resources Inventory Field Form for a property that has been placed on the Historic Landmark Designation List pursuant to LOC 50.06.009,except if the"Statement of Significance"indicates the features are not significant to the landmark; b. A heritage tree per LOC Article 5506; c. Located within an RP or RC district,or HBA protection area; d. Located within the Greenway Management(GM)overlay district(LOC 50.05.009);or e. Located within the 25-foot Oswego Lake Special Setback(LOC 50.04.002). 3. Minor Forest Management Permit.An owner of a large forested tract or the owner's authorized agent may apply for a minor forest management permit to remove trees under the following criteria: a. Removal of up to six trees or four square ft.of basal area,whichever is greater,within one calendar year for every one acre(43,560 sq.ft.)of a large forested tract(round to the closest whole number of trees). b. Removal of any number of trees that meet the criteria in LOC 55.02.042 for a dead tree removal permit,hazard tree removal permit,emergency permit,topping permit,or invasive tree species removal permit may be combined in one minor forest management permit.The City Manager may require a report from a qualified forest management professional to address the respective criteria. c. Soil,felled trees,and debris shall be contained within the subject tract;forest management activities shall not cause erosion or alter the flow of surface waters onto an adjacent property.An erosion control permit approved by the City Manager pursuant to LOC Chapter 52 is required prior to tree removal activities that disturb 500 sq.ft.or more of land surface area,or any land area within 50 ft.of a stream corridor boundary. d. If the site was subject to a development permit,the removal of trees shall not be contrary to the development permit pursuant to LOC Chapter 50. Minor forest management permits shall be issued without further review upon application and demonstration by the applicant that the request qualifies as a minor forest management permit pursuant to this subsection. 4. Major Forest Management Permit(Forest Management Plan).An owner of a large forested tract or the owner's authorized agent may apply for a major forest management permit to remove more trees than would be permitted under a minor forest management permit.An application for a major forest management permit shall be accompanied by a forest management plan prepared by a qualified forest management professional,which shall be reviewed and approved by the City Manager pursuant to the notification requirements in LOC 55.02.082 and the following criteria: a. The forest management plan shall include a description of the existing conditions and identify and describe the forest management objectives that it is intended to implement for each tree stand type proposed for treatment.Forest management objectives include pest and disease management;dic asc prevention and tr atmcnt;protection against catastrophic events,such as wildfire and storms(tree blow-down);removal of individual hazard trees;water quality protection or improvement;removal of invasive species;and routine pruning,thinning,and replanting of trees for forest health and diversity; b. Forest management shall not include the felling and removal of all trees from a stand (clearcutting),except where a stand is predominately comprised of diseased trees,treatment by other means is not practicable,and the forest management plan provides for restocking with non: susceptible species; c. Forest management activities will not have a significant negative impact on erosion,soil stability,flow of surface waters,protection of adjacent trees,or existing windbreaks; d. Forest management activities will not result in removal of more than 50%of the basal area of trees within a required setback yard under the applicable zoning district(LOC Chapter 50).The reviewing authority may grant an exception to this criterion when alternatives to tree removal have been considered and no reasonable alternative exists but to allow the proposed forest management activities.In making this determination,the reviewing authority shall consider the advice of a qualified forest management professional; e. Removal of the tree(s)is not for the sole purpose of providing or enhancing views.Thinning and pruning of trees to provide a fuel break next to an existing dwelling is allowed subject to compliance with the criteria of this section; f. Removal of trees shall substantially conform to any development permit issued for the site pursuant to LOC Chapter 50. g. The application shall contain a forest management plan(narrative and site plan)that: i. Identifies all proposed areas of tree removal,stocking,and other forest practices,as applicable; ii. Identifies all proposed forest management activities,including timing,duration,method of application(e.g.,manual or equipment),temporary and permanent disturbance areas(e.g., any roads,stockpiles,etc.),and,where applicable,erosion control measures under LOC Chapter 52; iii. Describes how existing trees to be retained,including trees not in the area to be thinned, and those on abutting property,will be protected during all proposed forest management activities; iv. Demonstrates how any adverse impacts,per subsections(4)(c)and(4)(d)of this section, will be avoided;or,where impacts are unavoidable,how they will be minimized or mitigated; v. Provides silvicultural prescriptions and maintains site-appropriate stocking levels as recommended by a qualified forest management professional to achieve the stated forest management objectives.The reviewing authority may refer to the Oregon Forest Practices Act for guidance on recommended stocking levels,as applicable;and vi. Preserves exemplary specimen trees for their aesthetic or educational value where preservation does not conflict with the proposed forest management objectives. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2687,Amended, 12/15/2015;Ord.2664,Added,04/07/2015) 55.02.075 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. SHARE. 55.02.080 Criteria for Issuance of Type II Tree Cutting Permits.Q SNARE 1® An applicant for a Type II tree cutting permit shall demonstrate that the following criteria are satisfied.The City Manager may require an arborist's report to address the criteria for a permit. 1. The tree is proposed for removal because it has outgrown its landscape area or the removal is part of a landscape plan,or in order to construct development approved or allowed pursuant to the Lake Oswego Code or other applicable development regulations.The City Manager may require the building footprint of the development to be staked to allow for accurate verification of the permit application; a. For the purposes of this section,a tree that has outgrown its landscape area may include,but is not limited to,a tree that has grown such that damage to a structure or facility cannot be avoided by pruning or other maintenance,a tree that has grown too large within a constrained space such as a deck or other built feature that was constructed around the tree,or thinning to improve the health of other trees. Commented[AB13]:Are there instances where a b. For purposes of this section,a"landscape plan"shall consist of plantings,b,Land also landscape plan should not include walkways,patios,and other landscape features if they exist on the property?I include Ewalkways patios and other landscape features as applicable;the plan must include more suggest changing to`must" than removing the tree for which the Type II permit is requested and planting required mitigation trees; 2. Removal of the tree,considering proposed mitigation measures,will not have a significant negative impact on erosion,soil stability,flow of surface waters,protection of adjacent trees,or existing windbreaks; 13. Removal of the tree will not have a significant negative impact on the character or aesthetics of the neighborhood.This standard is met when removal of the tree(s)does not involver Commented[JD14]:#3 is challenging to interpret.Please clarify by including some version of the following: If any a. A significant tree; trees meet the criteria in items 3 a through e,then the exceptions criteria must be satisfied to obtain a permit.If the exceptions criteria cannot be satisfied,the permit is b. Alterations to the distinctive features or continuity of the neighborhood skyline,as viewed from denied. all public streets and properties within 300 ft.of the property; c. A tree that serves as a visual screen between a residential zone and an abutting nonresidential zone,or between a low density residential zone and a medium or high density residential zone,or between a medium and high density residential zone; d. A street tree;or e. Greater than 50%of a stand of trees. (Exceptions:This subsection(3)is not applicable when:1 Commented[JD75]:These exceptions are not clear and objective.This section will need to be updated a. A tree is likely to or will continue to cause damage to a permanent,viable existing structure,or to infrastructure,such as utilities or paved landscape features,that cannot be remedied through reasonable tree maintenance or pruning;or b. Alternatives to the tree removal have been considered and no reasonable alternative exists to allow the property to be used as permitted in the zone.In making this determination,the City may consider alternative site plans or placement of structures(development purpose)or alternate landscaping designs(outgrown landscape area;landscape plan)that would lessen the impact on trees,so long as the alternatives continue to comply with other provisions of the Lake Oswego Code; 4. Removal of the tree is not for the sole purpose of providing or enhancing views; 5. Removal of the tree is not contrary to another section of the Lake Oswego Code;and 6. The City shall require the applicant to mitigate for the removal of each tree pursuant to LOC 55.02.084.Such mitigation requirements shall be a condition of approval of the permit. (Ord.2830,Amended, 10/01/2019;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000; Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Amended,12/20/1994) 55.02.082 Staff Decision and Notice Requirements for Type II Permits and Major Forest Management Permits;Issuance of Permit.CO'D SHARE 1. An applicant for a Type II tree cutting permit or a major forest management permit shall: a. Complete a public notice form.City staff shall distribute the notice to the neighborhood association whose boundaries include the proposed tree removal site; b. Complete a certification that the property will be posted and the trees will be marked pursuant to this section; c. Within 24 hours of applying for a tree cutting permit,post a public notice sign of a pending tree cutting permit as provided by the City on the subject property or associated access easement in a location that is clearly visible and readable to vehicles traveling on a public street and to pedestrians walking or biking by the property.The public notice sign shall state that a tree cutting permit is pending for trees on the property marked by yellow plastic tagging tape(or other means approved by the City,in the case of forest management permits),and shall include: i. The date of posting and the pending permit number as assigned by the City Manager,and state that City staff will consider any comments on the pending permit that are received within 14 days of the date of posting.For pending forest management permits,the notice shall include a brief summary of the proposed tree removal and forest management activities; ii. The following dates regarding the application: A. Last date to submit written comments; B. Expected date for issuance of tentative decision; iii. Telephone number,City website address,and Planning Department location and hours to obtain information about the application,submit comments,obtain the tentative decision, and determine the last date to request a hearing. d. Mark each tree proposed to be removed by tying or attaching a yellow plastic tagging tape to the tree at 4.5 ft.above mean ground level at the base of the trunk,on or prior to the same day that the property is posted;and i. Exception:For tree removal under a forest management permit,trees may be identified with tree marking paint,flagging,or other methods recommended by a forest management professional and identified in the permit; e. Maintain the tree marking until the final decision is issued. 2. After the close of the 14-day comment period: a. If the tree cutting permit application is associated with development that is the subject of a building permit application,review of the tree cutting permit application shall be suspended until the associated building permit application is reviewed and the development is found to be in conformance with the Community Development Code standards.City staff shall then promptly make a tentative decision approving the permit,approving the permit with conditions,or denying the permit.(If the development in the associated building permit is materially different than the development as described in the tree cutting permit application,the applicant shall modify the tree cutting permit application so that the proposed development is materially consistent with the development in the associated building permit;the tree cutting permit application shall then be re: noticed for a new comment period.) b. If the tree removal permit application is not associated with development that is the subject of a building permit,City staff shall promptly make a tentative decision approving the permit,approving the permit with conditions,or denying the permit. c. The tentative decision shall be posted on a Planning Department internet case file webpage, referencing the address stated in the posted notice.A notice of tentative decision shall state the deadline to file a request for hearing. d. The notice of tentative decision shall be given to the applicant,neighborhood association,and persons that submitted written comments.The notice of tentative decision shall be provided by email to the person's/association's submitted email address,or if no email address is provided by a person but a mailing address is provided,then by first class mail. 3. If no request for a hearing is received within seven days after the tentative decision is issued and notice of tentative decision is given to the applicant,neighborhood association,and to persons that submitted written comments pursuant to LOC 55.02.085,the tentative decision shall be the final decision. 4. If a request for hearing is timely filed,City staff shall immediately post a red sign on the subject property in the same manner as the posted notice under subsection(1)(c)of this section,stating a tentative decision on an application for tree removal was issued,a timely request for hearing was filed, and the location,time and date of the hearing.The applicant shall maintain the posting of this sign and the tree marking,until the date of the hearing. 5. Failure to install or maintain the required notice and marking may result in denial or delay in issuance of the permit or revocation of an approved permit. 6. The tree cutting permit shall be issued promptly after the decision approving the tree cutting removal application is final,except if the tree cutting permit application is associated with a building permit application,the tree cutting permit shall be issued concurrently with the building permit. (Ord.2854,Amended, 11/03/2020;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015; Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000;Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) 55.02.084 Mitigation Required.° SHRRE 1. An applicant shall provide mitigation for any tree permitted for removal,with the exception of the following: a. Dead trees; lb. Hazard trees;) Commented[AB16]:Recommend adding mitigation for hazard trees c. Emergency trees; Id. Trees that are removed under a Type I permit;) r Commented[AB17]:Recommend adding mitigation for type 1 trees e. Invasive tree species,except as provided in subsection(2)of this section; f. Tree removal under an approved minor forest management permit pursuant to LOC 55.02.072; restocking may be required for a major forest management permit under LOC 55.02.072(4); g. When part of a resource enhancement project,the species,number,and size of mitigation trees shall follow the resource enhancement plan approved under LOC 50.05.010(5)(c)(iii)(7) or 50.05.010(6)(c)(ii)(1)(f). 2. Mitigation for invasive tree species removal is required when: a. The removal is from a public right-of-way and replanting is recommended by the Public Works Director; b. The removal is from an RP or RC district,or HBA protection area,except as approved as part of a resource enhancement project;or c. The tree was planted as part of a previously approved mitigation plan or landscaping. 3. Mitigation shall be required for any tree removal in violation of the Tree Code,excluding trees removed without permit by topping. Commented[JD18]:When planting space is available,it is recommended that nonpermitted tree topping requires 4. The mitigation requirement shall be satisfied as listed below.Except where subsection(4)(c)of this mitigation to align with the LO's stance that topping irreparably harms trees. section applies,a mitigation plan shall be submitted showing the location,size,and species of mitigation trees,or in the case of large forested tracts,restocking of any new trees to replace the trees to be removed. a. Replanting on Site.The applicant shall plant,for each tree removed: i. Invasive Tree Species Removal Permit.Removal from a public right-of-way or from an approved landscape plan',either a minimum one-and-one-half-in.caliper deciduous tree (measured six in.above the root ball)or a minimum six-ft.-tall evergreen tree for each tree removed.1Removal from a Resource Conservation or Resource Protection overlay district,or Commented[JD79]:Evaluate whether the City would Habitat Benefit Protection Area,either a minimum one-half in.caliper deciduous tree or a prefer to use a singular metric system for tree size minimum two-ft.-tall evergreen tree. requirements. ii. Type II Permit.Either a minimum one-and-one-half-in.caliper deciduous tree or a six-ft.- tall evergreen tree for each tree removed.kvlitigation for the removal of a native tree on the Commented[JD20]:Consider requiring species that grow City's Master Plant List shall be with a species from'the Native Mitigation Tree List. large in stature to replace the removal of large trees. Commented[JD21]:In some instances,a native-for- A. Exception:Removal of a tree identified as a significant tree for development native approach would not align with best management purposes shall require two minimum one-and-one-half-in.caliper deciduous trees practices and lead to overall canopy loss. (measured six in.above the root ball)or a minimum of two six-ft.-tall evergreen trees for each tree removed. IB. Exception:If tree removal is for the landscaping purpose of thinning to improve the health of other trees,mitigation shall be reduced to the extent there is insufficient space to replant elsewhere on the site and maintain tree health. Commented[AB22]:Recommend adding an"in-lieu mitigation fee"clause to this requirement to ensure the City iii. Other Tree Cutting Permits.Either a minimum one-and-one-half-in.caliper deciduous can reinvest these funds into tree management activities. tree or a six-ft.-tall evergreen tree for each tree removed.Mitigation for the removal of a native tree shall be with a native species...,, Commented[AB23]:same comment as above The tree shall be planted according to the specifications in the City Tree Planting and Maintenance Guidelines as approved by the City Council. b. Replanting off Site.If in the City's determination there is insufficient available space on the subject property,the replanting required in this section shall occur on other property in the applicant's ownership or control within the City,or in an open space tract that is part of the same subdivision.Such mitigation planting is subject to the approval of the authorized property owners. The City may specify the species and size of the tree. c. Payment in Lieu of Planting.If in the City's determination no feasible alternative exists to plant the required mitigation,the applicant shall pay into the tree fund an amount as established by resolution of the City Council. 5. Trees identified as invasive on the Invasive Tree Species List are prohibited as mitigation trees. (Ord.2811,Amended,01/02/2019;Ord.2772,Amended,02/06/2018;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016; Ord.2687,Amended,12/15/2015;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2649,Amended,07/29/2014; Ord.2576,Amended,11/15/2011;Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000;Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) 55.02.085 Request for Public Hearing on a Type II Tree Cutting Permit.Revised 1/2II S RRE 121 1. The applicant,neighborhood association,or any person who submitted written comments may request a hearing on a Type II tree cutting permit following issuance of the tentative decision by filing a written request for hearing,along with the applicable hearing fee as established by resolution of the City Council,with the City Recorder,within seven days of the date the notice of tentative decision was given pursuant to LOC 55.02.082.Failure to file within the seven-day period shall preclude such a request. 2. Requests for hearing shall be heard by the Development Review Commission(DRC),which shall hold a public hearing on the request.The City shall send notice of the hearing to the applicant,the recognized neighborhood association for the area in which the subject property is located,and to any person who submitted written comments.The notice shall be sent at least ten days in advance of the hearing. 3. The DRC hearing procedures shall be as follows: a. The DRC shall hear testimony from the applicant,followed by those in favor of the application, those opposed to the application(beginning with the person who requested the hearing if different from the applicant),and concluding with rebuttal by the applicant; b. Any person may testify before the DRC;and c. Except as provided in subsection(3)(a)of this section,the hearing shall be conducted in the same manner as provided in LOC 50.07.003(4)(a)(i)through(x),and(4)(b)through(e). Following the close of the public testimony,the DRC shall determine,based upon the evidence and testimony in the record,whether or not the application complies with the criteria contained in LOC 55.02.080.The findings,conclusions,and order shall contain the DRC's reasons for approving, approving with conditions,or denying the permit. 4. A decision of the DRC shall not become final for ten days from the date of adoption of written findings.Any person who appeared before the DRC either orally or in writing may appeal the decision of the DRC to the City Council by filing a written notice of intent to appeal,along with an appeal fee as established by resolution of the Council,with the City Recorder within ten days of the date of adoption of the DRC's written findings,conclusions and order.The findings,conclusions,and order and minutes of the DRC's meeting,along with any written staff reports or testimony,shall be forwarded to the City Council.Written notice of the appeal hearing shall be sent at least ten days in advance of the Council hearing to those persons who appeared before the DRC.The hearing before the City Council shall be on the record established before the DRC and only persons who appeared before the DRC orally or in writing may testify.The Council's hearing shall follow the same procedures set forth in LOC 50.07.003(7)(d)through(f)(except the minimum time the staff report must be available for review prior to the appeal hearing is three days),(7)(h)through(I),(7)(m)(except any land use review deadline is not applicable),(7)(n),and(7)(o)(i)through(iv).The decision of the Council shall be final. (Ord.2917,Amended, 12/20/2022;Ord.2811,Amended,01/02/2019;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016; Ord.2614,Amended,02/19/2013;Ord.2458,Amended,05/16/2006;Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000; Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Enacted, 12/20/94) 55.02.090 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. SHAREEl 55.02.092 Expiration of Tree Cutting Permits. SHARE 21 1. Dead and invasive tree species removal permits shall have no expiration date. 2. A properly issued tree cutting permit,other than a dead or invasive tree species removal permit and forest management permit,shall remain valid: a. For tree cutting permits issued in conjunction with a development permit or building permit,for the duration of the development permit or building permit;or b. For other than subsection(2)(a)of this section,for no more than 60 days from the date of issuance or date of final decision by a hearing body,if applicable.A 60-day extension shall be automatically granted by the City Manager if requested in writing before the expiration of the permit. No additional extensions beyond the first extension shall be granted. Permits that have lapsed are deemed void.Trees removed after a tree cutting permit has expired shall be considered a violation of this chapter. 3. A minor forest management permit shall remain valid for no more than 180 days from the date of issuance. 4. A major forest management permit shall remain valid for the period specified by the approved forest management plan,except as required under subsection(5)of this section. 5. Minor and major forest management permits automatically expire upon approval of an application for a land division or development on the tract subject to forest management activities such that the tract would no longer meet the criteria for a large forested tract. (Ord.2854,Amended, 11/03/2020;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015; Ord.2576,Amended,11/15/2011;Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000;Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) 55.02.094 Conditions of Approval for Tree Cutting Permits.'O SHARE 1. The reviewing authority may impose conditions of approval on any tree cutting permit if the condition is reasonably related to preventing,eliminating or mitigating a negative impact or potential impact on natural features or processes or on the built environment of the neighborhood which is as created or contributed to by the approved tree removal. 2. Conditions of approval may include,but are not limited to: a. Cutting a tree or stump flush with the grade instead of grinding or fully removing a stump; b. Requiring modifications in the location,design or intensity of a development or activities on a site or to require or prohibit certain construction methods; lc. Requiring vegetation not requiring a tree removal permit to remain in place or be planted; [Commented[JD24]:Revise sentence for clarity c. Requiring the removal of invasive vegetation l(e g English Ivy Himalayan blackberry) Commented[AB25]:Does LO maintain a list of invasive from other trees on the property.1 vegetation that could be referenced here instead? Commented[JD26]:An invasive tree species list has been (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) mentioned above.Is there a city resource for other types of invasive plants?If so,it would be beneficial to point to that 55.02.100 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81.-3 SHARE ® resource here. 55.02.110 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. SHARE 55.02.120 Repealed.Ord.No.1807,09-15-81. SHARE21 55.02.125 Evidence of Violation:U_ SHARE El 1. If a tree is removed without a tree cutting permit,a violation shall be determined by measuring the stump.A stump that is eight caliper in.or more in diameter shall be considered prima fade evidence of a violation of this chapter. 2. Removal of the stump of a tree removed without a tree cutting permit prior to the determination provided in subsection(1)of this section is a violation of this chapter. 3. Proof of violation of this chapter shall be deemed prima facie evidence that such violation is that of the owner of the property upon which the violation was committed.Prosecution of or failure to prosecute the owner shall not be deemed to relieve any other responsible person. 4. Tree removal caused by natural weather conditions shall not be deemed a violation of this chapter and shall be exempt from all penalties set forth in LOC 55.02.130. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Amended, 12/20/1994; Ord.2059,06/16/1992) 55.02.130 Penalties:C s"" 1. Civil Violation.A violation of any provision of this chapter,or the breach of any condition of a permit granted under this chapter shall be a civil violation as defined by LOC 34.04.105,enforceable pursuant to LOC Article 34.04.The unlawful removal of each individual tree shall be a separate offense hereunder. Failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter or a condition of approval shall be a separate offense each day the failure to comply continues.The violation shall be punishable by a fine set forth by the municipal court and the enforcement fee and restoration requirements as set forth in subsections(3)and (4)of this section. 2. Nuisance Abatement.The removal of a tree in violation of this chapter is hereby declared to be a public nuisance,and may be abated by appropriate proceedings pursuant to LOC Article 3408. 3. Enforcement Fee.A person who removes a tree without first obtaining a tree cutting permit from the City pursuant to this chapter,removes a tree in violation of an approved tree cutting permit,or violates a condition of an approved tree cutting permit shall pay an enforcement fee to the City in an amount as established by resolution of the City Council. 4. Restoration. a. A person who removes a tree without first obtaining a required tree cutting permit from the City pursuant to this chapter,removes a tree in violation of an approved tree cutting permit,or violates a condition of such a permit shall pay into the City's tree fund a standard fee per caliper inch for the total number of caliper inches of the tree removed in violation of this chapter in an amount as established by resolution of the City Council. b. The City'may requirelithe person to pay into the City's tree fund an increased fee per caliper Commented[AB27]:Are there instances where the City inch for the total number of caliper inches of the tree removed in violation of this chapter in an would not require these payments? amount as established by resolution of the City Council or the value of the tree as determined by an arborist in accordance with the methods set forth in the"Guide for Plant Appraisal,"an official publication of the International Society of Arboriculture,whichever is greater,if any of the following apply: i. The person has committed a previous violation of a provision of this chapter,or ii. Tree protection measures as required by LOC Article 5508 were not installed or maintained,or iii. The tree removed was any of the following: A. Thirty-six in.(caliper)in diameter or greater, B. A heritage tree,per LOC Article 55.06, C. Expressly protected or required to be preserved as a condition of approval of any permit pursuant to the Lake Oswego Community Development Code,or this Tree Code, D. Located within the Willamette River Greenway per LOC 50.05.009, E. Part of an RP or RC district,or HBA protection area,per LOC 50.05.010, F. Located on public right-of-way,City-owned or dedicated property,a public or private open space area or conservation easement. 5. Injunction.Upon request of the City Manager or direction from Council,the City Attorney may institute appropriate action in any court to enjoin the removal of trees in violation of this chapter. 6. Loss of City Privileges. a. A person hired to perform tree removal within the City,upon request,shall provide evidence to the City Manager of a valid license to conduct business in Lake Oswego.The person is subject to business license revocation pursuant to LOC 20.02.085 if the person violates any provision of this chapter. b. Any arborist,builder,landscaper,contractor,or tree service that has performed any tree removal in violation of this chapter or submitted a falsified report for the criteria required in this chapter,shall not be considered a responsible bidder for any City contracts for a period of two years from the date of violation or report. 7. Arborist Report and Required Treatment.Upon request by the City,a person who violates any provision of this chapter shall submit a report prepared by an arborist or qualified forest management professional,as applicable,to evaluate the damage to a tree and/or make recommendations to remedy the violation.The City upon evaluating these recommendations may,at the City's discretion,require that the recommended measures be implemented. 8. Cumulative Remedies.The rights,remedies,and penalties provided in this chapter are cumulative, are not mutually exclusive,and are in addition to any other rights,remedies and penalties available to the City under any other provision of law. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2687,Amended,12/15/2015;Ord.2664,Amended,04/07/2015; Ord.2579,Amended,03/20/2012;Ord.2576,Amended,11/15/2011;Ord.2316,Amended,03/05/2002; Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000;Ord.2231,Amended,03/21/2000,Editorial correction-Paragraph 1 - word"tree removal"changed to"violation";Ord.2221,Amended,01/18/2000;Ord.2097,Amended, 12/20/1994;Ord.2059,Sec.1,06/16/1992;Ord.1880,Sec.1,02/07/1984;Ord. 1429,Sec.1, 05/18/1971) 55.02.135 Repealed.Ord.No.2221,01-18-00. s"ape El Appendix 55.02-1 Native Mitigation Tree List. a"AFE El Native Mitigation Tree List LESS THAN 50 FT(15 M)HIGH CONIFERS Baker Cypress,Modoc Cypress(Cupressus bakeri) western juniper(Juniperus occidentalis) Rocky mountain juniper(Juniperus scopulorum) whitebark pine(Pinus albicaulis) knobcone pine(Pinus attenuata) shore pine(Pinus contorta var.contorta) limber pine(Pinus flexilis) Pacific or western yew(Taxus brevifolia) DECIDUOUS Pacific dogwood(Cornus nuttallii)[Note:Acceptable disease(anthracnose)-resistant cultivar substitutes: Starlight®dogwood(Cornus kousa x nuttallii'Starlight'),Venus®dogwood(Cornus kousa x nuttallii'Venus')and Eddie's White Wonder dogwood(Cornus nuttallii x florida)'Eddie's White Wonder).] Douglas hawthorn(Crataegus douglasii) Oregon crabapple, Pacific crabapple(Malus fusca) bitter cherry(Prunus emarginata) cascara,chittam,cascara buckthorn(Rhamnus purshiana) Pacific willow(Salix lasiandra) Scouler's willow(Salix scouleriana) Sitka willow(Salix sitchensis) 50-75 FT(15-23 M)HIGH CONIFERS subalpine fir,Rocky Mountain fir(Abies lasiocarpa) Port-Orford-cedar,lawson falsecypress(Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)[Note:acceptable disease (Phytophthora lateralis)-resistant cultivar if no height requirement of greater than 30 ft.:silver queen Port- Orford-cedar(Chamaecyparis lawsoniana'Silver Queen').] Brewer spruce(Picea breweriana) DECIDUOUS AND*BROAD-LEAVED EVERGREEN white alder(Alnus rhombifolia) red alder(Alnus rubra) paper birch(Betula papyrifera) narrowleaf cottonwood(Populus angustifolia) quaking aspen(Populus tremuloides) *canyon live oak(Quercus chrysolepis) Oregon white oak(Quercus garryana) California black oak(Quercus kelloggii) 75-100 FT(23-30 M)HIGH CONIFERS incense-cedar(Calocedrus decurrens) Alaska cedar,yellow cypress(Chamaecyparis nootkatensis(syn.Xanthocyparis nootkatensis)) Engelmann spruce(Picea engelmannii) lodgepole pine(Pinus contorta var.latifolia) mountain hemlock(Tsuga mertensiana) DECIDUOUS AND*BROAD-LEAVED EVERGREEN bigleaf maple(Acer macrophyllum) *Pacific madrone(Arbutus menziesii) Oregon ash(Fraxinus latifolia) *tanoak(Lithocarpus densiflorus) *Oregon myrtle,California bay(Umbellularia californica) MORE THAN 100 FT(30 M)HIGH CONIFERS Pacific silver fir(Abies amabilis) white fir(Abies concolor) grand fir(Abies grandis) California red fir(Abies magnifica) noble fir(Abies procera) western larch(Larix occidentalis) Sitka spruce(Picea sitchensis) Jeffrey pine(Pinus jeffreyi) sugar pine(Pinus lambertiana) western white pine(Pinus monticola) Willamette Valley ponderosa pine(Pinus ponderosa var.willamettensis) Douglas fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii) coast redwood(Sequoia sempervirens) western red cedar(Thuja plicata) western hemlock(Tsuga heterophylla) DECIDUOUS AND*BROAD-LEAVED EVERGREEN *golden chinkapin(Chrysolepis chrysophylla) black cottonwood(Populus trichocarpa) (Ord.2830,Amended, 10/01/2019;Ord.2772,Added,02/06/2018) Article 55.06 Heritage Trees. Sections: 55.06.010 Purpose;Definition. 55.06.020 Nomination. 55.06.030 Review Process. 55.06.040 Protection of Heritage Trees. 55.06.050 Recognition of Heritage Trees. 55.06.060 Removal of Heritage Tree Designation. 55.06.010 Purpose;Definition.0 ARE 1. The purpose of this article is to recognize,foster appreciation and provide for voluntary protection of Heritage Trees. 2. For the purpose of this article,a"Heritage Tree"is a tree or stand of trees that is of landmark importance due to age,size,species,horticultural quality or historic importance. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2159,Enacted,11/04/1997) 55.06.020 Nomination.° SHARE 1. Any person may nominate a particular tree or trees as a Heritage Tree.If the proposed Heritage Tree is located on property other than City property or public right-of-way under City or county jurisdiction,the nomination shall be submitted by the property owner or accompanied by the property owner's written consent.If the proposed Heritage Tree is located on City property or public right-of-way under City or county jurisdiction,the nomination shall be submitted to the City Manager or County Administrator,as appropriate;if the nomination is consented to by the City or county,the City Manager or County Administrator shall submit the nomination to the Parks,Recreation and Natural Resources Advisory Board(PNAB)pursuant to LOC 55.06.030. 2. Nomination shall be made on such form as required by the City Manager.The nomination form shall include a narrative explaining why the tree qualifies for Heritage Tree status pursuant to the description in LOC 55.06.010 and the written consent of the property owner as described in subsection(1)of this section. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2708,Amended,02/16/2016;Ord.2289,Amended,06/05/2001; Ord.2159,Enacted,11/04/1997) 55.06.030 Review Process.0 SHARE 1. The PNAB shall review all Heritage Tree nominations at a public meeting.Notice of the meeting shall be provided to the nominating applicant,the property owner(unless the nominated tree is located on public right-of-way under City or county jurisdiction,in which event notice shall be given to the respective City Manager or County Administrator)and the Chair of any recognized neighborhood association in which the tree is located. 2. Staff shall prepare a report for the PNAB analyzing whether the tree complies with the requirements for designation. 3. After considering the staff report and any testimony by interested persons,the PNAB shall vote on the nomination.The PNAB may designate a tree as a Heritage Tree if the Board determines that the following criteria are met: a. IThe tree or stand of trees is of landmark importance due to age,size,species,horticultural quality or historic importance;and Commented[JD28]:Consider revising to include objective criteria b. The tree is not irreparably damaged,diseased,hazardous or unsafe,or the applicant is willing to have the tree treated by an arborist and the treatment will alleviate the damage,disease or hazard; 4. Following approval of the nomination by the PNAB: a. If the tree is located on private property,the designation shall be complete upon the property owner's execution of a covenant running with the land suitable for recordation by the City.The covenant shall describe the subject property,generally describe the location of the Heritage Tree, and covenant that the tree is protected as a"Heritage Tree"by the City of Lake Oswego and is therefore subject to special protection as provided in this chapter. b. If the tree is located on public right-of-way,the designation shall be complete upon the staffs listing of the tree on the City Heritage Tree records. 5. If the tree is located on the public right-of-way,the City or county,as appropriate,shall condition any future Property Owner-requested vacation of the public right-of-way upon the execution of a covenant in accordance with subsection(4)of this section,which shall be recorded by the City upon the vacation of the right-of-way. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2708,Amended,02/16/2016;Ord.2289,Amended,06/05/2001; Ord.2159,Enacted,11/04/1997) 55.06.040 Protection of Heritage Trees.D. SIiRRE 1. Unless the tree qualifies for an emergency,dead or hazard tree removal permit,a permit to remove a designated Heritage Tree shall be processed as a Type II Tree Removal Permit subject to the criteria contained in LOC 55.02.080,as modified by subsection(2)of this section. 2. If an application to remove a Heritage Tree is sought pursuant to LOC 55.02.080 the applicant shall demonstrate that the burden imposed on the property owner,or,if the tree is located within the public right-of-way under City or county jurisdiction,then the burden imposed on the respective City or county by the continued presence of the tree outweighs the public benefit provided by the tree in order to comply with 55.02.080(3).For the purposes of making this determination,the following tree impacts shall not be considered unreasonable burdens on the property owner,or if appropriate,the City or county: a. View obstruction; b. Routine pruning,leaf raking and other maintenance activities;and c. Infrastructure impacts or tree hazards that can be controlled or avoided by appropriate pruning or maintenance. 3. Unless the permit is to remove an emergency,Idead,or hazard!tree pursuant to LOC 55.02.042(3)or Commented[AB29]:Consider requiring mitigation for (4),the applicant to remove a heritage tree shall be required to mitigate for the loss of the tree pursuant to dead and hazard trees LOC 55.02.084. 4. Any person who removes a Heritage Tree in violation of this article shall be subject to the penalties provided in LOC 55.02.130.In addition,the violator shall be subject to double the enforcement fee established pursuant to LOC 55.02.130(3). (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2289,Amended,06/05/2001;Ord.2260,Amended,09/05/2000; Ord.2159,Enacted,11/04/1997) 55.06.050 Recognition of Heritage Trees.0 SHFiRE 1. A Heritage Tree plaque shall be designed and may be furnished by the City to the property owner,or if the tree is in the public right-of-way,to the appropriate City or county official,of a designated Heritage Tree.The City may charge a fee to cover the costs of providing the plaque.The plaque shall be posted at a location at or near the tree and,if feasible,visible from a public right-of-way. 2. The Planning Department shall maintain a list and map of designated Heritage Trees. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2289,Amended,06/05/2001;Ord.2159,Enacted,11/04/1997) 55.06.060 Removal of Heritage Tree Designation:Q SHARE A Heritage Tree shall be removed from designation if it falls or is removed pursuant to LOC 55.06.040.If removed from private property,the City shall record a document extinguishing the covenant. (Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2289,Amended,06/05/2001;Ord.2159,Enacted,11/04/1997) Article 55.08 Tree Protection. Sections: 55.08.010 Applicability. 55.08.015 Definitions. 55.08.017 Prohibited Activities. 55.08.020 Tree Protection Plan Required. 55.08.030 Tree Protection Measures Required. 55.08.040 Inspection(Repealed by Ord.2830,10/01/2019). 55.08.045 Evidence of Violation. 55.08.050 Penalties. 55.08.010 Applicability:0 -SHHFE This article applies: 1. When a person is required to obtain or has obtained: a. A building permit or demolition permit pursuant to LOC Chapter 45; b. An erosion control permit pursuant to LOC 52.02.040; 2. To activities authorized by a development permit,pursuant to LOC Chapter 50; 3. To street and sidewalk construction and repairs pursuant to LOC Chapter 42; 4. To excavation related to stormwater structures,water and sewer lines/laterals pursuant to LOC Chapter 38;or 5. To excavation for irrigation that requires a plumbing permit,pursuant to LOC Chapter 46. (Ord.2830,Amended, 10/01/2019;Ord.2772,Amended,02/06/2018;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016; Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) • 55.08.015 Definitions. SHARE 1. Except as provided below,the definitions of the terms contained in this article shall have the same meaning as the term is defined in LOC Article 55.02 and LOC Chapter 50.In the event of conflict,the definition in LOC Article 55.02 shall prevail. 2. Specific Definitions for This Article. a. "Development"/"Development activities"shall include,but is not limited to: i. Actions that are"development"as defined in LOC 50.10.003.2(except land division and establishment or termination of a right of access); ii. Tree removal; iii. Grading; iv. Excavation; v. Preparing the development area(s)for activities(exception:brush clearing for surveying and for installing tree protection fencing); vi. Work in the development area(s)in preparation for or as part of development activities; vii. Construction; viii. Demolition; ix. Parking,storage,or movement of construction equipment/materials in the development area(s);and x. Removal or placement of soil. b. "Development area(s)"means the areas for demolition,construction,staging,parking,and off- site utility work for the development. c. "Dripline"shall be as defined in LOC 55.02.020. d. "Plan"means approved tree protection plan. e. "Tree"shall be as defined in LOC 55.02.020. f. "Tree protection zone"means the area reserved around a tree or group of trees in which no grading,equipment access,stockpiling or other construction activity shall occur.The tree protection zone is the greater of:(i)the edge of the dripline(including trees where the canopy extends onto development area(s)from abutting properties),or(ii)one-ft.protection radius per inch of trunk DBH. Exception:The area of the tree protection zone may be altered by the City Manager,based on documented tree protection measures recommended by a certified arborist that will reasonably protect the tree against construction activities causing the health of the tree to decline or die. (Ord.2830,Added,10/01/2019) 55.08.017 Prohibited Activities.O. SitARE '® 1. Except as provided in subsection(2)of this section,no person shall: a. Perform any development activities within a development area when a tree is present in a development area: i. Prior to the tree protection plan's approval by the City;or ii. Not in accordance with the requirements of the approved plan. b. Perform any act or activity that is prohibited under the terms of an approved plan. 2. No arborist shall direct any person,including the applicant,owner,contractor or developer,to conduct any act in violation of this article or a plan. 3. Pre-construction activities beneath a tree canopy,such as digging of test pits for soil testing,hand digging exploratory excavation to locate tree roots,cutting of vegetative understory to install protection fencing,and similar activities,are allowed when a certified arborist is present and the person follows the direction of the arborist in performing the work so that it will not damage or injure the tree. 4. No person shall,within a tree protection zone: a. Dump or store construction materials such as building supplies,soil,or waste items. b. Park vehicles,or place portable toilets,or place equipment. c. Place or apply chemically injurious materials and liquids such as paints,thinners,cleaning Commented[JD30]:Bill Youngblood(Code Enforcement) solutions,petroleum products,concrete or dry wall excess,construction debris,or run-off. suggested additions: •Compliance with the arborist's recommendations in their report d. Except as permitted by the plan,excavate,trench,grade,root prune or other activity within the •Adding a site inspection(s)when follow-up inspections tree protection zone. are needed to document changes in tree protection measures •Requiring Arborist review and sign-off of landscaping, (Ord.2830,Added,10/01/2019) hardscape,etc.proposed within the tree protection zone of a tree 55.08.020 Tree Protection Plan Required. C7 SHARE 1211 •Requiring maintenance for tree protection measures to maintain their effectiveness 111. A tree protection plan approved by the City Manager is required prior to conducting development •Requiring soil treatment,watering,etc.to ease tree activities in a development area. stress during construction •Limiting excavation to"hand digging"only 2. An applicant shall submit to the City Manager the following: •Limiting pruning to Best Management Practices and following ANSI A300 Standards •Requiring a mitigation plan to comply with sensitive a. A scaled site plan that includes the following: lands construction standards •Requiring a tree trunk protection barrier when i. The development area(s); construction is very near a tree Commented[JD31]:Bill Youngblood(Code Enforcement) ii. Location,species,diameter at breast height(DBH),and crown radius for each tree that suggested addition: Add to Tree Removal and Tree Protection:3.Violation Fees. has tree canopy located over development area(s); A violation of any provision of this article is enforceable by the assessment of violation fees as contained in the current iii. Location of the tree protection zone of each tree; Master Fees and Charges document approved by the City Council.(something to that affect) iv. Location of existing and proposed roads,stormwater structures,water and sewer lines/laterals,irrigation,and other utility lines/facilities and easements; v. Location of stormwater facilities; vi. Location of proposed and existing structures; vii. Grade change or cut and fill proposed for the development; viii. Existing and proposed impervious surfaces;and ix. Identification of trees proposed or approved for removal; b. Identification of a person who will be responsible for implementing and maintaining the approved plan,and contact information for the person; c. When an arborist is used to establish(or with City approval alter)a tree protection zone, identification of the project arborist,and contact information for the arborist; d. Location and type of proposed tree protection measures to be installed including the horizontal distance of tree protection fencing from the face of each tree trunk(or group of trees)on each side; e. An inventory of all trees on site,their health or hazard condition,prepared by a certified arborist; f. When a tree protection zone is altered upon recommendation by a certified arborist,the specific proposed tree protection measures for the tree,including recommendations for protection action for each tree. The City Manager may waive one or more of the requirements listed in subsections(2)(a)through(e)of this section based upon the scope of proposed development activities or site-specific circumstances. 3. The City Manager may impose conditions of approval on any plan if the condition is reasonably related to preventing,eliminating or mitigating injury or damage to trees protected per the plan that is created or contributed to by the approved development activity.Conditions of approval may include,but are not limited to: a. Requiring a report from a certified arborist outlining the protection measures proposed to prevent and/or limit tree damage or injury from development activities; b. Requiring oversight by a certified arborist of all development activities outside the location of approved tree protection fencing and within the greater of(i)the edge of the dripline(including trees where the canopy extends onto the development area from abutting properties),or(ii)one-ft. protection radius per inch of trunk DBH of the tree to preserve its health or long term viability; c. Requiring status reports from a certified arborist documenting,with text and photographs,each visit made to the development area(s),the condition,reinstallation,and effectiveness of the tree protection measures,the number,size and actions taken when roots are encountered,and recommendations for tree health and protection actions; c. Limiting material transport to hand work only; (Commented[JD32]:Clarify sentence e. Use ofUsinq a pier and grade beam design,or other techniques to protect tree roots; f. Limiting excavation depth for pathways,sidewalks,driveways,etc.,to the removal of the vegetative layer only,with the construction subgrade built up from native grade; g. Requiring a report from a certified arborist of likely tree damage or injury resulting from changes in hydrology; h. Phasing construction or demolition to limit damage or injury to trees,such as requiring existing asphalt or concrete to remain in place until near the end of work; i. Limiting the type and location of permanent irrigation beneath mature tree species; j. Requiring the applicant and the arborist, required to suspend development activities when...... Commented[AB33]:2 appearances of"require"in the those activities are likely to cause the tree to decline or die,or to cause the tree to become same sentence.Consider revising physically unstable or a hazard;and �k. Waiving the requirement of tree protection fencing when impractical,e.g.,access constraints, type of development,limited development.) (Commented[AB34]:k.does not appear to be a condition lof approval 4. The City Manager shall inspect the installed tree protection measures,and upon approval of their installation,the plan will be issued. (Ord.2830,Amended, 10/01/2019;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016;Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) 55.08.030 Tree Protection Measures RequiredJO. SJ RE 1. Except as otherwise determined by the City Manager,all required tree protection measures set forth in this section shall be instituted prior to any applicable development activities. 2. Protective metal fencing,a minimum of four ft.tall with steel posts placed no farther than eight ft. apart and anchored a minimum of two ft.into the ground,shall be installed(unless waived by condition). Fence panels may be used if the base of each panel is anchored a minimum of two ft.into the ground with a metal post attached to the fence.This fencing shall be installed at: a. The edge of tree protection zone(s)within the development area(s);or b. The boundary of any open space tracts,sensitive lands,or conservation easements that abut the development area(s). 3. The fencing shall be flush with the initial undisturbed grade. 4. The applicant shall obtain the tree protection sign template from the City and attach laminated sign(s) to the protection fencing on a minimum of every third fence section/panel. 5. Protection fencing and other protection measures shall only be removed after the lattermost of the following,as applicable: a. Installation of utilities and stormwater improvements; b. Construction of the driveway/access lane;and c. Completion of the exterior building walls,e.g.,siding,painting,etc.(Protection fencing is typically removed at the time of landscaping.) (Ord.2830,Amended, 10/01/2019;Ord.2772,Amended,02/06/2018;Ord.2721,Amended,07/19/2016; Ord.2221,Added,01/18/2000) 55.08.040 Inspection(Repealed by Ord.2830,10/01/2019)!QSII !E 12 55.08.045 Evidence of Violation!D $►!ARE Proof of a violation of this article,or approval issued or granted hereunder,shall be deemed prima fade evidence that such violation is that of the owner of the property upon which the prohibited activities exist. Prosecution,or lack thereof,of the owner of the property,the occupant,or other person in possession or control of property shall not be deemed to relieve any other responsible person. (Ord.2830,Added,10/01/2019) 55.08.050 Penalties.O SNARE 1. Civil Violation.A violation of any provision of this article,or the breach of any condition of a plan,shall be a civil violation as defined by LOC 34.04.105,enforceable pursuant to LOC Article 34.04.Failure to comply with the provisions of this article or a condition of approval shall be a separate offense each day the failure to comply continues.Any prohibited activity that damages or injures a tree or causes a tree removal shall be a separate violation for each tree damaged,injured,or removed.The violation shall be punishable by a fine set forth by the Municipal Court and the enforcement fee.(If a tree removal occurs due to the violation,the removal would be enforced by LOC Article 55.02.) 2. Nuisance Abatement.The damage,injury or removal of a tree in violation of this article is hereby declared to be a public nuisance,and may be abated by appropriate proceedings pursuant to LOC Article 34.08. 3. Enforcement Fee. a. A person who violates a provision of this article or a condition of a tree protection plan shall pay an enforcement fee to the City in an amount as established by resolution of the City Council. b. Enhanced Enforcement Fee.The City may require the person to pay into the City's tree fund an increased fee for the tree damaged or injured in violation of this article in an amount as established by resolution of the City Council if any of the following apply: i. The person has committed a previous violation of a provision of this article;or ii. The tree damaged or injured was any of the following: A. Thirty-six in.DBH or greater; B. A heritage tree,per LOC Article 5506; C. Located within the Willamette River Greenway per LOC 50.05.009; D. Part of an RP or RC district,or HBA protection area,per LOC 50.05.010;or E. Located on public right-of-way,City-owned or dedicated property,a public or private open space area or conservation easement. 4. Arborist Report and Required Treatment.Upon request by the City Manager,a person who violates any provision of this article shall submit a report prepared by a certified arborist to evaluate the damage or injury to a tree and make recommendations to mitigate the damage or injury.Upon the City Manager's evaluation and approval of the mitigating measures,the person shall implement the mitigating measures as directed by the City Manager.Failure to implement the mitigating measures as directed by the City Manager is a separate offense as to each mitigating measure not implemented. 5. Cumulative Remedies.The rights,remedies,and penalties provided in this article are cumulative,are not mutually exclusive,and are in addition to any other rights,remedies and penalties available to the City under any other provision of law. (Ord.2830,Amended,10/01/2019;Ord.2721,Added,07/19/2016) LOC Chapter 50 Community Development Code Redline CHAPTER 50:COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CODE Revised 4/23 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS Revised 4/23 50.01.001 TITLE AND PURPOSE 50.01.002 APPLICATION OF CODE 50.01.003 AUTHORITY 50.01.004 ZONING DESIGNATIONS,BOUNDARIES,MAPS,AND ANNEXATION 50.01.005 AUTHORITY TO INTERPRET CDC,ZONING MAP AND COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 50.01.006 NONCONFORMING USES,STRUCTURES,LOTS AND SITE FEATURES Revised 4/23 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS 50.02.001 RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS 50.02.002 COMMERCIAL,INDUSTRIAL,MIXED USE ZONES 50.02.003 SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS LOC 50.03:USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Revised 4/23 50.03.001 INTRODUCTION TO THE USE TABLE 50.03.002 USE TABLE Revised 4/23 50.03.003 USE-SPECIFIC STANDARDS Revised 4/23 50.03.004 ACCESSORY STRUCTURES AND USES Revised 4/23 50.03.005 TEMPORARY STRUCTURES AND USES LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS Revised 4/23 50.04.001 DIMENSIONAL TABLE Revised 4/23 50.04.002 SPECIAL STREET SETBACKS 50.04.003 EXCEPTIONS,PROJECTIONS,AND ENCROACHMENTS Revised 4/23 50.04.004 SOLAR ADJUSTMENTS LOC 50.05:OVERLAY AND DESIGN DISTRICTS Revised 4/23 50.05.001 GLENMORRIE R-15 OVERLAY DISTRICT 50.05.002 EVERGREEN R-7.5 OVERLAY DISTRICT 50.05.003 LAKE GROVE R-7.5/R-10 OVERLAY DISTRICT 50.05.004 DOWNTOWN REDEVELOPMENT DESIGN DISTRICT Revised 4/23 50.05.005 WEST LAKE GROVE DESIGN DISTRICT Revised 4/23 50.05.006 OLD TOWN NEIGHBORHOOD DESIGN Revised 4/23 50.05.007 LAKE GROVE VILLAGE CENTER OVERLAY DISTRICT Revised 4/23 50.05.008 SOUTHWEST OVERLAY DISTRICT 50.05.009 GREENWAY MANAGEMENT OVERLAY DISTRICT 50.05.010 SENSITIVE LANDS OVERLAY DISTRICTS Revised 4/23 50.05.011 FLOOD MANAGEMENT AREA 50.05.012 UPLANDS R-10 OVERLAY DISTRICT Revised 4/23 LOC 50.06:DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS Revised 4/23 50.06.001 BUILDING DESIGN Revised 4/23 50.06.002 PARKING 50.06.003 CIRCULATION AND CONNECTIVITY 50.06.004 SITE DESIGN Revised 4/23 50.06.005 PARK AND OPEN SPACE CONTRIBUTIONS 50.06.006 GEOLOGIC HAZARDS AND DRAINAGE 50.06.007 SOLAR ACCESS 50.06.008 UTILITIES Revised 4/23 50.06.009 HISTORIC PRESERVATION 50.06.010 MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION 50.06.011 VISION CLEARANCE LOC 50.07:REVIEW AND APPROVAL PROCEDURES Revised 4/23 50.07.001 SUMMARY PROCEDURES TABLE 50.07.002 LIST OF DECISION-MAKERS 50.07.003 REVIEW PROCEDURES Revised 4/23 50.07.004 ADDITIONAL SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS Revised 4/23 50.07.005 CONDITIONAL USE PERMITS 50.07.006 OVERALL DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND SCHEDULE 50.07.007 LAND DIVISIONS Revised 4/23 LOC 50.08:VARIANCES Revised 4/23 50.08.001 INTRODUCTION 50.08.002 MINOR VARIANCES Revised 4/23 50.08.003 DESIGN VARIANCES 50.08.004 MAJOR VARIANCES LOC 50.09:ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES 50.09.001 VIOLATIONS 50.09.002 ENFORCEMENT 50.09.003 PENALTIES LOC 50.10:DEFINITIONS AND RULES OF MEASUREMENT Revised 4/23 50.10.001 RULES OF CONSTRUCTION 50.10.002 RULES OF MEASUREMENT 50.10.003 DEFINITIONS Revised 4/23 LOC 50.11:APPENDICES 50.11.001 APPENDIX A—LAKE OSWEGO STYLE 50.11.002 APPENDIX B—INDUSTRIAL LAND USE POLICY ELEMENT(Repealed by Ord.2706, 06/07/2016) 50.11.003 APPENDIX C—OLD TOWN STYLES DESCRIPTION 50.11.004 APPENDIX D—LAKE OSWEGO MASTER PLANT LIST 50.11.005 APPENDIX E—COMMERCIAL LAND USE POLICIES(Repealed by Ord.2732,02/21/2017) 50.11.006 APPENDIX F—MARYLHURST CAMPUS INSTITUTIONAL AREA 50.11.007 APPENDIX G—FOOTHILLS BUILDING AND SITE DESIGN STANDARDS Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 44/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS Revised 4/23 50.01.001 TITLE AND PURPOSE 50.01.002 APPLICATION OF CODE 50.01.003 AUTHORITY 50.01.004 ZONING DESIGNATIONS,BOUNDARIES,MAPS,AND ANNEXATION 50.01.005 AUTHORITY TO INTERPRET CDC,ZONING MAP AND COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 50.01.006 NONCONFORMING USES,STRUCTURES,LOTS AND SITE FEATURES Revised 4/23 50.01.001 TITLE AND PURPOSE 1. TITLE Lake Oswego Code Chapter 50 may be referred to as"the Community Development Code of the City of Lake Oswego"and is referred to herein as"the CDC"and"this Code." (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. PURPOSE a. Generally Applicable Purposes This Code has been drafted in accordance with the policies set forth in the Comprehensive Plan for the City of Lake Oswego.It is the general purpose of this Code,therefore,to provide the principal means for the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan.To fulfill this general purpose this Code is intended to: i. Protect and promote the public health,safety,convenience and general welfare; ii. Guide future land uses,growth and development in accordance with the Comprehensive Plan; iii. Provide for review of those uses determined to carry the potential for adverse impact on surrounding uses; iv. Assure prompt review of development applications for compliance with this Code's requirements,and the application of clear and specific standards; v. Provide for public review and comment on development proposals which may have a significant impact on the community; vi. Guide public and private policy and action to assure provision of adequate water,sewerage,transportation, drainage,parks,open space and other public facilities and services for each development and to implement Comprehensive Plan policies concerning the distribution of costs of public facilities and services required to serve development,and coordinate the timing of development with the provision of adequate public facilities and services; vii. Provide the opportunity for a mixture of housing types which meet the needs of the City residents; viii. Establish procedures,standards,and review of uses assuring that the design of site improvements and building improvements are consistent with applicable standards and minimize adverse impacts on surrounding land uses,and yet allow for and encourage flexibility in the design and layout of site improvements and buildings,and innovation in design and construction; ix. Provide for review and approval of the relationship between land uses and traffic circulation in order to minimize congestion,with particular emphasis on not exceeding the planned capacity of residential streets to carry projected traffic;to provide for safe pedestrian and bicycle circulation;to provide for the proper location of street rights-of-way,easement and building lines;to assure provision of adequate internal vehicle circulation; parking,loading and pedestrian walkways; x. Minimize pollution and damage to waterways and Oswego Lake;to assure the adequacy of drainage facilities and to protect the natural character and functions of waterways; The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 45/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS xi. Provide standards to regulate the impacts of development upon soils,trees and vegetation,sensitive lands and other natural features; xii. Assure reasonable safety from fire,flood,landslide,erosion or other natural hazards; xiii. Provide opportunities for economic development of the City; xiv. Protect the City's aesthetic beauty and character;and xv. Promote the conservation of energy through site and building design and orientation; b. Historic Preservation Purposes This Code incorporates the City's historic preservation regulations that are intended to: i. Promote the historic,educational,architectural,cultural,economic,and general welfare of the public through the identification,preservation,restoration and protection of those structures,sites,objects,and districts of historic and cultural interest within the City; ii. Foster community and neighborhood pride and sense of identity based on recognition and use of historic and cultural resources; iii. Identify and designate as historic resources only those structures,sites and objects which possess historic features and characteristics viewed by this community as having true historical significance; iv. Strengthen the economy of the City by enhancing the historic and cultural resources for tourists,visitors and residents; v. Encourage public knowledge,understanding and appreciation of the City's history and culture; vi. Promote the enjoyment and use of historic and cultural resources appropriate for the education and recreation of the people of Lake Oswego; vii. Preserve diverse architectural styles reflecting periods of the City's historical and architectural development;and encourage complementary design and construction impacting historic resources; viii. Enhance property values and increase economic and financial benefits to the City and its inhabitants; ix. Identify and resolve conflicts between the preservation of historic or cultural resources and alternative conflicting uses; x. Integrate the management of historic and cultural resources into public and private land management and development processes; xi. Provide the principal means to implement and carry out the provisions of Statewide Planning Goal 5 and the Comprehensive Plan Policies relating to historic resources and support the enforcement of all federal and state laws relating to the protection of National Register resources,archaeological sites and archaeological objects; xii. Recognize the importance of Oswego Lake to this community and the attendant and long-standing use of the lake and appurtenant assets for recreational,water quality and electrical power generation purposes; xiii. Provide clear procedures and standards to ensure that the ongoing operation and maintenance of residential,commercial and industrial uses are not affected in a manner that jeopardizes the economic viability of such uses;and xiv. Protect private property owners against extraordinary cost occasioned by the application of this chapter. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 46/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS c. Ensure that land is divided so that structures can be oriented to maximize solar access and to minimize shade on adjoining properties from structures and trees. [Editor's Note:From time to time,new state and federal laws,regulations,or court decisions are issued.The reader is advised that federal or state law may be determined to supersede portions of this Community Development Code,either generally or as applied to a specific situation.] (Ord.2841,Amended,09/01/2020;Ord.2612-A,Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced, 03/20/2012) 50.01.002 APPLICATION OF CODE 1. APPLICABILITY Development of real property within the corporate limits of the City of Lake Oswego shall be governed by this Code.All provisions in other sections of the Lake Oswego Code which conflict with applicable provisions of this Code are hereby superseded. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. COMPLIANCE Except as otherwise specifically provided by this Code,no building or other structure shall be constructed, reconstructed,improved,altered,enlarged or moved,nor shall any use or occupancy of premises within the City be commenced or changed,nor shall any condition of or upon real property be caused or maintained after December 16,1982,except in conformity with the requirements prescribed for each of the several zones and general regulations established hereunder.It shall be unlawful for any person to erect,construct,reconstruct,establish, occupy,alter,enlarge or use,or cause to be used,any building,structure,improvement or use of premises located in any zone described in this Code contrary to the provisions of this Code.Where this Code imposes greater restrictions than those imposed or required by other rules or regulations or Code provisions,the provisions of this Code shall control. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. MAINTENANCE OF MINIMUM ORDINANCE REQUIREMENTS No lot area,yard,or other open space,existing on or after December 16,1982,shall be reduced in area,dimension, or size below the minimum required by this Code,nor shall any lot area,yard,or other open space which is required by this Code for one use be used as the lot area,yard,or other open space requirement for any other use,except as provided in this Code. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 4. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAWS AND PRIVATE AGREEMENTS;PRIOR APPROVALS AND CONDITIONS OF APPROVAL It is not an intent of this Code to interfere with,abrogate or annul any easement,covenant or agreement between parties;provided,however,that where this Code imposes a greater restriction upon the use of buildings and premises,upon height of buildings,or requires larger open spaces or similar restrictions than are imposed or required by private agreements,easements and covenants,the provisions of this Code shall govern. a. Approvals Granted Before December 16,1982 Planned unit development approvals,conditional use permits,variances and Development Review Commission approvals,and conditions attached to those approvals,and conditions attached to zone change approvals,granted prior to December 16,1982,shall remain in effect until specifically amended or deleted by action pursuant to this Code.A request to amend approvals or delete or amend conditions of approvals is classified as a request to amend the zoning map and shall be considered as such unless the subject matter of the request is regulated by LOC 50.07.003.11.a,Modification of Approved Permit,in which case the request will be processed pursuant to that section.Those conditions imposed or approvals granted by ordinance under the prior zoning code may be amended or deleted by order of the hearing body,or,on appeal,by order of the City Council,without the necessity of adopting an amending ordinance. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 47/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS (Ord.2732,Amended,02/21/2017;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.01.003 AUTHORITY 1. OFFICIAL ACTION a. All officials,departments,employees,and commissions of the City vested with authority to issue permits or grant approvals shall adhere to and require conformance with this Code,and shall issue no permit or grant approval for any development or use which violates or fails to comply with conditions or standards imposed to carry out this Code. b. Any permit or approval issued or granted in conflict with the provisions of this Code,whether intentional or otherwise,is void.It is the duty of the person receiving such permit to bring the structure or use subject to the permit into compliance with the terms of this Code immediately upon gaining knowledge that the permit is in conflict with the provisions of this Code. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. AUTHORITY OF CITY MANAGER a. Interpret,Implement,Enforce Code i. The City Manager shall have the authority to interpret,implement,and enforce the requirements of this Code,subject to review by the hearing body and/or the City Council pursuant to this Code. ii. The City Manager may request an advisory opinion from the First Addition Neighborhood Association or the Old Town Neighborhood Association regarding interpretation or application of standards and requirements of the R-6 and R-DD zones,respectively. b. Administrative Rules The City Manager may adopt administrative rules to aid in implementing this Code. c. Delegation of Authority The City Manager may delegate any authority or responsibility identified in this Code to any suitable person. d. Interpretation of Approvals The City Manager shall interpret the meaning and scope of approvals granted based on the record of the proceeding. [Cross-Reference:See LOC 50.05.010.4.d,Construction Standards—Grading,Clearing or Construction in RP or RC zone.] e. Concurrent Hearings When more than one approval is sought for a particular property the City Manager may allow the requests to be processed concurrently.The City Manager may refuse to allow concurrent consideration if it is determined that such a process would be impractical or cumbersome,tend to create confusion before the hearing body or require a potentially unnecessary use of City resources. f. Historic Resources i. The City Manager shall have the authority to make a decision to approve,approve with conditions,or deny applications for: (1) Minor alterations to a landmark; (2) Major alterations to a landmark if the application includes other minor development; (3) Alterations,moving or demolition of a contributing resource. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 48/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS ii. At the discretion of the City Manager,an application under subsection 2.f.i of this section may be referred to the DRC for hearing and decision. (Ord.2841,Amended,09/01/2020;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. AUTHORITY OF HEARING BODY The hearing body shall be the Planning Commission,the Development Review Commission(DRC)or the Historic Resources Advisory Board(HRAB). a. Planning Commission Except as provided by LOC 50.01.003.3.d,the Planning Commission shall hear: i. Applications to develop pursuant to a mixed use Overall Development Plan and Schedule(ODPS);and ii. Applications for a quasi-judicial zone change or quasi-judicial Comprehensive Plan or Code amendment. b. Historic Resources Advisory Board Except as provided by subsection 3.d of this section,HRAB shall hear applications and shall have the authority to make a decision to approve,approve with conditions,or deny an application for the following: i. Designation or removal of a designation of a historic resource; ii. Establishment,modification or abolishment of a historic district; iii. Demolition or moving of a landmark; iv. Demolition(as defined in LOC 50.06.009.9.b)or relocation of a National Register property. c. Development Review Commission i. Except as provided by subsection 3.d of this section,the Development Review Commission shall hear all other applications for development,including: (1) Conditional use; (2) Single use ODPS; (3) Appeals of decisions of the City Manager on minor development applications;and (4) Any application referred by the City Manager pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.14.d.i. d. Consolidated Review If a person desires to apply for a development which requires hearings before the Planning Commission,DRC, and/or HRAB,the City Manager may either consolidate the proceedings before one hearing body or schedule the hearings in such a manner that a decision on the development can be made within the time period for fmal action established by state law.The City Manager has the sole discretion to determine which hearing body shall hear the application.As a nonbinding guideline,the City Manager should refer the consolidated proceeding to the Planning Commission if the City Manager believes that the application raises significant policy issues.The City Manager should refer the consolidated proceeding to the DRC if the City Manager believes the primary issue involves siting or design. (Ord.2841,Amended,09/01/2020;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 49/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS 4. DEVELOPMENT PERMITS RESTRICTED FOR UNLAWFUL USES No development permit shall be issued for a development or use of land in violation of this Code,unless the violation is rectified as part of the development. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 5. DEVELOPMENT RESTRICTED ON ILLEGAL LOT 0 a. No development permit shall be issued for the development or use of an illegal lot unless the lot is made legal pursuant to the applicable requirements for creation of a lot in effect at the time of application.The applicant shall demonstrate conformance with applicable legal requirements.This restriction applies regardless of whether the applicant was responsible for creation of the illegal lot. b. If an illegal lot cannot be made legal pursuant to subsection 5.a of this section because it does not comply with lot area or dimensional requirements in effect at the time of application,an application for the creation of the lot shall be exempted from compliance from such lot area or dimensional requirements if the applicant demonstrates that the lot would have complied with lot area and dimensional requirements applicable at the time of creation. c. If an illegal lot cannot be made legal pursuant to subsection 5.a or 5.b of this section because it does not comply with applicable lot area or dimensional requirements at the time of application and did not comply with applicable lot area or dimensional requirements at the time of creation,an application for the creation of the lot shall be exempted from compliance with such lot area and dimensional requirements if the applicant demonstrates that development that would be allowed by legal creation of the lot will not have a significant negative impact on the neighborhood in terms of scale,noise,traffic,parking,loss of privacy,obstruction of views,or buffers from existing properties.In determining the degree of impact,the City shall consider the consistency of potential development on a lot with the existing development pattern in the vicinity.The City may impose conditions on development of the lot in order to ensure that legalization of the lot does not have a significant negative impact on the neighborhood. Public notice of an application to legalize a lot pursuant to this subsection shall contain a map of the property illustrating the building envelope.If the lot proposed to be made legal pursuant to this subsection has a lot area or dimension which is less than 65%of the size or length required by the zone at the time of application,the application to create the legal parcel shall be referred to the Development Review Commission for public hearing. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.01.004 ZONING DESIGNATIONS,BOUNDARIES,MAPS,AND ANNEXATION 1. ZONING DISTRICTS The City is divided into the following zoning designations: TABLE 50.01.004-1:Zoning Designations Zone District Category Map Designation Residential Residential—Low Density R-15 Residential—Low Density R-10 Residential—Low Density R-7.5 Residential—Medium Density(FAN) R-6 Residential—Medium Density R-5 The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 50/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS TABLE 50.01.004-1:Zoning Designations Zone District Category Map Designation Residential—Design District(Old Town) R-DD Residential—High Density R-3 Residential—High Density R-2 Residential—High Density R-0 Residential—Waterfront Cabanas R-W Commercial Neighborhood Commercial NC General Commercial GC Highway Commercial HC Office Campus OC East End General Commercial EC Campus Research and Development CR&D Mixed Use Foothills Mixed Use FMU Mixed Commerce MC West Lake Grove Districts WLG Townhome Residential WLG R-2.5 WLG Residential Mixed Use WLG RMU WLG Office Commercial WLG OC Industrial Industrial I Industrial Park IP Special Purpose Districts Campus Institutional CI Public Functions PF Park and Natural Areas PNA Overlay Districts—Area Specific Glenmorrie R-15 Overlay District GO Evergreen R-7.5 Overlay District EO Lake Grove R-7.5/R-10 Overlay District LGO Downtown Redevelopment Design District DRD West Lake Grove Design District WLG The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 51/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS TABLE 50.01.004-1:Zoning Designations Zone District Category Map Designation Old Town Neighborhood Design OTN Lake Grove Village Center Overlay District LGVCO Southwest Overlay District SWO Overlay Districts—Resource Specific Greenway Management Overlay District GM Sensitive Lands Overlay Resource Conservation(Tree Groves) RC Resource Protection(Streams and Wetlands) RP Habitat Benefit Area(Tree Groves) HBA Flood Management Area FMA (Ord.2783,Amended,06/19/2018;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2687,Amended,12/15/2015;Ord.2668,Amended,12/01/2015;Ord. 2599,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. ZONING DISTRICTS MAP a. The boundaries of the zoning districts established in this Code are indicated on the City zoning map. b. Amendments to the City zoning map maybe made pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.16,Legislative Decisions. Copies of all map amendments shall be dated with the effective date of the document adopting the map amendment and shall be maintained without change,together with the adopting document,on file in the office of the City Recorder. c. The City Manager shall maintain an up-to-date copy of the City zoning map to be revised from time to time so that it accurately portrays changes of zone boundaries.A separate map shall also be maintained and show the location of conditional use permits,planned developments and variances.The City Manager shall index on the appropriate map adjacent to such zone change,conditional use,planned developments,or variance,the file number of the document authorizing the same. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. INTERPRETATION OF ZONE DISTRICT BOUNDARIES S a. Guidelines for Interpretation Where due to the scale,lack of detail or illegibility of the City zoning map or due to any other reason,there is uncertainty,contradiction or conflict as to the intended location of any zone district boundary,the exact location of district boundary lines shall be determined by the City Manager in accordance with the following guidelines: i. Street Lines Where district boundaries are indicated as approximately following the centerline or right-of-way line of streets,such lines shall be construed to be such district boundaries. ii. Street Vacations The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 52/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS Whenever any street is lawfully vacated,and the lands within the boundaries thereof attach to and become a part of lands adjoining such street,the lands formerly within the vacated street shall automatically be subject to the same zoning district designation that is applicable to lands to which same attaches. iii. Lot Lines Where district boundaries are indicated as approximately following lot lines,such lot lines shall be construed to be said boundaries.If a district boundary divides a lot into two or more districts,the entire lot shall be placed in the district that accounts for the greater area of the lot by the adjustment of the district boundary;provided,that the boundary adjustment is for a distance of less than 20 ft.If an adjustment of more than 20 ft.is required,the change in the district boundary shall be treated as a change of zone. iv. Water Courses District boundary lines are intended to follow the centerlines of water courses and the shore line of Oswego Lake unless such boundary lines are otherwise fixed on the City zoning map. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 4. ZONING OF ANNEXED AREAS a. Zoning designations on newly annexed territories shall be imposed as provided in LOC 50.01.004.5. b. The City may consider the zoning for any area proposed for annexation at the same time the question of annexation for the area is considered.The notice and hearing procedures shall be the same as if the area in question were located within the City limits.The zoning decision shall not be a final decision for the purposes of judicial review until the date that the approval of the annexation of the area has become effective,or the date of the zoning order if that date is later in time. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 5. COMPREHENSIVE PLAN MAP DESIGNATIONS AUTOMATICALLY APPLIED UPON ANNEXATIONS;EXCEPTIONS a. The Lake Oswego Comprehensive Plan Map provides for the future City zoning of all property within the City's Urban Service Boundary.In cases where the Comprehensive Plan Map requires a specific zoning map designation to be placed on territory annexed to the City of Lake Oswego,such a zoning designation shall automatically be imposed on territory as of the effective date of the ordinance annexing such territory to the City. The City Manager shall modify the zoning map accordingly.In cases where the Comprehensive Plan Map does not require a specific zoning map designation to be placed on territory annexed to the City,the City Manager shall prepare an application and recommend a specific zoning map designation to the Planning Commission with all due speed following the effective date of an ordinance annexing such territory to the City of Lake Oswego.The Planning Commission shall hear the application pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.16,Legislative Decisions. b. Where the Comprehensive Plan Map indicates an RP,RC,or HBA District designation on territory proposed for annexation,the City shall notify the owners of the annexing territory that they have 20 days prior to the initial public hearing on the annexation to contest the designation pursuant to LOC 50.07.004.8.b,Sensitive Lands Overlay Districts.No fee shall be charged for such review.If,following review,the decision-maker determines the property was improperly designated,the RP,RC,or HBA designation shall be removed. c. When evidence indicates that a resource that potentially qualifies for an RP or RC District or HBA overlay designation pursuant to LOC 50.07.004.8 exists on territory to be annexed,the City may conduct an Economic, Social,Environmental,and Energy(ESEE)Analysis and determine whether such a zone should be imposed pursuant to LOC 50.07.004.8,Sensitive Lands Overlay Districts.City staff may request a delay in the effective date of annexation to complete review. (Ord.2687,Amended,12/15/2015;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 53/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS 6. EFFECT OF CONDITIONS OF APPROVAL OR DEVELOPMENT OR DESIGN REGULATIONS IMPOSED PRIOR TO ANNEXATION a. Purpose The purpose of this section is to require owners of nonconforming uses,structures,or parcels annexed into the City of Lake Oswego to continue to comply with the use,design or development standards imposed by the prior jurisdiction until such time as the use,structure,or parcel is modified or developed under City development standards. b. Definition of Prior Jurisdiction For purposes of this section,"prior jurisdiction"shall mean the county or city that had zoning jurisdiction upon the parcel prior to its annexation to the City of Lake Oswego. c. Compliance with Prior Jurisdiction Requirements Following annexation of a parcel into the boundaries of the City of Lake Oswego,the owner of a parcel shall comply with the use limitations,development or design regulations,or conditions of approval applicable to the use, structure or parcel imposed by the prior jurisdiction prior to annexation of the parcel into the boundaries of the City. d. Interpretation of Prior Jurisdiction Requirements In the event it is necessary to interpret the design or development standards,or use limitations of a prior jurisdiction, or any condition of approval granted by a prior jurisdiction,the interpretation shall be made in the manner provided by LOC 50.01.005,Authority to Interpret CDC,Zoning Map and Comprehensive Plan. e. Modification of Conditions of Approval The owner's obligation to comply with the conditions of approval of a development permit issued by a prior jurisdiction may be modified following annexation of the parcel into the City boundaries the same as if the conditions were imposed by the City,in the same manner as provided in LOC 50.07.003.11,Modification of Development Permits.Except to the extent a condition of approval is modified pursuant to this subsection,the prior jurisdiction's use limitations,and development or design regulations,shall continue to apply to the use,structure or parcel. f. Modification of Use,Structure or Parcel to Comply with Applicable City Use,Design,or Development Regulations A property owner may seek modification of the requirements of a development permit,including use,design or development regulations,issued or imposed by the prior jurisdiction for the purpose of complying with comparable City use,design or development regulations.Such modification shall be in accordance with LOC 50.07.003.11, Modification of Development Permits.Except to the extent the use,structure or parcel complies with City requirements following modification of development permit as provided under this subsection,the owner shall comply with the prior jurisdiction's use limitations,and development or design regulations. g. Effect of Compliance with Prior Jurisdiction Requirement or Modification Upon Nonconforming Status This section shall not be construed as remedying the nonconformance of any use,structure or parcel with the use limitations,design and development requirements of this Code.Notwithstanding the compliance of the owner with this section,the structure or use shall nevertheless be deemed nonconforming and shall be subject to the provisions of LOC 50.01.006.1.b,50.01.006.3.a.i,50.01.006.3.a.iv and LOC 50.01.006.4,Nonconforming Uses,Structures, Lots and Site Features. [Cross-Reference:LOC 50.01.006.1—Nonconforming Defined;Rights Granted.] (Ord.2612-A,Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 54/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS 50.01.005 AUTHORITY TO INTERPRET CDC,ZONING MAP AND COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 1. CITY MANAGER INTERPRETATIONS A person may request an interpretation of the City Comprehensive Plan or land use regulations from the City Manager.Such an interpretation may be formal or informal,as follows: a. Formal Interpretation An applicant may request a formal interpretation as it relates to the proposed development of a specific property owned by the applicant or by a person for whom the applicant is the agent.The application shall be in writing and shall set forth the issues the applicant desires interpreted.A fee set by resolution of the City Council may be charged for an application for a formal interpretation.Notice of a request for a formal interpretation shall be sent in the manner provided for a minor development pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.3.a and 50.07.003.14.c,and notice of the interpretation shall be sent in the same manner as notice of a decision on a minor development pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.14.d.iii(3),Notice of Final Decision.A formal interpretation may be appealed in the same manner as a minor development.Once a formal interpretation becomes final,it shall be binding on the City as it applies to a future application for development of the subject property unless the provision that is the subject of the interpretation is amended,repealed or construed differently by LUBA or a court of competent jurisdiction prior to the filing of the application for development.Such an interpretation shall not be binding as it relates to development of other properties. b. Informal Interpretation Any person may request the planning staff or the City Attorney for an informal interpretation.Such a request may either be oral or in writing,and is not subject to notice,appeal or a fee.Such an interpretation is not a final land use decision,however,and is not binding on City staff or City appellate authorities as it applies to future land use applications on the subject property or in general. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.01.006 NONCONFORMING USES,STRUCTURES,LOTS AND SITE FEATURES Revised 4/23 1. NONCONFORMING DEFINED;RIGHTS GRANTED 0 a. Nonconforming;Illegal i. A use,structure,lot,or site feature(e.g.,landscaping,parking,etc.;see Sign Code,LOC Chapter 47 for nonconforming signs)is nonconforming if the use,structure,lot,or site feature was initially lawfully established,but does not comply with or would not be permitted to exist under this Code due to a subsequent enactment or amendment to this Code,or due to annexation. ii. An illegal use,structure,lot or site feature is one that was not lawfully established because it does not comply with or would not be permitted under this Code or any prior versions of this Code.A use,structure,lot or site feature that was lawfully established under a prior jurisdiction but did not comply with this Code at the time of annexation is not illegal.An illegal use,structure,or site feature is a violation of this Code and may be subject to abatement or penalties pursuant to LOC Article 50.09.An illegal lot may obtain legal status only if it meets the requirements set forth in LOC 50.01.003.5,Development Restricted on Illegal Lot. b. Approved Variance A use,structure,lot,or site feature for which a variance was granted is not considered nonconforming solely because the characteristic of the use,structure,lot,or site feature for which the variance was granted fails to comply with the requirements of this Code.However,the existence of an approved variance does not prevent the use, structure,lot,or site feature from being classified as nonconforming as to another characteristic that fails to comply with the requirements of this Code. c. Applicability to Approvals and Incomplete Construction The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 55/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS If a use,structure,or site feature that received final development approval becomes nonconforming within a year after approval,but before construction is completed,no change in plans,construction or use for which a final development approval was received is required.All rights granted by this section are extinguished if the development permit or building permit is revoked or becomes void.The structure,use,or site feature shall thereafter conform to all applicable provisions of this Code. [Cross-Reference:LOC 50.07.005.1—Uses Under Conditional Use Provisions Not Nonconforming Uses.] (Ord.2644,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. CONTINUATION AND MAINTENANCE OF NONCONFORMITIES Revised 4/23 a. Continuation of Nonconformity Subject to the provisions of this section,and except as otherwise provided by this Code,a nonconforming use, structure,lot,or site feature may be continued in use so long as it remains otherwise lawful. b. Demolition or Alteration of a Nonconforming Dwelling In a residential zone,an existing nonconforming residential dwelling shall be removed or brought into conformance with this Code upon: i. Demolition of the dwelling under LOC 45.12.100(1)(d),except where demolition results from the Building Official ordering the reconstruction of a wall under subsection 2.c of this section because it is unsafe;or ii. An increase in floor area of the dwelling by 50%or more where the total floor area of the dwelling after the addition exceeds 90%of maximum allowed floor area,except as provided in subsection 3 of this section. EXCEPTION:In calculating whether the increase in floor area of the dwelling is 50%or more,new floor area resulting from conversion of existing unfinished and enclosed space within the structure is excluded,provided the conversion does not expand the building or increase roof height(including dormers). c. Maintenance On any nonconforming structure or site feature,maintenance may be performed in a manner not in conflict with the other provisions of the City Code.Nothing in this Code shall be deemed to prevent the strengthening or restoring to a safe condition of any structure,or portion thereof,or site feature declared to be unsafe by any official charged with protecting the public safety,upon the order of that official. (Ord.2891,Amended,02/21/2023;Ord.2644,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced, 03/20/2012) 3. EXPANSION OR CHANGE OF NONCONFORMITIESRevised 4/23 a. Nonconforming Structures A nonconforming structure may only be expanded or changed in accordance with the provisions of this subsection. i. Nonconforming structures may only be expanded if: (1) The expansion does not increase the degree of any existing nonconformity;and (2) The expansion does not create any new nonconformity. ii. Portions of a nonconforming structure that are not being altered as part of the expansion are not required to be brought into conformance with this Code. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 56/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS iii. Extensions of nonconforming walls may be approved through the Minor Variance process set forth in LOC 50.08.002.2.k. iv. For residential structures,a change in roof pitch on a nonconforming portion of the structure may be permitted if the roof height is not increased by more than six ft.above the existing wall top plate and does not exceed the base zone height. v. A nonconforming dwelling in a residential zone may maintain its nonconformity notwithstanding the requirement in subsection 2.b of this section to either demolish or conform to the Code,where: (1) The dwelling is located on publicly owned property;or (2) The development maintains a native tree 30 in.DBH or greater,or a native tree greater than 15 in. DBH if the lot contains no other native tree 30 in.or greater,within the building envelope of the lot.In both cases,the native tree must not be dead,invasive,or hazardous,as defined in LOC 55.02.020.The owner shall record a notice of development restriction requiring preservation of the native tree prior to issuance of a building permit. (Commented[JD35]:Consider rewriting for clarity vi. Use of Expansion Area (1) If the building being expanded contains a permitted use,that use may also occupy the building expansion area. (2) If the building being expanded contains a conditional use,that use may only be enlarged to also occupy the building expansion area with a modification of the conditional use permit. (3) If the building being expanded contains a nonconforming use,that nonconforming use may be enlarged to also occupy the expanded area with a conditional use permit,but the conditional use criterion in LOC 50.07.005.3.a.i,Authorization to Permit or Deny Conditional Uses,as it relates to uses in the zone shall not apply. b. Nonconforming Uses i. A nonconforming use may only be expanded with a conditional use permit,but the conditional use criterion in LOC 50.07.005.3.a.i,Authorization to Permit or Deny Conditional Uses,as it relates to uses in the zone shall not apply. ii. A nonconforming use with outdoor operations may only expand its outdoor operations to new areas of the property with a conditional use permit. iii. A nonconforming use may only be changed to: (1) A permitted use;or (2) A conditional use,with a conditional use permit. c. Nonconforming Site Features i. If a property is nonconforming with respect to landscaping or open space and the expansion of a structure on the property is proposed,the applicant shall install new landscaping and/or open space in an amount equal to the lesser of: (1) The footprint of the new building addition multiplied by the percentage of landscaping and/or open space prescribed by this Code;or (2) The amount of landscaping and/or open space needed to bring the property into compliance with the minimum amounts of landscaping and/or open space required by this Code. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 57/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS (Ord.2891,Amended,02/21/2023;Ord.2644,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced, 03/20/2012) 4. DAMAGE AND RECONSTRUCTION OF NONCONFORMING STRUCTURES 110 a. Single-Family and Middle Housing Dwellings,Accessory Structures,and Historic Landmarks This subsection is applicable to nonconforming single-family dwellings,middle housing dwellings,historic landmarks designated or listed upon the Landmark Designation List,and accessory structures to a single-family dwelling,middle housing dwelling,or historic landmark. i. Nonconforming Structures Not Located in the Flood Management Area Subject to the time limitation in subsection 4.c of this section,when all or any portion of a nonconforming structure listed above is damaged by any cause other than an intentional act of the owner,and no part of the structure is located in the flood management area,the reconstruction of the nonconforming structure shall be exempt from the provisions of this Code to the extent that the damaged portions of the structure failed to conform. ii. Nonconforming Structures Located in the Flood Management Area Subject to the time limitation in subsection 4.c of this section,when all or any portion of a nonconforming structure is damaged by any cause other than an intentional act of the owner,and part of the structure is located in the flood management area,the reconstruction of the nonconforming structure shall be exempt from the provisions of this Code to the extent that the damaged portions of the structure failed to conform,except that no part of the structure shall be reconstructed within the flood management area. iii. Nonconforming Single-Family or Duplex Dwelling or Landscaping Located in an RP or RC District or Construction Setback (1) Nonconforming Structures See LOC 50.05.010.4.a,Rebuilding Nonconforming Single-Family or Duplex Dwelling Located in RP or RC District or Construction Setback,and LOC 50.05.010.2.b and c,General and Specific Exceptions. (2) Nonconforming Landscaping See LOC 50.05.010.5.c.iii(8)(e),Landscaping in an RC district,and LOC 50.05.010.6.c.ii(1)(a)(v), Landscaping in an RP district. iv. Damage to a Nonconforming Structure by an Intentional Act of an Owner When all or any portion of a nonconforming structure is damaged by an intentional act of the owner,all reconstruction of the structure shall conform to this Code. b. Structures Other Than Single-Family or Middle Housing Dwellings,Accessory Structures,and Historic Landmarks i. Applicability This subsection is applicable to structures other than those listed in subsection 4.a of this section. ii. Ability to Construct or Reconstruct Nonconforming Structure (1) Damage to Nonconforming Structures of Less than 50%of the Structure Replacement Cost The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 58/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS If a nonconforming structure is damaged from any cause to the extent that the cost of rebuilding the damaged portions is less than 50%of the current replacement cost of the entire building,the rebuilding may be reconstructed to the extent that it was nonconforming,except that no portion of the structure shall be reconstructed in the flood management area. (2) Damage to Nonconforming Structures of More than 50%of the Structure Replacement Cost If a nonconforming structure is damaged from any cause to the extent that the cost of rebuilding the damaged portions is 50%or more of the current replacement cost of the entire building,the rebuilding shall conform to City codes and standards. c. Time Limitation i. In order to use any rights to reconstruct a damaged nonconforming structure without full compliance with this Code,above,the building permit for the new construction or reconstruction must be issued within one year from the date of damage.If the building permit is not issued within the one-year period,or if the building permit is issued but later expires,the ability to reconstruct a nonconforming structure not in compliance with this Code shall cease. ii. On demonstration that a good faith effort has been made by the owner to be able to apply for the building permit to reconstruct the damaged structure(including obtaining funding and completion of architectural work) and a written request for extension is submitted prior to expiration,the City Manager may extend the construction rights for an additional year.Construction shall be completed within two years of the issuance of the building permit or extension granted by the City Manager. iii. The time limitations in subsections 4.c.i and 4.c.ii of this section,may be extended by the City Manager if the owner can demonstrate that the reconstruction of a damaged nonconforming structure is pending review under an insurance claim or litigation.Construction shall be completed within two years of the settlement date or decision of the insurance claim or litigation. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2832,Amended,01/07/2020;Ord.2644,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2579, Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 5. NONCONFORMING LOTS 0 a. Development Permitted A nonconforming lot that does not meet the minimum size or dimensional requirements of the zone in which it is located may be developed as permitted in that zone;provided,that(i)the structure complies with all applicable Code standards or(ii)the applicant obtains a variance pursuant to LOC Article 50.08,Variances. Exception:No middle housing except a duplex and accessory structures to a duplex shall be developed on a nonconforming lot that does not meet the minimum size or dimensional requirements of the zone. b. Lot Line Adjustment Lot lines may be adjusted;provided,that the degree of any existing nonconformity is not increased and no new nonconformity is created on any of the lots involved as a result of the adjustment. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2644,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2599,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579, Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 6. DISCONTINUATION OF NONCONFORMING USE a. One-Year Time Limit The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 59/669 LOC 50.01:GENERAL PROVISIONS If a nonconforming use is discontinued for a period of at least one year,the nonconforming use may not be restarted and future use shall comply with the requirements of this Code.For the purpose of this standard,"discontinued" means the use has vacated or ceased operation on the site. b. One-Year Extension Up to two one-year extensions may be granted by the City Manager if the owner demonstrates that they are actively marketing the property for continuation of the nonconforming use but have been unable to fmd a buyer or tenant for that use.The owner shall file each request for a one-year extension separately.After three years,the nonconforming use may not be restarted,and any future use of the structure shall comply with the requirements of this Code. (Ord.2644,Amended,04/07/2015;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 60/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS 50.02.001 RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS 50.02.002 COMMERCIAL,INDUSTRIAL,MIXED USE ZONES 50.02.003 SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS 50.02.001 RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS 1. RESIDENTIAL-LOW DENSITY ZONES a. Districts The residential-low density zone districts are R-15,R-10,and R-7.5. b. Purpose To provide lands for single-family residential development with densities ranging from two to five dwelling units per gross acre,and to provide lands for middle housing development. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. RESIDENTIAL-MEDIUM DENSITY ZONES a. Districts The residential-medium density zone districts are R-6,R-5,and R-DD. b. Purpose i. R-5 To provide lands for single-and multi-family residential development with densities ranging from seven to eight dwelling units per gross acre,and to provide lands for middle housing development. ii. R-DD Zone (1) The purpose of the R-DD zone is to assure that both single-family homes and middle housing are protected from noise,light,glare and reduction in privacy to the maximum extent possible during the area's transition to higher density residential use,to facilitate good architectural design and site planning which maintains residential choices of unit size,cost and other amenities and supports the economic feasibility of new construction and development,and to assure protection and compatibility of all land uses,including commercial,residential,park,open space and historic sites. (2) The R-DD zone is intended for use in low density residential districts which are undergoing transition to increased densities,and which have scenic,historic,natural or residential features which should be preserved and integrated with new development. iii. R-6 Zone The FAN R-6 zone is intended to implement the land use policies of the First Addition Neighborhood Plan.The purpose of this zone is to ensure the design quality of proposed development in the neighborhood by: (1) Ensuring that proposed building designs are visually compatible with the character of existing structures,maintain adequate light and air between structures,and complement the neighborhood's architectural character. (2) Minimizing the visual impact of garages from the street,and to continue established alley uses and functions such as access to garages,off-street parking and trash removal. (3) Encouraging compatible and sensitive remodeling and renovation of existing residences. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 61/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS (4) Preserving the small-town character of the existing streetscape by allowing single-family and middle housing development that is human scale and pedestrian oriented. (5) Enhancing the natural environment of the neighborhood as one of the dominant characteristics. (6) Preserving FAN's historical and architectural character by encouraging infill development that is compatible in design character to landmark structures on abutting lots. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2612-A,Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced, 03/20/2012) 3. RESIDENTIAL-HIGH DENSITY ZONES a. Districts The residential-high density zone districts are R-3,R-2,R-0,and R-W. b. Purpose To provide lands for single-and multi-family residential development with densities of at least 12 dwelling units per gross acre,and to provide lands for middle housing development. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.02.002 COMMERCIAL,INDUSTRIAL,MIXED USE ZONES 1. PURPOSES a. Neighborhood Commercial(NC) To provide land near residential areas for lower intensity commercial activities that primarily serve the surrounding neighborhood,smaller public facility uses,and residential uses. [Cross-Reference:Uses in Mt.Park and Monroe/Boones Ferry neighborhood commercial areas,LOC 50.02.002.c.i and 50.02.002.c.ii have also been determined to implement the Neighborhood Commercial polices of the Comprehensive Plan.] b. General Commercial(GC) To provide lands for a mix of higher intensity commercial activities supplying a broad range of goods and services to a market area approximately equal to the planning area identified in the Comprehensive Plan,as well as residential,public facilities,and cultural uses. c. Highway Commercial(HC) To provide lands for commercial activities which meet the needs of the traveling public as well as other highway- oriented retail uses which require access to a market area larger than the general commercial zone.This zone is not intended for regional shopping centers. d. Mixed Commerce(MC) To provide for a mix of uses requiring highway access and which provide a strong visual identity.Intended uses include local and regional convention type facilities,office uses and supporting retail uses. e. Office Campus(OC) To provide lands for major concentrations of regionally-oriented offices and employment opportunities for a market area larger than the planning area. f. Campus Research and Development(CR&D) To provide a mix of clean,employee-intensive industries,offices and high-density housing with associated services and retail commercial uses in locations supportive of mass transit and the regional transportation network. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 62/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS g. East End General Commercial(EC) To implement Comprehensive Plan policies applicable to the Downtown Town Center and to provide land for a mix of higher intensity commercial,residential,and cultural uses and public facilities that support a traditional downtown commercial core. h. West Lake Grove Zones i. Districts The West Lake Grove zone districts are:Townhome Residential(WLG R-2.5),Residential Mixed Use(WLG RMU),and Office-Commercial(WLG OC). H. Purpose To provide zoning for townhome residential,commercial,and mixed-use development in the West Lake Grove District that accommodates lower intensity commercial,public facility and residential uses;and to provide a transition between the Lake Grove Village Center and adjacent residential neighborhoods.These districts are intended to supply services to a market area that is comprised of adjacent neighborhoods. i. Industrial Zone(I) The purpose of the industrial zone is to provide land where general industrial development can be located. j. Industrial Park Zone(IP) To provide lands where primarily light industrial and employment uses can occur in a campus-like setting under controls to make activities mutually compatible and also compatible with existing uses bordering the zone. k. Foothills Mixed Use(FMU) To foster a mix of housing,retail and office uses in a central location proximate to downtown and along the Willamette River.Commercial uses are allowed but are not intended to dominate the character of the area.Retail uses are limited in size to complement the downtown core and facilitate the development of neighborhood-focused retail served by transit.The design and development standards are intended to create a unique Lake Oswego community.The emphasis of the zone is on residentially related uses. The Foothills Mixed Use code provisions are intended to: i. Connect the FMU area with downtown,Tryon Creek,Old Town,the Willamette River and Oswego Lake; ii. Create a sustainable walkable neighborhood that possesses a thriving,active,and comfortable pedestrian environment; iii. Create visual interest through varied building heights that are urban in character,yet include detailed amenities at the ground floor that enhance the pedestrian environment; iv. Create high quality buildings,of long lasting materials,to promote the permanence of the community; v. Allow for a mix of residential uses,with urban density,and neighborhood scale retail and office development;and vi. Establish a standard of design that reinforces Lake Oswego's sense of place. (Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2599,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced, 03/20/2012) 2. SPECIFIC STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,AND INDUSTRIAL ZONES a. Standards Applicable in Commercial Zones The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 63/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS i. Residential Screening All business,service,repair,processing,and storage,or the display of merchandise on property abutting or adjacent to a residential zone shall be conducted wholly within an enclosed building unless screened from the residential zone by a buffer area by either constructing a fence at least six ft.high or the buffer area is planted to create year-round sight-obscuring landscaping that will reach six ft.high within two years from the date of planting.Driveway access is permitted through the buffer area. ii. Vehicle Rental or Sales Lots Motor vehicle,recreational vehicles,boat or trailer rental or sales lots shall be drained and surfaced with pavement except in those portions of the lot maintained as landscaped areas. in. Unified Site Plan All development in any commercial zone will be developed under a unified site plan.The site plan will identify circulation patterns and access points,method of provision of public services and general placement of lots and structures,general area and type of uses.Proposals with multiple ownerships shall include a written agreement of all owners that development of the site will occur pursuant to the site plan approved. b. Standards Applicable in Specific Zones i. MC and CR&D Zones (1) Access No direct access from a lot shall be allowed to Kruse Way or to Kruse Woods Drive. (2) Major Tree Removal Prohibited INo major trees(a tree with a trunk diameter of at least eight in.at 24 in.above grade)located within 30 ft. of the Kruse Way right-of-way may be removed for landscaping or development purposes under LOC 55.02.080... . Commented[JD36]:The community and the planning department would likely benefit from a resource that ii. OC Zone Development Plan and Schedule consolidates all tree removal regulations in one place.With other municipalities,Dudek's urban forestry team has Development of any site in the Office Campus zone requires an Overall Development Plan and Schedule, approached this in two ways: pursuant to LOC 50.07.006,showing the distribution of the proposed use(s),the general circulation pattern within all lots included in the site and general utility and drainage provisions.The site may be developed in 1.Include an"area-specific regulations"chapter within phases,based on the overall site plan. the tree code.Policy written here are intentionally redundant with tree regulations found elsewhere in the iii. Specific Standards in the Industrial and Industrial Park Zones municipal code. (1) Uses in the IP and I zones emitting noise,smoke,glare,vibration,or fumes,or having similar 2.Create a separate resource,such as a web page or environmental effects,shall mitigate for those effects such that their impacts on people,property and uses handout,that organizes all tree-related policies in one beyond the property lines of the subject site are avoided or minimized to the greatest extent practicable. place. (2) Accessory retail uses in IP sites within 200 ft.of residentially zoned property may be open from 8:00 a.m.to 10:00 p.m.Sunday through Thursday and 8:00 a.m.to 12:00 a.m.on Friday and Saturday. iv. Marijuana Facilities [Editor's Note:Ord.2689 bans all marijuana facilities in the City,and the voters approved continuation of the ban on Nov.8, 2016.] Marijuana production,processing,wholesale,laboratory/testing,and retail(includes medical dispensary) facilities shall comply with the following standards: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 64/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS (1) The facility shall be licensed by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission(OLCC)or Oregon Health Authority(OHA)as applicable; (2) The operator and owner of the facility shall comply with the OLCC licensee prohibitions(OAR 845- 025-1300),security regulations(OAR 845-025-1400 through 845-025-1470),health and safety regulations (OAR 845-025-1600 through 845-025-1620),transportation and delivery(OAR 845-025-7700),waste management(OAR 845-025-7750),responsibility of licensee,responsibility for conduct of others(OAR 845-025-8500),and prohibited conduct(OAR 845-025-8520),and the following specific marijuana facility requirements applicable to the type of facility: (a) Producers:OAR 845-025-2000 through 845-025-2080. (b) Retailers:OAR 845-025-2800 through 845-025-2880. (c) Processors:OAR 845-025-3200 through 845-025-3230,845-025-3250 through 845-025-3290. (d) Testing laboratories:OAR 845-025-5060 through 845-025-5075; (3) Production,processing,and wholesale are limited to the Industrial(I)zone,and laboratory/testing facilities are limited to the I and IP zones; (4) Marijuana retail is prohibited in the NC,CR&D,and OC zones,and shall not be located within: (a) One thousand five hundred ft.from a lot containing a public elementary or secondary school for which attendance is compulsory under ORS 339.020;or a lot containing a private elementary or secondary school teaching children as described in ORS 339.030(1)(a); (b) One thousand five hundred ft.from a lot containing a public recreation facility(athletic field, court,gym,swim pool,Oswego Lake swim park,etc.),public playground,public library or public community center;or (c) Five hundred ft.from a lot containing a day care facility or preschool licensed by the Oregon Department of Education,Early Learning Division,Office of Child Care; (5) A marijuana retail use shall not be located within 1,000 ft.from another marijuana retail use; (6) For purposes of compliance with the siting standards of subsection 2.b.iv(4)of this section,distance shall be measured from the lot line of the affected property(e.g.,a school)to the closest lot line of the lot occupied by the marijuana retail use; (7) Marijuana facilities shall be fully enclosed in a building and not have a walk-up window or drive- thru window service; (8) Marijuana retail facilities shall receive marijuana only through a limited access area that is physically separated from any area where the general public is permitted; (9) Marijuana retail facilities shall contain a designated area where customers and other visitors enter and are checked in,which shall be separated from any space where marijuana is displayed or sold by a secondary wall and door; (10) A development permit for a marijuana production facility shall not be granted where water, wastewater,or transportation facilities are not adequate,and cannot be made adequate through mitigation, to serve the facility; (11) Light emitted by grow lights used in production facilities shall not be visible outside the facility; (12) Marijuana facilities shall be equipped with an air filtration system designed by a mechanical engineer licensed in the state of Oregon that meets the following standards: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 65/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS (a) Air leaving the building through an exhaust vent shall first pass through an activated carbon filtration system,consisting of one or more fans and activated carbon filters; (b) At a minimum,the fan(s)shall be sized for cubic feet per minute(CFM)equivalent to the volume of the building(length multiplied by width multiplied by height)divided by three.The filter(s)shall be rated for the applicable CFM; (c) The filtration system shall be maintained in working order and shall be in use at all times.The filters shall be changed a minimum of once every 365 days or as specified by the manufacturer; (d) Maintains negative air pressure inside the building; (e) The engineer shall stamp the design and certify that it complies with this subsection 2.b.iv(12); Exception:An alternative odor control system is permitted if the applicant submits a stamped design and report by a mechanical engineer licensed in the state of Oregon demonstrating that the alternative system will control odor as well or better than the activated carbon filtration system otherwise required; (13) All doors and windows to the marijuana facility shall remain closed,except doors may be open for the minimum length of time needed for ingress to and egress from the facility; (14) Security cameras shall be directed to record only the subject property,except as required to comply with licensing requirements of the OLCC or registration requirements of the OHA as applicable; (15) Marijuana waste shall be stored in a secured waste receptacle in the possession of and under the control of the OLCC licensee or OHA registrant,as applicable,and disposed of in compliance with state requirements and City regulations; (16) A marijuana retailer may only sell to consumers between the hours of 10:00 a.m.and 9:00 p.m.and may only permit consumers to be present in the building space occupied by the marijuana retailer between the hours of 10:00 a.m.and 9:00 p.m.; (17) Marijuana retailers and wholesalers shall maintain a safe drop-box for storage of cash receipts.For purposes of this subsection,a safe drop-box is a receptacle for cash that locks and is affixed to the building. c. Standards Applicable to Specific Locations i. Mountain Park Town Center Site A maximum of 40,000 sq.ft.of retail and service use building area is allowed on the 32-acre site for the uses. The building height limitation is 45 ft.and lot coverage is 50%.There are no floor area ratio(FAR) requirements.The uses allowed are those allowed in the NC zone plus the following:adjustments and collection agencies;advertising agencies(including commercial artists);credit agencies;duplicating, addressing,blueprinting,photocopying,mailing and stenographic services;employment agencies;office equipment rental and repair,equipment service and repair places(appliance,small engine);services to building (cleaning,exterminating);financial and banking(no more than 3,500 sq.ft.);regional offices,corporate headquarters;offices of all types of service and membership organizations.A maximum of 492 dwelling units are permitted at a density equal to that allowed in the R-0 zone.A maximum of 3.55 acres on the site will be allowed for church parking facilities.The requirements of the R-0 zone apply to the residential use. ii. Monroe/Boones Ferry Site A maximum of 131,535 sq.ft.of retail,service uses and office uses is allowed on the 13-acre site.Retail uses shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft.The uses allowed are those allowed in the NC zone,plus the retail,service and office uses listed in subsection 2.c.i of this section,and a totally enclosed veterinarian facility.Building height limitation is 45 ft.,lot coverage is 50%.There are no floor area ratio(FAR)requirements. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 66/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS I-5/Kruse Way Highway Commercial Site A maximum of 20 acres of the 35-acre site may be developed.A minimum of 15 acres of the site,including stream corridors and associated wetlands,shall be retained as open space.As a part of the development process, floor area maximums shall be placed upon the development.The site shall be developed by methods that ensure that the traffic generated by the 35-acre site will not exceed the capacity of the intersection of the site with Kruse Way.The City Manager may require traffic management plans in conjunction with any development request for this site in order to preserve the capacity of Kruse Way. The maximum building height on the site is 75 ft.with the overall average building height on the 35-acre site not to exceed 60 ft.Buildings which exceed 60 ft.in height shall be located no closer than 120 ft.to the boundary of the site.The boundary of the site is defined as the centerline of Kruse Oaks Boulevard on the east, the Kruse Way right-of-way boundary on the south,the State of Oregon right-of-way boundary on the west and the centerline of Ball Creek on the north.The traffic management provisions of subsection 2.d of this section apply to this site. iv. Kruse Way/Carman Drive Site The site consists of properties located at 4403 Kruse Way and 4580 Carman Drive located northeast of the intersection of Kruse Way and Carman Drive(Tax Lots 4900 and 5500 of Tax Map 21E08BB). (1) An irrevocable,executed,recordable joint access easement for the benefit of the site consistent with the conceptual site plan in LU 17-0070,Exhibit E-011 shall be submitted with any development application for either property. (2) The combined uses of the site are limited to the p.m.peak hour trip generation of 98 trips,as stated in the traffic impact study submitted in LU 17-0070,Exhibit F-005. (3) A traffic impact study shall be submitted with any development application for the site,documenting existing p.m.peak hour traffic exiting the site and identifying traffic management measures consistent with LOC 50.02.002.2.d,to ensure the functioning of Kruse Way and the adjacent street intersections do not exceed Service Level"E"during the p.m.peak hour. (4) The maximum building height on the site is 45 feet. [Editor's Note:4580 Carman Dr.(NE corner of Kruse Way and Carman Dr.)—see use,GFA,height,and access limitations per Ord.2466.] [Cross-References:In EC zone,see also Downtown Redevelopment District Design,LOC 50.05.004;Height Limitation:see also LOC 50.06.001.5.b.] v. Marylhurst Campus Subarea I The uses in Subarea I(as shown on the Marylhurst Campus Map in LOC 50.11.006:Appendix F)are limited to those that collectively generate 327 or fewer trips during the a.m.weekday peak hour and 351 or fewer trips during the weekday p.m.peak hour per the traffic memo submitted in LU 20-0016,Exhibit F-002. d. Traffic Management Requirements for Specific Locations The following traffic management requirements apply to all uses in the CR&D,MC,OC,GC and HC zones located in the Kruse Way Corridor(the area north of Bonita Road,south of Melrose-Carman,west of Boones Ferry Road and east of I-5,including the S.W.Quadrant of the Kruse Way/Boones Ferry intersection and the property located between Kruse Way and Galewood Drive). i. It is the purpose of these transportation management provisions to require that traffic generation limitations will be placed on all development in order to assure the functioning of Kruse Way and the adjacent street system within Service Level"E"at p.m.peaks. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 67/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS ii. A Traffic Management Program(TMP)shall be submitted with each initial or revised development application.The program may include,but is not limited to,the following TM mechanisms:physical site controls on existing traffic,p.m.peak hour exiting traffic limitations,traffic monitoring,restrictions on the number of parking spaces,flextime,staggered working hours,transit ridership programs,car and van pools, and similar ride share programs. iii. At the time of review of any phase of a development,the developer will provide information from a registered traffic engineer on the then current p.m.peak service level status and volume to capacity ratio of the intersections affected by the development,and also provide information on the p.m.peak traffic that will be generated by the proposed phase of the development and the total development constructed to date. iv. Owners and employers shall be encouraged to implement TMP's at time of approval.However,when the traffic at an affected intersection consistently exceeds"C"level of service,the TMP must be implemented. v. A Traffic Management Plan Task Force will be formed,including a representative of each major complex within the Kruse Way Corridor,employers of more than 50 employees,major landowners,representatives of the City,Tri-Met and any other person identified by the City.The task force will have authority to review TMP's of members and recommend TM when appropriate. vi. Notwithstanding the traffic management achievements reached by implementation of the provisions of subsections 2.d.i through 2.d.v of this section,as development increases along the Corridor and the traffic flow on the street system,the City may assert its authority to regulate the use of land to assure all affected property owners,as well as through traffic,are allowed their appropriate share of the traffic capacity. vii. Necessary measures will be taken to assure a functioning traffic system at Service Level"E"or better and may include,but are not limited to: (1) Green time regulation to facilitate through traffic; (2) Access fees;or (3) Fines related to access volumes exceeding allocations. e. Effect of Multiple Zone Designations If a lot has been designated with both a commercial zone and a residential zone,e.g.,R-0/EC,the requirements of residential density and FAR relating to the designated residential zone shall apply for residential uses on the lot;the commercial zone requirements shall be applied for all other purposes. (Ord.2855,Amended,12/15/2020;Ord.2829,Amended,11/19/2019;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2713, Amended,09/20/2016;Ord.2612-A,Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579, Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.02.003 SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS 1. CAMPUS INSTITUTIONAL ZONE a. Purpose The purpose of the CI zone is to provide zoning regulations for the Marylhurst Campus in order to provide land where permitted or conditional uses can be provided for in a unified campus setting. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 68/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS Figure 50.02.003-A:MARYLHURST CAMPUS • • • ' OS F�1S Marylhurst Campus I.....d IAaMhusi Dour& *• 1.4111cr.o • b. Site Development Limitations i. Required yards are those needed to maintain the appearance and character of the Marylhurst Campus. Exception:No yard setback is required for residential development,except that residential buildings shall be set back from the common line of abutting residentially zoned lots a distance equal to the height of the proposed residential building. ii. There is no minimum lot area or dimensions. iii. Maximum height of a structure is 45 ft. c. Special Requirements The approved plan for the Marylhurst Campus Institutional Area is contained in LOC 50.11.006:Appendix F.The land use designations and conditions of that portion of the plan are by this reference made a part of this Code and are conditions and limitations of the zone. Exception:Multifamily residential development shall be exempt from the requirements of LOC 50.11.006: Appendix F. (Ord.2855,Amended,12/15/2020;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 69/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS 2. PUBLIC FUNCTIONS ZONE a. Purpose The Public Functions(PF)zone is intended to specify appropriate land uses and development standards for public uses,such as government services,education,and similar activities. b. Site Development Limitations i. Setbacks The following setbacks shall be required for the construction of any structure in this zone: (1) The setback of any respective yard(front,side,street side,or rear)shall be equal to the minimum required yard for the property adjacent to the respective yard's lot line,except as provided below. (2) In cases where the PF-zoned property is adjacent to properties with two or more different yard requirements,the required setback for the yard adjacent to the properties with the two or more different yard requirements shall be equal to the average of the minimum yards required for the two or more adjacent properties. (3) Additional setback requirements for any yard may be established through the conditional use permit process for any development that is subject to conditional use approval,pursuant to LOC 50.07.005, Conditional Use Permits. ii. Height of Structure Except as otherwise permitted by LOC 50.04.003.4,General Exception to Structure Height Limitations,the maximum height of any portion of a structure shall be the greater of: (1) 35 ft.,or (2) A height as determined by the ratio of one ft.in height for every three and one-half ft.of distance from the portion of the structure to the lot line of the nearest residentially zoned property,to a maximum height of 75 ft. iii. Lot Coverage The maximum lot coverage shall not exceed 50%,except: (1) Lot coverage shall not exceed 35%if the lot abuts residentially zoned properties on two or more sides; (2) Lot coverage shall not exceed 30%for a school,including a mixed use development with a school as a component. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. PARK AND NATURAL AREA ZONE a. Purpose The purposes of the Park and Natural Area(PNA)zone are to: i. Protect,preserve,conserve and enhance natural areas,greenways and parks; ii. Permit a wide range of passive and active recreational uses,and accessory uses,on property for the future use and enjoyment of the City and its residents; iii. Implement Statewide Planning Goal 8,Recreational Needs;and The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 70/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS iv. Establish a master plan process for park planning and development. b. Master Plans A master plan,including master plan modifications,may be used by the park/natural area provider to plan for uses on PNA-zoned land,to provide for a coordinated plan that considers community needs,infrastructure and land use. PNA master plans are created pursuant to LOC 50.07.004.6,Parks and Natural Areas Master Plan.A master plan is a plan that is: i. Established by a park/natural area provider and the hearing body authorized to adopt the master plan,at the time of adoption or thereafter,found that it met the following requirements described in this section: (1) The minimum master plan element requirements; (2) The procedural requirements; (3) The master plan criteria requirements;and (4) If a modification of a master plan,the master plan modification requirements. ii. Established by a park/natural area provider and the City Manager found that it was a minor modification of a master plan and complied with the requirements of LOC 50.07.004.6.e,Master Plan Modification,or iii. One of the following master plans adopted before December 12,2006: (1) Canal Area Master Plan; (2) Luscher Farm Master Plan; (3) George Rogers Park Master Plan;and (4) Lake Oswego Trails and Pathways Master Plan. c. Site Development Limitations i. Setbacks The following setbacks shall apply: (1) Except as provided below,the setback of any respective yard(front,side,street side,or rear)shall be equal to the minimum required yard for the property adjacent to the respective yard's lot line. (2) In cases where PNA-zoned property is adjacent to properties with two or more different yard requirements,the required setback for the yard adjacent to the properties with the two or more different yard requirements shall be equal to the average of the minimum yards required for the two or more abutting properties. (3) Setback requirements for any yard may be modified by the master plan. ii. Lot Coverage The maximum lot coverage shall not exceed 35%or as established by the master plan. iii. Height of Structure Except as otherwise permitted by LOC 50.04.003.4,General Exception to Structure Height Limitations,the maximum height of any portion of a structure shall be the greater of: (1) 35 ft.,or The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 71/669 LOC 50.02:BASE ZONING DISTRICTS (2) A height as determined by the ratio of one ft.in height for every three and one-half ft.of distance from the portion of the structure to the lot line of the nearest residentially zoned property,to a maximum height of 75 ft.[Height=Setback from Residential Zone/3.5]. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 72/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Revised 4/23 50.03.001 INTRODUCTION TO THE USE TABLE 50.03.002 USE TABLE Revised 4/23 50.03.003 USE-SPECIFIC STANDARDS Revised 4/23 50.03.004 ACCESSORY STRUCTURES AND USES Revised 4/23 50.03.005 TEMPORARY STRUCTURES AND USES 50.03.001 INTRODUCTION TO THE USE TABLE 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE USE TABLE Tables 50.03.002-1,Residential Districts Use Table,and 50.03.002-2,Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial,and Special Purpose Districts Use Table,list land uses and indicate whether they are allowed by right or with a conditional use permit,or prohibited in each base zone district.The use table also includes references to any additional regulations applicable to that use. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.03.002 USE TABLE Revised 4/23 1. HOW TO USE a. Permitted Uses A"P"in a cell of a use table indicates that the land use is allowed by right in that base or overlay zone,subject to compliance with the use-specific standards referenced in the final column of the use table.Permitted uses are subject to all other applicable requirements of this Code,including those set forth in LOC 50.06,Development Standards. Uses accessory to a permitted use are allowed regardless of whether they are listed separately in the use table. b. Conditional Uses A"C"in a cell of a use table indicates that the land use is allowed in that base or overlay zone only upon approval of a conditional use permit as described in LOC 50.07.005,Conditional Use Permits,including the specific conditions listed in LOC 50.07.005.3,and compliance with any use-specific standards referenced in the use table.Uses subject to a conditional use permit are subject to all other applicable requirements of this Code,including those set forth in LOC 50.06,Development Standards.Uses accessory to a conditional use are allowed regardless of whether they are listed separately in the use table. c. Accessory Uses An"A"in a cell of a use table indicates that the land use is expressly allowed in that base or overlay zone as an accessory use to a permitted use or an approved conditional use.In addition to those expressly listed,all uses that are secondary and subordinate to a permitted or approved conditional use,and are frequently found in connection with that permitted or approved conditional use,are allowed as accessory uses.A use is"accessory,"when the use is (i)generally accepted as accessory to a primary use based on state of the industry,(ii)the accessory use is secondary to the primary use,(iii)the impacts of the accessory use do not significantly alter the impacts of the primary use (e.g.,traffic volume),and(iv)the accessory use is not the same size or scale as would be found for a primary use elsewhere. d. Prohibited Uses A blank cell in a use table indicates that the land use is prohibited in that base or overlay zone district. e. Overlay Districts Provisions Govern When a property is located within the boundaries of an overlay district,the use table provisions for that overlay district prevail over those in the base zone district.For example,if a use is prohibited in the base zone district where The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 73/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS the property is located,but is a permitted use in an overlay district applicable to the same property,then the use is allowed on that property.On the other hand,if a use is listed as a permitted use in the base zone district but is listed as a conditional use in an overlay zone district applicable to the same property,then the use is a conditional use for that property.Where a property is located in more than one overlay district,then the most restrictive use provision in those overlay zone districts shall apply to the property. f. Use-Specific Standards and Table Notes There may be additional standards that apply to specific permitted or conditional uses.Those additional standards are either identified in a note at the end of the table or cross-referenced under the"use specific standards"column in the use table.The cross-referenced standards appear in LOC 50.03.003,Use-Specific Standards,immediately following the use table. g. Authorization for Similar Uses The City Manager may authorize that a use not specifically named in the permitted,conditional or prohibited uses of a district be included among the allowed uses,if the use 1)is similar to and of the same general type as the uses specifically allowed;2)is consistent with the Comprehensive Plan;and 3)has similar intensity,density,off-site impacts and impacts on community facilities as uses permitted in the zone.However,the City Manager may not authorize a use already specifically permitted in any other zoning district.A person disagreeing with the City Manager's decision may appeal that decision to the Planning Commission pursuant to LOC 50.07.003.7.b,Appeal of Minor Development Decision. (Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. RESIDENTIAL USE TABLE Revised 4/23 TABLE 50.03.002-1:RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS USE TABLE P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Residential Use Category Use Type Use-Specific R-15 R-10 R-7.5 R-6 R-5 R-DD R-W R-3 R-2 R-0 Standards [31 [3]141 RESIDENTIAL USES Dwelling,single- PP P P P P P[1] P P P family detached dwelling(one per lot) Dwelling,duplex P P P P P PPP P P (one per lot) Townhouse project P P P P P PPP P P 50.03.003.1.e Cottage cluster(one P P P P P PPP P P 50.03.003.1.d Household per lot) Living Dwelling,multi- P P P P family Dwelling,quadplex P P P P P PPP P P Dwelling,triplex P P P P P PPP P P Manufactured home P P P P P P P P P P 50.03.003.1.6 (one per lot) Manufactured home P P I' 50.03.003.1.c park or subdivision The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 74/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-1:RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS USE TABLE P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Residential Use Category Use Type Use-Specific R-15 R-10 R-7.5 R-6 R-5 R-DD R-W R--� R-2 [R-f4l Standards Congregate housing C C C P P P P 50.03.003.4.aand b; R-2 zone: 50.03.003.3 Group care home P P P P P P P P P Group and Institutional Residential care C C C P P P P 50.03.003.4.aand Housing housing b; R-2 zone: 50.03.003.3 Skilled nursing C C C C C 50.03.003.4.c; facility R-2 zone: 50.03.003.3 PUBLIC,INSTITUTIONAL, 50.03.003.5 AND CIVIC USES Day Care Certified or P P P P P P P P P P registered family child care home Day care center C C C C C C C C C 50.03.003.5 Institutional Institutional use C C C C C C C C C 50.03.003.5; Uses R-2 and R-6 zones: 50.03.003.3 Education Educational C C C C C C C C C 50.03.003.5 institutions,private Major C C C C C C C C C 50.03.003.5.c; R-2 and R-6 zones: 50.03.003.3 Minor P P P P P P P P P P 50.03.003.5.6 Public Facility/Utility Telecommunications C C C C C C C C C 50.03.003.5.g; facilities,new R-2 and R-6 zones: 50.03.003.3 Telecommunications P P P P P P P P P 50.03.003.5.g facility,collocated NONRESIDENTIAL USES Community garden P/C P/C P/C P/C P/C P/C 50.03.003.6.j;R- Agricultural 6 zone: 50.03.003.3 Office,business,or C C C C C C C C C 50.03.003.6.p; Office Uses professional R-2 and R-6 zones: 50.03.003.3 Recreation Golf course,hunt C C C C R-6 zone: and club,or similar open 50.03.003.3 Entertainment land private recreational uses The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 75/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-1:RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS USE TABLE P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Residential Use Category Use Type Use-Specific R-15 R-10 R-7.5 R-6 R-5 R-DD R-W R--� R-2 [R-f4] Standards Social,recreational, P/C P/C P/C P/C 50.03.003.6.y; or cultural facilities, R-2 zone: nonprofit 50.03.003.3 ACCESSORY USES Community garden A A A A A A A A A A 50.03.003.6.j Home occupation A A A A A A A A A A 50.03.004.1.b.ii Short-term rental A A A A A A A A A A 50.03.004.1.b.ii lodging Accessory Large animals kept A A 50.03.004.1.b.iii Uses for owner's personal use Small animals kept A A A A A A A A A A for owner's personal use[2] Accessory dwelling A A A A A A A A A 50.03.004.1.b.vi unit [1]Erected on pilings over the water of Oswego Lake. [2]No commercial activity allowed. Notes: [3]If lot has multiple zones,e.g.,R-0/EC,see LOC 50.02.002.2.e. [4]Site-specific use limitations,see LOC 50.02.002.2.c. (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2815,Amended,07/16/2019;Ord.2784,Amended,07/03/2018;Ord. 2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2668,Amended,12/01/2015;Ord.2667,Amended,10/20/2015;Ord.2643,Amended,11/04/2014;Ord.2526, Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL,AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TABLERevised 4/23 0 TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TABLE P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose Use Category Use Type H O WLG[4] FM p Use-Specific C EC CR& M U IP C F PN Standards [8], GC [91 181 [8] D C OC RM [4], I PI I [3 A [9] U [7] RESIDENTIAL USES The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 76/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TAB P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose N p Use Category Use Type H 0 WLG[4] FM Use-SpecificStandards C GC C C EC CR& M R U I IP C F PN [S], [9] [Sl [S] D C OC RM 2. [4], [5] I [3 A [91 U 5 [7] 1 Residential use at P P PPP P P P[1] P P P WLG zones: R-5 density or [10 [11 [2] 50.03.003.1.a; greater ] ] NC,GC,EC Household and CI zones: Living 50.03.003.2 Dwelling,live- P P PPP P P work [10 1 Congregate C C C P P 50.03.003.4.a housing [10 1 Continuing care P retirement community Group and (CCRC) Institutional Housing Group care home P P Residential care C C C P P P 50.03.003.4.a housing [10 1 Skilled nursing P P facility PUBLIC,INSTITUTIONAL,AND 50.03.003.5 CIVIC USES Cemetery C Community garden P/ P/C 50.03.003.6.j Community and C [10 Cultural Facility 1 Institutional Use P PPP P P P [5] P 50.03.003.5.a [10 1 Day care centers P P PPP P P P P 50.03.003.5.f Day Care Certified or PPPPP P PP P P P PP registered family child care home Education Educational C P P P P P 50.03.003.5.f institutions,private Ambulance P P P P P services Health Care Hospitals P P Facilities []0 1 Medical and dental P P PPP P P P P P P P 50.03.003.6.n clinic or laboratory The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 77/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TAB P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose N p Use Category Use Type H 0 WLG[4] FM Use-SpecificStandards C GC C C EC CR& M R U I IP C F PN [S], 191 [Sl [S] D C OC RM 2. [4], [5] I [3 A 191 U 5 [7] Major C P PPP P P C C C P P PCC P/C 50.03.003.5.c, 50.03.003.5.d Minor PPPPP P PP P P P PPPPP 50.03.003.5.b, Public 50.03.003.5.d Facilities/Utilitie Telecommunicatio C C C C C 50.03.003.5.g ns facilities,new Telecommunicatio P P PPP P P P P P P P PPP P 50.03.003.5.g ns facilities, collocated COMMERCIAL USES [6] 50.03.003.6 Agriculture P P 50.03.003.6.b Agricultural Farm stand P P P 50.03.004.1.b. Equestrian facility C Kennel C C Animal and Pet day care C P/C P/ C P/ C C P/C P/ P/ 50.03.003.6.s Related Services C C C C [5] Veterinary clinic P/C P/ P/C P/ P/ 50.03.003.6.z C C C Bakery PPPPP P P P P P 50.03.003.6.g Bar P P P P P 50.03.003.6.h [10 1 Food markets< P P P P P P Food and 25,000 sq.ft.gross Beverage floor area Services Food markets P/C P P P P/C 50.03.003.6.1 25,000 sq.ft.gross floor area or more Restaurant P P/C PPP P P P P 50.03.003.6.0 [10 Lodging Hotels or motels P P P P P Facilities []0 Office,business or P P PPP P P P P P P P P 50.03.003.6.p Business or professional Professional Research and P P Services development laboratories The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 78/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TAB P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose N p Use Category Use Type H 0 WLG[4] FM Use-SpecificStandards C GC C C EC CR& M R U I IP C F PN [8], [91 [81 [8] D C OC RM 2. [4], [5] I [3 A 191 U 5 [7] 1 Commercial C P PPP P P P P P 50.03.003.5.f education Crematorium P P Mortuary P/C P/ 50.03.003.6.o Commercial [10 C Services Personal services P P PPP P P P P [5] P WLG OC and CI zones: 50.03.003.6.r Repair,rental,and P P PPP P P P P P 50.03.003.6.t service Arcade gaming P/ P P P 50.03.003.6.c C Recreation and Commercial P PPP P P P P C Entertainment recreational facility [10 [5] <5,000 sq.ft.gross floor area Commercial P C P C C C P C recreational facility [10 >5,000 sq.ft.and ] <20,000 sq.ft. gross floor area Commercial P C recreational facility [10 >20,000 sq.ft. gross floor area Fitness and P P PPP P P P P exercise facilities, Recreation and <5,000 sq.ft.gross Entertainment floor area (continued) Fitness and C P CCC P P C P exercise facilities, >5,000 sq.ft.and <20,000 sq.ft. gross floor area Fitness and P C C C P C exercise facilities, >20,000 sq.ft. gross floor area Theaters,indoor P P P P P [10 1 Retail Sales Retail<10,000 sq. P P PPP P P P P C 50.03.003.6.v ft.gross floor area [5] The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 79/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TAB P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose N WLG[4] FM p Use-Specific Use Category Use Type H 0 GC C C EC CR& M R U I IP C F PN Standards [8], 191 [Sl [S] D C OC RM 2. [4], [5] I [3 A [91 U 5 [7] 1 Retail>10,000 and P P P P P P C 50.03.003.6.w <20,000 sq.ft. [5] gross floor area Retail>20,000 sq. P/C P P P [5] 50.03.003.6.x ft.gross floor area Auto and light P PPP P P P 50.03.003.6.d vehicle rental [10 Auto and light P P P P 50.03.003.6.e vehicle sales [10 Auto service C P/C P P P P 50.03.003.6.f station and light [10 vehicle repair ] Boat sales and boat P P repair Vehicle and Car wash C P C P 50.03.003.6.i Equipment Sales [t0 and Services ] Heavy vehicle P 50.03.003.6.m repair Parking facilities, C P P P P P 50.03.003.6.q off-street [10 1 Towing service and P tow yard Truck and trailer P P rental and sales of accessories INDUSTRIAL/MANUFACTURIN 50.03.003.7 G USES Dry cleaning or P P 50.03.003.7.b laundry plant General storage P P Industrial Lumber yards P Service and Storage Nursery stock P production and wholesale Wholesale P P distribution Manufacturing Light C C P C P P 50.03.003.7.a manufacturing The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 80/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TAB P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose N p Use Category Use Type H 0 WLG[4] FM Use-SpecificStandards C GC C C EC CR& M R U I IP C F PN [8], [91 181 [8] D C OC RM 2. [4] [5] I [3 A [91 U 5 [7] Heavy P 50.03.003.7.a manufacturing Storage Self-storage facility P Railroad facilities P Transportation Transportation P C depot General ACCESSORY USES standards: 50.03.004.1.a Community garden A A A A A A A A A 50.03.003.6.j Dwelling,caretaker A A or watchperson Farm stand A A A A A A 50.03.004.1.b. Food services A Accessory Uses concessions Minor park A improvements Retail A A A A A A A A A A A 50.03.004.1.b. Restaurant A 50.03.004.1.6. iv TEMPORARY USES Temporary private C Temporary Uses uses of public properties [1]At a net site density of 2,500 sq.ft./lot area per unit area allowed in conjunction with office uses in the same building. [2]Attached townhomes only. [3]Wholly conducted within an enclosed structure. [4]No drive-through businesses are allowed in the West Lake Grove Design District or FMU zone. [5]In the portion of the IP zone depicted on Figure 50.03.003-B,additional permitted uses are: institutional use,personal services,commercial recreational facility<5,000 sq.ft.gross floor area,and retail<35,000 sq.ft.gross floor area subject to use-specific limitations in LOC 50.03.003.6.Additional conditional uses are:pet day care partially conducted outside during daytime hours. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 81/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.002-2:COMMERCIAL,MIXED USE,INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICTS USE TAB P=Permitted Use I Blank=Not Permitted I C=Conditional Use I A=Accessory Use [x]Table notes located at the end of the table Commercial,Mixed Use,Industrial Special Purpose N WLG[4] FM p Use-Specific Use Category Use Type H 0 GC C C EC CR& M R U I IP C F PN Standards [8], [91 [81 [8] D C OC RM 2. [4], [5] I [3 A [91 U 5 [7] 1 [6]Outright permitted use if the gross floor area and exterior display area are 5,000 sq.ft.or less; conditional use if the gross floor area and exterior display are more than 5,000 sq.ft. [7]FMU uses allowed only if the primary building on site was constructed after January 17, 2013. [8]If lot has multiple zones,e.g.,R-0/EC,see LOC 50.02.002.2.e. [9]Site-specific use limitations,see LOC 50.02.002.2.c. [10]In the GC-zoned area in the vicinity of Jean Way and Boones Ferry Road,as depicted on Figure 50.03.003-C,the following uses are not permitted:residential,congregate housing, community institution,residential care housing,community garden,hospitals,mortuaries,bars, drive-through restaurants,hotels,commercial recreational facilities,theaters,auto and light vehicle rental and sales,auto service station,car wash,and parking facilities(primary use). Editor's note:Italicized text is added for reader's convenience.It will be proposed for adoption in a future code update. [11]Limited to multifamily residences in the vicinity of Boones Ferry Road and West Sunset Drive,as depicted on Figure 50.03.003-A.1. (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2872,Amended,10/05/2021;Ord.2855,Amended,12/15/2020;Ord.2853,Amended,11/03/2020;Ord. 2783,Amended,06/19/2018;Ord.2736,Amended,03/07/2017;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2707,Amended,05/17/2016;Ord.2668, Amended,12/01/2015;Ord.2643,Amended,11/04/2014;Ord.2639,Amended,06/03/2014;Ord.2612-B,Amended,08/13/2013;Ord.2612-A, Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2611,Amended,04/16/2013;Ord.2599,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2583, Amended,06/19/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.03.003 USE-SPECIFIC STANDARDS Revised 4/23 1. RESIDENTIAL—PERMITTED USES ,,` t� a. Attached,Residential Townhome Uses in West Lake Grove i. Subject to the following conditions,in addition to the other provisions of this Code: (1) The minimum net density area for attached townhome housing is 2,500 sq.ft./lot area per unit. (2) The minimum required lot width shall be 17 ft.The maximum lot coverage shall be 60%,excluding parking. (3) Each unit of attached townhome housing shall be constructed on a separate lot. ii. Within the WLG AMU zone: (1) Attached townhomes are allowed solely or in conjunction with office uses in the same building. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 82/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (2) When a combination of office-commercial and attached townhome residential uses are proposed together on the same site and in separate buildings,the commercial structure(s)shall front on Boones Ferry Road.Residential buildings shall occupy the rear portion of the parcel which is most proximate to the surrounding residential zoning districts. Hi. Within the WLG R-2.5 zone: (1) The use is"Attached for-sale residential townhomes." (2) When subdivisions are proposed in the WLG R-2.5 zone,a minimum density of 80%of the maximum allowed by the zone is required.For purposes of this subsection,the number of lots required shall be determined by dividing the net developable area by the minimum lot size per unit required in the underlying zone,and multiplying this number by 0.8.The result shall be rounded up for any product with a fraction of 0.5 or greater and rounded down for any product with a fraction of less than 0.5.The requirements of this subsection are subject to the exceptions contained in LOC 50.04.003.10,Exceptions to the Minimum Density Requirement for All Zones. b. Manufactured Homes i. General Provisions (1) Manufactured Homes Permitted on Individual Lots and Parcels Manufactured homes are permitted on individual lots or parcels in all residential zones as permitted in Table 50.03.002-1:Residential Districts Use Table,in accordance with the placement standards below and all other provisions of this Code which apply to conventionally built dwellings. (2) Deed Covenants or Restrictions Nothing in these provisions shall be interpreted as superseding deed covenants or restrictions. (3) Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards(HUD Code) Title VI of the 1974 Housing and Community Development Act(42 USC 5401 et seq.)as amended and rules and regulations adopted thereunder;and including information supplied by the manufacturer which has been stamped and approved pursuant to HUD Rules by a"Design Approval Primary Inspection Authority";and regulations and interpretations of the Act by the Oregon Department of Commerce;all of which became effective for mobile/manufactured home construction on June 15,1976,shall be utilized as the minimum construction standard of the City of Lake Oswego to which all manufactured home placements shall comply except as provided otherwise by this section. (4) State Standards Where standards for manufactured home construction and placement are established by state law or Department of Commerce Administrative Rules,such requirements shall apply in addition to those of this section. (5) Terms and Definitions For purposes of this section only,the definitions of terms used herein and not defined in this Code shall be as defined in ORS Chapter 446 or OAR Chapter 918,Div.500 as amended. ii. Manufactured Home Placement Standards(Individual Lots) (1) The manufactured home shall be multi-sectional and enclose a space of not less than 1,000 sq.ft. (2) Bear an insignia of compliance with the Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Code and be: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 83/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (a) A new or not previously occupied unit;or (b) Be found upon inspection to be in excellent condition and free of structural,electrical, mechanical,and plumbing defects,any of which must be corrected prior to placement. (3) Transportation mechanisms including wheels,axles and hitch must be removed.The manufactured home shall be placed on an excavated and back-filled foundation and enclosed at the perimeter such that the finished floor elevation of the manufactured home is located not more than 12 in.above grade.The perimeter enclosure shall be a nonreflective material and give the outward appearance of a concrete,stone or masonry foundation.This material shall be of weather resistant,noncombustible or self extinguishing materials.The materials below grade and for a distance of six in.above finish grade shall be resistant to decay or oxidation. All load bearing foundations,supports,and enclosures shall be installed in conformance with the Oregon Department of Commerce regulations(OAR,Chapter 814,Division 23)and with the manufacturer's installation specifications. (4) Have utilities connected in accordance with City of Lake Oswego and Oregon Department of Commerce requirements and manufacturer's specifications. (5) The manufactured home shall have a pitched roof at a minimum of three ft.in height for each 12 ft. in width.Eaves must extend at least one ft.from the intersection of the roof and the exterior walls. (6) The manufactured home shall have exterior siding and roofing which is similar to the exterior siding and roofing material commonly used in the community or which is comparable to the predominant materials used on surrounding dwellings(greater than 50%)within 300 ft.of the subject property. (7) The manufactured home shall have either an attached or detached garage constructed at the same time the manufactured home is placed on the site or prior to occupancy.The garage shall be constructed of like materials as the manufactured home.An attached carport shall be allowed if more than 50%of homes within 300 ft.of the subject do not have garages. Garages and carports shall be constructed to the Oregon State Structural Specialty Code. (8) If new or previously unoccupied,the manufactured home shall be certified by the manufacturer to have an exterior thermal envelope meeting performance standards which reduce heat loss levels equivalent to the performance of single-family dwellings constructed under the State Building Code as defined by ORS 455.010. iii. Placement Permit (1) Requirements Prior to the location,relocation,or establishment of any manufactured home,the homeowner or authorized representative shall secure from the Building Official a placement permit which states that the building and its location conform with these and other relevant standards of this Code.Each application for a placement permit shall be accompanied by: (a) A plot plan as required for all dwelling units and elevations or photographs of all sides of the home;drawings showing exterior dimensions;information illustrating the type of roofing and siding materials,foundation support system;and foundation enclosure method and materials. (b) A copy of the manufacturer's approved instructions to be used for installation purposes. (c) An agreement signed by the homeowner or authorized representative pledging compliance with the terms set by the Building Official in the placement permit and other information as may be required for enforcement of these standards. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 84/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (2) Issuance of Permit Following receipt of the required information,the placement permit shall be issued by the Building Official within ten days if all requirements have been met. (3) Denial and Revocation of Placement Permit The Building Official shall deny a placement permit which does not provide the proper information or which proposes to site a manufactured home not in conformance with the requirements of this Code. The Building Official shall revoke a placement permit when such permit was issued on the basis of incorrect or misleading information.In this case the applicant shall cease work on the placement and/or occupancy of the unit and reapply for a placement permit and pay the required fees within five days of written notification of revocation by the Building Official.If the Building Official determines that it is not possible for placement of the manufactured home or the unit itself to meet the requirements of this Code, then it shall be removed from the site within 15 working days of written notice. iv. Occupancy Certificate Occupancy Requirement:Prior to the occupancy of any manufactured home,the homeowner or authorized representative shall request from the Building Official a Certificate of Completion stating that all requirements of this Code have been complied with.The Building Official shall inspect the property and if all requirements have been complied with,an occupancy certificate shall be issued. If the applicant has not met the required conditions and standards,the Building Official may issue a temporary occupancy certificate along with a written statement of requirements to be met.The temporary occupancy permit shall not exceed 30 days. The Building Official may also elect not to issue the certificate of occupancy if there is a substantial degree of noncompliance with the standards of this Code.The manufactured home shall not be occupied until these standards have been complied with. c. Manufactured Home Park or Subdivision i. Must be located in the R-0,R-3 or R-5 zones. ii. Maximum project size of ten acres;one-half acre minimum project size. iii. Must be located on arterial or collector street. iv. Public services must have the capacity to serve the proposed development. v. Must be separated from other manufactured home parks or subdivisions by either: (1) A distance of one mile;or (2) By a permanent topographic or vegetative buffer such as a hill or wooded area which completely screens one manufactured home park from another or from existing residential development.If newly planted,the screening must be of a size to form an effective screen in five years. d. Cottage Clusters In addition to the standards above,the following design standards shall be applied to cottage cluster developments: i. Individual cottage cluster dwellings must have a footprint of no more than 900 sq.ft.each. ii. Common Courtyard Design Standards The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 85/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Figure 50.03.003-D:Cottage Cluster Orientation and Common Courtyard Standards Alley I I Cottage X7 \7( X I I I I O Porch 0 Pedestrian Path I I 6471) Courtyar Commodn I I y , 15'MIN �' /N._ L `-- - Proprty l,in"------------------------- Sideo !k Street Parking Public Street The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 86/669 50.03 USE RREGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS 4 A 1 A minimum of 50%of cottages must be oriented to the common courtyard. 0 Cottages onented to the common courtyard must be within 10 feet of the courtyard. 0 Cottages must be connected to the common courtyard by a pedestrian path. 1 LJ I Cottages must abut the courtyard on at least two sides of the courtyard. [ 1 The common courtyard must be at least 15 feet wide at it narrowest width. (1) Each cottage cluster shall include no more than one common courtyard per lot that meets the following standards: (a) The common courtyard must be a single,contiguous piece on one lot; (b) Cottages must abut the common courtyard on at least two sides of the common courtyard; (c) The common courtyard must contain a minimum of 150 sq.ft.per cottage within the associated cluster; (d) The common courtyard must be a minimum of 15 ft.wide at its narrowest dimension; (e) The common courtyard shall be developed with a mix of landscaping,lawn area,pedestrian paths,or paved area,and may also include recreational amenities.Impervious elements shall not exceed 75%of the total common courtyard area; (t) Pedestrian paths must be included in a common courtyard; (g) Paths that abut a courtyard shall count toward the courtyard's minimum dimension and area. Parking areas,required setbacks,and driveways do not qualify as part of a common courtyard. (2) A common courtyard may function as a community yard.Hard and soft landscape features may be included in a common courtyard,such as pedestrian paths,lawn,ground cover,trees,shrubs,patios, benches,or gazebos. iii. Cottage Orientation (1) Each cottage within a cluster must either abut a common courtyard or must be connected to it by a pedestrian path. (2) A minimum of 50%of cottages within a cluster must be oriented to the common courtyard by: (a) Having a primary entrance into the living area of the cottage facing the common courtyard; (b) Being within ten ft.from the common courtyard,measured from the wall or front porch of the cottage to the nearest edge of the common courtyard;and (c) Being connected to the common courtyard by a pedestrian path. (3) Cottages within 20 ft.of a property line abutting a public street must have a primary entrance into the living area of the cottage facing the street,unless required otherwise by subsection I.d.iii(2)of this section. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 87/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (4) Cottages not facing the common courtyard or the street must have their primary entrance into the living area of the cottage facing a pedestrian path that is connected to the common courtyard. See Figure 50.03.003-D:Cottage Cluster Orientation and Common Courtyard Standards. iv. Community Buildings (1) Cottage cluster developments may include community buildings for the shared use of residents that provide space for accessory amenities such as community meeting rooms,guest housing,exercise rooms, day care,or community eating areas.Community buildings must meet the following standards: (a) Each cottage cluster is permitted one community building,which shall count towards the maximum average floor area,pursuant to LOC 50.04.001.1.d.iv,2.d.iv,and 3.c.iii;and (b) A community building that meets this Code's definition of a dwelling unit must meet the maximum 900 sq.ft.footprint limitation that applies to cottages,unless a covenant is recorded against the property stating that the structure is not a dwelling unit and will not be used as a primary dwelling. v. Pedestrian Access (1) A pedestrian circulation plan is required that provides accessible paths connecting the main entrance of each cottage to the following: (a) The common courtyard; (b) Shared parking area(s); (c) Community building(s);and (d) Sidewalks or public pathways in public rights-of-way abutting the site or rights-of-way if there are no sidewalks. (2) The pedestrian path must be hard-surfaced and a minimum of four ft.wide. vi. Parking Design The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 88/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Figure 50.03.003-E:Cottage Cluster Parking Design Standards May CAttagr rX CA 41�i_andscap� Buller >_< _aetlestnen �p6rch G !/ Path arport Common0 —r j 'S courtyaw I�[G, r onveway B <I7 ff ! i20'20- t MIN Y SCreeiunn; \\,—Garage L Line Sldewatk Street Parking— / Public Street O Parking allowed in Ousters of up to 5 spaces"Clusters separated by minimum 4 feel of landscaping" Q No parking or vehicle area walla 20 feel from street property line(except alley). O No parking within 10 feet from other properly lines(except alley).Driveways and drive aisles permitted within 10 feet. {f 7}Screening required between clustered parking areas or parking structures antl public slreels or common courlyartls. t C 1)Garages aridcourtyards. carports must riot abut common crtyards.Garage doors for individual garages must not exceed 20 feet in width" �f (1) Clustered Parking Off-street parking shall be arranged in clusters,subject to the following standards: (a) Cottage cluster developments with fewer than 16 cottages are permitted parking clusters of not more than five abutting spaces. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 89/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (b) Cottage cluster developments with 16 cottages or more are permitted parking clusters of not more than eight abutting spaces. (c) Parking clusters must be separated from other parking spaces by at least four ft.of landscaping. (d) Clustered parking areas may be covered. (2) Parking Location and Access (a) Off-street parking spaces and vehicle maneuvering areas shall not be located within 20 ft.of any front or side street lot line,except for lot lines abutting alleys. (b) Off-street parking spaces and vehicle turnaround areas shall not be located between a front or side street lot line and the front facade of cottages located closest to the front or side street lot line. (c) Off-street parking spaces shall not be located within ten ft.of any other lot line,except for lot lines abutting alleys.Driveways and drive aisles are permitted within ten ft.of other property lines. (3) Screening Landscaping screening that consists of a minimum of 50%evergreen shrubs or trees that can obtain a minimum height of three ft.within two years of planting,fencing,or walls at least three ft.tall shall separate clustered parking areas and detached garages from common courtyards and public streets. (4) Garages (a) Garages(whether shared or individual)shall not abut common courtyards. (b) Individual detached garages must not exceed 400 sq.ft.in floor area. (c) Garage doors for attached and detached individual garages must not exceed 20 ft.in width. (d) Garages with opening(s)that face the street must comply with LOC 50.06.001.4,Garage Appearance and Location. vii. Accessory Structures Accessory structures shall not exceed 400 sq.ft.in gross floor area. viii. Existing Structures On a lot or parcel to be used for a cottage cluster development,an existing detached single-family dwelling on the same lot at the time of proposed development of the cottage cluster may remain within the cottage cluster development area under the following standards: (1) The existing dwelling maybe nonconforming with respect to the requirements of this subsection 1.d. (2) An existing dwelling that is less than the maximum height of the underlying zone or the maximum building footprint of 900 sq.ft.may be expanded up to the maximum height or footprint. (3) The floor area of the existing dwelling shall not count towards the maximum average floor area of a cottage cluster. (4) The existing dwelling shall be excluded from the calculation of orientation toward the common courtyard,per subsection 1.d.ii(1)of this section. ix. Shared Facilities The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 90/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS All shared garbage and storage facilities and mechanical equipment shall be screened from view so that garbage containers and equipment are not visible from the street. e. Townhouse Projects In addition to the standards in subsections l.a through 1.c of this section,no more than four units shall be allowed in an attached townhouse structure. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2853,Amended,11/03/2020;Ord.2732,Amended,02/21/2017;Ord.2723, Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2668,Amended,12/01/2015;Ord.2643,Amended,11/04/2014;Ord.2612-A, Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. RESIDENTIAL USES IN COMMERCIAL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE ZONES a. GC and NC Except as specifically allowed in LOC 50.02.002.2,Specific Standards for Commercial,Mixed Use,and Industrial Zones,a residential use may occupy the ground floor in the GC or NC zones only if a commercial use is located along the street frontage and the residential use is located behind the commercial use with the following exceptions: (i) A residential use may occupy the ground floor in the GC zone at street frontage designated Park Lane, Crossroads Gateway or Campus Woods within the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay District(see Village Character Map,LOC Figure 50.05.007-D). (ii) On a corner site,the residential use is behind the commercial use as viewed from the higher classification street. b. EC Zone With a maximum 3.0:1 FAR(four unit minimum)on parcels>6,000 sq.ft.in size.For parcels<6,000 sq.ft.in size,there is no minimum unit requirement.Use not allowed on ground floor within the area depicted on Figure 50.03.003-A:Area of Ground Floor Residential Use Prohibition in EC District. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 91/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Figure 50.03.003-A:Area of Ground Floor Residential Use Prohibition in EC District .1—~ 3p • _I� R AVENUE r z —_ 4- � _ 49 1 y y II '' I _ A - - AVENUE • -_-. — ' 4.-11 — li I . =1 -� 137 138 z : , :.,0//' „,.. EVERGREEN ROAD c. CI Zone Multifamily housing use is limited to Subarea I as shown on the Marylhurst Campus map in LOC 50.11.006: Appendix F,and shall consist of 20 or more units where at least 10%of the units are continuously rented,leased or made available for an amount of rent plus expenses associated with occupancy,such as utilities and fees,totaling not more than 30%of the income level that is 80%of area median income according to the Clackamas County Housing Authority's income limits for affordable housing,adjusted for household size. d. WLG OC Zone Residential uses are limited to multifamily residences in the vicinity of Boones Ferry Road and West Sunset Drive, as depicted on Figure 50.03.003-A.1,and shall consist of 20 or more units where at least ten percent of the units are continuously rented,leased or made available for an amount of rent plus expenses associated with occupancy,such as utilities and fees,totaling not more than 30%of the income level that is 80%of area median income according to the Clackamas County Housing Authority's income limits for affordable housing,adjusted for household size. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 92/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Figure 50.03.003-A.1:Area of Residential Use Allowance in WLG OC Zone s6 est Sunset Dr 4lrest S n5et Dr �<`�eF� drQ V (Ord.2872,Amended,10/05/2021;Ord.2855,Amended,12/15/2020;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016) 3. CONDITIONAL USES IN THE R-2 AND R-6 ZONES In addition to the criteria contained in LOC 50.07.005,Conditional Use Permits,an application to establish a new conditional use in the R-2 or R-6 zones must comply with the following criteria: a. A new conditional use shall not be located on a street with a traffic level that exceeds the functional classification of the street as set forth in the Lake Oswego Comprehensive Plan connected community chapter. b. If the street upon which the new use will be located is an arterial or collector and is currently operating within the parameters of its functional classification as set forth in the Lake Oswego Comprehensive Plan connected community chapter,the use shall not cause the street to exceed the allowable amount of traffic for its functional classification. c. If the street upon which the new use will be located is a local street and is currently operating within the parameters of its functional classification as set forth in the Lake Oswego Comprehensive Plan connected community chapter,the use shall not have a traffic impact(TI)of greater than 10.Traffic impact is based on the increase in average daily trips(ADT)and is calculated as follows: i. In the R-2 Zone:TI=ADT Increase/(lot size/2,000); ii. In the R-6 Zone:TI=ADT Increase/(lot size/6,000). d. Where available,a conditional use shall take access from collector or arterial streets and not from local streets. Exception:A conditional use may take access from a local street if a traffic evaluation indicates that access to the local street would improve public safety or traffic management when compared to access from the available collector or arterial. (Ord.2725,Amended,12/06/2016;Ord.2723,Added,10/18/2016) 4. CONDITIONAL USE STANDARDS FOR GROUP AND INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING a. Residential Care Housing and Congregate Housing i. Generally Applicable Standards The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 93/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (1) Any site to be used for residential care housing or congregate housing shall be at least one-half acre in size.All abutting property,which is in one ownership or the subject of a joint application involving more than one ownership,shall be considered as the site. (2) All requirements of the underlying zone,such as lot coverage,height limitations,setbacks and of the Lake Oswego Code generally,shall be complied with unless modified by this section.However,there are no density limitations on the number of residential care or congregate housing living units,which may be developed,provided all the other requirements of the Code and other governmental regulatory agencies are met. (3) Within the allowed zones,residential care housing and congregate housing shall be permitted only on those properties which abut a major or minor arterial or a major collector or neighborhood collector. Access to the development site shall be by the street with the highest classification unless prohibited by access constraints. (4) Any building to be occupied for residential care housing and congregate housing shall be designed or renovated specifically for this use.Any required regulatory licenses shall be obtained before residents occupy the building. (5) All public services shall be available and have the capacity to serve the facility. (6) Site design shall illustrate the accommodation of the special accessibility needs of those with varying levels of disabilities such as grade and width of walkways,exterior lighting,signage,resident parking,and orientation of entrances,which emphasize easy recognition. (7) Buffering and screening of the facility with fences,walls and landscaping shall be required to mitigate external noise and other disruptive conditions from surrounding uses such as light glare. (8) At least 20%of the development site exclusive of areas required for park land and Sensitive Lands protection shall be landscaped.The required landscaped area is inclusive of landscaping required for parking lots,and within required buffer areas.Landscaping may include courtyards,raised beds and planters,espaliers,arbors and trellises. (9) Large expanses of paving,including surface off-street parking and loading areas but excluding underground parking and loading,shall be landscaped.These areas shall be buffered and screened from adjoining land uses with landscaping.Trees shall be integral to the landscaping plan and incorporated into parking lot design to provide for shade and surface water runoff and quality benefits.) Commented[JD37]:Consider including bioswale style planting pits for trees in parking lots to enhance surface (10) Buildings and the development site shall be designed with a residential character and theme. water capture Development in the EC zone is subject to the requirements of LOC 50.05.004,Downtown Redevelopment Design District.If a conflict exists between LOC 50.05.004 and the requirements below,LOC 50.05.004 shall prevail.To achieve a residential character and theme,the reviewing authority may require design elements including,but not limited to,any or all of the following: (a) Complex massing and asymmetrical building composition; (b) Use of masonry,wood or wood appearing composites as exterior cladding materials; (c) Use of harmonious building materials and earth and muted tone colors and compatible color accents; (d) Lush landscaping including the use of border plantings and trees throughout the development site. (11) Monotony of design in single or multiple buildings shall be avoided.Variation of detail,form,and building siting shall be used to enhance design quality.To achieve these objectives,the reviewing authority may impose requirements including,but not limited to,any or all of the following: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 94/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (a) No continuous blank walls shall be allowed along the public front of the buildings and shall not exceed 25 linear ft.without windows,recess,or change of plane.Appropriate use of windows shall be made to provide scale with the amount of fenestration or glazing proportional to the mass of the building facade. (b) Architectural features and accents such as bay windows,gables,dormers and projecting eaves shall be used to break up roof expanses.Verandas and projecting balconies shall be used where safe and practical. (c) Roof materials shall consist of cedar shingles,tiles,or three tab composite shingles in dark gray, green or black colors.Metal roofs and colored roofs,other than those mentioned above,and mansard or decorative roof forms are prohibited. (12) Buildings shall use materials that are architecturally harmonious for all walls and exterior components.To achieve this objective,the reviewing authority may impose requirements including,but not limited to,the following: (a) Materials for building walls may consist of wood shingle,brick,horizontal wood or composite wood siding,stone,masonry,concrete block which mimics stone,brick or other masonry.Stucco and timbers shall be allowed on gable ends only. (b) The following exterior materials are not allowed:EIFS or other synthetic stucco material;metal panels;flagstone;plywood paneling;vinyl cladding;mirrored glass;standard form concrete block; backlit fabrics. (13) Building vents and mechanical devices shall be screened from view with materials harmonious to the building.Exterior site elements such as storage,trash collection areas and noise generating equipment shall be located away from abutting property lines and sight-obscuring fencing and landscaping shall be used to screen and buffer these areas. (14) Access to public and commercial services,parks and other recreation areas,churches,shopping,and other places frequented by the public in the course of daily life shall be made available to the residents through a transport service privately provided by the residential care housing facility. (15) Access to public sidewalks and/or pathways shall be provided.Street crossings bordering on streets three lanes and larger shall be located at traffic light controlled crossings.Crossings on two lane streets classified as either collectors or arterials may occur at sign controlled intersections.All other crossings may occur at noncontrolled intersections provided that safe sight distance per the AASHTO Standards is present.When projects are located on streets greater than 10,000 ADT and it can reasonably be expected that future residents will cross these streets,a traffic study shall be required to show that safe sight distance and adequate traffic"gaps"exist to allow safe crossing. b. Residential Care Housing Facilities and Congregate Housing in R-7.5,R-10 and R-15 Zones i. Any site to be used for residential care housing or congregate housing in an R-7.5,R-10 or R-15 zone shall be at least one-half acre in size. ii. Any site to be used for residential care housing or congregate housing and proposed to be located on a neighborhood or major collector street shall also have the following characteristics in addition to the other specific standards in this section: (1) There are higher intensity land uses the vicinity of the site proposed for residential care housing such as: (a) Commercial uses; The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 95/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (b) Institutional uses such as schools,churches;or (c) Multi-family residential development; (2) The proposed residential care housing or congregate housing project would be a transitional land use between more intense land uses and the collector street(s)and abutting or adjacent residential uses; (3) Public parks or useable public open spaces are easily accessible via public or private bus service or are within walking distance;and (4) Retail and professional services and churches are within a short distance from the development site and can be walked to or are easily accessible by public or private bus service. iii. All abutting property,which is in one ownership or the subject of a joint application involving more than one ownership,shall be considered as one site. iv. All setback and height requirements of the underlying zone shall be complied with unless modified by this section.However,there are no limitations on the number of residential care or congregate housing living units which may be developed,provided all the other requirements of the Code and other governmental regulatory agencies are met. v. Maximum lot coverage shall be 40%. vi. Except as modified by this section,all of the requirements of subsection 2.a of this section shall also be applied to applications for residential care or congregate housing. vii. Minimize to the extent practicable the effects of traffic caused by shift changes,particularly noise and the safety of pedestrians,particularly school children. viii. Maintain any existing surrounding residential neighborhood scale and character in regard to lot coverage, design and size of structures,landscaping,buffering and screening,location and width of driveways,signage, exterior lighting,and location of parking,loading and service facilities. c. Skilled Nursing Facilities in the R-0,WLG R-2.5,R-3 and R-5 Zones i. Any site to be used for a skilled nursing facility shall abut a major or minor arterial street.Access to the development site shall be by the street(s)with the highest classification unless prohibited by access constraints. ii. Any site to be used for a skilled nursing facility shall be at least one-half acre in size.All property,which is in one ownership or the subject of a joint application involving more than one ownership,shall be considered as the site. iii. All requirements of the underlying zone,such as lot coverage,height limitations,setbacks and of the Lake Oswego Code generally shall be complied with unless modified by this section.However,there are no density limitations on the number of beds or rooms within a skilled nursing facility provided all the other requirements of the Lake Oswego Code and other governmental regulatory agencies are met. iv. Any building(s)to be occupied as a skilled nursing facility shall be designed or renovated specifically for this use. v. All public services shall be available and have the capacity to serve the facility. vi. Minimum setbacks shall be as follows: (1) 25 ft.for the front and rear yards and 15 ft.for side yards. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 96/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (2) 25 ft.from property lines abutting or adjacent to a residential zone or the setback required by the zone,whichever is greater.If an abutting or adjacent residential zone has been developed for a use other than for residential purposes the smaller setbacks shall apply. vii. The maximum height of a skilled nursing facility shall conform to the height requirements of the applicable zone. viii. Any of the requirements of subsection 2.a of this section,Residential Care Housing and Congregate Housing,may also be applied to applications for skilled nursing facilities by the reviewing authority as necessary to comply with conditional use permit requirements. ix. On sites bordered by residential zones,the approval authority may apply additional conditions to: (1) Mitigate the effects of traffic caused shift changes,particularly noise and the safety of pedestrians, particularly school children. (2) Maintain residential neighborhood scale in regard to size of structures,location and width of driveways,signage,exterior lighting,and location of parking,loading and service facilities. x. Any buildings and the development site to be used for a skilled nursing facility shall be designed with a residential character and theme.To achieve a residential character and theme,the reviewing authority may require design elements including,but not limited to,any or all of the following: (1) Complex massing and asymmetrical building composition; (2) Use of masonry,wood or wood appearing composites as exterior cladding materials; (3) Use of harmonious building materials and earth and muted tone colors and compatible color accents; (4) Lush landscaping including the use of border plantings and trees throughout the development site. xi. Monotony of design in single or multiple skilled nursing facility buildings shall be avoided.Variation of detail,form,and building siting shall be used to enhance design quality.To achieve these objectives,the reviewing authority may impose requirements including,but not limited to,any or all of the following: (1) No continuous blank walls shall be allowed along the public front of the buildings and shall not exceed 25 linear ft.without windows,recess,or change of plane.Appropriate use of windows shall be made to provide scale with the amount of fenestration or glazing proportional to the mass of the building facade. (2) Architectural features and accents such as bay windows,gables,dormers and projecting eaves shall be used to break up roof expanses.Verandas and projecting balconies shall be used where safe and practical. (3) Roof materials shall consist of cedar shingles,tiles,or three tab composite shingles in dark gray, green or black colors.Metal roofs and colored roofs,other than those mentioned above,and mansard or decorative roof forms are prohibited. xii. Buildings to be used for a skilled nursing facility shall use materials that are architecturally harmonious for all walls and exterior components.To achieve this objective,the reviewing authority may impose requirements including,but not limited to,the following: (1) Materials for building walls may consist of wood shingle,brick,horizontal wood or composite wood siding,stone,masonry,concrete block which mimics stone,brick or other masonry.Stucco and timbers shall be allowed on gable ends only. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 97/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (2) The following exterior materials are not allowed:EIFS or other synthetic stucco material;metal panels;flagstone;plywood paneling;vinyl cladding;mirrored glass;standard form concrete block;backlit fabrics. (Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2713,Amended,09/20/2016;Ord.2707, Amended,05/17/2016;Ord.2668,Amended,12/01/2015;Ord.2643,Amended,11/04/2014;Ord.2639,Amended, 06/03/2014) 5. STANDARDS FOR PUBLIC,INSTITUTIONAL AND CIVIC USES Revised 4/23 a. Religious Institution and Related Facilities i. Access streets have capacity to carry the projected traffic volumes. ii. The structure may exceed the maximum height limitation of the zone,to a structure height of no more than 50 ft. iii. The lot is sufficient size to allow all required yards to be equal to at least two-thirds the height of the principal structure. b. Minor Public Facilities i. In the WLG RMU zone,a minor public facility building shall be limited to a total floor area of 8,000 sq.ft. in a multi-story building,with no more than 5,000 sq.ft.on any floor. c. Major Public Facilities and Institutional Uses Not Covered by Other Specific Standards i. Utilities,streets or other necessary improvements to the public facility or institutional use shall be provided by the agency constructing the use. ii. When located in a residential zone,access should be located on a collector street if practical.If access is to a local residential street,consideration of a request shall include an analysis of the projected average daily trips to be generated by the proposed use and their distribution pattern,and the impact of the traffic on the capacity of the street system which would serve the use.A traffic study will be required of the applicant to identify the projected average daily trips to be generated and their distribution pattern.Uses which are estimated to generate fewer than 20 trips per week shall be exempted from the requirements of this subsection. iii. When located in a residential zone,lot area shall be sufficient to allow required yards which are at least two-thirds the height of the principal structure. iv. The height limitation of a zone maybe exceeded to a maximum height of 50 ft. v. Noise-generating equipment shall be sound buffered when adjacent to residential areas. vi. Lighting shall be designed to avoid glare on adjacent residential uses. vii. Levels of operations shall be adjusted to avoid conflict with adjacent uses where practical. d. Park,Public i. Parks are a permitted use in the PNA zone,except activities defined as`major park improvements'shall be allowed by conditional use only. ii. Uses authorized under a Parks Master Plan are permitted uses. e. Social,Recreational,or Cultural Facilities,Non-Profit In the R-0,R-3,and R-5 zones,an application for a conditional use permit to locate a nonprofit social,recreational or cultural facility shall comply with the following standards. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 98/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS i. The proposed facility or use shall be located on property adjacent on at least one side to a property of equal or larger size that is already developed with a nonprofit use permitted outright or as a conditional use in the zone. ii. Members of the organization proposing and which will use the nonprofit facility or use shall reside in adjacent planned developments or within one-fourth mile of a planned development with participating residents and shall not be separated from the proposed development or each other by a freeway,a major or minor arterial or the urban service boundary of the City of Lake Oswego. iii. Adequate utilities,streets or other improvements shall be provided by the developer of the facility or use. iv. When located in a residential zone,lot area shall be sufficient to comply with the lot coverage,setbacks and yards required by the zone. v. Sound barriers,buffers or reduction techniques shall be required for noise generating activities,facilities or equipment located on properties adjacent to residential areas. vi. Lighting shall be designed to avoid glare on adjacent residential uses. vii. The time,manner or nature of operation shall be adjusted to avoid conflict with adjacent uses. f. Educational Institution and Day Care Center Uses i. All educational institutions and day care centers shall provide on-site circulation as required by LOC 50.06.003.3.b,walkways as required by LOC Chapter 42,and safe loading,ingress,and egress on and to the site. ii. In the WLG OC zone,this use is limited to 5,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area. g. Telecommunications Facilities i. Purpose The purpose of this section is to establish design and siting standards for telecommunication facilities that: (1) Reduce visual impacts of antennas,towers and ancillary facilities through careful design,siting,and vegetative screening; (2) Avoid damage to adjacent properties from tower failure and falling ice,through engineering and careful siting of tower structures; (3) Maximize use of any new transmission tower and any existing suitable structures to reduce the need for additional towers;and (4) Allow transmission towers in residential areas only when necessary to meet functional requirements of the telecommunications industry. ii. Applicability These standards shall apply to new telecommunication facilities and collocated telecommunication facilities and not pre-existing towers or pre-existing antennas. iii. Approval Criteria for Collocated Facilities (1) Site Size No minimum lot size shall apply when a telecommunications facility is collocated on an existing building or structure. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 99/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (2) Facilities for Collocation (a) Priorities for Facilities.Collocation shall occur in the following order of facilities: (i) Facilities where the collocated facility will project not more than ten ft.higher than the highest point of the existing facility: (A) Previously approved telecommunications tower; (B) Existing nonconforming telecommunications tower; (C) Existing buildings; (D) Utility(electric,cable,telephone,etc.)and light poles. (ii) Facilities where the collocated facility will project more than ten ft.higher than the highest point of the existing facility: (A) Previously approved telecommunications tower; (B) Existing nonconforming telecommunications tower; (C) Utility(electric,cable,telephone,etc.)and light poles; (D) Existing buildings. (b) Suitability of Facility for Collocation.To determine the suitability of the existing facility for the proposed collocation facility or structure,the applicant must show that: (i) There are no reasonably feasible telecommunication facilities in a higher classification under subsection 5.g.iii(2)(a)of this section that can meet the requirements of this subsection for a collocated facility and provide the necessary telecommunication service; (ii) The addition of the antenna equipment will not interfere with the normal operation of utilities or existing transmission facilities and the collocated facility complies with the height limit in subsection 5.g.iii(3)of this section; (iii) The collocation improvements must satisfy the standards for the underlying zone,except as provided by subsection 5.g.iii(3)of this section; (iv) The existing structure,if structurally enhanced in order to permit collocation,does not result in a decrease of the setback of the reconstructed structure as described in subsection 5.g.iii(1)of this section and the height of the reconstructed facility complies with the height limit contained in subsection 5.g.iii(3)of this section as applied to the existing structure prior to replacement or reconstruction;and (v) The collocation may not involve the removal of any previously approved landscaping/buffering. (3) Height Limit Collocated facilities are exempt from the height limits of the underlying zone,but shall be no more than ten ft.taller than the existing structure in a residential zone,a mixed residential/commercial zone,or Public Functions zone,or no more than 20 ft.taller than the existing structure in a commercial,public use, or industrial zone. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 100/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS Exceptions:A collocated facility shall be no taller than the existing facility where the height of the existing facility has previously been increased in excess of the height limit of the underlying zone as a result of approval of a prior collocation application pursuant to this section. (4) Visual Impact (a) All ancillary facilities shall be screened,hidden or disguised. (b) Antennas shall be screened,hidden or disguised,or shall be painted or colored to blend into the structure or surroundings. (5) Processed as New Facility A proposed collocated facility that does not comply with the approval criteria for collocated facilities shall be processed as a new facility. iv. Approval Criteria for New Facilities (1) Site Size A new facility shall be sited on a parcel of a size and shape that complies with the following criteria: (a) Setbacks—Tower The tower footprint shall be set back at least two-thirds the tower height from any property line.This setback may be reduced if the applicant can demonstrate that: (i) The shape or configuration of the parcel prevents compliance with the setback standard or that a reduction in setback is necessary to take advantage of screening opportunities(such as tall trees,tree groves,buildings,or other tall elements)not available within the required setback area; (li) The reduction in setback is the minimum required to best camouflage the facility; (iii) Adequate clearance between the facility and property line can be provided to accommodate landscaping and fencing;and (iv) The reduction in setback will not cause a greater visual impact to adjacent uses. (b) Setbacks—Ancillary Facilities Ancillary facilities shall be set back the same as required for primary structures of the zone,except that the side or rear yard setback may be reduced in a residential zone if the ancillary facilities meet the criteria in LOC 50.03.004.2.b. (c) The tower pad shall be sited in a location that permits additional expansion to accommodate future collocated ancillary facilities.The tower shall be located centrally on this pad.This standard shall not apply to antennas attached to existing structures or towers located on rooftops. (d) A licensed structural engineer's analysis shall be submitted to demonstrate that the potential impact of tower failure and ice falling from the tower will be accommodated on site. (e) Separation from Pre-Existing Towers New towers shall be separated from existing towers by at least the following distances,measured in a straight line from the base of the proposed new tower to the base of any pre-existing tower: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 101/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS TABLE 50.03.003-1:SEPARATION FROM PRE-EXISTING TOWERS Lattice(ft.) Guyed(ft.) Monopole>80 ft.in Monopole<80 ft.in height(ft.) height(ft.) Lattice 5,000 5,000 1,500 750 Guyed 5,000 5,000 1,500 750 Monopole>80 ft.in 1,500 1,500 1,500 750 height Monopole<80 ft.in 750 750 750 750 height (2) Collocation to Be Explored;Accommodated (a) Before an application for a new transmission tower is accepted,applicants shall demonstrate that they have exhausted all practicable collocation options within the proposed service area pursuant to LOC 50.07.004.12.a.i and 50.07.004.12.a.iv including placement of antennas on existing tall structures and placing multiple antennas or attachments on a single tower.To demonstrate that all practicable collocation options have been exhausted,the applicant shall demonstrate that: (i) No existing towers or support structures,or approved but not yet constructed towers or support structures,are located within the geographic area required to meet the applicant's engineering requirements; (ii) Existing towers or support structures are not of sufficient height to meet the applicant's engineering requirements; (iii) Existing towers or support structures do not have sufficient structural strength to support the applicant's proposed antenna and related equipment; (iv) The applicant's proposed antenna would cause electromagnetic interference with the antenna on the existing tower or support structure,or the existing antenna would cause interference with the applicant's proposed antenna;or (v) There are other limiting factors that render existing towers and support structures unsuitable. (b) Accommodation of Future Collocation New towers shall be constructed so as to accommodate future collocation,based on expected demand for transmission towers in the service area.Towers shall be designed so as to accommodate a minimum expansion of three two-way antennas for every 40 vertical ft.of tower. (c) Multiple Attachments on Utility Towers In conformance with the Telecommunication Act of 1996,Section 703,a utility shall provide any telecommunications carrier with nondiscriminatory access to any pole,duct,conduit,or right-of-way owned or controlled by it,unless there is insufficient capacity or access cannot be granted for reasons of safety,reliability,and generally applicable engineering purposes. (d) Ancillary facilities for collocated facilities shall be set back the same as required for primary structures of the zone,except that the side or rear yard setback may be reduced in a residential zone if the ancillary facilities meet the criteria in LOC 50.03.004.2.b. (3) Height The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 102/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS New telecommunication facilities shall not exceed the height limits of the underlying zone,unless the applicant demonstrates that: (a) There is a service area need for the proposed facility at the proposed location; (b) The increase in height above the maximum allowed height for the zone is the minimum increase necessary to eliminate service shadows; (c) That providing coverage with telecommunications facilities which comply with the height requirements of the zone would result in unacceptable proliferation of such facilities.For the purposes of this subsection,"unacceptable proliferation"means an increase in the number of transmission towers by a factor of four in order to achieve the same level of adequate service.An increase in the number of transmission towers shall not include facilities or towers that would qualify as collocated facilities; (d) The negative visual impacts on adjacent properties can be minimized by screening or disguising the facility. The applicant may be required to pay for an independent radio frequency engineer or similar consultant to verify the need for this request. (4) Visual Impact The applicant shall demonstrate that telecommunications facilities will have the least practicable visual impact on the environment,considering technical,engineering,economic,and other pertinent factors. (a) The height and mass of the telecommunications facilities shall not exceed that essential for its intended use and public safety,as demonstrated in a report prepared by a licensed structural engineer. (b) Telecommunications facilities 200 ft.or less in height shall be camouflaged to ensure the facility is visually subordinate to surrounding objects and colors. (c) Towers more than 200 ft.in height shall be painted in accordance with the Oregon State Aeronautics Division and Federal Aviation Administration.Applicants shall attempt to seek a waiver from OSAD and FAA marking requirements.When a waiver has been granted,towers shall be painted and/or camouflaged in accordance with subsection 3.e.iv(4)(b)of this section. (5) Accessory Uses Accessory uses shall include only building facilities that are necessary for transmission function and associated satellite ground stations,and shall not include broadcast studios(except for emergency broadcast),offices,vehicle storage areas,nor other similar uses not necessary for the transmission or relay function.No unenclosed storage of materials is allowed. (6) Lighting No lighting shall be permitted on transmission towers except that required by the Oregon State Aeronautics Division or Federal Aviation Administration.This standard shall not prevent shared use or replacement of an existing light pole.For collocation on existing or replaced light poles,the transmission tower shall have no net increase to the spread,intensity,or direction of the existing light source. (7) Fences and Landscaping (a) The tower(s)and ancillary facilities shall be enclosed by a six ft.fence meeting the requirements of LOC 50.06.004.2. (b) Landscaping shall be placed outside of fences and shall consist of fast growing vegetation placed densely so as to form a solid hedge with a minimum planted height of six ft. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 103/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (c) For new towers,landscaping and fencing shall be compatible with other nearby landscaping and fencing. (d) Where antennas or towers and ancillary facilities are to be located on existing buildings or structures and are secure from public access,landscaping and fencing requirements may be waived. (8) Signs One non-illuminated sign,not to exceed two sq.ft.,shall be provided at the main entrance to the facility stating a contact name and phone number for emergency purposes.Signs shall not be placed on towers and antennas. v. Abandoned Facilities A telecommunication facility that is unused for a period of six consecutive months or longer is hereby declared abandoned.Abandoned facilities shall be removed by the property owner no later than 90 days from date of abandonment.Failure to remove an abandoned facility is declared a public nuisance and is subject to the penalties established by LOC Article 34.04.Upon written application,prior to the expiration of the six-month period,the City Manager shall,in writing,grant a six-month extension for reuse of the facility.Additional extensions beyond the first six-month extension may be granted by the City Manager subject to any conditions required to bring the project or facility into compliance with current law(s)and make compatible with surrounding development. h. Telecommunications Facilities in Residential or Mixed Residential/Commercial Zones In addition to compliance with the approval standards in LOC 50.03.003.5.g.iv and 50.07.004.12,and the general conditional use criteria in LOC 50.07.005,Conditional Use Permits,telecommunications facilities designated as a conditional use in residential or mixed residential/commercial zones shall comply with the following standards: i. New telecommunications facilities shall not be located on a parcel containing an existing single-family dwelling or middle housing. ii. Antenna(s)must be located no closer than 35 ft.from any habitable structure.Tower guy anchors must meet the normal setbacks of the underlying zone. iii. If the proposed facility will exceed the 50 ft.height limitation of the Lake Oswego Charter in a residential zone,the applicant shall demonstrate that: (1) The facility could not feasibly be located outside of a residential zone; (2) There are no alternatives available to meet the required coverage area;and (3) The height is no taller than necessary to provide adequate transmission. (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2783,Amended,06/19/2018;Ord.2723, Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2643,Amended,11/04/2014;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 104/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS 6. USE-SPECIFIC STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL USES Figure 50.03.003-B:IP Zone Additional Use Area ,,,,4._. - ,,,,:.,:,,...:,eli\--,;--\,. rk .„--7.-----.-----1:. %, —. 'e, \ --. n0 Y{14 p{ J°' f.'. rna l 01. 5b"5'w 4" Tff f wrB''!_ g �:Al //\ .p"%C,e :. �. a .::.E�bIt��E A.'i d ,Ir.:1 .S'E° / d ,ram 1/4,L, 1---J____ i 1. _ 1 Af Egultle �11 2 ie�• Div,of lake Oswego FiburrinT:ora. I �li nwrr • Ar7usfrnel Rerk 6 onW-Song I I I +sra ,r,�a J._ ... Figure 50.03.003-C:GC Zone Limited Use Area The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 105/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS �' 17350 1738Q ... / f 17390 �ti'y • /17400 �� r 4.6 j l--- 17430 .t f TO f '''' t, , Lq' 440 J +l5935 -- -" GO¢� � 5eD � I 2" g] 's — — . G 1. I 0 `' 177DA I 17711 ' L.O. I MEDICAL — -- - - PLAZA Qs a 58d5 ' 5837 — 5835 • i' ��_ 17720 5�623fl • N 5825 LO • 5921 I EXECL TIVE ox 5817 J PLAZlq / �" g 5813 m + `" a, 5808 N ' —I N 5005 . gn Jearl Rd �" rt� n GC Zoning nesgnation N I '"' I o i n Lake Oswego Ciy Beuneay I BLPn f- - '' 0 100 200 300 Poet I .,. g -- ".miL a. Conditional Uses Listed in Commercial or Industrial Zones and Not Covered by Other Specific Standards i. The site will be designed so that ingress and egress will not cause hazardous turning movements,traffic slow-downs or blockages due to storage of vehicles waiting for services. ii. Public services are or can be provided at the site. iii. All outdoor lighting except security lighting shall be extinguished at the close of business hours. iv. Any adverse impacts on adjoining residential uses such as noise,lights,or loss of privacy will be mitigated by landscaping,screening or increased setbacks. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 106/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS v. Parking shall meet the parking standards and may be increased if additional spaces are shown to be necessary. b. Agriculture The raising of livestock requires approval of a conditional use permit. c. Arcade,Gaming In the NC zone,uses exceeding 2,000 sq.ft.in gross floor area require approval of a conditional use permit. d. Auto and Light Vehicle Rental In the GC,EC,CR&D,MC and FMU zones,all vehicle storage shall be off site. e. Auto and Light Vehicle Sales i. This use is not permitted on properties located in the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay district. ii. In the IP zone,the storage and display of vehicles shall be within fully enclosed buildings. f. Auto Service Station and Vehicle Repair i. If the primary use is an auto service station with vehicle repair as an accessory use,the use is only permitted in the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay(LGVCO)district with the approval of a conditional use permit and if the following additional criteria are met: (1) The use is located no closer than 1,000 linear ft.to another auto service station; (2) No more than two auto service stations are located within a distance of 5,000 linear ft.; (3) The use does not include more than eight auto fueling devices;and (4) The use is not located in a Village Transition Area. ii. If the primary use is for vehicle repair with no auto fuel sales,or fuel sales as an accessory activity,the use is only permitted in the Village Transition Areas(VTA)of the LGVCO district with the approval of a conditional use permit,and if the following additional criteria are met: (1) The use is an expansion of an existing vehicle repair use; (2) The facility includes a retail or office use and a storefront appearance along fronting collector and local streets; (3) No direct vehicle access is provided from streets adjacent to residential zones;and (4) No operational repair doors face any collector or local street. iii. In the GC and EC zones,vehicle repair activities shall be conducted wholly within an enclosed structure. iv. In the I zone,vehicle repair activities shall be screened by sight-obscuring fence from public rights-of- way. v. In the IP zone,light vehicle repair is only a permitted use without an associated auto service station. g. Bakery i. In the WLG OC zone,the seating area shall not exceed 700 sq.ft.of gross floor area. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 107/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS ii. Where on-site baked goods are sold within the building in the NC,HC,OC,CR&D,MC,and WLG OC zones,the business shall not exceed 5,000 sq.ft.gross floor area. iii. Where the baked goods that are sold are manufactured elsewhere the cumulative square footage of retail businesses or buildings on a site shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft.gross floor area on a single lot or parcel or on adjacent lots or parcels in the MC zone.In the CR&D zone,cumulative retail uses shall not exceed 20,000 sq. ft.gross floor area or 20%of the total building floor area per lot,whichever is less.The maximum numerical limitation on cumulative retail uses shall not exceed the retail square footage amount approved for the site. iv. In the IP zone,retail and on-site consumption of bakery goods shall not exceed 2,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area and must either be co-located within a building with another permitted use or be accessory to a production bakery.The cumulative square footage of retail businesses or buildings on a site shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft. gross floor area on a single lot or parcel or on adjacent lots or parcels.No drive-through service is allowed. h. Bar In the MC zone,bars shall not exceed 20,000 sq.ft.in gross floor area and the cumulative square footage of retail businesses or buildings on a site shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft.gross floor area on a single lot or parcel or on adjacent lots or parcels. i. Car Wash Car washes in the GC zone in the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay District shall not exceed a total combined area of 4,200 sq.ft.in gross floor area and shall not be located in Village Transition Areas. j. Community Garden i. Community gardens are allowed as a permitted or accessory use if the total planting area is less than 4,000 sq.ft.Community gardens with greater than 4,000 sq.ft.of planting area require a conditional use permit. ii. The accessory sales of crops by a public entity or nonprofit organization is allowed between the hours between 7:00 a.m.to 8:00 p.m. iii. Community gardens with a planting area less than 4,000 sq.ft.are exempt from parking requirements. Parking requirements for gardens larger than 4,000 sq.ft.shall be determined by the conditional use permit. iv. Fencing is required and shall be no greater than six feet in height and no more than 40%opacity. v. Composting areas shall be actively managed to control odors,pests,and all other potential nuisances to neighbors.Use of best management practices(BMP),as established by the Parks and Recreation Department,is recommended. vi. Accessory community garden structures are permitted pursuant to the standards in this Code,but shall not exceed 500 sq.ft.cumulatively. k. [Reserved] 1. Food Market i. In the CR&D zone,cumulative retail uses shall not exceed 20,000 sq.ft.or 20%of the total building floor area per lot,whichever is less.The maximum numerical limitation on cumulative retail uses shall not exceed the retail square footage amount approved for the site. ii. For food markets over 25,000 sq.ft.in gross floor area,the use may not exceed 35,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area per business,except that: (1) In the GC zone,uses over 35,000 sq.ft.and up to 45,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area require a conditional use permit. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 108/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (2) In the MC zone,the cumulative square footage of retail businesses or buildings on a site shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft.on a single lot or parcel or on adjacent lots or parcels. (3) In the FMU zone,a use larger than 35,000 sq.ft.of gross floor requires a conditional use permit. m. Heavy Vehicle Repair This use is subject to the following conditions: i. The use is limited to 18 or less service bays. ii. The use is located in an enclosed building. iii. No outdoor storage of parts,materials,or partially or totally dismantled vehicles is allowed. iv. The use shall not emit noise,smoke,glare,vibration,fumes or other environmental effects which adversely affect people,property or uses beyond the property lines of the IP site. n. Medical Clinic In the area depicted on Figure 50.03.003-B,this use shall be limited to less than 20,000 sq.ft.in floor area. o. Mortuary In the GC and EC zones,on-site cremation requires a conditional use permit. p. Office i. In the R-15,R-10,R-7.5,R-6,R-5,R-DD,R-3,R-2,and R-0 zones,the following standards apply. (1) Office use is only permitted in structures that are on the City's Historic Landmark List and are located on an arterial street. (2) Public services are adequate to serve the facility. (3) Notwithstanding LOC 50.06.002.2,the required parking for office uses in historic landmarks shall be determined in the conditional use approval.In applying the general conditional use criteria under LOC 50.07.005.3.a.iii and iv,the on-site parking may be reduced to protect the historic character of the landmark. (4) Access should be located on an arterial street,if practicable.If access is to a local residential street, the applicant shall include an analysis of the projected average daily trips to be generated by the proposed use and their distribution pattern,and the impact of the traffic on the capacity of the street system that would serve the use.A traffic study will be required to identify the projected average daily trips to be generated and their distribution pattern.Uses that are estimated to generate fewer than 20 trips per week shall be exempted from the requirements of this subsection. (5) Noise generating equipment shall be sound buffered when abutting a residential use. (6) Exterior lighting and lighted signage shall be designated to avoid glare onto adjacent residential uses. (7) Levels of operations shall avoid conflict with adjacent uses,where practicable. (8) The historical designation of the property shall be maintained throughout the period of the conditional use.The property owner shall record a deed restriction that ensures that the property shall not be removed from the Historic Landmark List for the duration of the conditional use permit.Request for removal from the list shall void the conditional use permit. ii. In the WLG OC and WLG RMU zones,the following standards apply: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 109/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (1) Office uses shall be limited to those with limited customer or client traffic intended to attract and serve customers or clients on premises,such as:attorneys,physicians,dentists,counselors,insurance, travel agents,investment and financial services,real estate,studios(photography,commercial art, advertising),architects,landscape architects,engineers or other design businesses,research,software development,corporate offices,medical testing laboratories,and specialty medical services. (2) A single building with office use shall be limited to a maximum 5,000 sq.ft.footprint and in the WLG RMU zone,the total floor area shall be limited to 8,000 sq.ft. iii. In the GC and OC zones in the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay district,the following standards apply: (1) Financial and banking institutions with drive-through facilities are allowed only when no more than one access to the site from a public street is provided on the parcel.Additional access through abutting parcels is permitted. (2) Financial and banking institutions with drive-through facilities are prohibited in Village Transition Areas. iv. In the CI zone,this use is limited to commercial office space in buildings existing on December 16,1982. v. In the PF zone,this use is limited to uses related to public or quasi-public facilities. q. Public Parking Facilities in the NC Zone—Conditional Use A publicly owned(City or LORA)surface parking facility is conditionally allowed as the sole use on a lot in the NC zone,only within the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay(LGVCO)District and only as specifically identified in Figure 50.05.007-U:Parking Facilities and Access Coordination Map.Public garages are not a similarly allowed use to a public surface parking facility. r. Personal Services i. In the WLG OC zone,this use is limited to 1,000 sq.ft.or less in gross floor area. ii. In the CI zone,this use shall directly and primarily provide goods and services to persons employed in the CI zone. s. Pet Day Care This use must be conducted in a fully enclosed building,except that in the NC,GC,and MC zones,and the portion of IP zone depicted on Figure 50.03.003-B,pets may be kept outside during daytime hours with a conditional use permit. t. Repair,Rental,Service In the NC zone,this use is limited to 5,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area. u. Restaurant i. Drive-through service is only allowed in the following: (1) In the HC and FMU zones. (2) In the GC zone,outside of the Lake Grove Village Center,after approval of a conditional use permit. (3) In the Lake Grove Village Center Overlay district,a maximum of two restaurants with drive-through service windows are permitted with a conditional use permit,but no restaurant with drive-through service may be located in a Village Transition Area. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 110/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS ii. In the WLG OC zone,service of food and beverages shall be primarily for consumption on the premises. The total size of indoor and outdoor seating areas of any restaurant shall be limited to 1,500 sq.ft.of gross floor area. iii. In the CR&D and MC zones,this use shall not exceed 20,000 sq.ft.gross floor area.In the MC zone,the cumulative square footage of retail businesses or buildings on a site shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft.on a single lot or parcel or on adjacent lots or parcels.In the CR&D zone,cumulative retail uses shall not exceed 20,000 sq.ft.or 20%of the total building floor area per lot,whichever is less.The maximum numerical limitation on cumulative retail uses shall not exceed the retail square footage amount approved for the site. iv. In the OC and CR&D zones,specialty food stores,e.g.,coffee shops and juice bars,shall not exceed 5,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area. v. One seasonal dining restaurant enclosure and one entrance vestibule per restaurant business are allowed from November 1 to April 30.The enclosures must be removed by May 1.The seasonal restaurant enclosures shall meet the required dimensional standards(e.g.,building setbacks,maximum lot coverage,etc.)of the zone. v. Retail,Under 10,000 Sq.Ft.Gross Floor Area i. In the WLG OC zone,this use is limited to 5,000 sq.ft.or less in gross floor area. ii. For conditional uses in the IP zone,this use is limited to those that directly and primarily provide goods and services to persons employed in the IP zone. w. Retail,10,000—20,000 Sq.Ft.Gross Floor Area i. For conditional uses in the IP zone,this use is limited to those that directly and primarily provide goods and services to persons employed in the zone. x. Retail,Over 20,000 Sq.Ft.Gross Floor Area This use may not exceed 35,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area per business,except that: i. In the GC-zoned area in the vicinity of Jean Way and Boones Ferry Road,as depicted on Figure 50.03.003- C,retail use up to 45,000 sq.ft.is permitted,except as limited by subsection 50.03.003.6.x.iv of this section. ii. In the GC zone,except as provided in subsection 6.x.i of this section,a business over 35,000 sq.ft.and up to 45,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area requires a conditional use permit. iii. In the EC zone,the cumulative square footage of a single commercial business on a site shall not exceed 35,000 sq.ft. iv. In the MC zone,the portion of IP zone depicted on Figure 50.03.003-B,and the GC-zoned area in the vicinity of Jean Way and Boones Ferry Road,as depicted on Figure 50.03.003-C,the cumulative square footage of retail businesses or buildings shall not exceed 60,000 sq.ft.on a single lot or parcel or on adjacent lots or parcels. v. In the CR&D zone,cumulative retail uses shall not exceed 20,000 sq.ft.or 20%of the total building floor area per lot,whichever is less.The maximum numerical limitation on cumulative retail uses shall not exceed the retail square footage amount approved for the site. y. Social,Recreational,or Cultural Facilities,Non-profit This use is permitted if associated with a planned development and designed for use by residents of that development.If not associated with a planned development,this use requires a conditional use permit. z. Veterinary Clinic The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 111/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS This use must be conducted within a fully enclosed building,except that an outdoor run is permitted outright if the standards below are met.A larger outdoor run or other outdoor facilities may be approved with a conditional use permit.This does not preclude incidental activities such as dog walking. i. An outdoor run shall be limited to 200 sq.ft.in area or five percent of lot area,whichever is greater; ii. An outdoor run shall be enclosed by a six-foot-tall sight-obscuring fence for the portions facing the exterior site boundaries.A see-through fence may be permitted facing the building(s)on the site; iii. Active use of the outdoor run(training,play,etc.)shall be limited to the hours between 8:00 a.m.and 6:00 p.m.Use of the run to allow a dog to relieve itself outside of these hours is permitted; iv. Animals in the outdoor run shall be supervised by staff of the facility at all times; v. The outdoor run shall be cleared of waste daily;and vi. It shall be a violation to permit unreasonable annoyance,alarm or noise disturbance at any time of the day or night by repeated barking,whining,screeching,howling,braying or other like sounds which may be heard beyond the boundary of the veterinary clinic property. (Ord.2851,Amended,09/15/2020;Ord.2736,Amended,03/07/2017;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016) 7. INDUSTRIAL USES a. Prohibited Uses in Any Industrial Zone Uses where the primary function is the storing or manufacturing of explosive materials are prohibited in the I and IP zones. b. Dry Cleaning or Laundry Plant i. In the I zone,this use shall be a minimum of 3,000 sq.ft.of gross floor area. ii. In the IP zone,this use shall contain less than 5,000 sq.ft.in gross floor area. (Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.03.004 ACCESSORY STRUCTURES AND USES Revised 4/23 1. ACCESSORY USESRevised 4/23 S a. General Standards i. Accessory uses are allowed in conjunction with the principal use and shall comply with the requirements of this section and all requirements for the principal use,except where specifically modified by this Code. H. A greenhouse or hothouse may be maintained accessory to a dwelling only if there are no sales. iii. A guesthouse. b. Standards for Specific Uses i. Farm Stand As an accessory use,farm stands are limited to one per site with a maximum size of 800 sq.ft.floor area. ii. Home Occupation The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 112/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS A home occupation may be conducted where allowed by other provisions of this Code if the following conditions are continuously complied with: (1) The use does not alter the residential character of the neighborhood nor infringe upon the right of residents in the vicinity to the peaceful enjoyment of the neighborhood. (2) A current and valid business license is maintained. (3) No persons other than family members who reside at the dwelling may be employed or otherwise work in the home occupation,except persons performing housekeeping,yard maintenance,or other domestic services for the dwelling where the business occurs. (4) No outside storage of goods or materials other than vegetation. (5) No more than 25%of the aggregate floor area on the lot is devoted to nonresidential use,except that an entire dwelling unit or portion thereof may be used for short-term rental lodging;an accessory structure may be used,provided the provisions of this subsection are met. (6) Marijuana facilities are prohibited. (7) Short-term rentals shall meet the following additional standards: (a) A person who owns a lot containing a short-term rental(primary or secondary dwelling unit) must maintain their primary residence on the lot.The owner is not required to be on the lot when the dwelling is rented. (b) No other commercial uses are allowed in conjunction with or accessory to a short-term rental. The short-term rental shall not be marketed for group events such as weddings,classes,or similar events,for example. Large Animals Kept for Owner's Personal Use This use may be permitted with no commercial activity under the following conditions: (1) The lot area shall be a minimum of one acre.The total number of large animals allowed on a specific property shall be determined by dividing the total area of the property by 15,000 sq.ft.per animal over the age of six months. (2) Animal runs or barns shall not be closer than 70 ft.from the front property line and not closer than 35 ft.from a side or rear property line. (3) Animals shall be properly housed and proper sanitation shall be maintained with food,other than hay or fodder,stored in metal or other rodent-proof receptacles. iv. Restaurant In the IP zone,this use shall not exceed 2,000 sq.ft.in gross floor area and shall be co-located within a building with another permitted use.No drive-through service allowed. v. Retail In the IP zone,this use is limited to 25%of gross floor area,not to exceed 5,000 sq.ft.per business. vi. Accessory Dwelling Unit (1) Generally Applicable Standards The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 113/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS An accessory dwelling unit(ADU)may be allowed in conjunction with a single-family dwelling by conversion of existing floor area,by means of an addition,or as an accessory structure on the same lot with an existing dwelling,when the following conditions are met: (a) Public services are to serve both dwelling units. (b) The maximum size of the ADU is limited to 800 sq.ft.of gross floor area,except where a portion of a dwelling existing as of August 2,2018,is converted to an ADU up to 200 sq.ft.of floor area consisting of circulation areas(halls,stairs,etc.),chimneys,and heating and ventilation systems is excluded from the gross floor area calculation. (c) No more than one additional unit is allowed. (d) The unit is in conformance with the site development requirements of the underlying zone, including any allowed adjustments and additions listed in the base zone,or is located within a lawful nonconforming structure,or the ADU is located in a structure that was previously granted a variance pursuant to LOC Article 50.08.Per LOC 50.08.002.2,a minor variance is allowed to the ADU design standards per subsection 1.b.vi(1)(e)of this section,to applicable zone dimensional standards,or to the Oswego Lake setback in order to locate an ADU on the site.Major variances and design variances solely to locate an ADU on the site are not allowed. (e) The following standards shall be met where a detached ADU is placed less than ten ft.to a property line: (i) The ADU entrance shall be placed no closer than ten ft.to any property line; (ii) A six-foot-tall sight-obscuring wood fence shall be provided along the subject property line(s),from the ADU back to the closest side/rear property corner;and (iii) Where a wall that is less than ten ft.from a property line contains window(s),the window panes on that wall shall be at least 72 inches above the finished floor of the ADU. (f) For an internal conversion ADU,the required separate entrance to the ADU shall not be placed on the front facade of the existing house.No variance to this limitation is permitted. (2) Standards for Specific Zones (a) In the R-5,R-3,R-2,and R-0 zones this use shall be associated with a detached single-family unit only. (b) In the R-15,R-10,R-7.5,R-6,and R-DD zones this use is limited to one per lot. (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2832,Amended,01/07/2020;Ord.2815,Amended,07/16/2019;Ord.2784, Amended,07/03/2018;Ord.2732,Amended,02/21/2017;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2526,Amended, 12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. ACCESSORY STRUCTURESRevised 4/23 S a. Structure Specific Regulations i. Pool Covers and Equipment. (1) Pool covers shall not exceed 15 ft.in height. (2) Pool equipment shall be located within an enclosed structure. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 114/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS ii. Parabolic antennas that have a diameter greater than 40 in.may only be placed in rear yards,on the ground, and must be screened by landscaping. iii. Except as provided in LOC 50.05.010,Sensitive Lands Overlay Districts,boathouses and docks along Oswego Lake and its canals may be placed on a property line. iv. Residential heat pumps,air conditioners or similar noise-producing mechanical equipment shall meet the required front setbacks of the zone.The equipment shall be set back from the side,street side and rear property lines as follows: (1) Interior Side Yard:5 ft. (2) Street Side Yard,Local Street:10 ft. (3) Street Side Yard,All Other:15 ft. (4) Rear:10 ft. Exception:if the minimum required side,street side,or rear setbacks of the zone are less than the setbacks listed above,then the less restrictive setback(s)shall apply. b. Reduction of Side or Rear Yard Setbacks for Accessory Structures i. Regular Lot.On a nonflag lot,a rear yard setback may be reduced to three ft.and a side yard setback may be reduced to five ft.for an accessory structure in a residential zone if the structure complies with the following criteria: (1) The accessory structure is erected more than 40 ft.from any street.For the purposes of this subsection,an alley shall not be considered a street.The side and rear setbacks for a detached garage obtaining access from an alley may be reduced to three ft.or to the degree the garage maintains access that provides an outside front wheel turning radius of at least 25 ft.,whichever is greater. (2) For an accessory structure greater than four ft.in height,the accessory structure is detached from other buildings by three ft.or more. (3) The accessory structure does not exceed a height of ten ft.nor an area of 600 sq.ft.footprint. ii. Flag Lots.A side or rear yard setback may be reduced to six ft.on a flag lot when the criteria in subsections 2.b.i(1)through(3)of this section are met. iii. The setback exception authorized by subsection 2.b.i or 2.b.ii of this section does not apply to: (1) Setbacks required by LOC 50.04.002,Special Street Setbacks; (2) Noise-producing accessory structures such as heat pumps,air conditioners,swimming pool motors, etc.; (3) Lot is zoned R-6; (4) Accessory structures used as accessory dwelling units. [Cross-Reference:LOC 50.04.001.2.e.ii—R-6 Yard Setback Standards.] (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2784,Amended,07/03/2018;Ord.2766,Amended,02/06/2018;Ord.2732, Amended,02/21/2017;Ord.2612-A,Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579, Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 50.03.005 TEMPORARY STRUCTURES AND USES Temporary structures and uses are permitted only as follows: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 115/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS 1. IN ANY ZONE a. Temporary structures and use of recreational vehicles for temporary shelter for relief of victims of a disaster or emergency. b. One temporary construction office not to exceed 1,000 sq.ft.located on the construction site.This use does not include real estate sales or promotion. c. Temporary structures and uses in conjunction with installation or maintenance of utilities. d. Upon property for which the primary existing use is other than residential,temporary uses and nonsubstantial structures*for public or nonprofit education,fund-raising,weekend fair,athletic events or jamborees/toumaments, artistic,musical/concert performances,or other similar uses,subject to obtaining a special event permit pursuant to LOC 20.06.500.Such use shall not exceed 15 days within any calendar year unless approval is granted by the City Manager,upon a determination that the public interest is not adversely affected and that the impact upon the surrounding neighborhood is minimal;in no event shall the use exceed 120 days.Any weekend fair shall occur between Friday and the following Monday,provided the number shall not exceed one in any calendar quarter. Examples of weekend fairs include Festival of the Arts and classic car shows.All produce and debris will be removed at the end of the business day.Temporary security facilities for the weekend fair,including overnight security by the occupancy of a caretaker or security personnel in trailers or recreational vehicles,is permitted. e. In addition to LOC 50.03.005.5.a,below,a tent canopy of any nature may be placed in a setback yard or special street setback of any lot for not more than three days(any portion of a day,between 12:00 a.m.and ending at 11:59 p.m.,shall be counted as a day)within any 30-day period.Tent canopies are typically composed of fabric or light metal roofs and sides,if any;they are also known as"cover-it garage,"car or boat canopy,car shed,quick-up folding canopy,and/or portable carport.Examples of these canopies are illustrated in the pictures below. II f. Portable Outdoor Storage Units(Portable On-Demand Storage).Portable outdoor storage units may be placed on a lot,including within the setback areas,for not more than 60 days(any portion of a day,between 12:00 a.m.and ending at 11:59 p.m.,shall be counted as a day)within any 12-month period. i. Six-Month Renewal with Building Permit Exception A permit for a portable outdoor storage unit may be extended by the City Manager for up to six months upon written request by a building permit holder,demonstrating the storage unit is used in conjunction with an active building permit on the site.This extension may be renewed for successive six-month periods. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 116/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. IN RESIDENTIAL ZONES a. Overnight use of tent or similar structure,but not a trailer or recreational vehicle,for family use within the rear yard of a dwelling. b. The showing of model or"showcase"homes,and nonsubstantial structures*for uses related thereto,within a subdivision for a fee is allowed for a period not to exceed one month,subject to obtaining a special event permit. Only one showing is allowed per phase of a subdivision. *Examples of nonsubstantial structures include:tents or three-sided booths,stages,and removable decks,secured to the ground by no more than stakes or pins,and that can be easily disassembled and removed from the site without significant damage to the site. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. USE OF RECREATIONAL VEHICLE AS A DWELLING UNIT PROHIBITED A recreational vehicle shall not be used as a dwelling unit.This section prohibits any use of such facilities for dwelling purposes for more than 72 hours in any seven-day period. (Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 4. IN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ZONES The following temporary uses are permitted in commercial and industrial zones.Business licenses are required for all temporary commercial activities. a. A tent,trailer or other portable structure for sales,promotional or educational events;such use shall not exceed two consecutive weeks and a total of 14 days(any portion of a day,between 12:00 a.m.and ending at 11:59 p.m.,shall be counted as a day)in any six-month period. b. Seasonal retail sales as detailed below: i. Christmas tree sales from November 26 to December 31. ii. Outdoor restaurant uses in conjunction with an existing indoor year-round restaurant.No additional parking is required for the outdoor use. iii. "Pushcart"vendors in the EC and GC zones.Food vendors will have all required Health Department licenses and certificates.Such uses limited to food and flowers. c. In the GC and EC zones,one sidewalk sale,not exceeding three days during each calendar quarter,when located in area abutting the seller's permanent business. d. A tent or similar temporary structure for restaurant seating or customer waiting,pickup or drop-off area, but excluding merchandise display,sales(other than food and drink),and promotional and educational events; such use shall be set back no less than ten feet from any residential zone,except where a larger setback is required for compliance with fire and life safety codes,and is limited to the months of October through May and not more than 180 consecutive days during years when Lake Oswego businesses are subject to an emergency or temporary State regulation related to the COVID-19 pandemic.Any lighting within the tent or similar temporary structure shall be directed downward and shielded or screened to prevent lighting off- premises areas. (Ord.2879,Amended,11/16/2021;Ord.2856,Amended,01/19/2021;Ord.2853,Amended,11/03/2020;Ord.2851, Amended,09/15/2020;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 117/669 50.03 USE REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS 5. IN COMMERCIAL,INDUSTRIAL,AND PF/PNA ZONES 111) The following temporary uses are permitted in commercial,industrial,and PF/PNA zones.Business licenses are required for all temporary commercial activities. a. "Saturday Market"type sales of produce from temporary sales shelters(including vehicles)subject to the following standards: i. Weekends:From 8:00 a.m.to 4:00 p.m.on Saturdays and 11:00 a.m.to 5:00 p.m.on Sundays. ii. Weekdays:On one designated weekday from 8:00 a.m.to 4:00 p.m. iii. Special Event Permit:Subject to obtaining a special event permit pursuant to LOC 20.06.500. iv. Products:The type of products sold may include additional products,such as art,crafts,and food for consumption at the market,so long as such nonproduce sales are secondary to the market's sale of produce. v. Location:"Saturday Market"uses are allowed only in nonresidential zones within the following districts and overlays and may occur one at the same time in each district or overlay:Downtown Redevelopment Design District(see Figure 50.05.004-A),Lake Grove Village Center Overlay(see Figure 50.05.007-A)or Southwest Overlay District(see Figure 50.05.008-A). vi. Parking:Markets shall have sufficient parking on site or shall arrange to utilize the parking areas of an adjacent business. vii. Cleanup:All produce and debris will be removed at the end of the business day. b. Fairs,carnivals,and other similar major public gatherings,and nonsubstantial structures*for uses related thereto,not to exceed 30 days in any 12-month period,and subject to the"Saturday Market"criteria above regarding special event permit,location,and cleanup.Major public gatherings shall have sufficient parking on site or shall arrange to utilize the parking areas of an adjacent business and/or provide a shuttle service from remote parking lots. Temporary security facilities for the fair,carnival,or other major public gathering,including ovemight security by the occupancy of a caretaker or security personnel in trailers or recreational vehicles,is permitted. *Examples of nonsubstantial structures include:tents or three-sided booths,stages,and removable decks,secured to the ground by no more than stakes or pins,and that can be easily disassembled and removed from the site without significant damage to the site. (Ord.2884,Amended,04/05/2022;Ord.2783,Amended,06/19/2018;Ord.2723,Amended,10/18/2016;Ord.2579, Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 118/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS Revised 4/23 50.04.001 DIMENSIONAL TABLE Revised 4/23 50.04.002 SPECIAL STREET SETBACKS 50.04.003 EXCEPTIONS,PROJECTIONS,AND ENCROACHMENTS Revised 4/23 50.04.004 SOLAR ADJUSTMENTS 50.04.001 DIMENSIONAL TABLERevised 4/23 S The following dimensional regulations apply to the base zones as identified in each table.These dimensions may have exceptions or modifications as identified in LOC 50.04.003.1,Additional Dimensional Exceptions. 1. RESIDENTIAL LOW DENSITY ZONESRevised 4/23 S a. Dimensional Standards Development in the R-7.5,R-10,and R-15 zones shall conform to the dimensional standards in Table 50.04.001-1 except as modified below. TABLE 50.04.001-1:RESIDENTIAL LOW DENSITY ZONES DIMENSIONS 45) R-7.5 R-10 R-15 Comments/Additional Standards DENSITY 50.04.001.1.6 Minimum[1] 80%of max 80%of max 80%of max Maximum(units/acre) [2] [2] [2] MIN.LOT DIMENSIONS[3] 50.04.001.1.c Single-Family,Duplex,Triplex,Quadplex, and Cottage Cluster Developments; Townhouse Projects Area(sq.ft.) 7,500 10,000 15,000 Width(ft.) 50 65 80 Except PD[3] Depth(ft.) Townhouses(one per lot) Area(sq.ft.) 1,500 1,500 1,500 Width(ft.) 15 15 15 Depth(ft.) MAX.FLOOR AREA[7][8] 50.04.001.1.d Base Calculation: Additional floor area allowance per primary residential unit providing a garage(sq.ft.) The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 119/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS TABLE 50.04.001-1:RESIDENTIAL LOW DENSITY ZONES DIMENSIONS R-7.5 R-10 R-15 Comments/Additional Standards 3,000 sq.ft.+[(actual lot size—5,800 sq.ft.)x 600 750 850 0.19] YARD SETBACKS 50.04.001.1.e Primary Structure Front(ft.) 25 25 25 Side Adjacent to Street(ft.) Arterial/Collector 20 20 20 Local 15 15 15 Interior Side(ft.) Total 15,5 min. 10 10 Rear(ft.) 30 30 30 Accessory Structure Front(ft.) 25 25 25 Side Adjacent to Street(ft.) Arterial/Collector 20 20 20 Local 15 15 15 Side 5 10 10 Height 5 18 ft. Rear 10 15 15 Side 5 10 10 Height>18 ft. Rear 15 15 15 Cottage Clusters Front(ft.) 10 10 10 Interior Side/Side Adjacent to 10 10 10 Street(ft.) Rear(ft.) 10 10 10 MAX.LOT COVERAGE 50.04.001.1.f MAX.BASE HEIGHT(FT.) Primary Structure [4] [4] [4] 50.04.001.1.g Flat Lot 28 30 35 Lot with Sloping Topography 28—32[5] 30—34[5] 35 Footprint,Sloped 35 35 35 The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 120/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS TABLE 50.04.001-1:RESIDENTIAL LOW DENSITY ZONES DIMENSIONS R-7.5 R-10 R-15 Comments/Additional Standards Lesser of 24 ft.or Lesser of 24 ft.or Lesser of 24 ft.or Accessory Structure height of roof form of height of roof form of height of roof form of 50.04.001.1.g[6] primary structure primary structure primary structure Additional Standards and Modifications 50.04.001.1.b—g [I]When subdivisions are proposed,the number of lots required shall be determined by dividing the net developable area by the minimum lot size per unit required in the underlying zone,and multiplying this number by 0.8.The result shall be rounded up for any product with a fraction of 0.5 or greater and rounded down for any product with a fraction of less than 0.5.The requirements of this section are subject to the exceptions contained in LOC 50.04.003.10,Exceptions to the Minimum Density Requirement for All Zones. [2]Net developable area divided by the minimum lot area per unit and rounded down to the nearest whole number. The actual density allowed on a site will be determined at the time of development review.Maximum density will be allowed to the extent that facts presented to the hearing body show that development at that density can occur within requirements set forth in the Development Standards.Duplexes,triplexes,quadplexes,and cottage cluster developments are exempt from maximum density standards.For townhouse projects,the maximum density is four dwelling units per equivalent minimum lot area required per single-family dwelling in that zone. [3]Up to a 25%reduction in minimum required lot area for each dwelling unit shall be allowed to permit the relocation of a designated historic landmark,when relocation has been approved by the designated hearing body. [4]Base building height of single-family and middle housing dwellings maybe increased by one ft.for every five additional ft.in yard setback on all sides. [5]Maximum base height across the site shall be established by a flat plane measured at 28 ft.(R-7.5 zone)or 30 ft. (R-10 zone)above the highest point of the natural ground surface within the building envelope,unless the natural ground surface is lowered,in which case the height is measured from the lowered ground surface per the definition of"height of building"in LOC 50.10.003.2.In no case shall the base height exceed 32 ft.(R-7.5 zone)or 34 ft.(R-10 zone).See Figure 50.04.001-A:Height Adjustment for Sloping Topography. [6]Building height exceptions shall not exceed the building height of the primary structure. [7]Cottage cluster developments are exempt from maximum floor area standards,but maximum average floor area standards shall be applied to individual cottage cluster dwellings.See LOC 50.04.001.1.d.iv,Maximum Average Floor Area of Units in a Cottage Cluster,and LOC 50.03.003.1.d,use-specific standards for cottage clusters. [8]Maximum floor area standards for townhouses shall be applied to a townhouse project,and not to individual townhouse lots or dwellings.See also LOC 50.04.001.1.d.v,Maximum Floor Area of Townhouses. [Cross-References:Height Limitation:see Charter Section 46A for 50 ft.Maximum Height of Structures in Residential Areas;Height Measure: see LOC 50.04.003.4,General Exception to Structure Height Limitations.] The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 121/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS Figure 50.04.001-A:Height Adjustment for Sloping Topography rpm.ar+, owild COMM MR .�.o. b. Density—Additional Standards There are no additional standards for density in this section. c. Lot Dimensions—Additional Standards There are no additional standards for lot dimensions in this section. d. Floor Area—Additional Standards The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 122/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS i. Floor Area of Garages and Accessory Structures (1) Garage and Accessory Structures Included in Calculation For purposes of calculating maximum floor area for dwellings in the R-7.5,R-10,and R-15 zones,the floor area of garages and accessory structures shall be included in the total that is subject to the maximum floor area standard of this section. (2) Exceptions Habitable areas of detached accessory structures that would normally be counted as floor area shall be exempt from floor area calculations: (a) For lots less than or equal to 10,000 sq.ft.in area—up to 200 sq.ft. (b) For lots greater than 10,000 sq.ft.in area—up to 400 sq.ft. ii. Maximum Floor Area of Accessory Structures An accessory structure<18 ft.in height shall not exceed a total 800 sq.ft.in size,or the square footage of the footprint of the primary structure,whichever is less.An accessory structure>18 ft.in height shall not exceed a total 600 sq.ft.in size or the square footage of the footprint of the primary structure,whichever is less. iii. Maximum Floor Area of Nonresidential Structures Maximum floor area for uses other than residential structures and their accessory structures shall be as follows: (1) Conditional uses:Established as part of the conditional use process. (2) Other nonresidential uses:No greater than 1:1. iv. Maximum Average Floor Area of Units in a Cottage Cluster Maximum average floor area for dwelling units within a cottage cluster development shall be as follows: R-7.5:1,000 sq.ft. R-10 and R-15:1,200 sq.ft. v. Maximum Floor Area of Townhouses Maximum floor area standards for townhouses shall be applied to a townhouse project,and not to individual townhouse lots or dwellings. e. Yard Setback—Additional Standards i. Zero Lot Line Units Two lots that have zero lot line units are considered a unified site for the purposes of meeting all required setbacks. ii. Planned Development Setbacks for a planned development will be determined at the time of review.The maximum setback that can be required is 35 ft. iii. Special Setbacks for Steeply Sloped Lots The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 123/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS On steeply sloped lots the minimum required front yard setback for detached dwellings and middle housing shall be 18 ft. iv. Corner Lots Front lot lines on corner lots may face either street.The City Manager shall determine the front lot line after taking into consideration the orientation of structures on the site and nearby lots,the ability to meet setbacks without variances,and physical site or solar access limitations.Street access should be to local streets. v. Measurement of Side Yard Setback For purposes of this section,the width of the side yard setback shall be measured from that portion of the side property line that is nearest to any portion of the structure to that portion of the structure. vi. Common Party Walls Prohibited—Accessory Structures Except for boathouses within the Oswego Lake setback,accessory structures on abutting lots may not be built with common party walls. vii. Cottage Cluster Building Separation Cottages shall be separated from each other by a minimum distance of ten ft. f. Lot Coverage—Standards i. Maximum Lot Coverage Maximum lot coverage for the R-7.5,R-10,and R-15 districts shall be based on the"height of building"as defined in LOC 50.10.003.2,as follows: FABLE 50.04.001-2:RESIDENTIAL LOW DENSITY LOT COVERAGES Height(ft.)of primary Maximum Lot Coverage(%) structure R-7.5 R-10 R-15 22 or less 35 35 35 >22 to 23 33 34 34 >23 to 24 30 32 33 >24 to 25 28 30 32 >25 to 26 25 28 30 >26 to 27 25 27 29 >27 to 28 25 25 28 >28 to 29 25 25 27 >29 to 30 25 25 25 >30 to 31 25 25 25 >31 to 32 25 25 25 >32 to 33 25 25 25 >33 to 34 25 25 25 >34 25 25 25 The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 124/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (1) Cottage clusters are exempt from maximum lot coverage standards. (2) Maximum lot coverage standards shall be applied to a townhouse project,and not to individual townhouse lots or dwellings. il. Special Requirements for Schools (1) Lot coverage shall not exceed 30%for a school built to accommodate at least 100 students and that has at least two grades within the range of K-12; (2) Lot coverage shall not exceed 30%for a mixed use development that includes a school built to accommodate at least 100 students and that has at least two grades within the range of K-12; iii. Garage Footprint Exemption The garage footprint,including any area directly above or below the garage,shall be exempt from lot coverage as provided below: (1) Up to a cumulative maximum of 200 sq.ft.shall be exempt for garages that are: (a) Rear-or side-loading,or (b) Located 20 ft.or more back from the closest point of the dwelling to the front lot line,or (c) In the case of corner lots,20 ft.or more back from the closest point of the dwelling to the front and street side lot lines. (2) Up to a cumulative maximum of 400 sq.ft.shall be exempt for a detached garage that meets subsection 1.f iii(1)of this section,and the lot is greater than 10,000 sq.ft.in area. g. Height—Additional Standards A greater height than otherwise permitted is allowed for: i. Single-Family Dwellings and Middle Housing Base building height may be increased by one ft.for every five additional ft.in yard setback on all sides, beyond the minimum code standards provided in Table 50.04.001-1 above. ii. Any Structure Roof forms or architectural features(such as cupolas or dormers)of any structure provided that these roof forms or features: (1) Do not extend more than six ft.above the maximum specified base height; (2) Do not,in total,exceed one-third of the width of the building or buildings as measured on any elevation drawing for an individual roof form or projection or do not exceed one-half of the width of the building for two or more separate roof forms or projections;and (3) Do not,in total,cover more than 20%of the roof area on which they are located as viewed from directly above for an individual roof form or projection or 30%for multiple roof forms or projections. Examples of permitted exceptions are illustrated in Figure 50.04.001-B:Height Exceptions. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 125/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS Figure 50.04.001-B:Height Exceptions .--- ----- -- • R,aiimi•m Rau MPEI[ Ir,di,ndUs Rooffr,rm-PlanVIss Llultlpl0itaolrains-Wan 5iiuJ =t'J.51 s rf]HF [Cross-References:Height Limitation:see Charter Section 46A for 50 ft.Maximum Height of Structures in Residential Areas; Height Measure:see LOC 50.04.003.4,General Exception to Structure Height Limitations.] (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2732,Amended,02/21/2017;Ord. 2612-A,Amended,05/21/2013;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 2. RESIDENTIAL MEDIUM DENSITY ZONESRevised 4/23 a. Dimensions The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 126/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS Development in the R-DD,R-5,and R-6 zones shall conform to the dimensional standards in Table 50.04.001-3 except as modified below: TABLE 50.04.001-3:RESIDENTIAL MEDIUM DENSITY ZONES DIMENSIONS R-6 R-5 R-DD Comments/Additional Standards DENSITY 50.04.001.2.6 SF Subdivisions 5 lots/acre; Minimum[1] 80%of max 80%of max Duplex Subdivisions:10 units/acre; Multi-Family Subdivisions:14 units/acre Maximum(units/acre) — [2] [2],[3] MIN.LOT 50.04.00 L2.c DIMENSIONS Single-Family,Duplex and Triplex Dwellings; Townhouse Projects Area(sq.ft.) 6,000 5,000 5,000[4] Except PD Width(ft.) 50 Cottage Clusters and Quadplexes Area(sq.ft.) 7,000 7,000 7,000 Width(ft.) 50 Townhouses(one per lot) Area(sq.ft.) 1,500 1,500 1,500 Width(ft.) 15 15 15 MAX.FLOOR AREA[6] 50.04.001.2.d Lot k 5,000 sq.ft. 2,850 sq.ft.+[(actual lot R-5 and R-6 districts: 2,750 sq.ft.+[(actual lot size—5,000 sq.ft.)x 0.28] +500 sq.ft.floor area size—6,000 sq.ft.)x 0.19] allowance per primary Lot<5,000 sq.ft. residential unit providing a garage 2,850 sq.ft.+[(actual lot size—5,000 sq.ft.)x 0.48] YARD SETBACKS See 50.04.001.2.e MAX.LOT COVERAGE See 50.04.001.2.f MAX.BASE HEIGHT (FT.) 50.04.001.2.g Primary Structure 28 28 Flat Lot 28 28 Lot with Sloping 28—32[5] 28—32[5] Topography The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 127/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS TABLE 50.04.001-3:RESIDENTIAL MEDIUM DENSITY ZONES DIMENSIONS R-6 R-5 R-DD Comments/Additional Standards Footprint,Sloped 32 35 Accessory Structure Lesser of 24 ft.or height of Lesser of 24 ft.or height of roof form of primary roof form of primary 28 structure structure [1]When subdivisions are proposed in the R-5 and R-6 zones or multi-family development is proposed in the R5 zone,the number of lots or dwelling units required shall be determined by dividing the net developable area by the minimum lot size per unit required in the underlying zone,and multiplying this number by 0.8.The result shall be rounded up for any product with a fraction of 0.5 or greater and rounded down for any product with a fraction of less than 0.5.The requirements of this section are subject to the exceptions contained in LOC 50.04.003.10,Exceptions to the Minimum Density Requirement for All Zones.When subdivisions are proposed in the R-DD zone,the density is computed by multiplying the net developable area by either five,ten,or 14 per the applicable type of development. The result shall be rounded up for any product with a fraction of 0.5 or greater and rounded down for any product with a fraction of less than 0.5. [2]Net developable area divided by the minimum lot area per unit and rounded down to the nearest whole number. The actual density allowed on a site will be determined at the time of development review.Maximum density will be allowed to the extent that facts presented to the hearing body show that development at that density can occur within requirements set forth in the Development Standards.Duplexes,triplexes,quadplexes,and cottage clusters in residential zones are exempt from maximum density standards.For townhouse projects in residential zones,the maximum density is four dwelling units per equivalent minimum lot area required per single-family dwelling in that zone. [3]R-DD zone maximum density expressed in number of dwelling units per net developable area is computed by dividing the net developable area by 2,000 sq.ft.and rounding down to the nearest whole number.Duplexes, triplexes,quadplexes,and cottage clusters in the R-DD zone are exempt from maximum density standards.For townhouse projects in the R-DD zone,the maximum density is four dwelling units per equivalent minimum lot area required per single-family dwelling in that zone. [4]Except for structures that have been determined by the State or National Register of Historic Places as being of historic significance. [5]Lots with sloping topography—Maximum base height across the site shall be established by a flat plane measured at 28 ft.above the highest point of the natural ground surface within the building envelope,unless the natural ground surface is lowered,in which case the height is measured from the lowered ground surface per the definition of"height of building"in LOC 50.10.003.2.In no case shall the base height exceed 32 ft.See Figure 50.04.001-A:Height Adjustment for Sloping Topography. [6]Cottage cluster developments are exempt from maximum floor area standards,but maximum average floor area standards shall be applied to individual cottage cluster dwellings.See LOC 50.04.001.2.d.iv,Maximum Average Floor Area of Units in a Cottage Cluster,and LOC 50.03.003.1.d,use-specific standards for cottage clusters. [Cross-Reference:Height Limitation:see Charter Section 46A for 50 ft.Maximum Height of Structures in Residential Areas;LOC 50.04.003.4, General Exception to Structure Height Limitations;LOC 50.06.001.5.b.] b. Density—Additional Standards In the R-5 and R-DD zones,applicants may request up to a 25%density bonus for public agency rental housing projects.In the R-5 zone this request is processed as a conditional use and may not include residential care housing or accessory dwelling units.In the R-DD zone this may not include accessory dwelling units. c. Lot Dimensions—Additional Standards i. PD Designation (1) R-5 The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 128/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS For projects reviewed for approval as planned developments,pursuant to LOC 50.07.007.4,Planned Development Overlay,there is no required minimum lot area.Units may be placed on any portion of the site as long as the project complies with other requirements of this Code. (2) R-6 (a) Lot sizes and dimensions may be reduced for projects reviewed as planned developments and as provided by subsection b,below.However,the overall density allowed on the site may not be exceeded except as allowed by subsection 2.c.i(2)(b)of this section. (b) Up to a 25%reduction in minimum required lot area for each dwelling unit shall be allowed in the R-6 zone to permit the relocation of a designated historic landmark,when relocation has been approved by the designated hearing body in conformance with the provisions of LOC 50.07.004.4. ii. R-5,R-6,and R-DD with Sensitive Lands Designation For projects on properties subject to a Sensitive Lands designation,lot areas may be modified as provided in LOC 50.05.010,Sensitive Lands Overlay Districts. d. Floor Area—Additional Standards i. Both R-5 and R-6 Zones (1) For purposes of calculating maximum floor area for dwellings,the floor area of garages and accessory structures shall be included in the total that is subject to the maximum floor area standard of this section. (2) Maximum FAR for uses other than residential uses and their accessory uses shall be as follows: (a) Conditional uses:established as part of the conditional use process. (b) Other nonresidential uses:No greater than 1:1. ii. R-5 Zones (1) Garages Floor area of attached garage located at the rear of the primary structure or for side-loading garages—up to 200 sq.ft.is exempt from floor area. (2) Garages and Other Accessory Structures Habitable areas of detached accessory structures that would normally be counted as floor area shall be exempt from floor area calculations as follows: (a) For lot sizes up to 10,000 sq.ft.—up to a cumulative maximum of 200 sq.ft. (b) For lot sizes greater than 10,000 sq.ft.—up to a cumulative maximum of 400 sq.ft. R-6 Zones (1) Habitable Areas of Accessory Structures Provided only one garage is located on the site,habitable areas of detached accessory structures that would normally be counted as floor area for purposes of floor area calculations shall be exempt as follows in the floor area calculations,as follows: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 129/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (a) For lots less than or equal to 10,000 sq.ft.in area—up to 200 sq.ft. (b) For lots greater than 10,000 sq.ft.in area—up to 400 sq.ft. (2) Size of Accessory Structures An accessory structure<18 ft.in height shall not exceed a total of 800 sq.ft.in size or the square footage of the footprint of the primary structure,whichever is less.An accessory structure>18 ft.in height shall not exceed a total of 600 sq.ft.or the square footage of the footprint of the primary structure,whichever is less. iv. R-6,R-5,and R-DD Zones (1) Maximum Average Floor Area of Units in a Cottage Cluster Maximum average floor area for dwelling units within a cottage cluster development shall be 1,000 sq.ft. e. Yard Setback—Additional Standards i. R-5 Yard Setback Standards (1) Required Setbacks TABLE 50.04.001-4:YARD SETBACK REQUIREMENTS Structure Type Front(ft.) Side(ft.) Rear(ft.) Attached Dwellings, 10—Exterior Wall Including Duplexes, 10 10 Triplexes,Quadplexes,and 0—Attached Wall Townhouse Projects Detached Dwelling 5—Side Yard 20 20 10—Street Side Yard Cottage Clusters 10 10 10 Other Types of Primary Structures and All 10 10 10 Accessory Structures (2) Additional Setback Standards and Modifications (a) Where a lot zoned R-5 abuts a lot zoned R-6,7.5,10,or 15,the building on the R-5 lot shall be set back from the common line a distance equal to the required R-5 yard setback or the height of the primary building on the R-5 lot,whichever is greater. (b) Special Setbacks for Steeply Sloped Lots On steeply sloped lots,the minimum required front yard setback for detached dwellings and middle housing shall be 18 ft. ii. R-6 Yard Setback Standards (1) Required Setbacks The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 130/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS TABLE 50.04.001-5:MINIMUM YARD SETBACKS—R-6 ZONE Primary Structures Cottage Clusters Accessory Structures Other Accessory Garage-Vehicle (ft.) (ft.)[11 Structures(ft.) Opening(ft.) Front 20[3] 10 20[3] 20[3] 15[2] Side Adjacent to a Arterial/Collector:20; 10 Arterial/Collector.20; Arterial/Collector:20 Arterial/Collector:20; Street Local:7.5 Local:7.5 Local:7.5 Local:15 Side 7.5—Exterior Wall 10 5 7.5 7.5 0—Attached Wall Rear 15 10 5 15 15 Notes: [1]<600 sq.ft.and with walls<10 ft.in height below the eave. [2]Behind the front building line of the house(excluding a porch). [3]On corner lots,the front setback shall be measured on the narrow street frontage. (2) Additional Setback Standards and Modifications (a) A projecting covered front porch may extend into the front yard setback up to six ft. (b) Additions to primary and accessory structures built before July 1,2010,are subject to the following minimum side yard setbacks: TABLE 50.04.001-6:MINIMUM SIDE YARD SETBACKS Structures 5 18 ft.in height Structures>18 ft.in height 5 ft.minimum width on a side,15 ft.cumulative,except a multi- story structure may have a smaller side yard setback than required 5 ft. by this section where the ground floor is set back a minimum of 5 ft.and the remainder of the stmcture is stepped back from the building line by at least 4 ft.on each side. iii. R-DD Yard Setback Standards (1) Required Setbacks (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section,the required setback in the R-DD zone is ten ft. (b) Structures shall be set back from a street right-of-way line a minimum of ten ft.,or such greater distance required to accommodate off-street parking. (i) Exception On lots abutting Durham Street,front yard setbacks for new structures may be reduced to three ft.for up to 50%of the building facade along Durham Street.The remaining 50%of the building may be between five ft.and ten ft.from the front property line. (2) Additional Standards and Modifications (a) Zero Lot Line Unit Setbacks The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 131/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (i) Zero lot line units must comply with all required setbacks except for the area of the common wall or walls. (b) Landscape Buffer Required Where a lot zoned R-DD abuts a lot zoned EC or R-0/EC,a landscaped buffer a minimum of five ft.in width is required on the lot zoned R-DD in the setback area abutting the EC or R-0/EC zone.The purpose of the landscaped area is to provide a vegetative screen.Plant material used for screening and buffering shall be of a size that will achieve sufficient height within three years of the date of planting to provide adequate screening. (3) Multi-Family Dwelling Development in R-DD (a) When a new multi-family development or the expansion or reconstruction of an existing multi- family development occurs in an R-DD zone subject to minor development review which abuts an existing less intensive residential use,the proposed multi-family structure shall be set back from the boundary of the less intensive use by at least the amount of feet equal to the height of the multi-family structure. (b) Developments subject to subsection 2.e.iii(3)(a)of this section shall provide a landscaped area at least five ft.wide within the setback area abutting the less intensive use.The purpose of the landscaped area is to provide a vegetative screen.Plant material used for screening and buffering shall be of a size that will achieve sufficient height within three years of the date of planting to provide adequate screening. (4) Corner Lots Front lot lines on corner lots may face either street.The City Manager shall determine the front lot line after taking into consideration the orientation of structures on the site and nearby lots,the ability to meet setbacks without variances,and physical site or solar access limitations.Street access should be to local streets. iv. Cottage Cluster Building Separation in the R-6,R-5 and R-DD Zones Cottages shall be separated by a minimum distance of ten ft. f. Lot Coverage/Impervious Surfaces—Additional Standards i. R-5 Lot Coverage (1) Maximum Lot Coverage (a) The following maximum lot coverage percentages are applicable to townhouse projects and single-family detached,duplex,triplex,and quadplex structures in the R-5 zone and shall be based on the"height of building"as defined in LOC 50.10.003.2,as follows: TABLE 50.04.001-7:R-5 MAXIMUM LOT COVERAGE Height(ft.) Maximum Lot Coverage(%) 22 or less 45 >22 to 25 42 >25 to 28 38 >28 to 30 35 >30 35 The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 132/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (b) Cottage clusters and individual townhouse lots are exempt from maximum lot coverage standards. (c) The maximum lot coverage for all other structures in the R-5 zone is 50%. (2) Garage Footprint Exemption The garage footprint,including any habitable area directly above or below the garage,shall be exempt from lot coverage as provided below: (a) Up to a cumulative maximum of 200 sq.ft.shall be exempt for garages that are: (i) Rear-or side-loading;or (ii) Located 20 ft.or more back from the closest point of the dwelling to the front lot line;or (iii) In case of corner lots,20 ft.or more back from the closest point of the dwelling to the front and street side lot lines. (b) Up to a cumulative maximum of 400 sq.ft.shall be exempt for a detached garage that meets subsection 2.f.i(2)(a)of this section,and the lot is greater than 10,000 sq.ft.in area. (3) Detached Accessory Structures Habitable areas of detached accessory structures that would normally be counted as floor area shall be exempt from lot coverage calculations as follows: (a) For lots less than or equal to 10,000 sq.ft.in area—up to 200 sq.ft. (b) For lots greater than 10,000 sq.ft.in area—up to 400 sq.ft. ii. R-6 Lot Coverage/Impervious Surfaces (1) Lot coverage in the R-6 zone shall be based on the"height of building"as defined in LOC 50.10.003.2,and shall not exceed the following: TABLE 50.04.001-8:LOT COVERAGE IN THE R-6 ZONE Lot size in Height of Structure sq.ft. 20'or less >20'to 21' >21'to 22' >22'to 23' >23'to 24' >24'to 25' >25'to 26' >26'to 27' >27' 7,000 or less 45% 43% 42% 40% 38% 36% 35% 35% 35% >7,000— 36% 36% 36% 36% 36% 36% 35% 34% 33% 8,500 >8,500— 35% 35% 35% 35% 34% 33% 32% 31% 30% 10,000 >10,000— 35% 35% 35% 33% 31% 30% 29% 28% 27% 11,500 >11,500 35% 34% 33% 30% 28% 27% 25% 25% 25% (2) No more than 60%of the lot may be covered with impervious surfaces. (3) Provided it is the only garage on the site,the garage footprint,including any habitable area above or below the garage,of a detached garage area shall be exempt from lot coverage calculations as follows: The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 133/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (a) Up to a cumulative maximum of 200 sq.ft.for lots less than or equal to 10,000 sq.ft.in area. (b) Up to a cumulative maximum of 400 sq.ft.for lots greater than 10,000 sq.ft.in area. (4) Cottage clusters are exempt from maximum lot coverage standards. (5) Maximum lot coverage standards shall be applied to a townhouse project,and not to individual townhouse lots or dwellings. iii. R-DD Lot Coverage (1) The following maximum lot coverage shall be permitted in the R-DD zone: TABLE 50.04.001-9:R-DD MAXIMUM LOT COVERAGE Dwelling Type Maximum Lot Coverage Single-Family Detached 35% Middle Housing 45% Multi-Family Dwelling 55% (2) Impervious surface coverage shall be limited to a maximum of 60%in the R-DD zone for all structures other than cottage clusters.See LOC 50.03.003.1.d.ii(1)for maximum impervious surface coverage standards applicable to cottage clusters. (3) Cottage clusters are exempt from maximum lot coverage requirements of the zone. (4) Maximum lot coverage standards shall be applied to a townhouse project,and not to individual townhouse lots or dwellings. g. Height—Additional Standards i. R-5 Height Restrictions for Primary Structures (1) Projects Greater Than One-Half Acre For attached development in the R-5 zone,the primary structure height shall not exceed: No.of Primary Structures on Maximum Base Height for Primary Site Structures One: 50 ft. Two ar more: 40 ft.average,with no individual primary structure exceeding 50 ft.base building height. (2) Base Height Except as provided in subsections 2.g.i(1),2.g.i(4)and 2.g.ii of this section,the base height of a structure in the R-5 zone shall not exceed: (a) Flat Lots—28 ft. (b) Lots with Sloping Topography—See subsection 2.g.iii of this section. (c) Sloped Lots—35 ft. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 134/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (3) In the R-5 zone,a structure shall not exceed the base height standards set forth in subsection 2.g.i(2) of this section if the structure is closer than 60 ft.to a lot carrying a residential designation other than R-0, R-3,or R-5. (4) Exceptions to Base Building Height A greater height than otherwise permitted is allowed for single-family and middle housing dwellings— building height may be increased by one ft.for every five additional ft.in yard setback on all sides, beyond the underlying zone code standards provided in subsections 2.g.i(1)and(2)of this section. ii. Exceptions to the Base Building Height Applicable to All Zones and to Projects Greater Than One- Half Acre in R-5 Zone A greater height than otherwise permitted is allowed for roof forms,or architectural features,such as cupolas or dormers;provided,that these roof forms or features: (1) Do not extend more than six ft.above the maximum specified base height; (2) Do not,in total,exceed one-third of the width of the building for an individual roof form or projection or do not exceed one-half of the width of the building for two or more separate roof forms or projections,as measured on any elevation drawing;and (3) Do not,in total,cover more than 20%of the roof area on which they are located,as viewed from directly above for an individual roof form or projection or 30%for multiple roof forms or projections. Examples of permitted exceptions are illustrated in Figure 50.04.001-B. iii. R-5 and R-6 Height Exceptions and Adjustments (1) Height Adjustment for Sloping Topography Base building height across the site shall be established by a flat plane measured at 28 ft.above the highest point of the natural ground surface within the building envelope,unless the natural ground surface is lowered,in which case the height is measured from the lowered ground surface per the definition of "height of building"in LOC 50.10.003.2.In no case shall the base height exceed 32 ft.See Figure 50.04.001-A:Height Adjustment for Sloping Topography. iv. R-DD Additional Height Standards (1) Primary Structures Average height may increase to 40 ft.over the entire site,with no individual structure exceeding 50 ft.,in the following circumstances: (a) The lot or lots developed are one-half acre or greater in area;and (b) 25%or more of the gross site area is constrained by steep slopes,floodplain,or mapped Sensitive Lands;and (c) Any portion of structures taller than 35 ft.is set back at least 50 ft.from a public street. (2) Detached Single-Family Dwelling and Middle Housing/Greater Height Due to Greater Setback In addition to the building base height exceptions in this section,the building base height for detached single-family dwellings and middle housing maybe increased by one ft.for every five additional ft.in yard setback on all sides,beyond the minimum code standards for the zone. The Lake Oswego Municipal Code is current through Ordinance 2922,and legislation passed through February 21,2023. Lake Oswego Municipal Code Page 135/669 LOC 50.04:DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS (Ord.2909,Amended,02/07/2023;Ord.2892,Amended,06/07/2022;Ord.2853,Amended,11/03/2020;Ord.2784, Amended,07/03/2018;Ord.2732,Amended,02/21/2017;Ord.2687,Amended,12/15/2015;Ord.2668,Amended, 12/01/2015;Ord.2648,Amended,02/17/2015;Ord.2643,Amended,11/04/2014;Ord.2612-A,Amended, 05/21/2013;Ord.2526,Amended,12/18/2012;Ord.2579,Repealed and Replaced,03/20/2012) 3. RESIDENTIAL HIGH DENSITY ZONESRevised 4/23 a. Dimensions Development in the R-W,R-3,R-2,and R-0 zones shall conform to the development standards in Table 50.04.001- 11 except as modified below: TABLE 50.04.001-11:RESIDENTIAL HIGH DENSITY ZONES DIMENSIONS R-W R-3 R-2 R-0[6] Comments/Additional Standards DENSITY 50.04.001.3.6 Minimum 80%of max.[I] 80%of max.[I] 12 lots or 201ots or units/acre[2] units/acre[2] Maximum(units/acre) [3]